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  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198900114574
    Description:

    Let A x B be the product space of two sets A and B which is divided into matches (pairs representing the same entity) and nonmatches (pairs representing different entities). Linkage rules are those that divide A x B into links (designated matches), possible links (pairs for which we delay a decision), and nonlinks (designated nonmatches). Under fixed bounds on the error rates, Fellegi and Sunter (1969) provided a linkage rule that is optimal in the sense that it minimizes the set of possible links. The optimality is dependent on knowledge of certain probabilities that are used in a crucial likelihood ratio. In applying the record linkage model, an independence assumption is often made that allows estimation of the probabilities. If the assumption is not met, then a record linkage procedure using estimates computed under the assumption may not be optimal. This paper contains an examination of methods for adjusting linkage rules when the independence assumption is not valid. The presentation takes the form of an empirical analysis of lists of businesses for which the truth of matches is known. The number of possible links obtained using standard and adjusted computational procedures may be dependent on different samples. Bootstrap methods (Efron 1987) are used to examine the variation due to different samples.

    Release date: 1989-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198900114575
    Description:

    The experience of the four Nordic countries illustrates the advantages and disadvantages of a register-based census of population and points to ways in which the disadvantages can be contained. Other countries see major obstacles to a register-based census: the lack of data systems of the kind and quality needed; and public concern about privacy and the power of the State. These issues go far beyond statistics; they concern policy and administration. The paper looks at the situation in two countries, the United Kingdom and Australia. In the United Kingdom past initiatives aimed at population registration in peacetime foundered and the present environment is hostile to any new initiative. But the government is going ahead with a controversial reform of local taxation that involves setting up new registers. In Australia the government tabled a Bill to introduce identity cards and an associated register, and advanced clearcut political arguments to support it; the Bill was later withdrawn. The paper concludes that the issues involved in reforming data systems deserve to be fully discussed and gives reasons why statisticians should take a leading part in the debate.

    Release date: 1989-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198900114576
    Description:

    A typical goal of health workers in the developing world is to ascertain whether or not a population meets certain standards, such as the proportion vaccinated against a certain disease. Because populations tend to be large, and resources and time available for studies limited, it is usually necessary to select a sample from the population and then make estimates regarding the entire population. Depending upon the proportion of the sample individuals who were not vaccinated, a decision will be made as to whether the coverage is adequate or whether additional efforts must be initiated to improve coverage in the population. Several sampling methods are currently in use. Among these is a modified method of cluster sampling recommended by the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) of the World Health Organization. More recently, quality assurance sampling (QAS), a method commonly used for inspecting manufactured products, has been proposed as a potentially useful method for continually monitoring health service programs. In this paper, the QAS method is described and an example of how this type of sampling might be used is provided.

    Release date: 1989-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198900114577
    Description:

    In this article the authors evaluate the relative performance of survey and diary data collection methods in the context of the long-distance telephone communication market. Based on an analysis of 1,530 respondents, the results indicate that two demographic variables, sex and income, are important in explaining the difference in survey reporting and diary recording of usage data.

    Release date: 1989-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198900114578
    Description:

    The optimum allocation to strata for multipurpose surveys is often solved in practice by establishing linear variance constraints and then using convex programming to minimize the survey cost. Using the Kuhn-Tucker theorem, this paper gives an expression for the resulting optimum allocation in terms of Lagrangian multipliers. Using this representation, the partial derivative of the cost function with respect to the k-th variance constraint is found to be -2 \alpha_{k^*} g (x^*) / v_k, where g (x^*) is the cost of the optimum allocation and where \alpha_{k^*} and v_k are, respectively, the k-th normalized Lagrangian multiplier and the upper bound on the precision of the k-th variable. Finally, a simple computing algorithm is presented and its convergence properties are discussed. The use of these results in sample design is demonstrated with data from a survey of commercial establishments.

    Release date: 1989-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198900114579
    Description:

    Estimation of the means of a characteristic for a population at different points in time, based on a series of repeated surveys, is briefly reviewed. By imposing a stochastic parametric model on these means, it is possible to estimate the parameters of the model and to obtain alternative estimators of the means themselves. We describe the case where the population means follow an autoregressive-moving average (ARMA) process and the survey errors can also be formulated as an ARMA process. An example using data from the Canadian Travel Survey is presented.

    Release date: 1989-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198900114580
    Description:

    Estimation of total numbers of hogs and pigs, sows and gilts, and cattle and calves in a state is studied using data obtained in the June Enumerative Survey conducted by the National Agricultural Statistics Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It is possible to construct six different estimators using the June Enumerative Survey data. Three estimators involve data from area samples and three estimators combine data from list-frame and area-frame surveys. A rotation sampling scheme is used for the area frame portion of the June Enumerative Survey. Using data from the five years, 1982 through 1986, covariances among the estimators for different years are estimated. A composite estimator is proposed for the livestock numbers. The composite estimator is obtained by a generalized least-squares regression of the vector of different yearly estimators on an appropriate set of dummy variables. The composite estimator is designed to yield estimates for livestock inventories that are “at the same level” as the official estimates made by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

    Release date: 1989-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198900114581
    Description:

    This paper develops a design consistent small domain estimator using a random effects model. The mean squared error of this estimator is then evaluated without assuming the random effect component of the model is correct. Data from a complex sample survey shows how this approach to mean squared error estimation, while perhaps too instable to be used directly, can be employed to determine whether the design consistent small domain estimator proposed here is better than the conventional design-based estimator.

