Socioeconomic conditions and health

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All (31)

All (31) (0 to 10 of 31 results)

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202000100001

    This study uses the 1996 and 2011 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohorts (CanCHECs), with a five-year mortality follow-up, to estimate the life expectancy (LE) of the household population. It also incorporates information from two national health surveys to estimate health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE). The objectives of this study are to examine LE, HALE and disparities in LE and HALE in the 1996 and 2011 cohorts at ages 25 and 65 for men and women, according to highest level of educational attainment and household income quintile; to examine these disparities according to the combination of education and income in the 2011 cohort; and to examine how education- and income-related disparities in LE and HALE changed over time.

    Release date: 2020-01-15

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201900600002

    The cumulative toll of exposure to stressors (psychosocial, chemical, physical) can contribute to disease processes. The concept of allostatic load, essentially the cost of maintaining physiological stability in response to environmental demands, may be useful in assessing broad population health impacts of stressors beyond morbidity and mortality. In this study, allostatic load scores were generated for Canadians using data from cycles 1, 2, and 3 (2007 to 2013) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, and associations with age, sex, education and household income were examined.

    Release date: 2019-06-19

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201800900001

    Data from the annual Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2015/2016 are used to estimate the number and percentage of households in which at least one person of any age received formal home care services in Canada during the previous year. A descriptive analysis of socioeconomic characteristics of households receiving formal home care is presented.

    Release date: 2018-09-19

  • Articles and reports: 89-648-X2018001

    This study examines the association between self-reported health and spouse-pair labour-market income using data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults. To explore the channels through which health associates with individual labour-market income, the association between health and spouse-pair income is further broken down into the association between health and the probability of working, hours worked, and hourly wage, both for an individual’s health and their spouse’s health.

    Release date: 2018-07-24

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2016011

    For decades, researchers have reported high suicide rates among Aboriginal youth, which are several times higher than rates in the non-Aboriginal population. Based on the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, this article presents estimates of suicidal thoughts among off-reserve First Nations, Métis and Inuit adults aged 18 to 25. It examines associations between past-year suicidal thoughts and mental disorders and personality factors, childhood experiences and family characteristics, and socio-demographic characteristics, many of which have been shown to be related to suicidal thoughts in other populations.

    Release date: 2016-10-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2016010

    This article explores the relationship between various social determinants of health and selected health outcomes for First Nations people aged 15 and older living off-reserve. Specifically, the following social determinants are explored: health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity), physical environments (housing, mobility, employment, education, income, food security), access to health resources, cultural continuity (participation in traditional activities, Aboriginal language, social support), and residential school attendance. An integrated life course and social determinants model of Aboriginal health framework is used to guide the analysis.

    Release date: 2016-04-12

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201501114223

    This study uses the 2006 Aboriginal Children’s Survey to examine associations between physical and psychosocial housing characteristics and physical and mental health outcomes of Inuit children aged 2 to 5.

    Release date: 2015-11-18

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201500614195

    This study quantifies the risk of lung cancer by individual measures of socioeconomic status (educational attainment, income and occupation) and examines associations by sex, age and histological subtype.

    Release date: 2015-06-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201300711852
    Geography: Canada

    This study examines cause-specific mortality rates by income adequacy quintile, including causes of death grouped by their association with three behavioural risk factors (smoking, alcohol and drugs), and deaths before age 75 that were potentially amenable to medical care.

    Release date: 2013-07-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201100211426
    Geography: Canada

    This study examines the association between neighbourhood income and the diagnosis of female breast cancer. Population data from the Canadian Cancer Registry were used to calculate national age-specific and age-standardized rates of breast cancer from 1992 through 2004 by neighbourhood income quintile and region.

    Release date: 2011-04-20
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Analysis (31)

Analysis (31) (10 to 20 of 31 results)

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201000311289
    Geography: Canada

    Based on data from the 2009 Canadian Community Health Survey-Healthy Aging, this study provides up-to-date estimates of the prevalence of good health, chronic conditions and health-promoting factors among seniors and adults aged 45 to 64.

