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  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019022
    Description:

    Canada and the United States are two major immigrant destinations with distinct immigration policies. The two countries also differ in immigration level and economy size, but their government structures, economic systems and social environment have many similarities. These similarities and differences provide a useful setting for comparative immigration research. This study compares the differences in the mismatch between the education and occupations of immigrants in Canada and the United States, operationalized by over-education. It further explores how the cross-country differences may be related to the supply of and demand for university-educated immigrants and the way they are selected.

    Release date: 2019-12-03

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201900100012
    Description:

    The Activities of Multinational Enterprises in Canada program describes the characteristics, activity, financial position and performance of multinational and non-multinational enterprises in Canada. This paper focuses specifically on the characteristics of employment at foreign and Canadian multinational enterprises operating in Canada, by province and industry. This study focuses specifically on the employment characteristics in Canada, by province and industry, of foreign MNEs, Canadian MNEs and non-MNE corporations.

    Release date: 2019-11-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019016
    Description:

    This Economic Insights article compares the labour force participation of temporary foreign workers with open work permits and employer-specific work permits in terms of their level of labour market engagement in Canada, their distribution by province and industry, and the duration of temporary residence status and rate of transition to permanent residency.

    Release date: 2019-11-18

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201900100016
    Description:

    Based on integrated data from the 2006 and 2016 censuses, this study examines the educational outcomes of a cohort of children with an immigrant background who were aged 13 to 17 in 2006, and the employment earnings of young adults who had immigrant parents. In this study, the outcomes of children of immigrant parents from different regions are compared with those of children of Canadian-born parents.

    Release date: 2019-11-15

  • Articles and reports: 89-657-X2019018
    Description:

    Using integrated data from the 2006 and 2016 censuses, this study examines the educational and labour market outcomes of a cohort of immigrant children aged 9 to 17 years in 2006. In this study, the results of the children of immigrants from various regions of origin are compared with those of children of Canadian-born parents.

    Release date: 2019-11-15

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019014
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series provides users with an integrated summary of recent changes in output, employment, household demand, international trade and prices. Organized as a statistical summary of major indicators, the report is designed to inform about recent developments in the Canadian economy, highlighting major changes in the economic data during the first half of 2019 and into the summer months. Unless otherwise noted, the tabulations presented in this report are based on seasonally adjusted data available as of October 18, 2019.

    Release date: 2019-11-04

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019020
    Description:

    Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET) are considered to be at risk for long-term economic and social difficulties. The number of youth NEET is important to Canada and has also become a global issue, as evidenced by its inclusion as an indicator in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. To date, most of the Canadian studies on this topic have focused on the sociodemographic characteristics of youth NEET and on their educational and employment experiences during their transition from school to work. Thus, relatively little is known about the psychosocial well-being of youth NEET in the Canadian context. This report aims to address this gap by providing a psychosocial profile of youth NEET compared with youth non-NEET in Canada.

    Release date: 2019-11-01

  • Articles and reports: 71-222-X2019003
    Description:

    This article uses data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) to highlight selected characteristics of multiple jobholders in 2018 and discuss notable shifts over the past few decades.

    Release date: 2019-10-28

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201900100015
    Description:

    Previous research has suggested that skills acquired at a young age, such as reading or math skills, may have an impact on the early labour market outcomes of individuals. In this study, tax data linked to the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS) and the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) are used to examine the association between background factors at age 15 (including reading proficiency) and employment earnings in young adulthood for a cohort of respondents who were aged 15 in 2000.

    Release date: 2019-10-17

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019017
    Description:

    Occupations related to science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) are generally associated with high pay and contribute to the development of new technology. Continued growth is expected for STEM occupations, which would provide STEM-educated workers with additional labour market opportunities. However, less is known about the extent to which STEM graduates enter into and remain in STEM occupations in Canada. This study uses data from the 2006 and 2016 longitudinal census files to examine the occupational pathways of women and men with postsecondary credentials in STEM fields.

    Release date: 2019-09-16
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Analysis (511)

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  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2018085
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series provides users with an integrated summary of recent changes in output, employment, household demand, international trade and prices. Organized as a statistical summary of major indicators, the report is designed to inform about recent developments in the Canadian economy, highlighting major changes in the economic data during the first half of 2018 and into the summer months. Unless otherwise noted, the tabulations presented in this report are based on seasonally adjusted data available on October 9, 2018.

