Analysis

COVID-19 A data perspective

COVID-19: A data perspective: Explore key economic trends and social challenges that arise as the COVID-19 situation evolves.

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All (96) (0 to 10 of 96 results)

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202101100001
    Description:

    While the primary reason for international students being in Canada is for study purposes, they may also participate in the labour market. Increases over the past two decades in the number of international students, alongside programs designed to facilitate their availability to work while studying, parallel a growing role played by this population in the Canadian labour market. This article assesses the extent to which international students who intended to study at the postsecondary level were engaged in the labour market.

    Release date: 2021-11-24

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202101100003
    Description:

    Since the 1990s, Canadian immigration policy has emphasized human capital, particularly education and language proficiency, in the selection of economic immigrants. While immigration and the domestic educational system continuously increase the supply of a university-educated labour force, there has been concern that skilled trades are an often-overlooked career option for many secondary school graduates, and that this may lead to labour shortages in skilled trades. This article examines trends in the number of economic immigrant principal applicants who intended to work in skilled trades, their sociodemographic characteristics, and their employment and earnings outcomes. Also, comparisons are made with other economic immigrant principal applicants.

    Release date: 2021-11-24

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100700001
    Description:

    Many newcomers to Canada experience disruption to their social networks during migration and encounter barriers when establishing new relationships and connections, leaving them vulnerable to social and emotional loneliness. This article uses the 2018 General Social Survey to compare self-reported loneliness between immigrants and the Canadian-born population.

    Release date: 2021-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100700005
    Description:

    The number of new international students (first-time study permit holders) in Canada has increased steadily since the mid-2000s, and reached 250,020 in 2019. Alongside this trend are increased efforts in attracting international students as a potential pool of candidates for permanent immigration and the Canadian labour force. To understand the nature of this potential pool of labour, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of who is coming to Canada as an international student.

    Release date: 2021-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100600002
    Description:

    International students are increasingly viewed as a promising pool of skilled individuals who can be tapped for participation in the Canadian labour market. This is a key motivating factor for providing international students with pathways to obtain permanent residency. This article documents the share of international students who became landed immigrants across various sociodemographic characteristics.

    Release date: 2021-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100600003
    Description:

    The retention of international students in their province of study is increasingly being regarded as a potential source of skilled labour by regions seeking labour force growth. This article examines the retention of international students who completed their studies between 2010 and 2016 in their province of study after graduation.

    Release date: 2021-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100500003
    Description:

    Canada’s senior population is becoming more diverse, ethnically and linguistically. Among individuals aged 75 and older in 2016, 34% were foreign-born and 27% had a mother tongue other than English or French, compared with 29% and 21%, respectively, in 1991. There is a pressing need for a better understanding of the living arrangements of immigrant and ethnic minority seniors in response to shifting demographics. This article provides an overview of the living arrangements of Canadians aged 75 and older across mother tongue groups. Analysis is based on the 2016 Census of Population short-form questionnaire and includes older seniors in both private and collective residences.

    Release date: 2021-05-26

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100400001
    Description:

    International comparison is an important way to further our understanding of the trend in income inequality and its contributing factors. The article summarizes the findings of a new report, “Rising between workplace inequalities in high-income countries,” that was published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). Statistics Canada researchers contributed to the international collaboration that examines earnings inequality attributable to differences in average earnings across firms in 14 high-income countries including Canada.

    Release date: 2021-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100400004
    Description:

    This study examines whether the gaps in the employment rates and weekly earnings between immigrants and Canadian-born individuals increased or decreased over the last two decades. Earlier studies have well documented the expanding earnings gap between new immigrant workers and their Canadian-born counterparts during the 1980s and 1990s. However, significant policy changes in immigration selection and settlement have been introduced since the early 2000s, and the employment rate and entry earnings among new immigrants have been improving in recent years. Little research has been undertaken to examine whether the earnings gap between new immigrant and Canadian-born workers has recently started to close.

    Release date: 2021-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2021004
    Description:

    International migration has become increasingly fluid and is viewed decreasingly as a one-time, permanent movement from a source country to a destination country. Immigrant-receiving countries often point to long-term economic- and population-related goals as motivations for permanent immigration programs, making immigrants’ presence and absence patterns of increasing policy interest. This article explores two methodological issues related to measuring immigrants’ potential presence in Canada. The first is the use of auxiliary administrative data sources as a means to supplement the T1 Income Tax Return file, which—to date—has been one of the key data sources used to estimate emigration among Canadian immigrants. The second is the evaluation of the sensitivity of emigration estimates to the definition of immigrant disappearance and reappearance in administrative data.

    Release date: 2021-03-16
Stats in brief (4)

Stats in brief (4) ((4 results))

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100070
    Description:

    During the widespread lockdown of economic activities in March and April 2020, the Canadian labour market lost 3 million jobs. From May to July, as many businesses gradually resumed their operations, 1.7 million jobs were recovered. While studies in the United States and Europe suggest that immigrants are often more severely affected by economic downturns than the native born, little is known about whether immigrants and the Canadian born fared differently in the employment disruption induced by the COVID-19 pandemic and, if so, how such differences are related to their socio-demographic and job characteristics. This paper fills this gap by comparing immigrants and the Canadian-born population in their transitions out of employment in the months of heavy contraction and into employment during the months of partial recovery.

