Job training and apprenticeship programs

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  • Public use microdata: 81M0013X
    Description:

    The Adult Education and Training Survey (AETS) is Canada's most comprehensive source of data on individual participation in formal adult education and training. It is the only Canadian survey to collect detailed information about the skill development efforts of the entire adult Canadian population. The AETS provides information about the main subject of training activities, their provider, duration and the sources and types of support for training. Furthermore, the AETS allows for the examination of the socio-economic and demographic profiles of both training participants and non-participants. This survey also identifies barriers faced by individuals who wish to take some form of training but cannot. The AETS was administered three times during the 1990s, in 1992, 1994 and 1998, as a supplement to the Labour Force Survey (LFS).

    The content of the AETS was revised to take into account recommendations coming from consultation exercises. As a result, more than half of the 2003 survey is made up of new questions and the target population has been modified.

    The main objectives are:1) To measure the incidence and intensity of adults' participation in job-related formal training.2) To profile employer support to job-related formal training.3) To analyze the aspects of job-related training activities such as: training provider, expenses, financial support, motivations, outcomes and difficulties experienced while training.4) To identify the barriers preventing individuals from participating in the job-related formal training they want or need to take.5) To identify reasons explaining adults' lack of participation and of interest in job-related formal training.6) To relate adults' current participation patterns to their past involvement in and plans about future participation in job-related training.7) To measure the incidence and frequency of adults' participation in job-related informal training.8) To examine the interactions between participation in formal and informal job-related training.

    The population covered by the AETS consists of Canadians 25 years of age and older. This is a change from the population previously targeted by the AETS, which consisted of Canadians aged 17 years of age and older. A primary consideration for this change was the practical difficulties in applying the definition of adult education to individuals in the 17 to 24 years of age group. By definition, adult education excludes students who are still involved in their first or initial stage of schooling. As previous AETS did not precisely identify students still in their initial stage of schooling, analyses using these data had to rely on an ad hoc definition of adult learners. According to this definition, individuals aged 17 to 24 who were not in one of the following situations were excluded from the analysis: full-time students subsidized by an employer and full-time students over 19 enrolled in elementary or secondary programs.

    Release date: 2004-05-27

  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2004015
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report focusses on the job-related training activities of the adult working population. It compares the demographics as well as training incidence, intensity and participation of two groups of working adults who took job-related training, in 1997 and in 2002.

    Release date: 2004-04-30

  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2003008
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report estimates the impact of participating in adult education and training on the employment and earnings of Canadians, using the data from the 1998 Adult Education and Training Survey (AETS).

    Release date: 2003-10-15

  • Articles and reports: 71-584-M2003005
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper studies the determinants of worker and workplace participation in training. It also present an analysis of the proportion of employees trained to evaluate the level of commitment of the employer to training.

    Release date: 2003-05-06

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X20020016465
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article explores the effects of unions on the incidence of job-related training, as well as the role unions play in influencing who pays for job-related training.

    Release date: 2003-02-17

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20021036210
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article examines barriers to job-related training, the groups that experience these obstacles and whether access to training has improved over time.

    Release date: 2002-03-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20010075883
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper describes the incidence of training activity and the duration of training episodes during the 1990s among adult Canadians who were not full- or part-time students.

    Release date: 2001-09-12

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2001154
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper examines the ways that innovation status as opposed to technology use affects the training activities of manufacturing plants. It examines training that is introduced as a response to specific skill shortages versus training that is implemented in response to the introduction of advanced equipment.

    Advanced technology users are more likely to have workers in highly skilled occupations, to face greater shortages for these workers, and they are more likely to train workers in response to these shortages than are plants that do not use advanced technologies.

    The introduction of new techniques is also accompanied by differences in the incidence of training, with advanced technology users being more likely to introduce training programs than non-users. Here, innovation status within the group of technology users also affects the training decision. In particular, innovating and non-innovating technology users diverge with regards to the extent and nature of training that is undertaken in response to the introduction of new advanced equipment. Innovators are more likely to provide training for this purpose and to prefer on-the-job training to other forms. Non-innovators are less likely to offer training under these circumstances and when they do, it is more likely to be done in a classroom, either off-site or at the firm.