    Release date: 2018-10-30

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2018083
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series presents new estimates for women-owned and men owned enterprises in Canada. It uses a unique employer–employee matched database developed using administrative data that covers both business owners and their businesses. A private enterprise is defined as women-owned if women have a majority interest (at least 51%) in the enterprise.

    Release date: 2018-09-24

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2018017
    Description:

    Understanding women’s business ownership and the performance of women-owned enterprises is important for designing policies to promote gender equality in leadership, economic empowerment of women and inclusive growth. However, evidence on business ownership by gender remains scarce because of the lack of comprehensive data. The study, Women-owned Enterprises in Canada (Grekou, Li and Liu, 2018), fills the data gap by identifying business ownership by gender using a newly developed administrative dataset—the Canadian Employer–Employee Dynamics Database (CEEDD). The dataset contains business owner information for all unincorporated enterprises and private corporations in Canada. This paper discusses the methodology adopted to establish the gender structure of business ownership. It then presents estimates of business ownership by gender (men or women majority ownership and equal ownership). Finally, it analyzes the sensitivity of these estimates and compares them with those calculated using other data sources.

    Release date: 2018-09-24

  • Articles and reports: 75-004-M2018002
    Description:

    This article reports on recent labour market trends for full-time students aged 15 to 24 since the 2008-2009 recession. The analysis is based on data from Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey.

    Release date: 2018-09-14

  • Articles and reports: 71-222-X2018001
    Description:

    This publication reviews broad trends and noteworthy topics in the Canadian labour market over the first six months of 2018. The text is structured around 12 graphs designed to highlight recent and long-standing phenomenon which are not usually addressed in regular publications. The analysis is based on data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS); the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH); and the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS).

    Release date: 2018-08-31

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2018408
    Description:

    This paper investigates the effect of unemployment on life satisfaction from a comparative perspective. It also tests whether the link between unemployment and life satisfaction is moderated or reinforced by contextual unemployment across regions within a country—either through a negative spillover or a positive social-norm effect, or both.

    Release date: 2018-07-31

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201800154976
    Description:

    Using data from the Canadian Vital Statistics Birth Database and from the Labour Force Survey (LFS), this study examines the relationship between fertility rates and labour force participation among women aged 15 to 44 in Ontario and in Quebec between 1996 and 2016, two provinces that followed different paths with respect to parental leave benefits and affordable child care over the past two decades.

    Release date: 2018-07-18

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2018406
    Description:

    This study provides a first look at the skill level requirements of jobs held by Canadian and American workers. In total, the study examines 35 different skills including STEM skills and skills in several complementary areas. Focusing on the skill level requirements of jobs (as opposed to those for workers) is important given that workers’ skills are not guaranteed to be used in their job. The reasons for this include capital investments, technological changes (which may complement or substitute the skills of workers), shifting product demand and the quality of the match between employer demands and workers’ skills.

    This study compares the level of job skills in Canada and the United States by combining occupational data on job skill levels from the Occupational Information Network with worker-level data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies.

    Release date: 2018-06-25

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2018404
    Description:

    Using data from the 2011 and 2014 Survey on Financing and Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises, this paper examines access to financing by immigrant business owners. It documents the main financing sources of immigrant-owned and Canadian-owned small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

    Release date: 2018-06-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2018082
    Description:

    The Canadian and U.S. labour markets have experienced a number of economic shocks since the early 2000s. This Economic Insights article assesses how employment rates and wages of persons aged 25 to 54 evolved in Canada and the United States from 2000 to 2017. The analysis is based on data from Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey (LFS), and on the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey (CPS).

    Release date: 2018-06-04
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  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 12-001-X19980024349
    Description:

    Measurement of gross flows in labour force status is an important objective of the continuing labour force surveys carried out by many national statistics agencies. However, it is well known that estimation of these flows can be complicated by nonresponse, measurement errors, sample rotation and complex design effects. Motivated by nonresponse patterns in household-based surveys, this paper focuses on estimation of labour force gross flows, while simultaneously adjusting for nonignorable nonresponse. Previous model-based approaches to gross flows estimation have assumed nonresponse to be an individual-level process. We propose a class of models that allow for nonignorable household-level nonresponse. A simulation study is used to show, that individual-level labour force gross flows estimates from household-based survey data, may be biased and that estimates using household-level models can offer a reduction in this bias.

    Release date: 1999-01-14
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