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  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114552
    Description:

    The effects of utilizing a self-administered questionnaire or a personal interview procedure on the responses of an adolescent sample on their alcohol consumption and related behaviors are examined. The results are generally supportive of previous studies on the relationship between the method of data collection and the distribution of responses with sensitive or non-normative content. Although of significance in a statistical sense, many of the differences are not of sufficient magnitude to be considered significant in a substantive sense.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114553
    Description:

    The National Farm Survey is a sample survey which produces annual estimates on a variety of subjects related to agriculture in Canada. The 1988 survey was conducted using a new sample design. This design involved multiple sampling frames and multivariate sampling techniques different from those of the previous design. This article first describes the strategy and methods used to develop the new sample design, then gives details on factors affecting the precision of the estimates. Finally, the performance of the new design is assessed using the 1988 survey results.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114554
    Description:

    The problem considered is that of estimation of the total of a finite population which is stratified at two levels: a deeper level which has low intrastratum variability but is not known until the first phase of sampling, and a known pre-stratification which is relatively effective, unit by unit, in predicting the deeper post-stratification. As an important example, the post-stratification may define two groups corresponding to responders and non-responders in the situation of two-phase sampling for non-response. The estimators of Vardeman and Meeden (1984) are employed in a variety of situations where different types of prior information are assumed. In a general case, the standard error relative to that of the usual methods is studied via simulation. In the situation where no prior information is available and where proportional sampling is employed, the estimator is unbiased and its variance is approximated. Here, the variance is always lower than that of the usual double sampling for stratification. Also, without prior information, but with non-proportional sampling, using a slight modification of the second phase sampling plan, an unbiased estimator is found along with its variance, an unbiased estimator of its variance, and an optimal allocation scheme for the two phases of sampling. Finally, applications of these methods are discussed.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114555
    Description:

    This paper proposes an unbiased variance estimation formula for a two-phase sampling design used in many agricultural surveys. In this design, geographically defined primary sampling units (PSUs) are first selected via stratified simple random sampling; then secondary sampling units within sampled PSUs are restratified based on their characteristics and subsampled in a second phase of stratified simple random sampling.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114556
    Description:

    In this paper we present some important features of the history of sample surveys in Sweden, and we comment on related developments of sampling techniques (methods and theory) in official statistics. The account is organized into three periods as follows: (i) before 1900; (ii) 1900-1950; and (iii) after 1950. The emphasis is on the third period.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114557
    Description:

    Rolling censuses combine F nonoverlapping periodic samples of 1/F each, so designed that cumulating the F periods yields a complete census of the whole population area with F / F = 1. Intermediate cumulations of k samples would yield samples of k/F for more timely uses (annual or quinquennial censuses). Area sampling frames would cover the national territory for naturally mobile populations. These methods may often be preferable to other alternative methods for censuses, also discussed. Asymmetrical cumulations are also recommended to counter the problems of small sample cells for area domains (provinces, regions, states) common to most countries and to other population units. Split-panel-designs offer another use for cumulating periodic surveys by combining nonoverlapping portions a - b - c - d - with panels p for partial overlaps, pa - pb - pc - pd -, for multipurpose designs.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114558
    Description:

    Drawing upon experiences from developments at the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the paper briefly traces some contributions made by practitioners to the theory and application of censuses and surveys. Some guesses about future developments are also given.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114559
    Description:

    The basic theme of this paper is that the development of survey methods in the technical sense can only be well understood in the context of the development of the institutions through which survey-taking is done. Thus we consider here survey methods in the large, in order to better prepare the reader for consideration of more formal methodological developments in sampling theory in the mathematical statistics sense. After a brief introduction, we give a historical overview of the evolution of institutional and contextual factors in Europe and the United States, up through the early part of the twentieth century, concentrating on governmental activities. We then focus on the emergence of institutional bases for survey research in the United States, primarily in the 1930s and 1940s. In a separate section, we take special note of the role of the U.S. Bureau of the Census in the study of non-sampling errors that was initiated in the 1940s and 1950s. Then, we look at three areas of basic change in survey methodology since 1960.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X199000114560
    Description:

    Early developments in sampling theory and methods largely concentrated on efficient sampling designs and associated estimation techniques for population totals or means. More recently, the theoretical foundations of survey based estimation have also been critically examined, and formal frameworks for inference on totals or means have emerged. During the past 10 years or so, rapid progress has also been made in the development of methods for the analysis of survey data that take account of the complexity of the sampling design. The scope of this paper is restricted to an overview and appraisal of some of these developments.

