Employment and unemployment

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  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2018081
    Geography: Geographical region of Canada
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series provides users with an integrated summary of recent changes in output, employment, earnings and housing market activity in British Columbia. Highlighting the contribution of real estate and residential construction to economic growth, the paper focuses on strength since 2014. Unless otherwise noted, the tabulations presented in this report are based on seasonally adjusted data available in CANSIM on May 2, 2018.

    Release date: 2018-05-28

  • Articles and reports: 75-004-M2018001
    Description:

    The "Annual review of the labour market" analyses recent trends on a yearly basis using data from a variety of sources such as the Labour Force Survey; the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours; the Employment Insurance Statistics Program; and the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey. The focus is on trends at the national level, although some selected trends will be examined at the provincial level.

    Release date: 2018-04-24

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2018080
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series provides users with an integrated summary of recent changes in output, employment, household demand, international trade and prices. Organized as a statistical summary of major indicators, the report is designed to inform about recent developments in the Canadian economy, highlighting major changes in the economic data during the second half of 2017 and early 2018. Unless otherwise noted, the tabulations presented in this report are based on seasonally adjusted data available in CANSIM on April 6, 2018.

    Release date: 2018-04-23

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2018402
    Description:

    Temporary foreign worker programs have become an increasingly important component of international migration to Western developed countries. However, there is little knowledge on how long foreign workers stay in the host country and what determinants are associated with their migratory trajectories. Using a national longitudinal administrative dataset of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) in Canada, this study examines their length and type of stay in Canada. It further examines the likelihood of staying given individual demographic characteristics, source-country attributes, host-country institutional factors and local community conditions.

    Release date: 2018-01-29

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2018079
    Description:

    Although declines in regional labour demand are expected to reduce the working-age population and increase the dependency ratio in a given region, the magnitude of these effects had not yet been estimated in Canada. This article in the Economic Insights series assesses the degree to which changes in labour demand affect the working age population and the regional demographic dependency ratio, based on a range of administrative data and Statistics Canada’s population estimates.

    Release date: 2018-01-24

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2018401
    Description:

    It is well established that, in most Western countries, rates of small-business ownership tend to be higher among immigrants than among the native-born. In Canada, the overall shares of taxfilers who owned a private incorporated business in 2010 were similar for immigrants (4.6%) and the Canadian-born (4.8%). However, the rate of business ownership was substantially higher (5.8%) among immigrants who had been in Canada for 10 to 30 years. Much less is known about exit and survival patterns of immigrant-owned businesses as there is only a small body of international literature on this topic and little Canadian evidence. This paper addresses this gap by answering two questions. First, do exit and survival patterns (durations) of firm ownership differ between immigrants and individuals born in Canada? Second, what characteristics are associated with lower (or higher) exit rates from business ownership and longer ownership spells among immigrants? The analysis is limited to ownership of private incorporated firms.

    Release date: 2018-01-19

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2017076
    Description:

    Despite a long-standing interest in labour mobility among researchers and policy makers, relatively little has been known about the barriers impeding the mobility of unemployed Canadians. Using data from the 2016 General Social Survey, this study informs this discussion. It provides, for the first time in Canada, representative survey-based information on barriers to labour mobility collected directly from unemployed individuals aged 15 to 64 who were not students.

    Release date: 2017-11-17

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201700154878
    Description:

    This study provides additional insight into labour demand and supply based on the joint availability of job vacancy and unemployment data over the past two years (2015 and 2016). Specifically, it uses data from the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS) and Labour Force Survey (LFS) to answer the following questions: To what extent are job vacancies and unemployment related? What can the unemployment-to-job-vacancy ratio tell us? To what extent do occupations differ in their relative degree of being slack (more workers than jobs) or tight (more jobs than workers)? How does the unemployment-to-job-vacancy ratio differ by education level?

    Release date: 2017-11-01

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2017075
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series provides users with an integrated summary of recent changes in output, employment, household demand, international trade and prices. Organized as a statistical summary of major indicators, the report is designed to inform about recent developments in the Canadian economy, highlighting major changes in the economic data during the first two quarters of 2017 and into the summer months. Unless otherwise noted, the tabulations presented in this report are based on seasonally adjusted data available in CANSIM on October 6, 2017.

