Analysis

COVID-19 A data perspective

COVID-19: A data perspective: Explore key economic trends and social challenges that arise as the COVID-19 situation evolves.

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All (108)

All (108) (0 to 10 of 108 results)

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202300100002
    Description: A large body of studies have consistently demonstrated that higher proficiency in the destination-country language improves immigrant labour market outcomes. However, because of the lack of objective measures of language skills, previous studies have mainly drawn on subjective measures of language proficiency and were confined to the effect of only one dimension or general language skills. This study examines the effects of test-based measures of official language proficiency in four dimensions — listening, speaking, reading and writing —on immigrant employment and earnings.
    Release date: 2023-01-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2022006
    Description:

    This article compares how survey mode, survey thematic context and sample design contribute to variation in responses to similar questions on self-perceived racial discrimination across the 2013, 2014, 2019 and 2020 cycles of the General Social Survey (GSS).

    Release date: 2022-08-09

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200700002
    Description:

    This study asks if the retention of refugees resettled in Canada as part of the Government-Assisted Refugees (GAR) in their designated destinations has increased since the early 2000s. And if so, to what extent can the change in the retention rate be accounted for by changes in refugees’ sociodemographic characteristics and the context of the designated destination, including factors such as the existence of resettlement service agencies, economic conditions, ethnic enclaves and cluster resettlement.

    Release date: 2022-07-27

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200600001
    Description:

    This article summarizes a new report, prepared by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and Statistics Canada, that updates empirical analysis intended to support the development of the selection criteria for economic immigrants in Canada. The follow-up study asks which selection factors best predict earnings of economic principal applicants. The analysis focuses on factors that are currently used in the selection of economic immigrants and that are available in the Longitudinal Immigration Database. These factors, all measured at landing, are: age, education, official language ability, pre-landing Canadian work experience, pre-landing Canadian study experience, whether the applicant has a spouse, and the sociodemographic characteristics of the spouse.

    Release date: 2022-06-22

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200400001
    Description:

    Baby boomers are on average living longer and healthier, and thus are capable of working more years than earlier generations. The feasibility of working in older ages is further improved as the economic structure continues to shift from manufacturing to the service sector and knowledge-based employment that provide jobs with less physical strain. Whether retirement-age baby boomers will have a higher level of labour force participation (LFP) than earlier generations will have a large impact on their economic well-being and on the overall labour supply in Canada within a decade or so. Using the Labour Force Survey (LFS) between January 1976 and December 2021, this article compares baby boomers and earlier generations in LFP.

    Release date: 2022-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200400003
    Description:

    The existing Ukrainian-Canadian communities will play an important role in helping the settlement of Ukrainians displaced by the Russian invasion. This article compares the Ukrainian-Canadian population to Canada's national population using the 2016 Census of Population. The findings provide information on current Ukrainian-Canadians, including their geographic distribution, demographic, employment, and economic profiles.

    Release date: 2022-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200300001
    Description:

    This Spotlight on data and research article provides a summary of findings from six articles released in Economic and Social Reports in 2021 and 2022 looking at different aspects on the subject of International students as a source of labour supply: Transition to permanent residence; Retention in province of study; The growth of international students and their changing socio-demographic characteristics; Engagement in the labour market during the period of study; Engagement in the labour market after graduation; and Pre-immigration study in Canada and post-immigration earnings.

    Release date: 2022-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200300002
    Description:

    The 2002 Immigration Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) replaced the Immigration Act, 1976 as the primary legislation guiding immigration in Canada. This article summarizes results from a recent study that compared the long-term use of social assistance among resettled refugees arriving under pre-IRPA guidelines (1997 to 2001), during the transition period (2002 to 2004), and post-IRPA (2005 to 2009). The authors used the Longitudinal immigration database (IMDB) to determine whether resettled refugees arriving after the introduction of IRPA were more likely to rely on social assistance than earlier cohorts.

    Release date: 2022-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200200003
    Description:

    The labour market outcomes of recently arrived immigrants are often more negatively affected during recessions than those of the Canadian-born. Entering the labour market during a recession may also result in “scarring” effects for both immigrants and Canadian-born workers—the notion that the effects of entering a labour market during a period of high unemployment persists years into the future. However, the severity and characteristics of recessions vary significantly and may affect immigrants’ outcomes differently. This paper compares immigrants’ outcomes during the past three recessions.

    Release date: 2022-02-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200200004
    Description:

    Although international students are increasingly considered a pool of skilled individuals to be encouraged for permanent residency and participation in the Canadian labour market, the role of Canadian study in economic outcomes after immigration is not well understood. To this end, this article examines the relationship between pre-immigration study in Canada and post-immigration earnings.

    Release date: 2022-02-23
Stats in brief (4)

Stats in brief (4) ((4 results))

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100070
    Description:

    During the widespread lockdown of economic activities in March and April 2020, the Canadian labour market lost 3 million jobs. From May to July, as many businesses gradually resumed their operations, 1.7 million jobs were recovered. While studies in the United States and Europe suggest that immigrants are often more severely affected by economic downturns than the native born, little is known about whether immigrants and the Canadian born fared differently in the employment disruption induced by the COVID-19 pandemic and, if so, how such differences are related to their socio-demographic and job characteristics. This paper fills this gap by comparing immigrants and the Canadian-born population in their transitions out of employment in the months of heavy contraction and into employment during the months of partial recovery.

