Shelter costs

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  • Table: 18-10-0004-04
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory, Census subdivision, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Monthly indexes and percentage changes for selected sub-groups of the shelter component of the Consumer Price Index (CPI), not seasonally adjusted, for Canada, provinces, Whitehorse and Yellowknife. Data are presented for the corresponding month of the previous year, the previous month and the current month. The base year for the index is 2002=100.
    Release date: 2022-11-16

  • Stats in brief: 98-20-00032021023
    Description:

    Data collected by the Census of Population are used to create different household indicators to help governments and organizations assess housing needs in Canada. This video focuses on six key household indicators that help governments and organizations manage the state of housing in Canada, namely, shelter costs, shelter-cost-to-income ratio, housing adequacy, housing suitability, housing affordability and core housing need.

    Release date: 2022-10-26

  • Table: 98-10-0252-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census agglomeration
    Frequency: Occasional
    Universe: Owner and tenant households in off-reserve, non-farm private dwellings, 2021 Census — 25% Sample data
    Variable list: Shelter-cost-to-income ratio (5), Household total income groups (14), Household type including census family structure (16), Housing suitability (3), Dwelling condition (3), Statistics (3C), Tenure (3)
    Description: Shelter-cost-to-income ratio by tenure for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations. Includes household total income groups, household type including census family structure, housing suitability and dwelling condition.
    Release date: 2022-09-23

  • Table: 98-10-0255-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory, Census division, Census subdivision
    Frequency: Occasional
    Universe: Private households in non-farm private dwellings, 2021 Census — 25% Sample data
    Variable list: Shelter-cost-to-income ratio (5), Residence on or off reserve (3), Household type including census family structure (9), Statistics (3C), Tenure including presence of mortgage payments and subsidized housing (8)
    Description: Shelter-cost-to-income ratio by tenure including presence of mortgage payments and subsidized housing for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions. Includes residence on or off reserve, and household type including census family structure.
    Release date: 2022-09-23

  • Articles and reports: 46-28-0001202200100002
    Description:

    This report examines the shelter costs of households living on reserve using the new data from the 2021 Census. It describes the 2021 Census definition of shelter costs on reserve and describes important considerations when using this data to measure housing affordability. It presents the first statistics from the Census for shelter costs on reserve, including the number of households facing housing challenges due to shelter costs in addition to crowding and need for repairs.

    Release date: 2022-09-21

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2020003
    Description:

    This article provides a high level overview of those living in social and affordable housing by painting a portrait of them based on the results of the 2018 CHS. Socio-demographic and household characteristics are examined using housing indicators such as core housing need.

    Release date: 2020-10-02

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2019002
    Description:

    This paper describes a new methodology that Statistics Canada has adopted to measure the rent index.

    Release date: 2019-02-27

  • Table: 98-400-X2016228
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census agglomeration, Census metropolitan area part, Census agglomeration part
    Description:

    This table presents shelter cost, tenure including presence of mortgage payments and subsidized housing, shelter-cost-to-income ratio, household total income groups and household type including census family structure for owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings of Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations.

    Release date: 2017-10-25

  • Table: 11-10-0212-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 203-0016)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table contains 280 series, with data for years 1997 - 2009 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years). This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (14 items: Canada; Newfoundland and Labrador; Prince Edward Island; Nova Scotia; ...); Household spending, personal taxes (5 items: Personal taxes (net of refunds); Income tax on reference year income; Income tax on income received before reference year; Other personal taxes (for example, gift tax); ...); Statistics (4 items: Average expenditure; Percent of households reporting; Estimated number of households reporting; Median expenditure per household reporting).

    Release date: 2017-03-13

  • Table: 11-10-0199-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 203-0003)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table contains 2016 series, with data for years 1997 - 2009 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years). This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (14 items: Canada; Newfoundland and Labrador; Prince Edward Island; Nova Scotia; ...); Household spending, shelter (36 items: Total shelter; Principal accommodation; Rented living quarters; Rent; ...); Statistics (4 items: Average expenditure; Percent of households reporting; Estimated number of households reporting; Median expenditure per household reporting).

    Release date: 2017-02-22
Data (39)

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Analysis (8)

Analysis (8) ((8 results))

  • Stats in brief: 98-20-00032021023
    Description:

    Data collected by the Census of Population are used to create different household indicators to help governments and organizations assess housing needs in Canada. This video focuses on six key household indicators that help governments and organizations manage the state of housing in Canada, namely, shelter costs, shelter-cost-to-income ratio, housing adequacy, housing suitability, housing affordability and core housing need.