    These findings emphasize that training occurs for more than one reason. Shortages related to insufficient supply provide one rational. But it is not here that innovative firms stand out. Rather they appear to respond differentially to the introduction of new equipment by extensively implementing training that is highly firm-specific. This suggests that innovation requires new skills that are not so much occupation specific (though that is no doubt present) but general cognitive skills that come from operating in an innovative environment that involves improving the problem-solving capabilities of many in the workforce. These problem-solving capabilities occur in a learning-by-doing setting with hands on experience.

    Release date: 2001-04-04

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2000123
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Recent studies have demonstrated the quantitative importance of entry, exit, growth and decline in the industrial population. It is this turnover that rewards innovative activity and contributes to productivity growth.

    While the size of the entry population is impressive - especially when cumulated over time - the importance of entry is ultimately due to its impact on innovation in the economy. Experimentation is important in a dynamic, market-based economy. A key part of the experimentation comes from entrants. New entrepreneurs constantly offer consumers new products both in terms of the basic good and the level of service that accompanies it.

    This experimentation is associated with significant costs since many entrants fail. Young firms are most at risk of failure; data drawn from a longitudinal file of Canadian entrants in both the goods and service sectors show that over half the new firms that fail do so in the first two years of life. Life is short for the majority of entrants. Only 1 in 5 new firms survive to their tenth birthday.

    Since so many entrants fall by the wayside, it is of inherent interest to understand the conditions that are associated with success, the conditions that allow the potential in new entrepreneurs to come to fruition. The success of an entrant is due to its choosing the correct combination of strategies and activities. To understand how these capabilities contribute to growth, it is necessary to study how the performance of entrants relates to differences in strategies and pursued activities.

    This paper describes the environment and the characteristics of entrants that manage to survive and grow. In doing so, it focuses on two issues. The first is the innovativeness of entrants and the extent to which their growth depends on their innovativeness. The second is to outline how the stress on worker skills, which is partially related to training, complements innovation and contributes to growth.

    Release date: 2000-12-08

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1999137
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper describes the evidence that several Statistics Canada studies have developed on the importance of innovation to growth and the need for highly skilled workers in the innovation process. Rather than focusing on broad industry aggregates as is often done, we concentrate our attention on firms and their behaviour. This allows us to investigate the connection between the success of businesses and the strategies that they pursue.

    We find that the more successful firms attribute their success to having developed competencies in a wide range of areas-but that the common factor that most frequently distinguishes faster from slower growing firms is innovation. Innovators in turn place greater emphasis on training and acquiring skilled workers.

    The studies also show that the emphasis on highly skilled workers varies across industries. In goods industries, a training strategy complements an innovation strategy that focuses on R&D, the adoption of new advanced technologies, or the development of new processes. Small firms that are innovative train their workers when they introduce new machinery and equipment. In the service sector, the innovation strategy relies less on new capital and more on new skills embodied in the workforce. Here there is evidence that a training strategy, by itself, has more impact on the success of a firm-probably because it is more likely to be the innovation strategy of the firm.

    Release date: 1999-11-30
Data (24)

Data (24) (0 to 10 of 24 results)

  • Table: 37-10-0118-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 477-0117)
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and percentage distribution of registered apprentices, by sex and major trade groups. This table is included in Section D: Postsecondary education: Enrolment in postsecondary education of the Pan Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). PCEIP draws from a wide variety of data sources to provide information on the school-age population, elementary, secondary and postsecondary education, transitions, education finance and labour market outcomes. The program presents indicators for all of Canada, the provinces, the territories, as well as selected international comparisons and comparisons over time. PCEIP is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council, a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada that provides a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada.

    Release date: 2019-03-25

  • Table: 37-10-0118-02
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and percentage distribution of registered apprentices, by sex and major trade groups. This table is included in Section D: Postsecondary education: Enrolment in postsecondary education of the Pan Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). PCEIP draws from a wide variety of data sources to provide information on the school-age population, elementary, secondary and postsecondary education, transitions, education finance and labour market outcomes. The program presents indicators for all of Canada, the provinces, the territories, as well as selected international comparisons and comparisons over time. PCEIP is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council, a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada that provides a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada.

