Socioeconomic conditions and health

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  • Articles and reports: 82-003-S20020016323
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article compares the off-reserve Aboriginal population with the rest of the Canadian population in terms of health status, health behaviours, and health care utilization.

    Release date: 2002-07-04

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-S20020016330
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article examines the health of Canadians at the community level. Canada's 139 health regions are grouped into 10 "peer groups" with similar socio-demographic profiles. Health outcomes and risk factors are compared between and within peer groups.

    Release date: 2002-07-04

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-S20020016335
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article compares the health of immigrants at different times since immigration with that of the Canadian-born population, in terms of chronic conditions in general, heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and cancer. Health behaviour outcomes are also explored, as is their role in explaining observed health outcomes.

    Release date: 2002-07-04

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20000014890
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Workers who are spending longer hours on the job may be putting certain aspects of their health at risk. For some of these people, changing to a substantially longer work week may increase the chances of weight gain, smoking or alcohol consumption. (Adapted from an article in the Autumn 1999 issue of Health Reports.)

    Release date: 2000-03-08

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X19990024733
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article focuses on differences in the health status and health care utilization patterns of mothers in two-parent families, women who recently became lone parents, and women who had been lone parents for a longer period. Changes in the health of these women and their health care use over time are also explored.

    Release date: 1999-11-16

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X19990024734
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article examines associations between long working hours, depression and changes in selected health behaviours. Based on an analysis of people followed over a two-year period, the relationship between changes in work hours and changes in health behaviours is explored.

    Release date: 1999-11-16

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X19980044510
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article examines the effects of birht outcome and selected social environmental factors on the health of young children. Children younger than age 3 who were preterm low birthweight babies have high odds of poor general health and of having been diagnosed with asthma.

    Release date: 1999-04-29

  • Articles and reports: 89-552-M1998005
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report presents evidence that literacy is an overlooked socio-economic factor that is an important determinant of health among senior citizens.

    Release date: 1998-11-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-553-X19980014025
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Socio-economic status - as measured by income, education and occupation - is a complex phenomenon used to describe social inequities. It is well known that people in lower socioeconomic categories experience higher mortality rates and poorer health than those further up the social ladder. In addition, differences in health by socio-economic status are most pronounced in early and late mid- life. However, it is not clearly understood why this is so.

    Release date: 1998-11-05

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X19970043686
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description: This article examines differences in health status and health determinants between residents of the North (Yukon and Northwest Territories) and of the provinces, and between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal territorial residents. The use of health services and medications is also analyzed.
    Release date: 1998-04-29
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  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202000100001
    Description:

    This study uses the 1996 and 2011 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohorts (CanCHECs), with a five-year mortality follow-up, to estimate the life expectancy (LE) of the household population. It also incorporates information from two national health surveys to estimate health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE). The objectives of this study are to examine LE, HALE and disparities in LE and HALE in the 1996 and 2011 cohorts at ages 25 and 65 for men and women, according to highest level of educational attainment and household income quintile; to examine these disparities according to the combination of education and income in the 2011 cohort; and to examine how education- and income-related disparities in LE and HALE changed over time.

    Release date: 2020-01-15

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900600002
    Description:

    The cumulative toll of exposure to stressors (psychosocial, chemical, physical) can contribute to disease processes. The concept of allostatic load, essentially the cost of maintaining physiological stability in response to environmental demands, may be useful in assessing broad population health impacts of stressors beyond morbidity and mortality. In this study, allostatic load scores were generated for Canadians using data from cycles 1, 2, and 3 (2007 to 2013) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, and associations with age, sex, education and household income were examined.

    Release date: 2019-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201800900001
    Description:

    Data from the annual Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2015/2016 are used to estimate the number and percentage of households in which at least one person of any age received formal home care services in Canada during the previous year. A descriptive analysis of socioeconomic characteristics of households receiving formal home care is presented.

    Release date: 2018-09-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-648-X2018001
    Description:

    This study examines the association between self-reported health and spouse-pair labour-market income using data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults. To explore the channels through which health associates with individual labour-market income, the association between health and spouse-pair income is further broken down into the association between health and the probability of working, hours worked, and hourly wage, both for an individual’s health and their spouse’s health.

    Release date: 2018-07-24

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2016011
    Description:

    For decades, researchers have reported high suicide rates among Aboriginal youth, which are several times higher than rates in the non-Aboriginal population. Based on the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, this article presents estimates of suicidal thoughts among off-reserve First Nations, Métis and Inuit adults aged 18 to 25. It examines associations between past-year suicidal thoughts and mental disorders and personality factors, childhood experiences and family characteristics, and socio-demographic characteristics, many of which have been shown to be related to suicidal thoughts in other populations.

    Release date: 2016-10-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2016010
    Description:

    This article explores the relationship between various social determinants of health and selected health outcomes for First Nations people aged 15 and older living off-reserve. Specifically, the following social determinants are explored: health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity), physical environments (housing, mobility, employment, education, income, food security), access to health resources, cultural continuity (participation in traditional activities, Aboriginal language, social support), and residential school attendance. An integrated life course and social determinants model of Aboriginal health framework is used to guide the analysis.

    Release date: 2016-04-12

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201501114223
    Description:

    This study uses the 2006 Aboriginal Children’s Survey to examine associations between physical and psychosocial housing characteristics and physical and mental health outcomes of Inuit children aged 2 to 5.

    Release date: 2015-11-18

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201500614195
    Description:

    This study quantifies the risk of lung cancer by individual measures of socioeconomic status (educational attainment, income and occupation) and examines associations by sex, age and histological subtype.

    Release date: 2015-06-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201300711852
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study examines cause-specific mortality rates by income adequacy quintile, including causes of death grouped by their association with three behavioural risk factors (smoking, alcohol and drugs), and deaths before age 75 that were potentially amenable to medical care.

    Release date: 2013-07-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201100211426
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study examines the association between neighbourhood income and the diagnosis of female breast cancer. Population data from the Canadian Cancer Registry were used to calculate national age-specific and age-standardized rates of breast cancer from 1992 through 2004 by neighbourhood income quintile and region.

    Release date: 2011-04-20
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