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All (7,495) (40 to 50 of 7,495 results)

  • Articles and reports: 99-011-X2019001
    Description:

    The article presents suicide rates for the 2011-2016 time period among self-identifying First Nations, Métis, Inuit, and non-Indigenous people in private dwellings in Canada. It also explores the influence of socioeconomic factors in the disparity in risk of suicide between First Nations people, Métis, Inuit and non-Indigenous people in Canada. It uses the 2011 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC), resulting from a record integration between the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) and the Canadian Vital Statistics Database (CVSD).

    Release date: 2019-06-28

  • Journals and periodicals: 12-001-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The journal publishes articles dealing with various aspects of statistical development relevant to a statistical agency, such as design issues in the context of practical constraints, use of different data sources and collection techniques, total survey error, survey evaluation, research in survey methodology, time series analysis, seasonal adjustment, demographic studies, data integration, estimation and data analysis methods, and general survey systems development. The emphasis is placed on the development and evaluation of specific methodologies as applied to data collection or the data themselves.

    Release date: 2019-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900200001
    Description:

    Development of imputation procedures appropriate for data with extreme values or nonlinear relationships to covariates is a significant challenge in large scale surveys. We develop an imputation procedure for complex surveys based on semiparametric quantile regression. We apply the method to the Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP), a large-scale survey that collects data used in quantifying soil loss from crop fields. In the imputation procedure, we first generate imputed values from a semiparametric model for the quantiles of the conditional distribution of the response given a covariate. Then, we estimate the parameters of interest using the generalized method of moments (GMM). We derive the asymptotic distribution of the GMM estimators for a general class of complex survey designs. In simulations meant to represent the CEAP data, we evaluate variance estimators based on the asymptotic distribution and compare the semiparametric quantile regression imputation (QRI) method to fully parametric and nonparametric alternatives. The QRI procedure is more efficient than nonparametric and fully parametric alternatives, and empirical coverages of confidence intervals are within 1% of the nominal 95% level. An application to estimation of mean erosion indicates that QRI may be a viable option for CEAP.

    Release date: 2019-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900200002
    Description:

    The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is responsible for estimating average cash rental rates at the county level. A cash rental rate refers to the market value of land rented on a per acre basis for cash only. Estimates of cash rental rates are useful to farmers, economists, and policy makers. NASS collects data on cash rental rates using a Cash Rent Survey. Because realized sample sizes at the county level are often too small to support reliable direct estimators, predictors based on mixed models are investigated. We specify a bivariate model to obtain predictors of 2010 cash rental rates for non-irrigated cropland using data from the 2009 Cash Rent Survey and auxiliary variables from external sources such as the 2007 Census of Agriculture. We use Bayesian methods for inference and present results for Iowa, Kansas, and Texas. Incorporating the 2009 survey data through a bivariate model leads to predictors with smaller mean squared errors than predictors based on a univariate model.

    Release date: 2019-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900200003
    Description:

    Merging available sources of information is becoming increasingly important for improving estimates of population characteristics in a variety of fields. In presence of several independent probability samples from a finite population we investigate options for a combined estimator of the population total, based on either a linear combination of the separate estimators or on the combined sample approach. A linear combination estimator based on estimated variances can be biased as the separate estimators of the population total can be highly correlated to their respective variance estimators. We illustrate the possibility to use the combined sample to estimate the variances of the separate estimators, which results in general pooled variance estimators. These pooled variance estimators use all available information and have potential to significantly reduce bias of a linear combination of separate estimators.

    Release date: 2019-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900200004
    Description:

    Benchmarking lower level estimates to upper level estimates is an important activity at the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) (e.g., benchmarking county estimates to state estimates for corn acreage). Assuming that a county is a small area, we use the original Fay-Herriot model to obtain a general Bayesian method to benchmark county estimates to the state estimate (the target). Here the target is assumed known, and the county estimates are obtained subject to the constraint that these estimates must sum to the target. This is an external benchmarking; it is important for official statistics, not just NASS, and it occurs more generally in small area estimation. One can benchmark these estimates by “deleting” one of the counties (typically the last one) to incorporate the benchmarking constraint into the model. However, it is also true that the estimates may change depending on which county is deleted when the constraint is included in the model. Our current contribution is to give each small area a chance to be deleted, and we call this procedure the random deletion benchmarking method. We show empirically that there are differences in the estimates as to which county is deleted and that there are differences of these estimates from those obtained from random deletion as well. Although these differences may be considered small, it is most sensible to use random deletion because it does not give preferential treatment to any county and it can provide small improvement in precision over deleting the last one benchmarking as well.

