Environmental factors

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All (9)

All (9) ((9 results))

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201800800002
    Description:

    Using data from cycles 3 (2012 to 2013) and 4 (2014 to 2015) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, this study describes Canadians aged 19 to 79 who, when working in noisy environments, were not required to wear hearing protection and only did so sometimes, rarely or never. Characteristics of these workers are examined, as well as sources of noise, years worked in noisy environments, and adverse outcomes-specifically, self-reported hearing difficulties and tinnitus.

    Release date: 2018-08-15

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2018013
    Description:

    Since 2008, a number of population censuses have been linked to administrative health data and to financial data. These linked datasets have been instrumental in examining health inequalities and have been used in environmental health research. This paper describes the creation of the 1996 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC)—3.57 million respondents to the census long-form questionnaire who were retrospectively followed for mortality and mobility for 16.6 years from 1996 to 2012. The 1996 CanCHEC was limited to census respondents who were aged 19 or older on Census Day (May 14, 1996), were residents of Canada, were not residents of institutions, and had filed an income tax return. These respondents were linked to death records from the Canadian Mortality Database or to the T1 Personal Master File, and to a postal code history from a variety of sources. This is the third in a set of CanCHECs that, when combined, make it possible to examine mortality trends and environmental exposures by socioeconomic characteristics over three census cycles and 21 years of census, tax, and mortality data. This report describes linkage methodologies, validation and bias assessment, and the characteristics of the 1996 CanCHEC. Representativeness of the 1996 CanCHEC relative to the adult population of Canada is also assessed.

    Release date: 2018-01-22

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201700514790
    Description:

    The present study sought to determine if large-scale patterns of association between ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and melanoma incidence exist in Canada. Modelled UVR data were spatially linked to members of the 1991 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort, a dataset comprising 2.6 million census respondents who were followed for melanoma diagnosis over an 18-year period.

    Release date: 2017-05-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201700514792
    Description:

    Based on data from the Sun Safety Module of the Canadian Community Health Survey, this study quantifies sunburns and sun protection practices during leisure time, by socioeconomic and demographic characteristics.

    Release date: 2017-05-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201700314781
    Description:

    This study describes residential exposure to ambient fine particulate matter, by visible minority, immigrant and socioeconomic status in Canada, while stratifying the analysis across the urban-rural divide.

    Release date: 2017-03-15

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201600714644
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    Children younger than age 18 enumerated in the 2006 Census who lived in Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver were linked to published air pollution exposure land use regression models to assign exposure at the Dissemination Area level. Associations between both socioeconomic and visible minority status and exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide among children in these three cities were examined in a series of regression models.

    Release date: 2016-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201600214311
    Description:

    This analysis uses data from cycles 1 (2007 to 2009) and 2 (2009 to 2011) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey to examine blood and urinary cadmium levels among Canadians aged 20 to 79, and associations with sources of exposure.

    Release date: 2016-02-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201600214312
    Description:

    This article examines the relationship between long-term exposure to industrial air emissions of nitrogen oxides and lung function in a nationally representative sample of Canadian children and youth aged 6 to 18. The data are from the Canadian Health Measures Survey and the National Pollutant Release Inventory.

    Release date: 2016-02-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201500814215
    Description:

    The data are from the first two cycles (2007 to 2009 and 2009 to 2011) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, which collected biomonitoring indicators via spot blood and urine samples. Behavioural outcomes—hyperactivity/inattention, emotional symptoms, conduct problems, peer problems, and prosocial behaviour—were assessed with Goodman’s Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Geometric mean urinary Bisphenol A (BPA) concentration was examined overall and by demographic and socioeconomic correlates. Six multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to investigate associations between childhood BPA concentrations and risk status for each outcome.

    Release date: 2015-08-19
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Analysis (9)

Analysis (9) ((9 results))

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201800800002
    Description:

    Using data from cycles 3 (2012 to 2013) and 4 (2014 to 2015) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, this study describes Canadians aged 19 to 79 who, when working in noisy environments, were not required to wear hearing protection and only did so sometimes, rarely or never. Characteristics of these workers are examined, as well as sources of noise, years worked in noisy environments, and adverse outcomes-specifically, self-reported hearing difficulties and tinnitus.

    Release date: 2018-08-15

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2018013
    Description:

    Since 2008, a number of population censuses have been linked to administrative health data and to financial data. These linked datasets have been instrumental in examining health inequalities and have been used in environmental health research. This paper describes the creation of the 1996 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC)—3.57 million respondents to the census long-form questionnaire who were retrospectively followed for mortality and mobility for 16.6 years from 1996 to 2012. The 1996 CanCHEC was limited to census respondents who were aged 19 or older on Census Day (May 14, 1996), were residents of Canada, were not residents of institutions, and had filed an income tax return. These respondents were linked to death records from the Canadian Mortality Database or to the T1 Personal Master File, and to a postal code history from a variety of sources. This is the third in a set of CanCHECs that, when combined, make it possible to examine mortality trends and environmental exposures by socioeconomic characteristics over three census cycles and 21 years of census, tax, and mortality data. This report describes linkage methodologies, validation and bias assessment, and the characteristics of the 1996 CanCHEC. Representativeness of the 1996 CanCHEC relative to the adult population of Canada is also assessed.

    Release date: 2018-01-22

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201700514790
    Description:

    The present study sought to determine if large-scale patterns of association between ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and melanoma incidence exist in Canada. Modelled UVR data were spatially linked to members of the 1991 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort, a dataset comprising 2.6 million census respondents who were followed for melanoma diagnosis over an 18-year period.

    Release date: 2017-05-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201700514792
    Description:

    Based on data from the Sun Safety Module of the Canadian Community Health Survey, this study quantifies sunburns and sun protection practices during leisure time, by socioeconomic and demographic characteristics.

    Release date: 2017-05-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201700314781
    Description:

    This study describes residential exposure to ambient fine particulate matter, by visible minority, immigrant and socioeconomic status in Canada, while stratifying the analysis across the urban-rural divide.

    Release date: 2017-03-15

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201600714644
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    Children younger than age 18 enumerated in the 2006 Census who lived in Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver were linked to published air pollution exposure land use regression models to assign exposure at the Dissemination Area level. Associations between both socioeconomic and visible minority status and exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide among children in these three cities were examined in a series of regression models.

    Release date: 2016-07-20

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201600214311
    Description:

    This analysis uses data from cycles 1 (2007 to 2009) and 2 (2009 to 2011) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey to examine blood and urinary cadmium levels among Canadians aged 20 to 79, and associations with sources of exposure.

    Release date: 2016-02-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201600214312
    Description:

    This article examines the relationship between long-term exposure to industrial air emissions of nitrogen oxides and lung function in a nationally representative sample of Canadian children and youth aged 6 to 18. The data are from the Canadian Health Measures Survey and the National Pollutant Release Inventory.

    Release date: 2016-02-17

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X201500814215
    Description:

    The data are from the first two cycles (2007 to 2009 and 2009 to 2011) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, which collected biomonitoring indicators via spot blood and urine samples. Behavioural outcomes—hyperactivity/inattention, emotional symptoms, conduct problems, peer problems, and prosocial behaviour—were assessed with Goodman’s Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Geometric mean urinary Bisphenol A (BPA) concentration was examined overall and by demographic and socioeconomic correlates. Six multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to investigate associations between childhood BPA concentrations and risk status for each outcome.

    Release date: 2015-08-19
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