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All (7,491) (7,280 to 7,290 of 7,491 results)

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000214537
    Description:

    Repeated surveys in which a portion of the units are observed at more than one time point and some units are not observed at some time points are of primary interest. Least squares estimation for such surveys is reviewed. Included in the discussion are estimation procedures in which existing estimates are not revised when new data become available. Also considered are techniques for the estimation of longitudinal parameters, such as gross change tables. Estimation for a repeated survey of land use conducted by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service is described. The effects of measurement error on gross change estimates is illustrated and it is shown that survey designs constructed to enable estimation of the parameters of the measurement error process can be very efficient.

    Release date: 1990-12-14

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X1990004121
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Deposits in Registered Retirement Savings Plans have grown at a phenomenal rate over the past few years. Selected characteristics of contributors and the amounts placed in the plans are profiled. New legislation taking effect in 1991 is discussed.

    Release date: 1990-11-27

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X1990004146
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    From 1965 to 1987, in most of the seven major OECD countries, women increased their labour force participation. This and other changes over the past two decades are covered in this article.

    Release date: 1990-11-27

  • 7,284. Recent trends in wages Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19900044
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    For the first time in recent years, workers have seen their earnings rise more rapidly than consumer prices. The author describes a comparatively new fixed-weight earnings index and explains why it is superior for gauging the cost of labour.

    Release date: 1990-11-27

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X199000459
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Is present training in the workplace sufficient to meet industry's growing need for skilled workers as we enter the new decade? This article reviews the present state of training in Canada's private and public sectors and looks ahead to some anticipated needs in the '90s.

    Release date: 1990-11-27

  • Stats in brief: 75-001-X199000475
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In 1989, the Survey of Literacy Skills Used in Daily Activities was conducted to assess the reading and numerous skills of Canada's adult population. This article reports the survey's main findings.

    Release date: 1990-11-27

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X199000490
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Government transfer payments can add another dimension to judging regional economic performance. This article looks at sub-provincial areas and the effect of transfer payments to lessen economic inequality in these areas.

    Release date: 1990-11-27

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X1990003145
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Does a Canadian household spend its money differently than its American counterpart? This article examines the breakdowns in personal consumption, future security and income taxes by family type in the two countries.

    Release date: 1990-08-24

  • 7,289. The price of labour Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X199000319
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Have the earnings of Canadian workers been able to keep up with inflation since the 1970s? This study explains the components of labour income and analyzes the trends between 1977 and 1988.

    Release date: 1990-08-24

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X199000325
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In Canada, there are both similarities and differences in the way urban and rural households spend their income and these patterns have tended to persist over time.

    Release date: 1990-08-24
Stats in brief (1,500)

Stats in brief (1,500) (0 to 10 of 1,500 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201919120684
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-10

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201919121286
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-10

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201919020650
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-09

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191903592
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-09

  • Stats in brief: 89-28-0001201800100003
    Description:

    On June 1st the United States implemented additional US tariffs on selected steel and aluminum products. Tariffs on softwood lumber exports have also been in effect since April 2017. This new table shows economic indicators that Statistics Canada produces for industries impacted by tariffs. Other industries that could be indirectly affected by the tariffs are also included (coal and the automotive industry). 

    Release date: 2019-07-05

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201918620824
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-05

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191863587
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-05

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019046
    Description:

    At the 2019 Youth Summit in Ottawa, we asked the Prime Minister's Youth Council to provide feedback on what they would like to know about their generation. We compiled data on the topics of most interest. The data, which are from the Statistics Canada presentation entitled "A Portrait of Canadian Youth: March 2019 Updates" provide information on the diversity of youth, their technology use, their social engagement, and their levels of education.

    Release date: 2019-07-04

  • Stats in brief: 11-631-X2019002
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    This presentation on Ethnocultural Diversity and Inclusion in Canada shows an overview of the evolution of ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic diversity and its measurement in Canada, with a focus on one of the country’s largest metropolitan areas: Toronto. It also outlines the inherent challenges and opportunities embedded in the measurement of diversity and highlights some of the very real socio-economic disparities observed on the road to inclusiveness and integration.

    Release date: 2019-07-03

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191843612
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-03
Articles and reports (5,679)

Articles and reports (5,679) (60 to 70 of 5,679 results)

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019008
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series examines how accounting for greenhouse gas emissions as part of economic activity changes the measurement of productivity growth.

    Release date: 2019-05-08

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019013
    Description:

    The need to measure both the desirable outputs (goods and services) and the undesirable outputs (emissions of greenhouse gases [GHGs] and criteria air contaminants [CACs]) from economic activity is becoming increasingly important as economic performance and environmental performance become ever more intertwined. Standard measures of multifactor productivity (MFP) growth provide insights into rising standards of living and the performance of economies, but they may be misleading if only desirable outputs are considered. This study presents estimates of environmentally adjusted multifactor productivity (EAMFP) growth using a new comprehensive database. This database contains information on GHG and CAC emissions, as well as on the production activities of Canadian manufacturers.

