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  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114556
    Description:

    In this paper we present some important features of the history of sample surveys in Sweden, and we comment on related developments of sampling techniques (methods and theory) in official statistics. The account is organized into three periods as follows: (i) before 1900; (ii) 1900-1950; and (iii) after 1950. The emphasis is on the third period.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114557
    Description:

    Rolling censuses combine F nonoverlapping periodic samples of 1/F each, so designed that cumulating the F periods yields a complete census of the whole population area with F / F = 1. Intermediate cumulations of k samples would yield samples of k/F for more timely uses (annual or quinquennial censuses). Area sampling frames would cover the national territory for naturally mobile populations. These methods may often be preferable to other alternative methods for censuses, also discussed. Asymmetrical cumulations are also recommended to counter the problems of small sample cells for area domains (provinces, regions, states) common to most countries and to other population units. Split-panel-designs offer another use for cumulating periodic surveys by combining nonoverlapping portions a - b - c - d - with panels p for partial overlaps, pa - pb - pc - pd -, for multipurpose designs.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114558
    Description:

    Drawing upon experiences from developments at the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the paper briefly traces some contributions made by practitioners to the theory and application of censuses and surveys. Some guesses about future developments are also given.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114559
    Description:

    The basic theme of this paper is that the development of survey methods in the technical sense can only be well understood in the context of the development of the institutions through which survey-taking is done. Thus we consider here survey methods in the large, in order to better prepare the reader for consideration of more formal methodological developments in sampling theory in the mathematical statistics sense. After a brief introduction, we give a historical overview of the evolution of institutional and contextual factors in Europe and the United States, up through the early part of the twentieth century, concentrating on governmental activities. We then focus on the emergence of institutional bases for survey research in the United States, primarily in the 1930s and 1940s. In a separate section, we take special note of the role of the U.S. Bureau of the Census in the study of non-sampling errors that was initiated in the 1940s and 1950s. Then, we look at three areas of basic change in survey methodology since 1960.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114560
    Description:

    Early developments in sampling theory and methods largely concentrated on efficient sampling designs and associated estimation techniques for population totals or means. More recently, the theoretical foundations of survey based estimation have also been critically examined, and formal frameworks for inference on totals or means have emerged. During the past 10 years or so, rapid progress has also been made in the development of methods for the analysis of survey data that take account of the complexity of the sampling design. The scope of this paper is restricted to an overview and appraisal of some of these developments.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X1990002107
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Many families have low incomes, even if members are active in the work force. Who are the "working poor"? This piece reviews the concepts and measures of low income and examines the labour force participation of families below the low income cut-off.

    Release date: 1990-05-29

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X1990002128
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    When it comes to competing with the industrial output of other countries, how does Canada rank? This article examines how successful Canadian manufacturers have been in terms of price competitiveness and productivity during the past decade. The impact of high technology is also discussed.

    Release date: 1990-05-29

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X199000214
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Have recent female university graduates been able to narrow the earnings gap between themselves and their male counterparts? This study tackles the question by examining field of study, occupation and other characteristics of graduates

    Release date: 1990-05-29

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X1990002143
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    As the need for pension plans and other support systems increases due to Canada's aging population, the proportion of the working-age population (the main contributor to these systems) is dropping. Will Canada face a dependency crisis in the future? This article examines dependency ratio over the past two decades and notes how Canada compares with other industrialized countries.

    Release date: 1990-05-29

  • 7,310. The gift of time Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X199000248
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In 1987, the time contributed by volunteers to various organizations was the equivalent of over 500,000 full-time jobs. This study profiles volunteers and the organizations they serve.

    Release date: 1990-05-29
Stats in brief (1,500)

Stats in brief (1,500) (40 to 50 of 1,500 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191645421
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-06-13

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201916320388
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191633339
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019036
    Description:

    The purpose of the 2017 General Social Survey on Family is to explore the characteristics of families in Canada and to monitor changes in these characteristics over time. Using information on the conjugal history of respondents, this infographic examines the proportion and the characteristics of people in Canada aged 55 and older who are currently separated or divorced from a marriage, or who are currently separated from a common-law union.