    Release date: 2019-03-25

  • Table: 37-10-0119-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 477-0118)
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and percentage distribution of registered apprentices by age group. This table is included in Section D: Postsecondary education: Enrolment in postsecondary education of the Pan Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). PCEIP draws from a wide variety of data sources to provide information on the school-age population, elementary, secondary and postsecondary education, transitions, education finance and labour market outcomes. The program presents indicators for all of Canada, the provinces, the territories, as well as selected international comparisons and comparisons over time. PCEIP is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council, a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada that provides a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada.

    Release date: 2019-03-25

  • Table: 37-10-0128-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 477-0120)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and percentage distribution of registered apprentice completions, by major trade group and sex, Canada. This table is included in Section D: Postsecondary education: Postsecondary completions and graduation rates of the Pan Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). PCEIP draws from a wide variety of data sources to provide information on the school-age population, elementary, secondary and postsecondary education, transitions, education finance and labour market outcomes. The program presents indicators for all of Canada, the provinces, the territories, as well as selected international comparisons and comparisons over time. PCEIP is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council, a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada that provides a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada.

    Release date: 2019-03-25

  • Table: 37-10-0128-02
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and percentage distribution of registered apprentice completions, by major trade group and sex, Canada. This table is included in Section D: Postsecondary education: Postsecondary completions and graduation rates of the Pan Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). PCEIP draws from a wide variety of data sources to provide information on the school-age population, elementary, secondary and postsecondary education, transitions, education finance and labour market outcomes. The program presents indicators for all of Canada, the provinces, the territories, as well as selected international comparisons and comparisons over time. PCEIP is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council, a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada that provides a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada.

    Release date: 2019-03-25

  • Table: 37-10-0001-01
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Data are also available on median age at registration and certification and median time to certification and discontinuation. Data are available for select trades and cohorts of newly registered apprentices, by sex, for Canada, all provinces, the Atlantic region, and for grouped territories.

    Release date: 2018-12-05

  • Table: 37-10-0016-01
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Cross-sectional income data are reported in 2016 constant dollars as two measures, including and excluding those with self-employment income. Data are available for select trades and cohorts of certified apprentices, by sex, for Canada, provinces, and the Atlantic region.

    Release date: 2018-12-05

  • Table: 37-10-0017-01
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Longitudinal income data are reported in 2016 constant dollars as two measures, including and excluding those with self-employment income. Data are available for select trades and cohorts of certified apprentices, by sex, for Canada, provinces, and the Atlantic region.

    Release date: 2018-12-05

  • Table: 37-10-0023-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 477-0053)
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Count of the all apprenticeship registrations, for Canada, provinces and territories by gender, registration status and major trade group for the most recent five years OR data is available historically since 1991.
    Release date: 2018-12-05

  • Table: 37-10-0024-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 477-0054)
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Count of the all apprenticeship completions, for Canada, provinces and territories by major trade group, age group, registration status and gender for the most recent five years OR data is available historically since 1991.
    Release date: 2018-12-05
Analysis (57)

Analysis (57) (0 to 10 of 57 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201907220024
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-03-13

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019008
    Description:

    Increasing women’s participation in male-dominated trades has been identified as a means of improving the supply of skilled tradespersons in Canada, creating a more diverse workforce, and increasing women’s wages. However, little information exists about women’s decision to enter male-dominated apprenticeship programs and their subsequent labour market outcomes. This study addresses both information gaps by examining the characteristics associated with women selecting male-dominated apprenticeship programs and their labour market outcomes relative to men who selected the same types of programs.

    Release date: 2019-03-13

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201712516184
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2017-05-05

  • Articles and reports: 81-598-X2017001
    Description:

    The National Apprenticeship Survey (NAS) 2015 looks at various factors affecting the completion, certification and transition of apprentices to the labour market. It builds on the content and experience gained through previous surveys on apprentices, the last one completed in 2007. The 2015 survey was a collaborative effort on the part of Employment and Social Development Canada and Statistics Canada.