    Release date: 1989-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800214582
    Description:

    A comprehensive bibliography of books, research reports and published papers, dealing with the theory, application and development of randomized response techniques, includes a subject classification.

    Release date: 1988-12-15

  • 7,320. A brief note on SQL Archived
    Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800214583
    Description:

    This note portrays SQL, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses.

    Release date: 1988-12-15
Stats in brief (1,491)

Stats in brief (1,491) (0 to 10 of 1,491 results)

Articles and reports (5,654)

Articles and reports (5,654) (0 to 10 of 5,654 results)

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201900100008
    Description:

    This paper aims to expand the current national accounting concepts and statistical methods for measuring data in order to shed light on some highly consequential changes in society that are related to the rising usage of data. The paper concludes by discussing possible methods that can be used to assign an economic value to the various elements in the information chain and tests these concepts and methods by presenting results for Canada as a first attempt to measure the value of data.

    Release date: 2019-06-24

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2019007
    Description:

    Not having a Social Insurance Number (SIN) and not filing taxes may represent challenges to access government programs and supports such as the Canada Education Savings Grant (CESG) and the Canada Learning Bond (CLB). Limited data availability has prevented a full assessment of the extent of these access challenges. This study attempts to address this knowledge gap by analyzing overall differences in SIN possession and tax-filing uptake by family income, levels of parental education, family type and Indigenous identity of the child and age of children using the 2016 Census data augmented with tax-filing and Social Insurance Number possession indicator flags.

    Release date: 2019-06-21

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2019004
    Description:

    This paper describes a measure of inflation as experienced by seniors in Canada for the period of January 2013 to August 2018. It defines a senior population, examines their spending behavior, and describes the construction of a Senior Price Index (SPI). An analysis by geography and by major consumer basket components is provided, as well as a comparison with the official Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI).

    Release date: 2019-06-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201900100009
    Description:

    This study examines the impact of social capital and ethnocultural characteristics on the evolution of employment income of a cohort of immigrants who arrived in Canada in 2001, based on two linked datasets: the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC) and the Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB). The study examines the employment income of this cohort in their first 15 years in Canada (i.e., from 2002 to 2016).

    Release date: 2019-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900600001
    Description:

    The Canadian federal government legalized non-medical cannabis use by adults in October 2018. Ongoing monitoring of the effects of the change is needed because uncertainty remains about the impact of this legislation on cannabis use behaviours and whether the impact will affect some more than others. This study used data from Canadian Alcohol and Drugs Survey and its predecessor to examine longer-term historical rates of use during 2004 to 2017. Five iterations of National Cannabis Surveys (2018/2019) were used to examine current use (overall, daily/almost daily, quantities, and types of products) in the months before and after legalization.

    Release date: 2019-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900600002
    Description:

    The cumulative toll of exposure to stressors (psychosocial, chemical, physical) can contribute to disease processes. The concept of allostatic load, essentially the cost of maintaining physiological stability in response to environmental demands, may be useful in assessing broad population health impacts of stressors beyond morbidity and mortality. In this study, allostatic load scores were generated for Canadians using data from cycles 1, 2, and 3 (2007 to 2013) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, and associations with age, sex, education and household income were examined.

    Release date: 2019-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 16-508-X2019003
    Description:

    Environmental management practices are protocols that businesses adopt to reduce their impact on the environment. This fact sheet features the most common environmental management practices per industry group, per size of establishment and per employment share. It also highlights four of the most frequently used environmental practices (environmental management system, energy audit (past 3 years), energy management or monitoring system and greenhouse gas emissions inventory).

    Release date: 2019-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2019002
    Description:

    Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) describes strategies by multinational enterprises (MNEs) to reduce their tax burden. This paper develops 5 simple indicators of BEPS using a framework inspired by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and data available within Statistics Canada. Our goal is to explore whether Canada's tax base may be adversely impacted by BEPS.

    Release date: 2019-06-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019011
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    From 1980 to 2017, Canada welcomed 1,088,000 refugees, an average of about 30,000 per year. For many refugees, homeownership is an important milestone in their path to social and economic integration. This article in the Economic Insights series highlights new data on homeownership among residents who came to Canada as resettled refugees. It reports on how the stock of refugee-owned housing in Vancouver and Toronto compares to that of Canadian-born residents, highlighting differences in property values across various segments of the housing market. Information on the location, age and size of properties and on the age and income of property owners is used to assess relative differences in property values between the two groups. Estimates are based on data developed by the Canadian Housing Statistics Program, released in December 2018.

