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  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800214592
    Description:

    There are persuasive arguments for and against adjustment of the U.S. decennial census counts, although many of them are based on political rather than technical considerations. The decision whether or not to adjust depends crucially on the method of adjustment. Moreover, should adjustment take place using say a synthetic-based or a regression-based method, at which level should this occur and how should aggregation and disaggregation proceed? In order to answer these questions sensibly, a model of undercount errors is needed which is “level-consistent” in the sense that it is preserved for areas at the national, state, county, etc. level. Such a model is proposed in this article; like subareas are identified with strata such that within a stratum the subareas’ adjustment factors have a common stratum mean and have variances inversely proportional to their census counts. By taking into account sampling of the areas (e.g., by dual-system estimation), empirical Bayes estimators that combine information from the stratum average and the sample value, can be constructed. These estimators are evaluated at the state level (51 states, including Washington, D.C.), and stratified on race/ethnicity (3 strata) using data from the 1980 postenumeration survey (PEP 3-8, for the noninstitutional population).

    Release date: 1988-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800214593
    Description:

    In Australia, population estimates have been obtained from census counts, incorporating an adjustment for under-enumeration in 1976, 1981 and 1986. The adjustments are based on the results of a Post Enumeration Survey and demographic analysis. This paper describes the methods used and the results obtained in adjusting the 1986 census. The formal use of sex ratios as suggested by Wolter (1986) is examined as a possible improvement of the less formal use made of these ratios in adjusting census counts.

    Release date: 1988-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800214594
    Description:

    A significant increase in coverage error in the 1986 Census is revealed by both the Reverse Record Check and the demographic method presented in this paper. Considerable attention is paid to an evaluation of the various components of population growth, especially interprovincial migration. The paper concludes with an overview of two alternative methods for generating postcensal estimates: the currently-in-use, census-based model, and a flexible model using all relevant data in combination with the census.

    Release date: 1988-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800214595
    Description:

    Estimates of undercoverage in the Canadian Census of Population have been produced for each Census since 1961, using a Reverse Record Check method. The reliability of the estimates is important to how they are used to assess the quality of the Census data and to identify significant causes of coverage error. It is also critical to the development of methods and procedures to improve coverage for future Censuses. The purpose of this paper is to identify potential sources of error in the Reverse Record Check, which should be understood and addressed, where possible, in using this method to estimate coverage error.

    Release date: 1988-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800114596
    Description:

    Dual system estimators of census undercount rely heavily on the assumption that persons in the evaluation survey can be accurately linked to the same persons in the census. Mismatches and erroneous non-matches, which are unavoidable, reduce the accuracy of the estimators. Studies have shown that the extent of the error can be so large relative to the size of census coverage error as to render the estimate unusable. In this paper, we propose a model for investigating the effect of matching error on the estimators of census undercount and illustrate its use for the 1990 census undercount evaluation program. The mean square error of the dual system estimator is derived under the proposed model and the components of MSE arising from matching error are defined and explained. Under the assumed model, the effect of matching error on the MSE of the estimator of census undercount is investigated. Finally, a methodology for employing the model for the optimal design of matching error evaluation studies will be illustrated and the form of the estimators will be given.

    Release date: 1988-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800114597
    Description:

    The U.S. Bureau of the Census will use a post-enumeration survey to measure the coverage of the 1990 Decennial Census. The Census Bureau has developed and tested new procedures aimed at increasing the accuracy of the survey. This paper describes the new methods. It discusses the categories of error that occur in a post-enumeration survey and means of evaluation to determine that the results are accurate. The new methods and the evaluation of the methods are discussed in the context of a recent test post-enumeration survey.

    Release date: 1988-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800114598
    Description:

    This paper discusses methods used to handle missing data in post-enumeration surveys for estimating census coverage error, as illustrated for the 1986 Test of Adjustment Related Operations (Diffendal 1988). The methods include imputation schemes based on hot-deck and logistic regression models as well as weighting adjustments. The sensitivity of undercount estimates from the 1986 test to variations in the imputation models is also explored.

    Release date: 1988-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800114599
    Description:

    As part of the planning for the 1990 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau investigated the feasibility of adjusting the census for the estimated undercount. A test census was conducted in Central Los Angeles County, in a mostly Hispanic area, in order to test the timing and operational aspects of adjusting the Census using a post-enumeration survey (PES). This paper presents the methodology and the results in producing a census that is adjusted for the population missed by the enumeration. The methodology used to adjust the test census included the sample design, dual-system estimation and small area estimation. The sample design used a block sample with blocks stratified by race/ethnicity. Matching was done by the computer with clerical review and resolution. The dual-system estimator, also called the Petersen estimator or capture-recapture, was used to estimate the population. Because of the nature of the census enumeration, corrections were made to the census counts before using them in the dual-system estimator. Before adjusting the small areas, a regression model was fit to the adjustment factor (the dual-system estimate divided by the census count) to reduce the effects of sampling variability. A synthetic estimator was used to carry the adjustment down to the block level. The results of the dual-system estimates are presented for the test site by the three major race/ethnic groups (Hispanic, Asian, Other) by tenure, by age and by sex. Summaries of the small area adjustments of the census enumeration, by block, are presented and discussed.

