Consumer price indexes

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  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62-553-X
    Description:

    This Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI) Reference Paper provides an overview the Canadian CPI. It is intended for a varied audience, ranging from users interested in general information to those requiring more technical or theoretical details. As such, it explains all the important aspects of the Canadian CPI: uses and interpretations, scope, classifications, sample strategy, price collection, index calculation, quality change, weights, basket updates, reliability and uncertainty, special cases and treatments and history.

    Release date: 2019-02-27

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 18-22-0001
    Description:

    This online lecture provides an introduction to Statistics Canada’s definition and production of the Consumer Price Index, which measures the rate at which prices of goods and services purchased by Canadian consumers change, on average, over a specified period of time.

    https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/services/online-lectures/18220001

    Release date: 2018-12-28

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 11-522-X201700014751
    Description:

    Practically all major retailers use scanners to record the information on their transactions with clients (consumers). These data normally include the product code, a brief description, the price and the quantity sold. This is an extremely relevant data source for statistical programs such as Statistics Canada’s Consumer Price Index (CPI), one of Canada’s most important economic indicators. Using scanner data could improve the quality of the CPI by increasing the number of prices used in calculations, expanding geographic coverage and including the quantities sold, among other things, while lowering data collection costs. However, using these data presents many challenges. An examination of scanner data from a first retailer revealed a high rate of change in product identification codes over a one-year period. The effects of these changes pose challenges from a product classification and estimate quality perspective. This article focuses on the issues associated with acquiring, classifying and examining these data to assess their quality for use in the CPI.

    Release date: 2016-03-24

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62F0072G
    Description:

    The primary source of data used in post index construction are periodic retail-price and cost-of-living surveys conducted at foreign locations by the foreign service personnel stationed there. Statistics Canada analyses this survey data. In addition to a variety of price information gathered from retail outlets patronized by Canadian personnel at the post, data are also obtained regarding their spending patterns, along with information on the availability of any special local purchasing facilities, and the extent to which staff make direct importation of consumer goods from other countries. The general aim is for full-scale surveys to be carried out at about three-year intervals. However, specific studies may be undertaken more or less frequently than this, depending on the volatility of retail price conditions in each particular country, the instability of exchange rates and the extent to which close monitoring of changes in the local retail price situation being faced by Canadian personnel can be achieved through reference to other statistical indicators.

    Release date: 2010-06-09

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62-560-X
    Description:

    This teacher's kit helps students understand how the Consumer Price Index (CPI) reflects price changes for the goods and services they buy.

    The Custom Inflation Simulator is a Web-based resource that demonstrates how the many consumer goods and services in the 'basket' are used to calculate the CPI, and how consumption patterns differ from person to person. Using the simulator, students can also see the effect of individual price increases on overall inflation, in other words how each item in the basket is 'weighted' to reflect its importance in Canadians' consumption patterns.

    Release date: 2004-10-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62-014-X
    Description:

    The growth in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector has created a need for more sector-specific economic indicators. Prices Division at Statistics Canada (STC) currently produces price indexes for several ICT goods that include computers and computer equipment or peripherals (e.g., printers and monitors). These indexes measure the price movement of ICT goods at the final or end-purchaser level (i.e., government, businesses and households) for consumption. The ICT price index series are used by economists, industry analysts and the general public to track and comprehend events and trends as they occur in this important area of the ICT sector. Within STC, the series pertaining to consumers are used in the calculation of the Consumer Price Index. In addition, several series are used by the Canadian System of National Accounts in deflating the value of gross investment by government and businesses. This reference document outlines what ICT goods price indexes are produced and their underlying data sources and methodology.

    Release date: 2003-10-30

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62F0083X
    Description:

    These Indexes are calculated for persons who do not have special access privileges and may be used by non-government organizations. They are comparative measurements that numerically express the difference between the retail prices of a representative basket of goods and services at a foreign location with prices for a similar basket of goods and services in Ottawa. Interested users should contact Statistics Canada to ensure the use of these indexes is appropriate for their needs. Customized indexes that reflect specific circumstances can be produced.

    Release date: 2003-05-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 12-001-X19990014710
    Description:

    Most statistical offices select the sample of commodities of which prices are collected for their Consumer Price Indexes with non-probability techniques. In the Netherlands, and in many other countries as well, those judgemental sampling methods come close to some kind of cut-off selection, in which a large part of the population (usually the items with the lowest expenditures) is deliberately left unobserved. This method obviously yields biased price index numbers. The question arises whether probability sampling would lead to better results in terms of the mean square error. We have considered simple random sampling, stratified sampling and systematic sampling proportional to expenditure. Monte Carlo simulations using scanner data on coffee, baby's napkins and toilet paper were carried out to assess the performance of the four sampling designs. Surprisingly perhaps, cut-off selection is shown to be a successful strategy for item sampling in the consumer price index.

    Release date: 1999-10-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62-557-X
    Description:

    This publication was prepared for the general public interested in obtaining a brief non-technical introduction the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It poses and answers some of the more frequently asked questions relating to the construction, interpretation and use of this index.