    Release date: 2019-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900200005
    Description:

    We present an approach for imputation of missing items in multivariate categorical data nested within households. The approach relies on a latent class model that (i) allows for household-level and individual-level variables, (ii) ensures that impossible household configurations have zero probability in the model, and (iii) can preserve multivariate distributions both within households and across households. We present a Gibbs sampler for estimating the model and generating imputations. We also describe strategies for improving the computational efficiency of the model estimation. We illustrate the performance of the approach with data that mimic the variables collected in typical population censuses.

    Release date: 2019-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900200006
    Description:

    This paper presents a new algorithm to solve the one-dimensional optimal stratification problem, which reduces to just determining stratum boundaries. When the number of strata H and the total sample size n are fixed, the stratum boundaries are obtained by minimizing the variance of the estimator of a total for the stratification variable. This algorithm uses the Biased Random Key Genetic Algorithm (BRKGA) metaheuristic to search for the optimal solution. This metaheuristic has been shown to produce good quality solutions for many optimization problems in modest computing times. The algorithm is implemented in the R package stratbr available from CRAN (de Moura Brito, do Nascimento Silva and da Veiga, 2017a). Numerical results are provided for a set of 27 populations, enabling comparison of the new algorithm with some competing approaches available in the literature. The algorithm outperforms simpler approximation-based approaches as well as a couple of other optimization-based approaches. It also matches the performance of the best available optimization-based approach due to Kozak (2004). Its main advantage over Kozak’s approach is the coupling of the optimal stratification with the optimal allocation proposed by de Moura Brito, do Nascimento Silva, Silva Semaan and Maculan (2015), thus ensuring that if the stratification bounds obtained achieve the global optimal, then the overall solution will be the global optimum for the stratification bounds and sample allocation.

    Release date: 2019-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900200007
    Description:

    When fitting an ordered categorical variable with L > 2 levels to a set of covariates onto complex survey data, it is common to assume that the elements of the population fit a simple cumulative logistic regression model (proportional-odds logistic-regression model). This means the probability that the categorical variable is at or below some level is a binary logistic function of the model covariates. Moreover, except for the intercept, the values of the logistic-regression parameters are the same at each level. The conventional “design-based” method used for fitting the proportional-odds model is based on pseudo-maximum likelihood. We compare estimates computed using pseudo-maximum likelihood with those computed by assuming an alternative design-sensitive robust model-based framework. We show with a simple numerical example how estimates using the two approaches can differ. The alternative approach is easily extended to fit a general cumulative logistic model, in which the parallel-lines assumption can fail. A test of that assumption easily follows.

    Release date: 2019-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900200008
    Description:

    High nonresponse occurs in many sample surveys today, including important surveys carried out by government statistical agencies. An adaptive data collection can be advantageous in those conditions: Lower nonresponse bias in survey estimates can be gained, up to a point, by producing a well-balanced set of respondents. Auxiliary variables serve a twofold purpose: Used in the estimation phase, through calibrated adjustment weighting, they reduce, but do not entirely remove, the bias. In the preceding adaptive data collection phase, auxiliary variables also play a major role: They are instrumental in reducing the imbalance in the ultimate set of respondents. For such combined use of auxiliary variables, the deviation of the calibrated estimate from the unbiased estimate (under full response) is studied in the article. We show that this deviation is a sum of two components. The reducible component can be decreased through adaptive data collection, all the way to zero if perfectly balanced response is realized with respect to a chosen auxiliary vector. By contrast, the resisting component changes little or not at all by a better balanced response; it represents a part of the deviation that adaptive design does not get rid of. The relative size of the former component is an indicator of the potential payoff from an adaptive survey design.

    Release date: 2019-06-27
Stats in brief (1,501)

Stats in brief (1,501) (0 to 10 of 1,501 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191983628
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191983665
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Stats in brief: 89-20-00022019001
    Description:

    Every five years, the Census of Population provides an accurate portrait of the population, helping Canadians and organizations develop effective programs and services and make informed decisions. Censuses were conducted in Canada well before the national statistical agency was created more than 100 years ago. Interestingly, censuses of the population have existed for thousands of years, and their usefulness has evolved over the years, as has the type of information collected. This article provides a brief historical overview of censuses around the world, with emphasis on their evolution in Canada.