    Release date: 1990-06-15

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X1990002107
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Many families have low incomes, even if members are active in the work force. Who are the "working poor"? This piece reviews the concepts and measures of low income and examines the labour force participation of families below the low income cut-off.

    Release date: 1990-05-29
Stats in brief (1,503)

Stats in brief (1,503) (0 to 10 of 1,503 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20192003660
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-19

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191993537
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019052
    Description:

    This snapshot provides some key facts on Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard. Indicators in the dashboard include deep economic poverty; unmet housing needs and chronic homelessness; unmet health needs; food insecurity; relative low income; bottom 40% income share; youth engagement; literacy and numeracy; median hourly wage; average poverty gap; asset resilience; and poverty entry and exit rates.

    Release date: 2019-07-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019053
    Description:

    “Canada’s Poverty Reduction Strategy” introduces the Official Poverty Line for Canada with a dashboard of 12 Indicators to track progress on poverty reduction for Canadians and their households. This infographic presents detailed data comparisons and trend information for the following indicators: deep economic poverty; unmet housing needs and chronic homelessness; unmet health needs; food insecurity; relative low income; bottom 40% income share; youth engagement; literacy and numeracy; median hourly wage; average poverty gap; asset resilience; and poverty entry and exit rates.

    Release date: 2019-07-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191983628
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191983665
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Stats in brief: 89-20-00022019001
    Description:

    Every five years, the Census of Population provides an accurate portrait of the population, helping Canadians and organizations develop effective programs and services and make informed decisions. Censuses were conducted in Canada well before the national statistical agency was created more than 100 years ago. Interestingly, censuses of the population have existed for thousands of years, and their usefulness has evolved over the years, as has the type of information collected. This article provides a brief historical overview of censuses around the world, with emphasis on their evolution in Canada.

    Release date: 2019-07-17

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191973496
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-16

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201919120684
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-10

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201919121286
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-10
Articles and reports (5,680)

Articles and reports (5,680) (60 to 70 of 5,680 results)

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900500003
    Description:

    Administered in 2013, the Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey (CFMHS) included the same set of items to assess coping as the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and the CCHS-Canadian Forces Supplement. This study's objectives were to (1) provide a descriptive analysis of the extent to which members of the CAF Regular Force use these various coping strategies, (2) examine the factorial structure of these items, and (3) assess the resulting coping factors by examining their concurrent validity with theoretically-related indicators and examining differences along key demographic and military characteristics. Ultimately, the study aimed to shed light onto a coping typology that could guide the development of indicators for use in future coping research based on the CFMHS.

    Release date: 2019-05-15

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019014
    Description:

    Canada has a relatively large foreign-born population, and the country’s economic prosperity depends on international trade. This paper examines how these two characteristics are linked. Specifically, it investigates the effect of immigrant business ownership on international trade in Canada.

    Understanding the impact of immigrants on international trade is particularly important for Canada, as it is a small open economy with a relatively large immigrant population. This paper empirically investigates the effect of immigrant business ownership on international trade in Canada using a newly developed firm-level database with detailed business ownership and trade information. The new data make it possible to better distinguish between the effect immigrants have on reducing information costs and on product demand, and to assess the impact of immigrant business ownership on the extensive and intensive margins of international trade.

    Release date: 2019-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100010
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides a statistical overview of adults and youth admitted to and released from custody and community supervision in Canada in 2017/2018. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Average counts and the incarceration rates are presented. Admissions and the characteristics of adults and youth in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are also discussed.

    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019008
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series examines how accounting for greenhouse gas emissions as part of economic activity changes the measurement of productivity growth.

