Families and households

Key indicators

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  • Public use microdata: 95M0010X
    Description:

    This file provides data on the characteristics of the population such as ethnic origin, labour force activity and income levels. It contains 122 variables.

    The Microdata Files contain samples of anonymous responses to the 1996 Census questionnaire. The files have been carefully scrutinized to ensure the complete confidentiality of the individual responses. PUMFs enable the development of statistical information about Canadians, the families and households to which they belong, and the dwellings in which they live.

    Microdata files are unique among census products in that they give users access to non-aggregated data. This makes PUMFs a powerful research tools. The user can group and manipulate these variables to suit his/her own data and research requirements. These provide quick access to a comprehensive social and economic database about Canada and its people.

    All subject matter covered by the census is included in these files.

    The 1996 PUMFs will only be released on CD-ROM using microcomputer applications.

    Release date: 1999-07-13

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1999135
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Two quasi-experiments are used to estimate the impact of parental divorce on the adult incomes and labour market behaviour of adolescents, as well as on their use of social programs, and their marital/fertility behaviour. These involve the use of individuals experiencing the death of a parent, and legislative changes to the Canadian divorce law in 1986. Parental loss by death is assumed to be exogenous; the experiences of children with a bereaved background offering a benchmark to assess the endogeneity of parental loss through divorce. Differences between individuals with divorced parents and those from intact and bereaved families significantly overstate the impact of divorce across a broad range of outcomes. When background characteristics are controlled for-most notably the income and labour market activity of parents in the years leading up to the divorce-parental divorce seems to influence the marital and fertility decisions of children, but not their labour market outcomes. Adolescents whose parents divorced tend to put off marriage, and once married suffer a greater likelihood of marital instability, but their earnings and incomes are not on average much different from others.

    Release date: 1999-06-09

  • 953. Widows living alone Archived
    Articles and reports: 11-008-X19990014573
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article examines some of the characteristics that appear to predispose widowed women to live on their own, with particular emphasis on the extent of their contact with family and friends.

    Release date: 1999-06-08

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19990014575
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article looks at three-generation households.

    Release date: 1999-06-08

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19990014578
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article looks at which women have the greatest chance of bearing a third child.

    Release date: 1999-06-08

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1999132
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Child poverty is high on the government's agenda. In order to reduce the rate of low-income among children, one has to either reduce the number of children flowing into low-income, or increase the number flowing out. But what is behind such movement? Most analysts would immediately think of job loss among the parents, but obviously divorce and remarriage can also play a role. In order to favourably alter the flows, one has to have some understanding of what is driving them. This paper asks to what extent this movement of children is determined by (1) changes in family status of the parents of children, or (2) changes in the parent's labour market conditions (i.e. job loss and gain, changes in hours of work or wages). We find that for an individual child, a divorce or marriage can have a tremendous influence on the likelihood of entering or exiting low-income. At the level of the individual, changes in family composition (when they occur) are more important than changes in jobs held by parents. However, changes in family status are relatively infrequent compared to labour market changes. Parents are much more likely to lose or find jobs, and experience changes in hours worked or wages, than they are to marry or divorce. When this is accounted for we find that, in the aggregate, flows of children into and out of low income are associated roughly equally with family compositional changes and changes in wages and hours worked.

    Release date: 1999-04-21

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X19980044417
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article looks at the growing phenomenon of young adults continuing to live at home with their parents.

    Release date: 1999-03-11

  • Table: 94F0009X1996078
    Description:

    Series Description - The Dimensions Series (1996 Census of Population) provides an in-depth analysis of census data. More than 150 tables represent a variety of special interest subjects linking a number of Census variables. Statistical information is presented on themes of considerable public interest with some tables examining historical trends and other tables detailing significant sub-populations. Data for geographical levels of Canada, Provinces and Territories are most widely represented with some data tables produced at the Census Metropolitan Area level. The Portrait of Official Language Communities in Canada and the Portrait of Aboriginal Population of Canada contain some information at the community level.