    Release date: 1988-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800114600
    Description:

    A personal computer program for variance estimation with large scale surveys is described. The program, called PC CARP, will compute estimates and estimated variances for totals, ratios, means, quantiles, and regression coefficients.

    Release date: 1988-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X198800114601
    Description:

    The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is an ongoing nationally representative household survey program of the Bureau of the Census. The primary purpose of the SIPP is to improve the measurement of information related to the economic situation of households and persons in the United States. It accomplishes this goal through repeated interviews of sample individuals using a short reference period and a probing questionnaire. The multi-interview design of the SIPP raises methodological and statistical issues of concern to all panel surveys of families and persons. This paper reviews these issues as they relate to the SIPP. The topics reviewed are: 1) questionnaire design; 2) data collection, including respondent rules, data collection mode, length of reference period, and rules for following movers; 3) concepts, design, and estimation; and 4) response error.

    Release date: 1988-06-15
Stats in brief (1,469)

Stats in brief (1,469) (0 to 10 of 1,469 results)

Articles and reports (5,628)

Articles and reports (5,628) (0 to 10 of 5,628 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100011
    Geography: Geographical region of Canada, Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines a cohort of individuals who died of an illicit drug overdose in the province of British Columbia, with a special focus on the City of Surrey, between 2011 and 2016, and explores the nature and extent of their contact with the criminal justice system as a person accused of a crime. This analysis brings together data provided by the British Columbia Coroners Service with policing data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, and criminal court data from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey. Identifying the primary risk factors and those at greatest risk of preventable illicit drug-related deaths will help support the development of evidence-informed interventions, precision programming and policies aimed at preventing future overdoses and saving lives.

    Release date: 2019-05-16

  • Articles and reports: 51-004-X2019005
    Description:

    This report presents monthly aircraft movements for Canadian airports with NAV CANADA air traffic control towers and NAV CANADA flight service stations.

    Release date: 2019-05-16

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201900100007
    Description:

    This study uses data from the 2016 Census in order to examine the employment earnings of individuals with an immigrant background (i.e., immigrants and children of immigrants) who are part of official language minorities in Canada. Two groups are examined: those with French as their first official language spoken (FOLS) living in Canada outside Quebec, and those with English as their FOLS living in Quebec. In this study, comparisons are made with groups belonging to the linguistic majority.

    Release date: 2019-05-15

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900500001
    Description:

    This study uses the new remoteness index (RI) classification, which assigns a value to each census subdivision (CSD) and measures the relative remoteness of Canadian communities on the basis of their size and their proximity to surrounding population centres, to distinguish rural and remote areas from urban areas in Canada. The Canadian Vital Statistics-Death Database (2011 to 2015), and the 2016 Census of Population are also used in this study to examine major causes of both preventable and treatable mortality by relative remoteness of Canadian communities. It explores the interrelationship between remoteness and avoidable mortality while taking into account three important variables: average household income after-tax, the proportion of postsecondary graduates and the proportion of Aboriginal population by CSD.

    Release date: 2019-05-15

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900500002
    Description:

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of the Canadian Active Living Environments (Can-ALE) dataset: a Canada-wide set of four individual and four summary measures that characterize the favourability of active living environments in Canadian communities at the dissemination-area level. This study reports on analyses which guided the selection of measures and derivation data sources for the dataset. The objective was to produce a national database entirely from open data and to evaluate the performance of open data compared with traditional or proprietary sources.

    Release date: 2019-05-15

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900500003
    Description:

    Administered in 2013, the Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey (CFMHS) included the same set of items to assess coping as the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and the CCHS-Canadian Forces Supplement. This study's objectives were to (1) provide a descriptive analysis of the extent to which members of the CAF Regular Force use these various coping strategies, (2) examine the factorial structure of these items, and (3) assess the resulting coping factors by examining their concurrent validity with theoretically-related indicators and examining differences along key demographic and military characteristics. Ultimately, the study aimed to shed light onto a coping typology that could guide the development of indicators for use in future coping research based on the CFMHS.

    Release date: 2019-05-15

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019014
    Description:

    Canada has a relatively large foreign-born population, and the country’s economic prosperity depends on international trade. This paper examines how these two characteristics are linked. Specifically, it investigates the effect of immigrant business ownership on international trade in Canada.

    Understanding the impact of immigrants on international trade is particularly important for Canada, as it is a small open economy with a relatively large immigrant population. This paper empirically investigates the effect of immigrant business ownership on international trade in Canada using a newly developed firm-level database with detailed business ownership and trade information. The new data make it possible to better distinguish between the effect immigrants have on reducing information costs and on product demand, and to assess the impact of immigrant business ownership on the extensive and intensive margins of international trade.