    Release date: 2019-05-08

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019013
    Description:

    The need to measure both the desirable outputs (goods and services) and the undesirable outputs (emissions of greenhouse gases [GHGs] and criteria air contaminants [CACs]) from economic activity is becoming increasingly important as economic performance and environmental performance become ever more intertwined. Standard measures of multifactor productivity (MFP) growth provide insights into rising standards of living and the performance of economies, but they may be misleading if only desirable outputs are considered. This study presents estimates of environmentally adjusted multifactor productivity (EAMFP) growth using a new comprehensive database. This database contains information on GHG and CAC emissions, as well as on the production activities of Canadian manufacturers.

    Release date: 2019-05-08

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100001
    Description:

    Demographers are facing increasing pressure to disaggregate their estimates and forecasts by characteristics such as region, ethnicity, and income. Traditional demographic methods were designed for large samples, and perform poorly with disaggregated data. Methods based on formal Bayesian statistical models offer better performance. We illustrate with examples from a long-term project to develop Bayesian approaches to demographic estimation and forecasting. In our first example, we estimate mortality rates disaggregated by age and sex for a small population. In our second example, we simultaneously estimate and forecast obesity prevalence disaggregated by age. We conclude by addressing two traditional objections to the use of Bayesian methods in statistical agencies.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100002
    Description:

    Item nonresponse is frequently encountered in sample surveys. Hot-deck imputation is commonly used to fill in missing item values within homogeneous groups called imputation classes. We propose a fractional hot-deck imputation procedure and an associated empirical likelihood for inference on the population mean of a function of a variable of interest with missing data under probability proportional to size sampling with negligible sampling fractions. We derive the limiting distributions of the maximum empirical likelihood estimator and empirical likelihood ratio, and propose two related asymptotically valid bootstrap procedures to construct confidence intervals for the population mean. Simulation studies show that the proposed bootstrap procedures outperform the customary bootstrap procedures which are shown to be asymptotically incorrect when the number of random draws in the fractional imputation is fixed. Moreover, the proposed bootstrap procedure based on the empirical likelihood ratio is seen to perform significantly better than the method based on the limiting distribution of the maximum empirical likelihood estimator when the inclusion probabilities vary considerably or when the sample size is not large.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100003
    Description:

    In this short article, I will attempt to provide some highlights of my chancy life as a Statistician in chronological order spanning over sixty years, 1954 to present.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100004
    Description:

    In this paper, we make use of auxiliary information to improve the efficiency of the estimates of the censored quantile regression parameters. Utilizing the information available from previous studies, we computed empirical likelihood probabilities as weights and proposed weighted censored quantile regression. Theoretical properties of the proposed method are derived. Our simulation studies shown that our proposed method has advantages compared to standard censored quantile regression.

    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X201900100005
    Description:

    Small area estimation using area-level models can sometimes benefit from covariates that are observed subject to random errors, such as covariates that are themselves estimates drawn from another survey. Given estimates of the variances of these measurement (sampling) errors for each small area, one can account for the uncertainty in such covariates using measurement error models (e.g., Ybarra and Lohr, 2008). Two types of area-level measurement error models have been examined in the small area estimation literature. The functional measurement error model assumes that the underlying true values of the covariates with measurement error are fixed but unknown quantities. The structural measurement error model assumes that these true values follow a model, leading to a multivariate model for the covariates observed with error and the original dependent variable. We compare and contrast these two models with the alternative of simply ignoring measurement error when it is present (naïve model), exploring the consequences for prediction mean squared errors of use of an incorrect model under different underlying assumptions about the true model. Comparisons done using analytic formulas for the mean squared errors assuming model parameters are known yield some surprising results. We also illustrate results with a model fitted to data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program.

    Release date: 2019-05-07
Journals and periodicals (312)

Journals and periodicals (312) (20 to 30 of 312 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-653-X
    Description:

    The Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) is a national survey on the social and economic conditions of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit. The objectives of the APS are to identify the needs of these Aboriginal groups and to inform policy and programs aimed at improving the well-being of Aboriginal peoples. The APS aims to provide current and relevant data for a variety of stakeholders, including Aboriginal organizations, communities, service providers, researchers, governments, and the general public.