    The data tables are grouped by common theme and are available on 7 different CD-ROMs:

    94F0004XCB96000 - Ethnocultural and Social Characteristics of the Canadian Population94F0005XCB96000 - Canadian Income and Earnings for 1990 and 199594F0006XCB96000 - Labour Force and Unpaid Work of Canadians94F0007XCB96000 - Place of Work of the Canadian Population94F0008XCB96000 - Canadian Demographic Characteristics (including language and mobility)94F0010XCB96000 - Portrait of Official Language Communities in Canada94F0011XCB96000 - Portrait of Aboriginal Population in Canada

    A detailed list of tables is included on each CD-ROM. Some tables show comparisons with data from earlier censuses to provide an historical perspective. It should be noted that the Dimension Series was not produced for the 1991 Census.

    Release date: 1999-02-15

  • Table: 94F0009X1996079
    Description:

    Series Description - The Dimensions Series (1996 Census of Population) provides an in-depth analysis of census data. More than 150 tables represent a variety of special interest subjects linking a number of Census variables. Statistical information is presented on themes of considerable public interest with some tables examining historical trends and other tables detailing significant sub-populations. Data for geographical levels of Canada, Provinces and Territories are most widely represented with some data tables produced at the Census Metropolitan Area level. The Portrait of Official Language Communities in Canada and the Portrait of Aboriginal Population of Canada contain some information at the community level.

    The data tables are grouped by common theme and are available on 7 different CD-ROMs:

    94F0004XCB96000 - Ethnocultural and Social Characteristics of the Canadian Population94F0005XCB96000 - Canadian Income and Earnings for 1990 and 199594F0006XCB96000 - Labour Force and Unpaid Work of Canadians94F0007XCB96000 - Place of Work of the Canadian Population94F0008XCB96000 - Canadian Demographic Characteristics (including language and mobility)94F0010XCB96000 - Portrait of Official Language Communities in Canada94F0011XCB96000 - Portrait of Aboriginal Population in Canada

    A detailed list of tables is included on each CD-ROM. Some tables show comparisons with data from earlier censuses to provide an historical perspective. It should be noted that the Dimension Series was not produced for the 1991 Census.

    Release date: 1999-02-15

  • Table: 94F0009X1996080
    Description:

    Series Description - The Dimensions Series (1996 Census of Population) provides an in-depth analysis of census data. More than 150 tables represent a variety of special interest subjects linking a number of Census variables. Statistical information is presented on themes of considerable public interest with some tables examining historical trends and other tables detailing significant sub-populations. Data for geographical levels of Canada, Provinces and Territories are most widely represented with some data tables produced at the Census Metropolitan Area level. The Portrait of Official Language Communities in Canada and the Portrait of Aboriginal Population of Canada contain some information at the community level.

    The data tables are grouped by common theme and are available on 7 different CD-ROMs:

    94F0004XCB96000 - Ethnocultural and Social Characteristics of the Canadian Population94F0005XCB96000 - Canadian Income and Earnings for 1990 and 199594F0006XCB96000 - Labour Force and Unpaid Work of Canadians94F0007XCB96000 - Place of Work of the Canadian Population94F0008XCB96000 - Canadian Demographic Characteristics (including language and mobility)94F0010XCB96000 - Portrait of Official Language Communities in Canada94F0011XCB96000 - Portrait of Aboriginal Population in Canada

    A detailed list of tables is included on each CD-ROM. Some tables show comparisons with data from earlier censuses to provide an historical perspective. It should be noted that the Dimension Series was not produced for the 1991 Census.

    Release date: 1999-02-15
Data (933)

Data (933) (0 to 10 of 933 results)

  • Table: 17-10-0061-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 051-0055)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Annual estimates of the number of census families on July 1st, Canada, provinces and territories.
    Release date: 2019-11-06

  • Table: 95F0250X1996005
    Description:

    Series Description - The Basic Summary Tabulations Series (1996 Census of Population) provides data based on approximately 75 cross-tabulations of three or four census variables at five very detailed levels of geography. This series shows specific characteristics of the Canadian population considered either as individuals or in terms of their family or household relations, or with a characteristic pertaining to Canadian dwellings. The BSTs provide data based on a 20% sample except for Age, Sex, Marital Status and Common-law Status which are collected from a 100% sample.