    Release date: 2017-10-19

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2017396
    Description:

    Temporary foreign workers (TFWs) are an important source of labour supply in Canada. Their transition to permanent residence may have important economic consequences, particularly in their employment and earnings trajectories. The effect of the status change may vary across different streams of TFWs who enter Canada under different terms and conditions. Hence, whether the labour market outcomes of TFWs change substantially or not after they acquire permanent residence is an empirical question. Using a unique administrative dataset, this study investigates the employment and earnings trajectories of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) during the years surrounding their acquisition of permanent residence in Canada.

    Release date: 2017-09-21
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Analysis (511)

Analysis (511) (500 to 510 of 511 results)

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19900012295
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Calculating an unemployment rate based on unutilized hours offers a more complete measure of unemployment. It also results in a higher rate of unemployment. This study provides a look at what else this measure can tell us.

    Release date: 1990-01-26

  • 502. Moonlighters Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042285
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In the average week of 1988, over a half a million people worked at two or more jobs. This study shows that some groups of workers - the young, the self-employed - are especially disposed to moonlighting. Family circumstances, hours of work and earnings between single and multiple jobholders are examined.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • 503. Disabled workers Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042286
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    There were nearly 400,000 disabled workers in Canada in 1986 - less than a third of working age Canadians with a disability. What are the characteristics of disabled workers? This study compares disabled workers with the non-disabled in the work force and with disabled persons outside of the work force.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042287
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Immigrant workers are over-represented in "product fabricating" occupations, which include, for example, garment workers and mechanics. This profile of immigrants in fabricating jobs looks at age, education, period of immigration and knowledge of English or French. It also compared the employment income of immigrant and non-immigrant workers in product fabricating occupations.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042288
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Unemployment estimates from the Labour Force Survey, source of the official unemployment rate, are quite different from counts of the number of Unemployment Insurance beneficiaries. This piece reviews the conceptual differences between the two data sources and quantifies many of the factors that create the discrepancies.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032279
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Employment growth moderated considerably this year, and shifted its focus westward: more than half the growth occurred in British Columbia. An up-to-date look at labour market developments in the first six months of 1989.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032280
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Trade unionism is adapting, as the service sector and women's share of employment expand. This study looks at unionization among women in the service sector during the 1980s. Trends by occupation and industry are examined for full-time and part-time workers, as are the earnings of unionized and non-unionized workers.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032282
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Help-wanted Index measures job ads as an indicator of labour demand. The index is considered a leading indicator of labour market conditions and of general economic activity. This study looks at the performance of the index during the last three business cycles.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • 509. Youth for hire Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890022273
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    A comparison of youth labour market conditions in 1977 and 1987 shows several important changes. Demographic shifts and rising school attendance rates are among the influences examined. The diverse experiences of students and out-of-school youths, of teenagers and young adults, are highlighted.

    Release date: 1989-06-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890022274
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    From 1985 to 1988, the national unemployment rate declined sharply but regional patterns varied considerably. The unemployment rate and other labour market measures for 40 sub-provincial areas are used in this study of the increase in regional unemployment disparities observed in recent years.

    Release date: 1989-06-30
Reference (1)

Reference (1) ((1 result))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 12-001-X19980024349
    Description:

    Measurement of gross flows in labour force status is an important objective of the continuing labour force surveys carried out by many national statistics agencies. However, it is well known that estimation of these flows can be complicated by nonresponse, measurement errors, sample rotation and complex design effects. Motivated by nonresponse patterns in household-based surveys, this paper focuses on estimation of labour force gross flows, while simultaneously adjusting for nonignorable nonresponse. Previous model-based approaches to gross flows estimation have assumed nonresponse to be an individual-level process. We propose a class of models that allow for nonignorable household-level nonresponse. A simulation study is used to show, that individual-level labour force gross flows estimates from household-based survey data, may be biased and that estimates using household-level models can offer a reduction in this bias.

    Release date: 1999-01-14
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