Employment and unemployment

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  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019002
    Description:

    Rising income inequality in industrialized nations has motivated research on high-income Canadians and how they differ from the general population. Despite notable advancements in education and labour force participation over the last half century, women continue to be less represented relative to men among top income groups, accounting for one in five workers in Canada’s top 1% in 2015. This paper fills an important information gap by providing a gender-based analysis of key socio-demographic and employment characteristics of working women and men in the top 1%, based on the 2016 Census of Population.

    Release date: 2019-01-21

  • Articles and reports: 96-325-X201900100001
    Description:

    This article is Statistics Canada’s first-ever publication on Aboriginal peoples and agriculture. It explores the part that Aboriginal persons play in the agricultural population in 2016. It examines how Aboriginal farm operators resemble or differ from their non-Aboriginal farm operator counterparts, and how likely they are to be engaged in off-farm paid employment. It also discusses the most common farm types for Aboriginal farm operators.

    Release date: 2019-01-17

  • Articles and reports: 71-606-X2018001
    Description:

    This report uses immigrant data series from the Labour Force Survey to provide a description of immigrants' labour-market outcomes, from 2006 to 2017.

    Release date: 2018-12-24

  • Articles and reports: 71-222-X2018003
    Description:

    Using data from the Labour Force Survey, this analysis provides new information on the labour force participation of older Canadians, defined in this analysis as persons aged 60 years and older, by shedding light on the reasons why they were working.

    Release date: 2018-12-14

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2018086
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series provides users with an integrated summary of long-term changes in several characteristics of the jobs held by Canadian employees. The article assesses the evolution of median real hourly wages in all jobs, full-time jobs and part-time jobs, as well as the evolution of layoff rates. It also examines changes in the percentage of jobs that are full-time; permanent; full-time and permanent; unionized; in public administration, educational services, health care and social assistance; covered by a registered pension plan (RPP); and covered by a defined-benefit RPP. Unless otherwise noted, statistics are shown for the main job held by employees in May and cover the period from 1981 to 2018. The main job is the job with the most weekly work hours. Full-time jobs involve 30 hours or more per week.

    Release date: 2018-11-30

  • Articles and reports: 89-654-X2018002
    Description:

    This profile article is the first main release by Statistics Canada based on findings from the 2017 Canadian Survey on Disability. It is divided into three sections - demographics, employment, and income - and provides a general snapshot on persons with disabilities to inform on emerging government priorities (such as Opportunity for All: Canada's First Poverty Reduction Strategy; Government of Canada, 2018) and community interest in the areas of disability prevalence, labour market participation, and income inequality.

    Release date: 2018-11-28

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2018002
    Description:

    This booklet provides key findings related to labour market experiences of Métis based on data from the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS). Sections are divided according to labour force status. Among employed Métis, the prevalence of and reasons for part-time employment, self-employment and participation in other labour activities are explored among other aspects. Among unemployed Métis, barriers and facilitators of employment, and means of looking for work are described. Among those not in the labour force, the reasons for non-participation among those who wanted to work, and facilitators to finding work among those expecting to enter the labour force are outlined. Finally, job-related skills and access to job-related training are described.

    This booklet also briefly describes how the APS allows deeper exploration of concepts derived from the Census of Population, and broad topics for which data is available from the survey.

    Release date: 2018-11-26

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2018003
    Description:

    This booklet provides key findings related to labour market experiences of First Nations people based on data from the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS). Sections are divided according to labour force status. Among employed First Nations people, the prevalence of and reasons for part-time employment, self-employment and participation in other labour activities are explored among other aspects. Among unemployed First Nations people, barriers and facilitators of employment, and means of looking for work are described. Among those not in the labour force, the reasons for non-participation among those who wanted to work, and facilitators to finding work among those expecting to enter the labour force are outlined. Finally, job-related skills and access to job-related training are described.

    This booklet also briefly describes how the APS allows deeper exploration of concepts derived from the Census of Population, and broad topics for which data is available from the survey.

    Release date: 2018-11-26

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2018004
    Description:

    This booklet provides key findings related to labour market experiences of Inuit based on data from the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS). Sections are divided according to labour force status. Among employed Inuit, the prevalence of and reasons for part-time employment, self-employment and participation in other labour activities are explored among other aspects. Among unemployed Inuit, barriers and facilitators of employment, and means of looking for work are described. Among those not in the labour force, the reasons for non-participation among those who wanted to work, and facilitators to finding work among those expecting to enter the labour force are outlined. Finally, job-related skills and access to job-related training are described.