    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191973496
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-16

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201919120684
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-10

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201919121286
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-10

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201919020650
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-09

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191903592
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-09

  • Stats in brief: 89-28-0001201800100003
    Description:

    On June 1st the United States implemented additional US tariffs on selected steel and aluminum products. Tariffs on softwood lumber exports have also been in effect since April 2017. This new table shows economic indicators that Statistics Canada produces for industries impacted by tariffs. Other industries that could be indirectly affected by the tariffs are also included (coal and the automotive industry). 

    Release date: 2019-07-05

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201918620824
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-05
Articles and reports (5,682)

Articles and reports (5,682) (0 to 10 of 5,682 results)

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900700001
    Description:

    Statistics Canada developed a new Physical Activity for Youth Questionnaire (PAYQ) to address the limitations of previous self-reporting and objective measurement. PAYQ was subsequently implemented in both the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2014-2015) and the Canadian Community Health Survey (2015-2016). Using those surveys, this study compares accelerometer-measured and self-reported physical activity from the new PAYQ among Canadian youth.

    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900700002
    Description:

    For the first time, the 2015 and 2016 Canadian Community Health Survey collected national data on bed sharing. This study uses these data to examine the prevalence and frequency of bed sharing in Canada by selected characteristics of the mother, as well as reported reasons for this practice.

    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900700003
    Description:

    Using data are from the Canadian Community Health Survey - Nutrition for 2004 and 2015, this study describes changes in beverage consumption between 2004 and 2015, and how these changes relate to existing recommendations in the 2007 Canada Food Guide.

    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201900100009
    Description:

    In this paper a preliminary set of statistical estimates of the amounts invested in Canadian data, databases and data science in recent years are presented. The results indicate rapid growth in investment in data, databases and data science over the last three decades and a significant accumulation of these kinds of capital over time.

    Release date: 2019-07-10

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019015
    Description:

    Since 2016, Internet use rates among Canadians aged 15 to 64 have reached near-saturation (97.2%) levels. However, the diffusion of information and communications technology (ICT), including the Internet, has proceeded at a much slower pace among Canadians aged 65 and older. Given that Canada is an aging society, knowing about the factors associated with Internet use among seniors is crucial for ensuring their access to it. This study uses four cycles of the General Social Survey (2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016) to describe changes in Canadian seniors’ rates of Internet use, and examines the sociodemographic factors associated with such use.

    Release date: 2019-07-10

  • Articles and reports: 89-657-X2019010
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The main objective of this report is to provide a statistical overview of the recent situation of Inuktitut in Nunavut and of its speakers, based on 2016 Census data, by showing how the use of the language at home and at work has changed since 2001.

    This report also aims to provide information to various stakeholders who work to support the protection, promotion and revitalization of Inuktut in communities and among population segments, where its use is more limited or is declining over time.

    Release date: 2019-07-09

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2019005
    Description:

    This document describes the updated methodology for Investment Banking Services Price Index (IBSPI).

    Release date: 2019-07-08

  • Articles and reports: 81-599-X2019001
    Description:

    This fact sheet provides a portrait of young Canadians aged 20 to 24 years old, who were not in education, employment or training (NEET) in 2018/2019. It explores in-depth gender-based differences, the effect of these young Canadians’ highest level of education, as well as the impact of immigration and aboriginal identity. It also gives international and interprovincial comparisons.

    Release date: 2019-07-05

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100012
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines police-reported violent crimes against young women and girls in Northern Canada. Rates are provided at the national and provincial levels, as well as for urban, rural and census metropolitan areas. The nature and extent of violence against young women and girls in the North is compared with the South throughout.

    Release date: 2019-07-04

  • Articles and reports: 89-28-0001201800100007
    Description:

    These tables present values of Canada's monthly imports and duties collected on imported goods. The tables include Canada's total import and duty values, and these values for dairy products, iron and steel products, aluminum products, vehicles, and for all other goods. Each table includes Canada's total imports and imports from the United States.