    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201916217623
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-06-11

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201916221084
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-06-11

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019022
    Description:

    This infographic presents results for total and residential, average daily per capita potable water use in Canada, from the 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 Biennial Drinking Water Plants Survey. The infographic displays the various uses of potable water produced by drinking water systems in the economy, which includes the residential sector. The infographic also presents the various possible uses of residential potable water.

    Release date: 2019-06-11

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019043
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    New data from the Canadian Housing Statistics Program (CHSP) provide more information about residential property owners in Ontario and British Columbia, and new information about owners in Nova Scotia, for 2018. Although preliminary CHSP data for owners in Ontario and British Columbia were published in June 2018, these new data complement the previous release by including owners in Nova Scotia, as well as non-individual owners (businesses, governments, etc.) and non-resident owners (owners who do not live primarily in Canada). The new data also provide a demographic profile of individual resident owners and information about owner-occupied properties. This infographic presents the new data highlighting certain characteristics of property owners, including the owner occupancy rates of selected residential properties.

    Release date: 2019-06-11

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191583309
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-06-07

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191563313
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-06-05
Articles and reports (5,679)

Articles and reports (5,679) (60 to 70 of 5,679 results)

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019008
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series examines how accounting for greenhouse gas emissions as part of economic activity changes the measurement of productivity growth.

    Release date: 2019-05-08

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019013
    Description:

    The need to measure both the desirable outputs (goods and services) and the undesirable outputs (emissions of greenhouse gases [GHGs] and criteria air contaminants [CACs]) from economic activity is becoming increasingly important as economic performance and environmental performance become ever more intertwined. Standard measures of multifactor productivity (MFP) growth provide insights into rising standards of living and the performance of economies, but they may be misleading if only desirable outputs are considered. This study presents estimates of environmentally adjusted multifactor productivity (EAMFP) growth using a new comprehensive database. This database contains information on GHG and CAC emissions, as well as on the production activities of Canadian manufacturers.

    Release date: 2019-05-08

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100001
    Description:

    Demographers are facing increasing pressure to disaggregate their estimates and forecasts by characteristics such as region, ethnicity, and income. Traditional demographic methods were designed for large samples, and perform poorly with disaggregated data. Methods based on formal Bayesian statistical models offer better performance. We illustrate with examples from a long-term project to develop Bayesian approaches to demographic estimation and forecasting. In our first example, we estimate mortality rates disaggregated by age and sex for a small population. In our second example, we simultaneously estimate and forecast obesity prevalence disaggregated by age. We conclude by addressing two traditional objections to the use of Bayesian methods in statistical agencies.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100002
    Description:

    Item nonresponse is frequently encountered in sample surveys. Hot-deck imputation is commonly used to fill in missing item values within homogeneous groups called imputation classes. We propose a fractional hot-deck imputation procedure and an associated empirical likelihood for inference on the population mean of a function of a variable of interest with missing data under probability proportional to size sampling with negligible sampling fractions. We derive the limiting distributions of the maximum empirical likelihood estimator and empirical likelihood ratio, and propose two related asymptotically valid bootstrap procedures to construct confidence intervals for the population mean. Simulation studies show that the proposed bootstrap procedures outperform the customary bootstrap procedures which are shown to be asymptotically incorrect when the number of random draws in the fractional imputation is fixed. Moreover, the proposed bootstrap procedure based on the empirical likelihood ratio is seen to perform significantly better than the method based on the limiting distribution of the maximum empirical likelihood estimator when the inclusion probabilities vary considerably or when the sample size is not large.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100003
    Description:

    In this short article, I will attempt to provide some highlights of my chancy life as a Statistician in chronological order spanning over sixty years, 1954 to present.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100004
    Description:

    In this paper, we make use of auxiliary information to improve the efficiency of the estimates of the censored quantile regression parameters. Utilizing the information available from previous studies, we computed empirical likelihood probabilities as weights and proposed weighted censored quantile regression. Theoretical properties of the proposed method are derived. Our simulation studies shown that our proposed method has advantages compared to standard censored quantile regression.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100005
    Description:

    Small area estimation using area-level models can sometimes benefit from covariates that are observed subject to random errors, such as covariates that are themselves estimates drawn from another survey. Given estimates of the variances of these measurement (sampling) errors for each small area, one can account for the uncertainty in such covariates using measurement error models (e.g., Ybarra and Lohr, 2008). Two types of area-level measurement error models have been examined in the small area estimation literature. The functional measurement error model assumes that the underlying true values of the covariates with measurement error are fixed but unknown quantities. The structural measurement error model assumes that these true values follow a model, leading to a multivariate model for the covariates observed with error and the original dependent variable. We compare and contrast these two models with the alternative of simply ignoring measurement error when it is present (naïve model), exploring the consequences for prediction mean squared errors of use of an incorrect model under different underlying assumptions about the true model. Comparisons done using analytic formulas for the mean squared errors assuming model parameters are known yield some surprising results. We also illustrate results with a model fitted to data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100006
    Description:

    The empirical predictor under an area level version of the generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) is extensively used in small area estimation (SAE) for counts. However, this approach does not use the sampling weights or clustering information that are essential for valid inference given the informative samples produced by modern complex survey designs. This paper describes an SAE method that incorporates this sampling information when estimating small area proportions or counts under an area level version of the GLMM. The approach is further extended under a spatial dependent version of the GLMM (SGLMM). The mean squared error (MSE) estimation for this method is also discussed. This SAE method is then applied to estimate the extent of household poverty in different districts of the rural part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India by linking data from the 2011-12 Household Consumer Expenditure Survey collected by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) of India, and the 2011 Indian Population Census. Results from this application indicate a substantial gain in precision for the new methods compared to the direct survey estimates.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100007
    Description:

    The Horvitz-Thompson (HT) estimator is widely used in survey sampling. However, the variance of the HT estimator becomes large when the inclusion probabilities are highly heterogeneous. To overcome this shortcoming, in this paper we propose a hard-threshold method for the first-order inclusion probabilities. Specifically, we carefully choose a threshold value, then replace the inclusion probabilities smaller than the threshold by the threshold. Through this shrinkage strategy, we construct a new estimator called the improved Horvitz-Thompson (IHT) estimator to estimate the population total. The IHT estimator increases the estimation accuracy much although it brings a bias which is relatively small. We derive the IHT estimator’s mean squared error and its unbiased estimator, and theoretically compare the IHT estimator with the HT estimator. We also apply our idea to construct an improved ratio estimator. We numerically analyze simulated and real data sets to illustrate that the proposed estimators are more efficient and robust than the classical estimators.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100008
    Description:

    This paper studies small area quantile estimation under a unit level non-parametric nested-error regression model. We assume the small area specific error distributions satisfy a semi-parametric density ratio model. We fit the non-parametric model via the penalized spline regression method of Opsomer, Claeskens, Ranalli, Kauermann and Breidt (2008). Empirical likelihood is then applied to estimate the parameters in the density ratio model based on the residuals. This leads to natural area-specific estimates of error distributions. A kernel method is then applied to obtain smoothed error distribution estimates. These estimates are then used for quantile estimation in two situations: one is where we only have knowledge of covariate power means at the population level, the other is where we have covariate values of all sample units in the population. Simulation experiments indicate that the proposed methods for small area quantiles estimation work well for quantiles around the median in the first situation, and for a broad range of the quantiles in the second situation. A bootstrap mean square error estimator of the proposed estimators is also investigated. An empirical example based on Canadian income data is included.

    Release date: 2019-05-07
Journals and periodicals (312)

Journals and periodicals (312) (40 to 50 of 312 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-005-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication features short, informative articles focusing on specific justice-related issues. For more in-depth articles on justice in Canada, see also Juristat, Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

    Release date: 2018-11-13

  • Journals and periodicals: 13-016-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication presents an overview of recent economic developments in the provinces and territories. The overview covers several broad areas: 1) gross domestic product (GDP) by income and by expenditure, 2) GDP by industry, 3) labour productivity and other related variables.