    Release date: 2019-06-18

  • Articles and reports: 51-004-X2019007
    Description:

    This report presents annual aircraft movements for Canadian airports without NAV CANADA air traffic control towers and NAV CANADA flight service stations.

    Release date: 2019-06-13
Journals and periodicals (312)

Journals and periodicals (312) (40 to 50 of 312 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 13-016-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication presents an overview of recent economic developments in the provinces and territories. The overview covers several broad areas: 1) gross domestic product (GDP) by income and by expenditure, 2) GDP by industry, 3) labour productivity and other related variables.

    The publication examines trends in the major aggregates that comprise GDP, both income- and expenditure-based, as well as prices and the financing of economic activity by institutional sector. GDP is also examined by industry. The productivity estimates are meant to assist in the analysis of the short-run relationship among the fluctuations of output, employment, compensation and hours worked. Some issues also contain more technical articles, explaining national accounts methodology or analysing a particular aspect of the economy.

    This publication carries the detailed analyses, charts and statistical tables that, prior to its first issue, were released in The Daily (11-001-XIE) under the headings Provincial Economic Accounts and Provincial Gross Domestic Product by industry.

    Release date: 2018-11-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 12-206-X
    Description:

    This report summarizes the achievements program sponsored by the three methodology divisions of Statistics Canada. This program covers research and development activities in statistical methods with potentially broad application in the Agency's survey programs, which would not otherwise have been carried out during the provision of methodology services to those survey programs. They also include tasks that provided client support in the application of past successful developments in order to promote the utilization of the results of research and development work.

    Release date: 2018-10-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 81-599-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The fact sheets in this series provide an "at-a-glance" overview of particular aspects of education in Canada and summarize key data trends in selected tables published as part of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP).

    The PCEIP mission is to publish a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada for policy makers, practitioners and the general public to monitor the performance of education systems across jurisdictions and over time. PCEIP is a joint venture of Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC).

    Release date: 2018-10-10

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-503-X
    Description:

    Understanding the role of women in Canadian society and how it has changed over time is dependent on having information that can begin to shed light on the diverse circumstances and experiences of women. Women in Canada provides an unparalleled compilation of data related to women's family status, education, employment, economic well-being, unpaid work, health, and more.

    Women in Canada allows readers to better understand the experience of women compared to that of men. Recognizing that women are not a homogenous group and that experiences differ not only across gender but also within gender groups, Women in Canada includes chapters on immigrant women, women in a visible minority, Aboriginal women, senior women, and women with participation and activity limitations.

    Release date: 2018-07-30

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-648-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The documents in this collection are based on data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults, a survey that examines a variety of topics on the well-being of Canadians and measures the effect of changes in certain areas on people's lives. The survey covers several topics, such as jobs, health, adult education and training, income and earnings, as well as the family dynamic. Reports on the survey content, concepts, methodology and data quality are also available.

    Release date: 2018-07-24

  • Journals and periodicals: 91-209-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada analyses recent demographic patterns at the national, provincial and subprovincial levels. Trends in population growth and the evolution of the various components of Canada's population growth - fertility, mortality and migration (interprovincial and international) - as well as marital status, are examined. The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada has been published annually or biennially since 1985. Beginning in 2011, the Report is available as a dynamic, internet-only publication in order to provide the most recent data and analyses on Canadian demographics as soon as they are available.

    Release date: 2018-06-28

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-635-X
    Description:

    Departmental Plans (DP) are individual expenditure plans for each department and agency. These reports provide increased levels of detail over a three-year period on an organization's main priorities by strategic outcome, program and planned/expected results, including links to related resource requirements presented in the Main Estimates. In conjunction with the Main Estimates, Departmental Plans serve to inform members of Parliament on planned expenditures of departments and agencies, and support Parliament's consideration of supply bills. The DPs are typically tabled soon after the Main Estimates by the President of the Treasury Board.

    Release date: 2018-04-16

  • Thematic map: 16-201-X
    Description:

    Human Activity and the Environment (16-201-X) is an annual publication that focuses on a current environmental issue. The latest information and statistics are gathered from many sources to produce an in-depth analytical article.

    Release date: 2018-03-14

  • Journals and periodicals: 82-627-X
    Description:

    The publication provides data users, health professionals and individual Canadians with geometric means and selected percentiles of blood and urine concentrations of selected environmental chemicals for the Canadian population by sex and age group. The results presented in this publication were collected during cycle 4 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey from January 2014 to December 2015.

    Release date: 2018-02-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-630-X
    Description:

    In 2018, Statistics Canada will celebrate its 100th anniversary. As we count down to this important milestone, we would like to use our data to highlight some of the sweeping changes that have had a lasting impact on Canadian society and economy.

    Release date: 2018-02-21
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