    Release date: 2019-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100010
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides a statistical overview of adults and youth admitted to and released from custody and community supervision in Canada in 2017/2018. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Average counts and the incarceration rates are presented. Admissions and the characteristics of adults and youth in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are also discussed.

    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019008
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series examines how accounting for greenhouse gas emissions as part of economic activity changes the measurement of productivity growth.

    Release date: 2019-05-08

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019013
    Description:

    The need to measure both the desirable outputs (goods and services) and the undesirable outputs (emissions of greenhouse gases [GHGs] and criteria air contaminants [CACs]) from economic activity is becoming increasingly important as economic performance and environmental performance become ever more intertwined. Standard measures of multifactor productivity (MFP) growth provide insights into rising standards of living and the performance of economies, but they may be misleading if only desirable outputs are considered. This study presents estimates of environmentally adjusted multifactor productivity (EAMFP) growth using a new comprehensive database. This database contains information on GHG and CAC emissions, as well as on the production activities of Canadian manufacturers.

    Release date: 2019-05-08
Journals and periodicals (312)

Journals and periodicals (312) (0 to 10 of 312 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-28-0001
    Description:

    Short and focused data tables related to current events.

    Release date: 2019-05-17

  • Table: 51-004-X
    Description:

    This bulletin presents the most up-to-date available information extracted from all of the Aviation Statistics Centre's surveys. Regular features include releases on principal statistics for Canada's major air carriers, airport data, fare basis statistics and traffic data for Canada's most important markets.

    Release date: 2019-05-16

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-002-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication provides in-depth analysis and detailed statistics on a variety of topics and issues related to justice and public safety. Topics include crime, victimization, homicide, civil, family and criminal courts, and correctional services. Issues related to community safety, and perceptions of safety are also covered. The publication is intended for those with an interest in Canada's justice and public safety systems as well as those who plan, establish, administer and evaluate programs and projects related to justice and public safety.

    Release date: 2019-05-16

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-627-M
    Description:

    Every year, Statistics Canada collects data from hundreds of surveys. As the amount of data gathered increases, Statistics Canada has introduced infographics to help people, business owners, academics, and management at all levels, understand key information derived from the data. Infographics can be used to quickly communicate a message, to simplify the presentation of large amounts of data, to see data patterns and relationships, and to monitor changes in variables over time.

    These infographics will provide a quick overview of Statistics Canada survey data.

    Release date: 2019-05-15

  • Journals and periodicals: 75-006-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication brings together and analyzes a wide range of data sources in order to provide information on various aspects of Canadian society, including labour, income, education, social, and demographic issues, that affect the lives of Canadians.

    Release date: 2019-05-15

  • Journals and periodicals: 82-003-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Health Reports, published by the Health Analysis Division of Statistics Canada, is a peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research. It is designed for a broad audience that includes health professionals, researchers, policymakers, and the general public. The journal publishes articles of wide interest that contain original and timely analyses of national or provincial/territorial surveys or administrative databases. New articles are published electronically each month.

    Health Reports had an impact factor of 2.479 for 2016 and a five-year impact factor of 3.959. All articles are indexed in PubMed. Our online catalogue is free and receives more than 500,000 visits per year. External submissions are welcome.

    Release date: 2019-05-15

  • Journals and periodicals: 11F0019M
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series provides for the circulation of research conducted by Analytical Studies Branch staff and collaborators. The Series is intended to stimulate discussion on a variety of topics, such as labour, immigration, education and skills, income mobility, well-being, aging, firm dynamics, productivity, economic transitions, and economic geography. Readers of the Series are encouraged to contact the authors with their comments and suggestions. All the papers in the Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series go through institutional and peer review to ensure that they conform to Statistics Canada's mandate as a governmental statistical agency and adhere to generally accepted standards of good professional practice.

    Release date: 2019-05-13

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-631-X
    Description:

    Statistics Canada engages regularly with Canadians to discuss statistical findings about the country’s economy, society and environment. Events are held in various cities throughout the year to discuss the use of statistics in many fields. These events provide Statistics Canada with an opportunity to promote the role of official statistics and better understand data users’ needs.

    This series provides online access to the presentations that were made at outreach events with data users.

    Release date: 2019-05-10

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-626-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Articles in the Economic Insights series highlight issues related to the growth and development of Canada's economy. In some cases, these articles highlight new insights or synthesize the results of previous research carried out by Statistics Canada; in others, they provide contextual information that accompanies the release of new data or updates from previous papers. The Economic Insights series features concise examinations of economic events, research results, trends, and important structural changes in the economy.

    Release date: 2019-05-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 12-001-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The journal publishes articles dealing with various aspects of statistical development relevant to a statistical agency, such as design issues in the context of practical constraints, use of different data sources and collection techniques, total survey error, survey evaluation, research in survey methodology, time series analysis, seasonal adjustment, demographic studies, data integration, estimation and data analysis methods, and general survey systems development. The emphasis is placed on the development and evaluation of specific methodologies as applied to data collection or the data themselves.

    Release date: 2019-05-07
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