    Release date: 2022-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 46-28-0001202200100002
    Description:

    This report examines the shelter costs of households living on reserve using the new data from the 2021 Census. It describes the 2021 Census definition of shelter costs on reserve and describes important considerations when using this data to measure housing affordability. It presents the first statistics from the Census for shelter costs on reserve, including the number of households facing housing challenges due to shelter costs in addition to crowding and need for repairs.

    Release date: 2022-09-21

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2020003
    Description:

    This article provides a high level overview of those living in social and affordable housing by painting a portrait of them based on the results of the 2018 CHS. Socio-demographic and household characteristics are examined using housing indicators such as core housing need.

    Release date: 2020-10-02

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2019002
    Description:

    This paper describes a new methodology that Statistics Canada has adopted to measure the rent index.

    Release date: 2019-02-27

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X201100211429
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Mortgages consistently account for two-thirds of Canadians' household debt. This study uses the Survey of Household Spending to examine the characteristics of mortgagees and the size of their payments. It focuses on mortgage payments expressed as a percentage of disposable income-the mortgage-liability ratio. This analysis highlights differences in personal characteristics, and spending and saving patterns among households with higher and lower mortgage-liability ratios.

    Release date: 2011-04-27

  • Stats in brief: 97-554-X2006001
    Description:

    This report provides information on homeownership and shelter costs in Canada from the 2006 Census. Topics include homeownership, the presence of a mortgage, condominium status, housing life cycle (or housing career), shelter costs and housing affordability. The report looks at the impact on several key groups: households in lower income groups, persons living alone, lone-parent households, seniors, immigrants and recent immigrants. Geographical differences are considered for provinces, territories and selected census metropolitan areas. The 2006 Census data showed that homeownership rose between 2001 and 2006, continuing an upward trend that began in 1991.

    Release date: 2008-06-11

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2008001
    Description:

    Shelter is the biggest expenditure most households make and its affordability can have an impact on the wellbeing of household members. For this reason, housing affordability is closely watched by a wide range of stakeholders - from housing advocates to policy analysts - interested in the welfare of Canadians. Measuring affordability involves comparing housing costs to a household's ability to meet them. One common measure is the shelter-cost-to-income-ratio (STIR). The 30% level is commonly accepted as the upper limit for affordable housing. Housing affordability is also a critical input to Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation's core housing need indicator which is used by governments to help design, deliver, fund and evaluate social housing programs. This report, jointly authored by Statistics Canada and CMHC, focuses purely on the dynamics of housing affordability, not on core housing need. It examines the likelihood of spending 30% or more of household income on shelter, how often this occurs, whether it is occasional or persistent, and contrasts those spending 30% or more to those spending less. Cross-sectional estimates indicate that around 19% of Canadians lived in households spending more than the affordability benchmark in 2002. Longitudinally however, less than 9% lived in households that spent above the benchmark in each year between 2002 and 2004, while another 19% lived in households spending above the benchmark for either one or two years. The attributes associated with the highest probabilities of living in a household spending above the affordability benchmark were: living alone, being a female lone parent, renting, being an immigrant, or living in Vancouver or Toronto. In addition, those living in households experiencing some kind of transition between 2002 and 2004 period had a higher probability of exceeding the benchmark at least once during the period. Such transitions included renters with a change in rent-subsidy status, those who changed from owner to renter or vice versa, those who changed family type (for example, marrying or divorcing), and those who moved between cities. Notably, those experiencing these transitions did not exceed the benchmark persistently.

    Release date: 2008-01-25

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20021068442
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article examines how Canadians were housed in 2000. What percentage lived in owner-occupied homes? Were their homes in good condition? Was the size suitable for their needs? And, what proportion of their income was spent on housing?

    Release date: 2002-06-21
Reference (3)

Reference (3) ((3 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-554-G
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following demographic variable: Housing and dwelling characteristics.

    Release date: 2008-05-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3123
    Description: The purpose of the survey is to collect tuition fees and living accommodation costs for all publicly funded universities and degree-granting colleges in Canada.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3507
    Description: This statistical activity is a cost recovery survey, funded in part by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. The data is used to measure the adequacy and affordability of housing in Canada.
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