    Release date: 2019-05-08

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100001
    Description:

    Demographers are facing increasing pressure to disaggregate their estimates and forecasts by characteristics such as region, ethnicity, and income. Traditional demographic methods were designed for large samples, and perform poorly with disaggregated data. Methods based on formal Bayesian statistical models offer better performance. We illustrate with examples from a long-term project to develop Bayesian approaches to demographic estimation and forecasting. In our first example, we estimate mortality rates disaggregated by age and sex for a small population. In our second example, we simultaneously estimate and forecast obesity prevalence disaggregated by age. We conclude by addressing two traditional objections to the use of Bayesian methods in statistical agencies.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100002
    Description:

    Item nonresponse is frequently encountered in sample surveys. Hot-deck imputation is commonly used to fill in missing item values within homogeneous groups called imputation classes. We propose a fractional hot-deck imputation procedure and an associated empirical likelihood for inference on the population mean of a function of a variable of interest with missing data under probability proportional to size sampling with negligible sampling fractions. We derive the limiting distributions of the maximum empirical likelihood estimator and empirical likelihood ratio, and propose two related asymptotically valid bootstrap procedures to construct confidence intervals for the population mean. Simulation studies show that the proposed bootstrap procedures outperform the customary bootstrap procedures which are shown to be asymptotically incorrect when the number of random draws in the fractional imputation is fixed. Moreover, the proposed bootstrap procedure based on the empirical likelihood ratio is seen to perform significantly better than the method based on the limiting distribution of the maximum empirical likelihood estimator when the inclusion probabilities vary considerably or when the sample size is not large.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100003
    Description:

    In this short article, I will attempt to provide some highlights of my chancy life as a Statistician in chronological order spanning over sixty years, 1954 to present.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100004
    Description:

    In this paper, we make use of auxiliary information to improve the efficiency of the estimates of the censored quantile regression parameters. Utilizing the information available from previous studies, we computed empirical likelihood probabilities as weights and proposed weighted censored quantile regression. Theoretical properties of the proposed method are derived. Our simulation studies shown that our proposed method has advantages compared to standard censored quantile regression.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100005
    Description:

    Small area estimation using area-level models can sometimes benefit from covariates that are observed subject to random errors, such as covariates that are themselves estimates drawn from another survey. Given estimates of the variances of these measurement (sampling) errors for each small area, one can account for the uncertainty in such covariates using measurement error models (e.g., Ybarra and Lohr, 2008). Two types of area-level measurement error models have been examined in the small area estimation literature. The functional measurement error model assumes that the underlying true values of the covariates with measurement error are fixed but unknown quantities. The structural measurement error model assumes that these true values follow a model, leading to a multivariate model for the covariates observed with error and the original dependent variable. We compare and contrast these two models with the alternative of simply ignoring measurement error when it is present (naïve model), exploring the consequences for prediction mean squared errors of use of an incorrect model under different underlying assumptions about the true model. Comparisons done using analytic formulas for the mean squared errors assuming model parameters are known yield some surprising results. We also illustrate results with a model fitted to data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100006
    Description:

    The empirical predictor under an area level version of the generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) is extensively used in small area estimation (SAE) for counts. However, this approach does not use the sampling weights or clustering information that are essential for valid inference given the informative samples produced by modern complex survey designs. This paper describes an SAE method that incorporates this sampling information when estimating small area proportions or counts under an area level version of the GLMM. The approach is further extended under a spatial dependent version of the GLMM (SGLMM). The mean squared error (MSE) estimation for this method is also discussed. This SAE method is then applied to estimate the extent of household poverty in different districts of the rural part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India by linking data from the 2011-12 Household Consumer Expenditure Survey collected by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) of India, and the 2011 Indian Population Census. Results from this application indicate a substantial gain in precision for the new methods compared to the direct survey estimates.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100007
    Description:

    The Horvitz-Thompson (HT) estimator is widely used in survey sampling. However, the variance of the HT estimator becomes large when the inclusion probabilities are highly heterogeneous. To overcome this shortcoming, in this paper we propose a hard-threshold method for the first-order inclusion probabilities. Specifically, we carefully choose a threshold value, then replace the inclusion probabilities smaller than the threshold by the threshold. Through this shrinkage strategy, we construct a new estimator called the improved Horvitz-Thompson (IHT) estimator to estimate the population total. The IHT estimator increases the estimation accuracy much although it brings a bias which is relatively small. We derive the IHT estimator’s mean squared error and its unbiased estimator, and theoretically compare the IHT estimator with the HT estimator. We also apply our idea to construct an improved ratio estimator. We numerically analyze simulated and real data sets to illustrate that the proposed estimators are more efficient and robust than the classical estimators.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100008
    Description:

    This paper studies small area quantile estimation under a unit level non-parametric nested-error regression model. We assume the small area specific error distributions satisfy a semi-parametric density ratio model. We fit the non-parametric model via the penalized spline regression method of Opsomer, Claeskens, Ranalli, Kauermann and Breidt (2008). Empirical likelihood is then applied to estimate the parameters in the density ratio model based on the residuals. This leads to natural area-specific estimates of error distributions. A kernel method is then applied to obtain smoothed error distribution estimates. These estimates are then used for quantile estimation in two situations: one is where we only have knowledge of covariate power means at the population level, the other is where we have covariate values of all sample units in the population. Simulation experiments indicate that the proposed methods for small area quantiles estimation work well for quantiles around the median in the first situation, and for a broad range of the quantiles in the second situation. A bootstrap mean square error estimator of the proposed estimators is also investigated. An empirical example based on Canadian income data is included.