    A sample of over 28,000 respondents – who had either completed or discontinued an apprenticeship program between 2011 and 2013 – was collected.

    The Canada Overview Report presents a profile of apprentices and their experiences in apprenticeship programs in Canada, including technical training and on-the-job training; challenges and difficulties faced; awareness and use of financial support programs; the certification process, including Red Seal; labour market outcomes and job satisfaction; interprovincial mobility; and attitudes about skilled trades.

    Release date: 2017-03-29

  • Journals and periodicals: 81-598-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The National Apprenticeship Survey (NAS) looks at factors affecting the completion, certification and transition of apprentices to the labour market. The survey was a collaborative effort on the part of Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) and Statistics Canada. It is hoped that the findings will contribute to the ongoing dialogue by governments, industry and unions to ensure that the apprenticeship systems in Canada continue to respond to the demands of the 21st Century.

    Release date: 2017-03-29

  • Stats in brief: 11-629-X2015033
    Description:

    The video is geared toward individuals selected to participate in the National Apprenticeship Survey. The goal is to encourage them to participate in the survey, by emphasizing how their participation can have a positive impact on apprenticeship programs in Canada, and by highlighting the contributions that people working in the trades make to Canadian society.

    Release date: 2015-08-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20133528781
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2013-12-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20122776362
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2012-10-03

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2012345
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study uses the 2007 National Apprenticeship Survey (NAS) to compare hourly wage differences observed between apprentices who complete their programs and apprentices who discontinue their programs. The primary objective is to estimate the magnitude of the wage difference between these groups while taking into account a broad range of characteristics. Furthermore, wage comparisons are refined further by disaggregating apprentices into four mutually exclusive groups, defined on the basis of program completion and certification.

    Release date: 2012-10-03

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201200211652
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study investigates job-related training of Canadian employees age 55 to 64. Using the Access and Support to Education and Training Survey (ASETS) and several cycles of the Adult Education and Training Survey (AETS), it compares the training of older and core-age workers and tracks changes in the incidence and correlates of training over time.

    Release date: 2012-04-20
Reference (5)

Reference (5) ((5 results))

  • Classification: 12-590-X
    Description:

    The Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) is used for classifying instructional programs according to field of study. CIP was originally created by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) in the United States. It is a hierarchical classification. CIP Canada is the adaptation of this classification for use in Canada. CIP Canada 2016 is made up of 49 2-digit series, 387 4-digit subseries and 1,689 6-digit instructional program classes. The classification provides a detailed description of each instructional program class together with illustrative examples of the types of instructional programs found in that class. Illustrative examples are also provided of closely related programs that are classified elsewhere. In addition, the classification includes an introduction to CIP and an alternative structure for the aggregation of field of study data. CIP has a ten-year revision cycle.

    Release date: 2016-08-03

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3142
    Description: The objective of this survey is to gather information on enrolments in trade/vocational training programs offered by community colleges and related institutions in Canada.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3154
    Description: The survey compiles data on the number of registered apprentices taking in-class and/or on-the-job training in trades that are either Red Seal or non-Red Seal and where apprenticeship training is either compulsory or voluntary. It also compiles data on the number of provincial and interprovincial certificates granted to apprentices or trade qualifiers (challengers).

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3160
    Description: There is a critical need in Canada for highly skilled tradespeople. Apprenticeships in trades are a major source of skilled workers for the Canadian economy. The National Apprenticeship Survey collects information to understand apprenticeship-related issues. This includes the factors that affect apprentices' completion and certification before, during and after their involvement with their apprenticeship.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3842
    Description: This survey, which was conducted in 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988 and 1989, identified the number of Alberta-registered apprentices and Alberta-certified journeymen who were active in their trade, as well as the trades in which they were active. The 1989 survey also identified the number of apprentices and journeymen willing to work fewer hours per week at the same hourly rate but with an equal reduction in pay and benefits.
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