Employment and unemployment

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  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201900100009
    Description:

    This study examines the impact of social capital and ethnocultural characteristics on the evolution of employment income of a cohort of immigrants who arrived in Canada in 2001, based on two linked datasets: the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC) and the Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB). The study examines the employment income of this cohort in their first 15 years in Canada (i.e., from 2002 to 2016).

    Release date: 2019-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2019002
    Description:

    This paper uses the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to assess the employment characteristics of Métis men and women. A number of other outcomes, influenced by these characteristics, are further explored, such as employment rates, employment income, education, occupation and employment types, economic instability, and self-reported mental health.

    Release date: 2019-06-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2019003
    Description:

    For Inuit, the term 'livelihood' encompasses work in the wage economy and in the labour that connects them with the land, their culture and their community. The results from the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey presented in this paper highlight how important it is to include land-based economy in any examination of the labour market. Furthermore, these findings suggest the need for policies and programs aimed at improving Inuit employment and related economic outcomes.

    Release date: 2019-06-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2019004
    Description:

    This paper uses the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to assess the employment characteristics of First Nations men and women, including occupation, industry and full-time/part-time employment. A number of other outcomes, influenced by these characteristics, are further explored, such as job satisfaction, skills, health, presence of disability, and measures of economic well-being such as food security.

    Release date: 2019-06-13

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019014
    Description:

    Canada has a relatively large foreign-born population, and the country’s economic prosperity depends on international trade. This paper examines how these two characteristics are linked. Specifically, it investigates the effect of immigrant business ownership on international trade in Canada.

    Understanding the impact of immigrants on international trade is particularly important for Canada, as it is a small open economy with a relatively large immigrant population. This paper empirically investigates the effect of immigrant business ownership on international trade in Canada using a newly developed firm-level database with detailed business ownership and trade information. The new data make it possible to better distinguish between the effect immigrants have on reducing information costs and on product demand, and to assess the impact of immigrant business ownership on the extensive and intensive margins of international trade.

    Release date: 2019-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019007
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series provides users with an integrated summary of recent changes in output, employment, household demand, international trade and prices. Organized as a statistical summary of major indicators, the report is designed to inform about recent developments in the Canadian economy, highlighting major changes in the economic data during the second half of 2017 and early 2018. Unless otherwise noted, the tabulations presented in this report are based on seasonally adjusted data available as of April 17, 2019.

    Release date: 2019-04-29

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019011
    Description:

    Using data from Statistics Canada’s Canadian Employer–Employee Dynamics Database (CEEDD), this paper has three objectives: (1) determining how the number of jobs created or destroyed by immigrant-owned private incorporated companies compared with that of firms with Canadian-born owners, (2) determining whether immigrant-owned firms were more likely than firms with Canadian-born owners to be high growth firms or rapidly shrinking firms, and (3) determining which immigrant characteristics were associated with a higher likelihood of immigrant-owned firms being high growth firms or rapidly shrinking firms.

    This paper addresses gross job creation (jobs created by expanding continuing firms and entering firms), gross job destruction (jobs terminated by contracting continuing firms and exiting firms), and net job change (the difference between gross job creation and gross job destruction).

    Release date: 2019-04-24

  • Articles and reports: 75-004-M2019002
    Description:

    The "Annual review of the labour market" analyses recent trends on a yearly basis using data from a variety of sources such as the Labour Force Survey; the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours; the Employment Insurance Statistics Program; and the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey. The focus is on trends at the national level, although some selected trends will be examined at the provincial level.

    Release date: 2019-04-16

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201900100004
    Description:

    In this study, data from the Demosim microsimulation model are used to assess the labour force participation rate of Canadians in 2036 under various scenarios of population growth and participation rate by age. In addition, the article provides an overview of the ethnocultural characteristics of persons who will be in the labour market in 2036, as well as an overview of regional differences that could exist in the labour force in 2036.

    Release date: 2019-03-20

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019008
    Description:

    Increasing women’s participation in male-dominated trades has been identified as a means of improving the supply of skilled tradespersons in Canada, creating a more diverse workforce, and increasing women’s wages. However, little information exists about women’s decision to enter male-dominated apprenticeship programs and their subsequent labour market outcomes. This study addresses both information gaps by examining the characteristics associated with women selecting male-dominated apprenticeship programs and their labour market outcomes relative to men who selected the same types of programs.

    Release date: 2019-03-13
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Analysis (498)

Analysis (498) (490 to 500 of 498 results)

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042287
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Immigrant workers are over-represented in "product fabricating" occupations, which include, for example, garment workers and mechanics. This profile of immigrants in fabricating jobs looks at age, education, period of immigration and knowledge of English or French. It also compared the employment income of immigrant and non-immigrant workers in product fabricating occupations.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042288
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Unemployment estimates from the Labour Force Survey, source of the official unemployment rate, are quite different from counts of the number of Unemployment Insurance beneficiaries. This piece reviews the conceptual differences between the two data sources and quantifies many of the factors that create the discrepancies.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032279
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Employment growth moderated considerably this year, and shifted its focus westward: more than half the growth occurred in British Columbia. An up-to-date look at labour market developments in the first six months of 1989.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032280
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Trade unionism is adapting, as the service sector and women's share of employment expand. This study looks at unionization among women in the service sector during the 1980s. Trends by occupation and industry are examined for full-time and part-time workers, as are the earnings of unionized and non-unionized workers.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032282
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Help-wanted Index measures job ads as an indicator of labour demand. The index is considered a leading indicator of labour market conditions and of general economic activity. This study looks at the performance of the index during the last three business cycles.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • 496. Youth for hire Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890022273
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    A comparison of youth labour market conditions in 1977 and 1987 shows several important changes. Demographic shifts and rising school attendance rates are among the influences examined. The diverse experiences of students and out-of-school youths, of teenagers and young adults, are highlighted.

    Release date: 1989-06-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890022274
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    From 1985 to 1988, the national unemployment rate declined sharply but regional patterns varied considerably. The unemployment rate and other labour market measures for 40 sub-provincial areas are used in this study of the increase in regional unemployment disparities observed in recent years.

    Release date: 1989-06-30

  • 498. On maternity leave Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890022275
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The fertility rate continues to decline but interest in maternity leave is growing as more women of child bearing age join the labour force. This article looks at maternity absences among working women by age, education and province. It also explores the links between the fertility rate and maternity absences and between compensation and length of absence.

    Release date: 1989-06-30
Reference (1)

Reference (1) ((1 result))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 12-001-X19980024349
    Description:

    Measurement of gross flows in labour force status is an important objective of the continuing labour force surveys carried out by many national statistics agencies. However, it is well known that estimation of these flows can be complicated by nonresponse, measurement errors, sample rotation and complex design effects. Motivated by nonresponse patterns in household-based surveys, this paper focuses on estimation of labour force gross flows, while simultaneously adjusting for nonignorable nonresponse. Previous model-based approaches to gross flows estimation have assumed nonresponse to be an individual-level process. We propose a class of models that allow for nonignorable household-level nonresponse. A simulation study is used to show, that individual-level labour force gross flows estimates from household-based survey data, may be biased and that estimates using household-level models can offer a reduction in this bias.

    Release date: 1999-01-14
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