    Release date: 2019-07-03
Journals and periodicals (312)

Journals and periodicals (312) (40 to 50 of 312 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-005-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication features short, informative articles focusing on specific justice-related issues. For more in-depth articles on justice in Canada, see also Juristat, Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

    Release date: 2018-11-13

  • Journals and periodicals: 13-016-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication presents an overview of recent economic developments in the provinces and territories. The overview covers several broad areas: 1) gross domestic product (GDP) by income and by expenditure, 2) GDP by industry, 3) labour productivity and other related variables.

    The publication examines trends in the major aggregates that comprise GDP, both income- and expenditure-based, as well as prices and the financing of economic activity by institutional sector. GDP is also examined by industry. The productivity estimates are meant to assist in the analysis of the short-run relationship among the fluctuations of output, employment, compensation and hours worked. Some issues also contain more technical articles, explaining national accounts methodology or analysing a particular aspect of the economy.

    This publication carries the detailed analyses, charts and statistical tables that, prior to its first issue, were released in The Daily (11-001-XIE) under the headings Provincial Economic Accounts and Provincial Gross Domestic Product by industry.

    Release date: 2018-11-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 12-206-X
    Description:

    This report summarizes the achievements program sponsored by the three methodology divisions of Statistics Canada. This program covers research and development activities in statistical methods with potentially broad application in the Agency's survey programs, which would not otherwise have been carried out during the provision of methodology services to those survey programs. They also include tasks that provided client support in the application of past successful developments in order to promote the utilization of the results of research and development work.

    Release date: 2018-10-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-503-X
    Description:

    Understanding the role of women in Canadian society and how it has changed over time is dependent on having information that can begin to shed light on the diverse circumstances and experiences of women. Women in Canada provides an unparalleled compilation of data related to women's family status, education, employment, economic well-being, unpaid work, health, and more.

    Women in Canada allows readers to better understand the experience of women compared to that of men. Recognizing that women are not a homogenous group and that experiences differ not only across gender but also within gender groups, Women in Canada includes chapters on immigrant women, women in a visible minority, Aboriginal women, senior women, and women with participation and activity limitations.

    Release date: 2018-07-30

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-648-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The documents in this collection are based on data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults, a survey that examines a variety of topics on the well-being of Canadians and measures the effect of changes in certain areas on people's lives. The survey covers several topics, such as jobs, health, adult education and training, income and earnings, as well as the family dynamic. Reports on the survey content, concepts, methodology and data quality are also available.

    Release date: 2018-07-24

  • Journals and periodicals: 91-209-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada analyses recent demographic patterns at the national, provincial and subprovincial levels. Trends in population growth and the evolution of the various components of Canada's population growth - fertility, mortality and migration (interprovincial and international) - as well as marital status, are examined. The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada has been published annually or biennially since 1985. Beginning in 2011, the Report is available as a dynamic, internet-only publication in order to provide the most recent data and analyses on Canadian demographics as soon as they are available.

    Release date: 2018-06-28

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-635-X
    Description:

    Departmental Plans (DP) are individual expenditure plans for each department and agency. These reports provide increased levels of detail over a three-year period on an organization's main priorities by strategic outcome, program and planned/expected results, including links to related resource requirements presented in the Main Estimates. In conjunction with the Main Estimates, Departmental Plans serve to inform members of Parliament on planned expenditures of departments and agencies, and support Parliament's consideration of supply bills. The DPs are typically tabled soon after the Main Estimates by the President of the Treasury Board.

    Release date: 2018-04-16

  • Thematic map: 16-201-X
    Description:

    Human Activity and the Environment (16-201-X) is an annual publication that focuses on a current environmental issue. The latest information and statistics are gathered from many sources to produce an in-depth analytical article.

    Release date: 2018-03-14

  • Journals and periodicals: 82-627-X
    Description:

    The publication provides data users, health professionals and individual Canadians with geometric means and selected percentiles of blood and urine concentrations of selected environmental chemicals for the Canadian population by sex and age group. The results presented in this publication were collected during cycle 4 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey from January 2014 to December 2015.

    Release date: 2018-02-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-630-X
    Description:

    In 2018, Statistics Canada will celebrate its 100th anniversary. As we count down to this important milestone, we would like to use our data to highlight some of the sweeping changes that have had a lasting impact on Canadian society and economy.

    Release date: 2018-02-21
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