    Release date: 2010-07-21

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X200900410934
    Geography: Canada

    This study compares several major risk factors and chronic conditions in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations not living on reserves in the North (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut) and in southern Canada at two time points. The data are from cycle 1.1 (2000/2001) and cycle 3.1 (2005/2006) of the Canadian Community Health Survey.

    Release date: 2009-10-21

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20061129544
    Geography: Canada

    Discussions related to work hours are typically driven by cross-sectional studies. Much less is known about the longitudinal perspective and the persistence of long hours or periods of underemployment. The annual hours of employees are examined over a five-year period to determine what proportion experience variable work years and how their well-being is affected.

    Release date: 2007-03-20

  • Articles and reports: 82-005-X20060029294
    Geography: Province or territory

    This newsletter article presents results from a population-based study of birth outcomes in Quebec from 1991 to 2000. Rates of adverse birth outcomes increased across successively poorer neighbourhood income groups, and across successively lower levels of maternal education, for five outcomes: preterm birth, small-for-gestational-age birth, stillbirth, neonatal death, and postneonatal death.

    Release date: 2006-09-20

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2004228
    Geography: Canada

    This study examines the relationship between individuals' health status and the socio-economic composition of the neighbourhoods in which they live. It combines individual microdata from Statistics Canada's 1996-97 National Population Health Survey (NPHS) with neighbourhood-level characteristics estimated from the 1996 Census of Canada.

    Release date: 2004-09-27

  • Articles and reports: 11-522-X20020016720
    Geography: Canada

    The objective of this study was to analyse the influence of community on individual health. The new Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) was used to derive individual health variables for Canadian residents aged 18 or older while community-level data were obtained from the Canadian 1996 Census of Population. Weighted logistic multilevel models and principal component analysis were used to analyse these data. After controlling for individual variables, there was little variation between communities. However, the influence of the community was more important for people with low family income than those with higher income.

    Release date: 2004-09-13

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2002006
    Geography: Canada

    The health of Canada's rural people has gained increased attention over the past few years as studies have shown that the health status of those living in rural and remote regions of Canada is lagging behind that of urban residents. The objective of this analysis is to compare a number of key health indicators between rural and urban regions in Canada to determine if the type of region in which a person lives is associated with the health of the population

    The analysis for this report is based on data acquired from Statistic Canada's 2000/01 Canadian Community Health Survey. The survey population is segmented into four types of metropolitan regions (large metro-central, large metro-fringe, mid-sized metro and small metro) and four types of non-metropolitan regions (small cities, towns, rural and northern).

    This study finds that the self-rated health of Canadians (those reporting their health as excellent) declines from the most urban regions of the nation to the most rural and remote parts. The research points to personal health risk factors including being overweight (i.e., high body mass index) and smoking as being significantly higher in small town regions, rural regions and northern regions of Canada. In addition, the northern regions of Canada show a significantly higher than average share of the population who have high blood pressure or suffer from major depressive episodes. Rural regions (non-metro-adjacent) and small metropolitan regions have a higher than average prevalence of arthritis/rheumatism, even after standardizing for age.

    Release date: 2003-10-21

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20030016532
    Geography: Canada

    This article provides an up-to-date profile of shift workers and studies their physical and mental health.

    Release date: 2003-06-10

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X20020026436
    Geography: Census metropolitan area

    This study examines the association of neighbourhood low income and income inequality with individual health outcomes in Toronto, Canada's largest census metropolitan area.

    Release date: 2003-02-12

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-S200200113264
    Geography: Canada

    The study examined the characteristics of people who reported their health as poor or fair in the Canadian Community Health Survey of 2000/01. The results expand on the conclusions of an article titled "The health of Canada's communities," released in The daily on July 4. That article found that self-perceived health status differed substantially between health regions and that regional socio-economic factors were clearly associated with average health status in each region. People living in large metropolitan areas and urban centres, where education levels are high, had the highest life expectancies in all of Canada. At the other end of the spectrum, people living in remote northern communities, where education levels are lower, had poorer health.

    This new article examines the extent to which this regional variation is attributable to the composition of the population within each health region, rather than to the socio-economic context of the region.

    Release date: 2002-07-04
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