    Release date: 2020-08-20

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100052
    Description:

    This article reports on the financial and employment impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic among Indigenous participants to a recent crowdsourcing data initiative. It also reports on levels of trust among Indigenous participants on decisions to reopen workplaces and public spaces.

    Release date: 2020-07-14

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100042
    Description:

    The economic lockdown triggered by COVID-19 has led so far to disproportionate employment losses among lower-paid workers and young workers. Its impact on visible minorities is currently less known. Using data from a large crowdsourcing data collection initiative, the study further compares the degree to which visible minority participants: a) experienced job loss or reduced workhours since the onset of the pandemic, b) were strongly or moderately impacted financially, and c) applied for and received federal income support.

    Release date: 2020-07-06

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100004
    Description:

    With the continuing spread of COVID-19, many health-care workers in Canada are facing overwhelming workloads and risk exposure to the virus while caring for their patients. This article examines adults with a health education but not working in health occupations.

    Release date: 2020-04-29
Articles and reports (92)

Articles and reports (92) (0 to 10 of 92 results)

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202101100001
    Description:

    While the primary reason for international students being in Canada is for study purposes, they may also participate in the labour market. Increases over the past two decades in the number of international students, alongside programs designed to facilitate their availability to work while studying, parallel a growing role played by this population in the Canadian labour market. This article assesses the extent to which international students who intended to study at the postsecondary level were engaged in the labour market.

    Release date: 2021-11-24

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202101100003
    Description:

    Since the 1990s, Canadian immigration policy has emphasized human capital, particularly education and language proficiency, in the selection of economic immigrants. While immigration and the domestic educational system continuously increase the supply of a university-educated labour force, there has been concern that skilled trades are an often-overlooked career option for many secondary school graduates, and that this may lead to labour shortages in skilled trades. This article examines trends in the number of economic immigrant principal applicants who intended to work in skilled trades, their sociodemographic characteristics, and their employment and earnings outcomes. Also, comparisons are made with other economic immigrant principal applicants.

    Release date: 2021-11-24

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100700001
    Description:

    Many newcomers to Canada experience disruption to their social networks during migration and encounter barriers when establishing new relationships and connections, leaving them vulnerable to social and emotional loneliness. This article uses the 2018 General Social Survey to compare self-reported loneliness between immigrants and the Canadian-born population.

    Release date: 2021-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100700005
    Description:

    The number of new international students (first-time study permit holders) in Canada has increased steadily since the mid-2000s, and reached 250,020 in 2019. Alongside this trend are increased efforts in attracting international students as a potential pool of candidates for permanent immigration and the Canadian labour force. To understand the nature of this potential pool of labour, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of who is coming to Canada as an international student.

    Release date: 2021-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100600002
    Description:

    International students are increasingly viewed as a promising pool of skilled individuals who can be tapped for participation in the Canadian labour market. This is a key motivating factor for providing international students with pathways to obtain permanent residency. This article documents the share of international students who became landed immigrants across various sociodemographic characteristics.

    Release date: 2021-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100600003
    Description:

    The retention of international students in their province of study is increasingly being regarded as a potential source of skilled labour by regions seeking labour force growth. This article examines the retention of international students who completed their studies between 2010 and 2016 in their province of study after graduation.

    Release date: 2021-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100500003
    Description:

    Canada’s senior population is becoming more diverse, ethnically and linguistically. Among individuals aged 75 and older in 2016, 34% were foreign-born and 27% had a mother tongue other than English or French, compared with 29% and 21%, respectively, in 1991. There is a pressing need for a better understanding of the living arrangements of immigrant and ethnic minority seniors in response to shifting demographics. This article provides an overview of the living arrangements of Canadians aged 75 and older across mother tongue groups. Analysis is based on the 2016 Census of Population short-form questionnaire and includes older seniors in both private and collective residences.

    Release date: 2021-05-26

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100400001
    Description:

    International comparison is an important way to further our understanding of the trend in income inequality and its contributing factors. The article summarizes the findings of a new report, “Rising between workplace inequalities in high-income countries,” that was published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). Statistics Canada researchers contributed to the international collaboration that examines earnings inequality attributable to differences in average earnings across firms in 14 high-income countries including Canada.

    Release date: 2021-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100400004
    Description:

    This study examines whether the gaps in the employment rates and weekly earnings between immigrants and Canadian-born individuals increased or decreased over the last two decades. Earlier studies have well documented the expanding earnings gap between new immigrant workers and their Canadian-born counterparts during the 1980s and 1990s. However, significant policy changes in immigration selection and settlement have been introduced since the early 2000s, and the employment rate and entry earnings among new immigrants have been improving in recent years. Little research has been undertaken to examine whether the earnings gap between new immigrant and Canadian-born workers has recently started to close.

    Release date: 2021-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2021004
    Description:

    International migration has become increasingly fluid and is viewed decreasingly as a one-time, permanent movement from a source country to a destination country. Immigrant-receiving countries often point to long-term economic- and population-related goals as motivations for permanent immigration programs, making immigrants’ presence and absence patterns of increasing policy interest. This article explores two methodological issues related to measuring immigrants’ potential presence in Canada. The first is the use of auxiliary administrative data sources as a means to supplement the T1 Income Tax Return file, which—to date—has been one of the key data sources used to estimate emigration among Canadian immigrants. The second is the evaluation of the sensitivity of emigration estimates to the definition of immigrant disappearance and reappearance in administrative data.

    Release date: 2021-03-16
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