    Release date: 1998-04-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2301
    Description: The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an indicator of changes in consumer prices experienced by Canadians. It is obtained by comparing, over time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by consumers.
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Reference (11)

Reference (11) (0 to 10 of 11 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62-553-X
    Description:

    This Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI) Reference Paper provides an overview the Canadian CPI. It is intended for a varied audience, ranging from users interested in general information to those requiring more technical or theoretical details. As such, it explains all the important aspects of the Canadian CPI: uses and interpretations, scope, classifications, sample strategy, price collection, index calculation, quality change, weights, basket updates, reliability and uncertainty, special cases and treatments and history.

    Release date: 2019-02-27

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 18-22-0001
    Description:

    This online lecture provides an introduction to Statistics Canada’s definition and production of the Consumer Price Index, which measures the rate at which prices of goods and services purchased by Canadian consumers change, on average, over a specified period of time.

    https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/services/online-lectures/18220001

    Release date: 2018-12-28

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 11-522-X201700014751
    Description:

    Practically all major retailers use scanners to record the information on their transactions with clients (consumers). These data normally include the product code, a brief description, the price and the quantity sold. This is an extremely relevant data source for statistical programs such as Statistics Canada’s Consumer Price Index (CPI), one of Canada’s most important economic indicators. Using scanner data could improve the quality of the CPI by increasing the number of prices used in calculations, expanding geographic coverage and including the quantities sold, among other things, while lowering data collection costs. However, using these data presents many challenges. An examination of scanner data from a first retailer revealed a high rate of change in product identification codes over a one-year period. The effects of these changes pose challenges from a product classification and estimate quality perspective. This article focuses on the issues associated with acquiring, classifying and examining these data to assess their quality for use in the CPI.

    Release date: 2016-03-24

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62F0072G
    Description:

    The primary source of data used in post index construction are periodic retail-price and cost-of-living surveys conducted at foreign locations by the foreign service personnel stationed there. Statistics Canada analyses this survey data. In addition to a variety of price information gathered from retail outlets patronized by Canadian personnel at the post, data are also obtained regarding their spending patterns, along with information on the availability of any special local purchasing facilities, and the extent to which staff make direct importation of consumer goods from other countries. The general aim is for full-scale surveys to be carried out at about three-year intervals. However, specific studies may be undertaken more or less frequently than this, depending on the volatility of retail price conditions in each particular country, the instability of exchange rates and the extent to which close monitoring of changes in the local retail price situation being faced by Canadian personnel can be achieved through reference to other statistical indicators.

    Release date: 2010-06-09

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62-560-X
    Description:

    This teacher's kit helps students understand how the Consumer Price Index (CPI) reflects price changes for the goods and services they buy.

    The Custom Inflation Simulator is a Web-based resource that demonstrates how the many consumer goods and services in the 'basket' are used to calculate the CPI, and how consumption patterns differ from person to person. Using the simulator, students can also see the effect of individual price increases on overall inflation, in other words how each item in the basket is 'weighted' to reflect its importance in Canadians' consumption patterns.

    Release date: 2004-10-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62-014-X
    Description:

    The growth in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector has created a need for more sector-specific economic indicators. Prices Division at Statistics Canada (STC) currently produces price indexes for several ICT goods that include computers and computer equipment or peripherals (e.g., printers and monitors). These indexes measure the price movement of ICT goods at the final or end-purchaser level (i.e., government, businesses and households) for consumption. The ICT price index series are used by economists, industry analysts and the general public to track and comprehend events and trends as they occur in this important area of the ICT sector. Within STC, the series pertaining to consumers are used in the calculation of the Consumer Price Index. In addition, several series are used by the Canadian System of National Accounts in deflating the value of gross investment by government and businesses. This reference document outlines what ICT goods price indexes are produced and their underlying data sources and methodology.

    Release date: 2003-10-30

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62F0083X
    Description:

    These Indexes are calculated for persons who do not have special access privileges and may be used by non-government organizations. They are comparative measurements that numerically express the difference between the retail prices of a representative basket of goods and services at a foreign location with prices for a similar basket of goods and services in Ottawa. Interested users should contact Statistics Canada to ensure the use of these indexes is appropriate for their needs. Customized indexes that reflect specific circumstances can be produced.

    Release date: 2003-05-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 12-001-X19990014710
    Description:

    Most statistical offices select the sample of commodities of which prices are collected for their Consumer Price Indexes with non-probability techniques. In the Netherlands, and in many other countries as well, those judgemental sampling methods come close to some kind of cut-off selection, in which a large part of the population (usually the items with the lowest expenditures) is deliberately left unobserved. This method obviously yields biased price index numbers. The question arises whether probability sampling would lead to better results in terms of the mean square error. We have considered simple random sampling, stratified sampling and systematic sampling proportional to expenditure. Monte Carlo simulations using scanner data on coffee, baby's napkins and toilet paper were carried out to assess the performance of the four sampling designs. Surprisingly perhaps, cut-off selection is shown to be a successful strategy for item sampling in the consumer price index.

    Release date: 1999-10-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62-557-X
    Description:

    This publication was prepared for the general public interested in obtaining a brief non-technical introduction the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It poses and answers some of the more frequently asked questions relating to the construction, interpretation and use of this index.

    Release date: 1998-04-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2301
    Description: The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an indicator of changes in consumer prices experienced by Canadians. It is obtained by comparing, over time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services purchased by consumers.
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