Employment and unemployment

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  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019017
    Description:

    Occupations related to science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) are generally associated with high pay and contribute to the development of new technology. Continued growth is expected for STEM occupations, which would provide STEM-educated workers with additional labour market opportunities. However, less is known about the extent to which STEM graduates enter into and remain in STEM occupations in Canada. This study uses data from the 2006 and 2016 longitudinal census files to examine the occupational pathways of women and men with postsecondary credentials in STEM fields.

    Release date: 2019-09-16

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019018
    Description:

    This paper examines the impact of public sector salary disclosure laws on university faculty salaries in Canada. These laws, which give the public access to the salaries of individual faculty members if they exceed specified thresholds, were introduced in different provinces at different points in time. One of the most persistent and salient features of labour markets around the world is that women earn less than men. A hypothesis recently gaining traction among academic researchers and policy makers is that the gender earnings gap persists in part because it is hidden. There have also been calls in the private sector for more transparency on pay discrepancies between male and female workers. This paper provides new evidence on the causal effect of pay transparency laws on salaries.

    Release date: 2019-09-16

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201925921248
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-09-16

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201925421025
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-09-11

  • Table: 14-10-0331-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 281-8047)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Historical releases of employment and average weekly earnings (including overtime) for all employees by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), last 5 months.
    Release date: 2019-09-09

  • Table: 14-10-0332-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 281-8063)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Historical releases of employment and average weekly earnings (including overtime) for all employees by province, territory and North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), last 5 months.
    Release date: 2019-09-09

  • Table: 14-10-0357-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 281-8023)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description:

    Historical releases of employment by type of employee and North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), last 5 months.

    Release date: 2019-09-09

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019016
    Description:

    University graduates generally earn more than community college graduates, both shortly after graduation and for many years thereafter (Frenette 2019). This may partially reflect the fact that university programs are generally longer in duration. Most university students enroll in a four-year bachelor’s degree program, whereas most college students enroll in a one-year certificate program or in a two- or three-year diploma program. Recently, some colleges (mostly situated in Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia) have been offering four-year bachelor’s degree programs. Given the emergence of these new offerings, it would be informative for students, parents, education planners and employers to know whether college bachelor’s degree (CBD) programs are associated with similar labour market and educational pathways as university bachelor’s degree (UBD) programs.

    Release date: 2019-09-09

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201925220683
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-09-09

  • Table: 14-10-0017-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 282-0001)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2019-09-06
Data (727)

Data (727) (0 to 10 of 727 results)

Analysis (606)

Analysis (606) (40 to 50 of 606 results)

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201900100001
    Description:

    In this study, data from the 2016 Census are used to provide a sociodemographic profile of the Syrian refugees who resettled in Canada between January 1, 2015, and May 10, 2016, and who were still living in Canada at the time of the census. This article also analyses the labour market participation of Syrian refugees, and provides some information about their housing conditions.

    Release date: 2019-02-12

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201904319135
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-02-12

  • Articles and reports: 75-004-M2019001
    Description:

    This study uses the Labour Force Survey from January 2007 to September 2018 to examine the dynamics of the labour force since the 2008/2009 recession. Knowing the origin and destination of transitions in labour force statuses is useful in drawing a more complete picture of the situation and gaining a better understanding of labour market dynamics in Canada, which can help guide policies.

    Release date: 2019-01-29

  • Stats in brief: 89-20-00042019001
    Description:

    In this edition of StatCan’s Research Beat, we’ll go over some key findings from a recent study – a first gender-based analysis of workers in the top 1% in Canada. Essentially, based on 2016 Census data, there were some key differences between working women and men with a total income of about $270,000 or more.

    Release date: 2019-01-28

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019003
    Description:

    Given the time and money invested in higher education by students, parents and governments, there is considerable interest in the economic outcomes of postsecondary graduates. Most assessments of recent graduates have focused on their short-term, early labour market results. As new entrants to the labour force, recent postsecondary graduates may be particularly vulnerable to the economic cycle. Consequently, comparisons of short-term outcomes across graduating cohorts may be highly dependent on prevailing economic conditions and may not reflect the longer-term returns on investments. This is the first study to compare the long-term labour market outcomes of two cohorts of young postsecondary graduates using linked census and tax data. Specifically, graduates who were 26 to 35 years old in 1991 were followed from 1991 to 2005 (when they were 40 to 49 years old) and compared with a similarly aged 2001 cohort, which was followed from 2001 to 2015.

    Release date: 2019-01-23

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019002
    Description:

    Rising income inequality in industrialized nations has motivated research on high-income Canadians and how they differ from the general population. Despite notable advancements in education and labour force participation over the last half century, women continue to be less represented relative to men among top income groups, accounting for one in five workers in Canada’s top 1% in 2015. This paper fills an important information gap by providing a gender-based analysis of key socio-demographic and employment characteristics of working women and men in the top 1%, based on the 2016 Census of Population.