    The publication examines trends in the major aggregates that comprise GDP, both income- and expenditure-based, as well as prices and the financing of economic activity by institutional sector. GDP is also examined by industry. The productivity estimates are meant to assist in the analysis of the short-run relationship among the fluctuations of output, employment, compensation and hours worked. Some issues also contain more technical articles, explaining national accounts methodology or analysing a particular aspect of the economy.

    This publication carries the detailed analyses, charts and statistical tables that, prior to its first issue, were released in The Daily (11-001-XIE) under the headings Provincial Economic Accounts and Provincial Gross Domestic Product by industry.

    Release date: 2018-11-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 12-206-X
    Description:

    This report summarizes the achievements program sponsored by the three methodology divisions of Statistics Canada. This program covers research and development activities in statistical methods with potentially broad application in the Agency's survey programs, which would not otherwise have been carried out during the provision of methodology services to those survey programs. They also include tasks that provided client support in the application of past successful developments in order to promote the utilization of the results of research and development work.

    Release date: 2018-10-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-503-X
    Description:

    Understanding the role of women in Canadian society and how it has changed over time is dependent on having information that can begin to shed light on the diverse circumstances and experiences of women. Women in Canada provides an unparalleled compilation of data related to women's family status, education, employment, economic well-being, unpaid work, health, and more.

    Women in Canada allows readers to better understand the experience of women compared to that of men. Recognizing that women are not a homogenous group and that experiences differ not only across gender but also within gender groups, Women in Canada includes chapters on immigrant women, women in a visible minority, Aboriginal women, senior women, and women with participation and activity limitations.

    Release date: 2018-07-30

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-648-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The documents in this collection are based on data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults, a survey that examines a variety of topics on the well-being of Canadians and measures the effect of changes in certain areas on people's lives. The survey covers several topics, such as jobs, health, adult education and training, income and earnings, as well as the family dynamic. Reports on the survey content, concepts, methodology and data quality are also available.

    Release date: 2018-07-24

  • Journals and periodicals: 91-209-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada analyses recent demographic patterns at the national, provincial and subprovincial levels. Trends in population growth and the evolution of the various components of Canada's population growth - fertility, mortality and migration (interprovincial and international) - as well as marital status, are examined. The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada has been published annually or biennially since 1985. Beginning in 2011, the Report is available as a dynamic, internet-only publication in order to provide the most recent data and analyses on Canadian demographics as soon as they are available.

    Release date: 2018-06-28

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-635-X
    Description:

    Departmental Plans (DP) are individual expenditure plans for each department and agency. These reports provide increased levels of detail over a three-year period on an organization's main priorities by strategic outcome, program and planned/expected results, including links to related resource requirements presented in the Main Estimates. In conjunction with the Main Estimates, Departmental Plans serve to inform members of Parliament on planned expenditures of departments and agencies, and support Parliament's consideration of supply bills. The DPs are typically tabled soon after the Main Estimates by the President of the Treasury Board.

    Release date: 2018-04-16

  • Thematic map: 16-201-X
    Description:

    Human Activity and the Environment (16-201-X) is an annual publication that focuses on a current environmental issue. The latest information and statistics are gathered from many sources to produce an in-depth analytical article.

    Release date: 2018-03-14

  • Journals and periodicals: 82-627-X
    Description:

    The publication provides data users, health professionals and individual Canadians with geometric means and selected percentiles of blood and urine concentrations of selected environmental chemicals for the Canadian population by sex and age group. The results presented in this publication were collected during cycle 4 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey from January 2014 to December 2015.

    Release date: 2018-02-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-630-X
    Description:

    In 2018, Statistics Canada will celebrate its 100th anniversary. As we count down to this important milestone, we would like to use our data to highlight some of the sweeping changes that have had a lasting impact on Canadian society and economy.

    Release date: 2018-02-21
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