    Release date: 2019-05-07
Journals and periodicals (312)

Journals and periodicals (312) (40 to 50 of 312 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-005-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication features short, informative articles focusing on specific justice-related issues. For more in-depth articles on justice in Canada, see also Juristat, Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

    Release date: 2018-11-13

  • Journals and periodicals: 13-016-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication presents an overview of recent economic developments in the provinces and territories. The overview covers several broad areas: 1) gross domestic product (GDP) by income and by expenditure, 2) GDP by industry, 3) labour productivity and other related variables.

    The publication examines trends in the major aggregates that comprise GDP, both income- and expenditure-based, as well as prices and the financing of economic activity by institutional sector. GDP is also examined by industry. The productivity estimates are meant to assist in the analysis of the short-run relationship among the fluctuations of output, employment, compensation and hours worked. Some issues also contain more technical articles, explaining national accounts methodology or analysing a particular aspect of the economy.

    This publication carries the detailed analyses, charts and statistical tables that, prior to its first issue, were released in The Daily (11-001-XIE) under the headings Provincial Economic Accounts and Provincial Gross Domestic Product by industry.

    Release date: 2018-11-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 12-206-X
    Description:

    This report summarizes the achievements program sponsored by the three methodology divisions of Statistics Canada. This program covers research and development activities in statistical methods with potentially broad application in the Agency's survey programs, which would not otherwise have been carried out during the provision of methodology services to those survey programs. They also include tasks that provided client support in the application of past successful developments in order to promote the utilization of the results of research and development work.

    Release date: 2018-10-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-503-X
    Description:

    Understanding the role of women in Canadian society and how it has changed over time is dependent on having information that can begin to shed light on the diverse circumstances and experiences of women. Women in Canada provides an unparalleled compilation of data related to women's family status, education, employment, economic well-being, unpaid work, health, and more.

    Women in Canada allows readers to better understand the experience of women compared to that of men. Recognizing that women are not a homogenous group and that experiences differ not only across gender but also within gender groups, Women in Canada includes chapters on immigrant women, women in a visible minority, Aboriginal women, senior women, and women with participation and activity limitations.

    Release date: 2018-07-30

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-648-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The documents in this collection are based on data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults, a survey that examines a variety of topics on the well-being of Canadians and measures the effect of changes in certain areas on people's lives. The survey covers several topics, such as jobs, health, adult education and training, income and earnings, as well as the family dynamic. Reports on the survey content, concepts, methodology and data quality are also available.

    Release date: 2018-07-24

  • Journals and periodicals: 91-209-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada analyses recent demographic patterns at the national, provincial and subprovincial levels. Trends in population growth and the evolution of the various components of Canada's population growth - fertility, mortality and migration (interprovincial and international) - as well as marital status, are examined. The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada has been published annually or biennially since 1985. Beginning in 2011, the Report is available as a dynamic, internet-only publication in order to provide the most recent data and analyses on Canadian demographics as soon as they are available.

    Release date: 2018-06-28

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-635-X
    Description:

    Departmental Plans (DP) are individual expenditure plans for each department and agency. These reports provide increased levels of detail over a three-year period on an organization's main priorities by strategic outcome, program and planned/expected results, including links to related resource requirements presented in the Main Estimates. In conjunction with the Main Estimates, Departmental Plans serve to inform members of Parliament on planned expenditures of departments and agencies, and support Parliament's consideration of supply bills. The DPs are typically tabled soon after the Main Estimates by the President of the Treasury Board.

    Release date: 2018-04-16

  • Thematic map: 16-201-X
    Description:

    Human Activity and the Environment (16-201-X) is an annual publication that focuses on a current environmental issue. The latest information and statistics are gathered from many sources to produce an in-depth analytical article.

    Release date: 2018-03-14

  • Journals and periodicals: 82-627-X
    Description:

    The publication provides data users, health professionals and individual Canadians with geometric means and selected percentiles of blood and urine concentrations of selected environmental chemicals for the Canadian population by sex and age group. The results presented in this publication were collected during cycle 4 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey from January 2014 to December 2015.

    Release date: 2018-02-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-630-X
    Description:

    In 2018, Statistics Canada will celebrate its 100th anniversary. As we count down to this important milestone, we would like to use our data to highlight some of the sweeping changes that have had a lasting impact on Canadian society and economy.

    Release date: 2018-02-21
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