    Release date: 2020-08-20

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100052
    Description:

    This article reports on the financial and employment impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic among Indigenous participants to a recent crowdsourcing data initiative. It also reports on levels of trust among Indigenous participants on decisions to reopen workplaces and public spaces.

    Release date: 2020-07-14

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100042
    Description:

    The economic lockdown triggered by COVID-19 has led so far to disproportionate employment losses among lower-paid workers and young workers. Its impact on visible minorities is currently less known. Using data from a large crowdsourcing data collection initiative, the study further compares the degree to which visible minority participants: a) experienced job loss or reduced workhours since the onset of the pandemic, b) were strongly or moderately impacted financially, and c) applied for and received federal income support.

    Release date: 2020-07-06

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100004
    Description:

    With the continuing spread of COVID-19, many health-care workers in Canada are facing overwhelming workloads and risk exposure to the virus while caring for their patients. This article examines adults with a health education but not working in health occupations.

    Release date: 2020-04-29
Articles and reports (104)

Articles and reports (104) (0 to 10 of 104 results)

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202300100002
    Description: A large body of studies have consistently demonstrated that higher proficiency in the destination-country language improves immigrant labour market outcomes. However, because of the lack of objective measures of language skills, previous studies have mainly drawn on subjective measures of language proficiency and were confined to the effect of only one dimension or general language skills. This study examines the effects of test-based measures of official language proficiency in four dimensions — listening, speaking, reading and writing —on immigrant employment and earnings.
    Release date: 2023-01-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2022006
    Description:

    This article compares how survey mode, survey thematic context and sample design contribute to variation in responses to similar questions on self-perceived racial discrimination across the 2013, 2014, 2019 and 2020 cycles of the General Social Survey (GSS).

    Release date: 2022-08-09

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200700002
    Description:

    This study asks if the retention of refugees resettled in Canada as part of the Government-Assisted Refugees (GAR) in their designated destinations has increased since the early 2000s. And if so, to what extent can the change in the retention rate be accounted for by changes in refugees’ sociodemographic characteristics and the context of the designated destination, including factors such as the existence of resettlement service agencies, economic conditions, ethnic enclaves and cluster resettlement.

    Release date: 2022-07-27

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200600001
    Description:

    This article summarizes a new report, prepared by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and Statistics Canada, that updates empirical analysis intended to support the development of the selection criteria for economic immigrants in Canada. The follow-up study asks which selection factors best predict earnings of economic principal applicants. The analysis focuses on factors that are currently used in the selection of economic immigrants and that are available in the Longitudinal Immigration Database. These factors, all measured at landing, are: age, education, official language ability, pre-landing Canadian work experience, pre-landing Canadian study experience, whether the applicant has a spouse, and the sociodemographic characteristics of the spouse.

    Release date: 2022-06-22

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200400001
    Description:

    Baby boomers are on average living longer and healthier, and thus are capable of working more years than earlier generations. The feasibility of working in older ages is further improved as the economic structure continues to shift from manufacturing to the service sector and knowledge-based employment that provide jobs with less physical strain. Whether retirement-age baby boomers will have a higher level of labour force participation (LFP) than earlier generations will have a large impact on their economic well-being and on the overall labour supply in Canada within a decade or so. Using the Labour Force Survey (LFS) between January 1976 and December 2021, this article compares baby boomers and earlier generations in LFP.

    Release date: 2022-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200400003
    Description:

    The existing Ukrainian-Canadian communities will play an important role in helping the settlement of Ukrainians displaced by the Russian invasion. This article compares the Ukrainian-Canadian population to Canada's national population using the 2016 Census of Population. The findings provide information on current Ukrainian-Canadians, including their geographic distribution, demographic, employment, and economic profiles.

    Release date: 2022-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200300001
    Description:

    This Spotlight on data and research article provides a summary of findings from six articles released in Economic and Social Reports in 2021 and 2022 looking at different aspects on the subject of International students as a source of labour supply: Transition to permanent residence; Retention in province of study; The growth of international students and their changing socio-demographic characteristics; Engagement in the labour market during the period of study; Engagement in the labour market after graduation; and Pre-immigration study in Canada and post-immigration earnings.

    Release date: 2022-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200300002
    Description:

    The 2002 Immigration Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) replaced the Immigration Act, 1976 as the primary legislation guiding immigration in Canada. This article summarizes results from a recent study that compared the long-term use of social assistance among resettled refugees arriving under pre-IRPA guidelines (1997 to 2001), during the transition period (2002 to 2004), and post-IRPA (2005 to 2009). The authors used the Longitudinal immigration database (IMDB) to determine whether resettled refugees arriving after the introduction of IRPA were more likely to rely on social assistance than earlier cohorts.

    Release date: 2022-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200200003
    Description:

    The labour market outcomes of recently arrived immigrants are often more negatively affected during recessions than those of the Canadian-born. Entering the labour market during a recession may also result in “scarring” effects for both immigrants and Canadian-born workers—the notion that the effects of entering a labour market during a period of high unemployment persists years into the future. However, the severity and characteristics of recessions vary significantly and may affect immigrants’ outcomes differently. This paper compares immigrants’ outcomes during the past three recessions.

    Release date: 2022-02-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200200004
    Description:

    Although international students are increasingly considered a pool of skilled individuals to be encouraged for permanent residency and participation in the Canadian labour market, the role of Canadian study in economic outcomes after immigration is not well understood. To this end, this article examines the relationship between pre-immigration study in Canada and post-immigration earnings.

    Release date: 2022-02-23
Journals and periodicals (0)

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