    The 2012 APS represents the fourth cycle of the survey and focuses on issues of education, employment and health of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit aged 6 years and over.

    The 2017 APS represents the fifth cycle of the survey and focuses on participation in the Canadian economy, transferable skills, practical training, use of information technology and Aboriginal language attainment of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit aged 15 years and over.

    Release date: 2019-06-13

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-633-X
    Description: Papers in this series provide background discussions of the methods used to develop data for economic, health, and social analytical studies at Statistics Canada. They are intended to provide readers with information on the statistical methods, standards and definitions used to develop databases for research purposes. All papers in this series have undergone peer and institutional review to ensure that they conform to Statistics Canada's mandate and adhere to generally accepted standards of good professional practice.
    Release date: 2019-06-04

  • Journals and periodicals: 82-221-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Over 80 indicators measure the health of the Canadian population and the effectiveness of the health care system. Designed to provide comparable information at the health region and provincial/territorial levels, these data are produced from a wide range of the most recently available sources.

    This Internet publication is produced by Statistics Canada and the Canadian Institute for Health Information.

    Release date: 2019-05-30

  • Table: 57-003-X
    Description:

    This publication presents energy balance sheets in natural units and heat equivalents in primary and secondary forms, by province. Each balance sheet shows data on production, trade, interprovincial movements, conversion and consumption by sector. Analytical tables and details on non-energy products are also included. It includes explanatory notes, a historical energy summary table and data analysis. The publication also presents data on natural gas liquids, electricity generated from fossil fuels, solid wood waste and spent pulping liquor.

    Release date: 2019-05-29

  • Journals and periodicals: 71-222-X
    Description:

    Labour Statistics at a Glance features short analytical articles on specific topics of interest related to Canada's labour market. The studies examine recent or historical trends using data produced by the Labour Statistics Division, i.e., the Labour Force Survey, the Survey of Employment Payrolls and Hours, the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey, the Employment Insurance Coverage Survey and the Employment Insurance Statistics Program.

    Release date: 2019-05-28

  • Journals and periodicals: 21-004-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Each issue contains a short article highlighting statistical insights on themes relating to agriculture, food and rural issues.

    Release date: 2019-05-23

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-603-X
    Description:

    This article presents results from the first Survey of Sexual Misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces. Namely, the prevalence of general sexualized behaviour in the workplace; discrimination on the basis of sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity; personal experiences of discrimination or sexualized behaviour; the prevalence of sexual assault; and knowledge of policies on sexual misconduct and perceptions of responses to sexual misconduct are examined. Where possible, results are analyzed by sex, environmental command, type of service, age, rank, and number of years of service.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 13-604-M
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    These papers provide background information as well as in depth analysis on data reported in any of the following accounts: income and expenditure accounts, provincial economic accounts, financial flow accounts, national balance sheet accounts, estimates of labour income, and national tourism indicators.

    Release date: 2019-04-26

  • Journals and periodicals: 75-004-M
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The papers in this series cover a variety of topics related to labour statistics. The studies are intended to show recent or historical trends observed with the surveys produced by the Labour statistics Division, i.e. the Labour Force Survey, Survey of Employment Payrolls and Hours, Employment insurance coverage Survey, survey on Employment insurance statistics as well as administrative data sources. All the papers in this analytical series go through institutional and peer review to ensure that they conform to Statistics Canada's mandate as a government statistical agency and adhere to generally accepted standards of good professional practice.

    Release date: 2019-04-16

  • Journals and periodicals: 91-214-X
    Description:

    This publication presents annual estimates of population for subprovincial areas of Canada, such as census metropolitan areas (CMAs), census agglomerations (CAs), economic regions (ERs) and census divisions (CDs). The following components of population change are also presented: births, deaths, immigration, emigration, returning emigration, net temporary emigration, net non-permanent residents and interprovincial and intraprovincial migration. The estimates are based on the most recent census of population results available at the time of publication, which have been adjusted for census net undercoverage (including adjustment for incompletely enumerated Indian reserves). This publication also contains highlights and an analysis of the most recent demographic trends, as well as a description of the concepts, methods and data quality of the estimates.

    Release date: 2019-03-28
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