    Release date: 2019-01-21

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201902119226
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-01-21

  • Articles and reports: 96-325-X201900100001
    Description:

    This article is Statistics Canada’s first-ever publication on Aboriginal peoples and agriculture. It explores the part that Aboriginal persons play in the agricultural population in 2016. It examines how Aboriginal farm operators resemble or differ from their non-Aboriginal farm operator counterparts, and how likely they are to be engaged in off-farm paid employment. It also discusses the most common farm types for Aboriginal farm operators.

    Release date: 2019-01-17

  • Journals and periodicals: 71-606-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This series of analytical reports provides an overview of the Canadian labour market experiences of immigrants to Canada, based on data from the Labour Force Survey. These reports examine the labour force characteristics of immigrants, by reporting on employment and unemployment at the Canada level, for the provinces and large metropolitan areas. They also provide more detailed analysis by region of birth, as well as in-depth analysis of other specific aspects of the immigrant labour market.

    Release date: 2018-12-24

  • Articles and reports: 71-606-X2018001
    Description:

    This report uses immigrant data series from the Labour Force Survey to provide a description of immigrants' labour-market outcomes, from 2006 to 2017.

    Release date: 2018-12-24
Reference (50)

Reference (50) (0 to 10 of 50 results)

  • Classification: 12-583-X
    Description:

    This publication provides a systematic classification structure to identify and categorize the entire range of occupational activity in Canada. It consists of 10 broad occupational categories which are subdivided into major groups, minor groups and unit groups. Definitions and occupational titles are provided for each unit group. An alphabetical index of the occupational titles classified to the unit group level is also included.

    Release date: 2018-12-19

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 37-20-0001
    Description:

    These reference guides are intended for users of the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP). The guide provides an overview of the Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS) and the Registered Apprenticeship Information System (RAIS), the general methodology used to create longitudinal indicators, and important technical information for users.

    Release date: 2018-12-05

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 37-20-00012018002
    Description:

    This technical reference guide is intended for users of the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP). The data for the products associated with this release are derived from integrating the Registered Apprenticeship Information System (RAIS) with other administrative data on earnings. Statistics Canada has derived a series of indicators on educational pathways and labour market outcomes for registered apprentices by select trades, cohorts of apprentices, by sex, for Canada, all provinces, the Atlantic region, and for grouped territories.

    Release date: 2018-12-05

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 37-20-00012018001
    Description:

    This technical reference guide is intended for users of the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP). The data for the products associated with this issue are derived from integrating Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS) administrative data with other administrative data on earnings. Statistics Canada has derived a series of annual indicators on the labour market outcomes of public postsecondary graduates including median employment income by educational qualification, field of study, age group and sex for Canada, the provinces and the territories combined.

    Release date: 2018-12-04

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71F0031X
    Description:

    This paper introduces and explains modifications made to the Labour Force Survey estimates.

    Release date: 2015-01-28

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 99-000-X2011001
    Description:

    The National Household Survey (NHS) Dictionary is a reference document which contains detailed definitions of concepts, universes, variables, and geographic terms used in the NHS. By referring to the NHS Dictionary, both beginner and intermediate data users will gain a better understanding of the data.

    Release date: 2013-05-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 12-001-X200800110614
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) produces monthly estimates of the unemployment rate at national and provincial levels. The LFS also releases unemployment estimates for sub-provincial areas such as Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Urban Centers (UCs). However, for some sub-provincial areas, the direct estimates are not reliable since the sample size in some areas is quite small. The small area estimation in LFS concerns estimation of unemployment rates for local sub-provincial areas such as CMA/UCs using small area models. In this paper, we will discuss various models including the Fay-Herriot model and cross-sectional and time series models. In particular, an integrated non-linear mixed effects model will be proposed under the hierarchical Bayes (HB) framework for the LFS unemployment rate estimation. Monthly Employment Insurance (EI) beneficiary data at the CMA/UC level are used as auxiliary covariates in the model. A HB approach with the Gibbs sampling method is used to obtain the estimates of posterior means and posterior variances of the CMA/UC level unemployment rates. The proposed HB model leads to reliable model-based estimates in terms of CV reduction. Model fit analysis and comparison of the model-based estimates with the direct estimates are presented in the paper.

    Release date: 2008-06-26

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-559-G2006003
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topics: Labour market activity and Unpaid work.

    Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, data quality and historical comparability. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-06-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-559-G
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topics: Labour market activity and Unpaid work.

    Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, data quality and historical comparability. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-06-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 75F0002M2008002
    Description:

    The Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) conducts an annual labour and income interview in January. The data are collected using computer-assisted interviewing; thus no paper questionnaire is required for data collection. The questions, responses and interview flow for labour and income are documented in another SLID research paper. This document presents the information for the 2007 entry and exit portions of the labour and income interview (reference year 2006).

    The entry exit component consists of five separate modules. The entry module is the first set of data collected. It is information collected to update the place of residence, housing conditions and expenses, as well as the household composition. For each person identified in entry, the demographics module collects (or updates) the person's name, date of birth, sex and marital status. Then the relationships module identifies (or updates) the relationship between each respondent and every other household member. The exit module includes questions on who to contact for the next interview and the names, phone numbers and addresses of two contacts to be used only if future tracing of respondents is required. An overview of the tracing component is also included in this document.

    Release date: 2008-05-30
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