    This booklet also briefly describes how the APS allows deeper exploration of concepts derived from the Census of Population, and broad topics for which data is available from the survey.

    Release date: 2018-11-26

  • Articles and reports: 89-657-X2018001
    Description:

    This study draws on data from the Longitudinal Immigration Database to examine participation in Canadian post-secondary education (PSE) among adult immigrants in the 2002-2005 landing cohort, with an explicit focus on resettled refugees. The study describes the demographic characteristics of participants, the qualities of participation, and the economic returns on investment in Canadian PSE. It also employs multivariate regression analysis to further examine the effects of participation in Canadian training on employment incidence and the income of those employed, while controlling for other factors associated with successful economic integration.

    Release date: 2018-11-14
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Analysis (511)

Analysis (511) (500 to 510 of 511 results)

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19900012295
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Calculating an unemployment rate based on unutilized hours offers a more complete measure of unemployment. It also results in a higher rate of unemployment. This study provides a look at what else this measure can tell us.

    Release date: 1990-01-26

  • 502. Moonlighters Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042285
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In the average week of 1988, over a half a million people worked at two or more jobs. This study shows that some groups of workers - the young, the self-employed - are especially disposed to moonlighting. Family circumstances, hours of work and earnings between single and multiple jobholders are examined.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • 503. Disabled workers Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042286
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    There were nearly 400,000 disabled workers in Canada in 1986 - less than a third of working age Canadians with a disability. What are the characteristics of disabled workers? This study compares disabled workers with the non-disabled in the work force and with disabled persons outside of the work force.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042287
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Immigrant workers are over-represented in "product fabricating" occupations, which include, for example, garment workers and mechanics. This profile of immigrants in fabricating jobs looks at age, education, period of immigration and knowledge of English or French. It also compared the employment income of immigrant and non-immigrant workers in product fabricating occupations.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890042288
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Unemployment estimates from the Labour Force Survey, source of the official unemployment rate, are quite different from counts of the number of Unemployment Insurance beneficiaries. This piece reviews the conceptual differences between the two data sources and quantifies many of the factors that create the discrepancies.

    Release date: 1989-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032279
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Employment growth moderated considerably this year, and shifted its focus westward: more than half the growth occurred in British Columbia. An up-to-date look at labour market developments in the first six months of 1989.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032280
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Trade unionism is adapting, as the service sector and women's share of employment expand. This study looks at unionization among women in the service sector during the 1980s. Trends by occupation and industry are examined for full-time and part-time workers, as are the earnings of unionized and non-unionized workers.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890032282
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Help-wanted Index measures job ads as an indicator of labour demand. The index is considered a leading indicator of labour market conditions and of general economic activity. This study looks at the performance of the index during the last three business cycles.

    Release date: 1989-09-30

  • 509. Youth for hire Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890022273
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    A comparison of youth labour market conditions in 1977 and 1987 shows several important changes. Demographic shifts and rising school attendance rates are among the influences examined. The diverse experiences of students and out-of-school youths, of teenagers and young adults, are highlighted.

    Release date: 1989-06-30

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19890022274
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    From 1985 to 1988, the national unemployment rate declined sharply but regional patterns varied considerably. The unemployment rate and other labour market measures for 40 sub-provincial areas are used in this study of the increase in regional unemployment disparities observed in recent years.

    Release date: 1989-06-30
Reference (1)

Reference (1) ((1 result))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 12-001-X19980024349
    Description:

    Measurement of gross flows in labour force status is an important objective of the continuing labour force surveys carried out by many national statistics agencies. However, it is well known that estimation of these flows can be complicated by nonresponse, measurement errors, sample rotation and complex design effects. Motivated by nonresponse patterns in household-based surveys, this paper focuses on estimation of labour force gross flows, while simultaneously adjusting for nonignorable nonresponse. Previous model-based approaches to gross flows estimation have assumed nonresponse to be an individual-level process. We propose a class of models that allow for nonignorable household-level nonresponse. A simulation study is used to show, that individual-level labour force gross flows estimates from household-based survey data, may be biased and that estimates using household-level models can offer a reduction in this bias.

    Release date: 1999-01-14
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