    These tables are available on diskette and cover all census variable information such as Demographics; Families (Number, Type and Structure); Structural Type of Dwelling and Household Size; Immigration and Citizenship; Languages (e.g. Mother Tongue); Aboriginal Origins, Ethnic Origin and Visible Minorities (Population Groups); Labour Market Activities and Household Activities (unpaid work); Place of Work and Mode of Transportation; Education; Mobility and Migration; as well as Individual and Family Income.

    For ease in understanding the five levels of geography, the OLC numbers have related the last 3 digits to reflect the different geographies. See the information below.

    **Under Geographic Coverage, we have listed the five geographies with OLC numbers.

    BSTs ending with the following OLC #s represent:

    001 - Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions002 - Census Metropolitan Areas, Tracted Census Agglomerations and Census Tracts003 - Canada, Provinces, Territories, Federal Electoral Districts (1987 Representation Order) and Enumeration Areas004 - Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (1996 Representation Order)005 - Canada, Provinces, Territories and Forward Sortation Areas

    Release date: 2019-08-27

  • Table: 39-10-0048-01
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Every 5 years
    Description:

    Number and proportion of population in core housing need, by economic family structure, sex, age group and selected demographic characteristics, Canada, provinces and territories.

    Release date: 2019-07-19

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2019007
    Description:

    This interactive tool allows users to visualize income data of census families and persons not in census families by type of family and income source for Canada, provinces/territories and census metropolitan area/census agglomeration. It shows the most recent data available from the Annual income estimates for Census families and individuals (T1 Family file). For the national and provincial levels, some data are presented from the year 2000 and onward.

    Release date: 2019-07-11

  • Table: 11-10-0009-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 111-0009)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census agglomeration, Census metropolitan area part, Census agglomeration part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Families of tax filers; Selected income characteristics of census families by family type (final T1 Family File; T1FF).
    Release date: 2019-07-11

  • Table: 11-10-0010-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 111-0010)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census agglomeration, Census metropolitan area part, Census agglomeration part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Individuals; Tax filers and dependants by census family type and age groups (final T1 Family File; T1FF).
    Release date: 2019-07-11

  • Table: 11-10-0011-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 111-0011)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census agglomeration, Census metropolitan area part, Census agglomeration part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Families of tax filers; Census families by age of older partner or parent and number of children (final T1 Family File; T1FF).
    Release date: 2019-07-11

  • Table: 11-10-0012-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 111-0012)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census agglomeration, Census metropolitan area part, Census agglomeration part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Families of tax filers; Distribution of total income by census family type and age of older partner, parent or individual (final T1 Family File; T1FF).
    Release date: 2019-07-11

  • Table: 11-10-0014-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 111-0014)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census agglomeration, Census metropolitan area part, Census agglomeration part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Families of tax filers; Sources of income by census family type (final T1 Family File; T1FF).
    Release date: 2019-07-11

  • Table: 11-10-0017-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 111-0045)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census agglomeration, Census metropolitan area part, Census agglomeration part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Families of tax filers; Census families by family type and family composition including before and after-tax median income of the family (final T1 Family File; T1FF).

    Release date: 2019-07-11
Analysis (224)

Analysis (224) (20 to 30 of 224 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X2018346232
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2018-12-12

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-648-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The documents in this collection are based on data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults, a survey that examines a variety of topics on the well-being of Canadians and measures the effect of changes in certain areas on people's lives. The survey covers several topics, such as jobs, health, adult education and training, income and earnings, as well as the family dynamic. Reports on the survey content, concepts, methodology and data quality are also available.

    Release date: 2018-07-24

  • Journals and periodicals: 11-630-X
    Description:

    In 2018, Statistics Canada will celebrate its 100th anniversary. As we count down to this important milestone, we would like to use our data to highlight some of the sweeping changes that have had a lasting impact on Canadian society and economy.

    Release date: 2018-02-21

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201729814429
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2017-10-25

  • Stats in brief: 98-200-X2016020
    Description:

    This Census in Brief article describes the diverse family characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4, including children living in two-parent families, in lone-parent families, and with grandparents, as well as foster children in private homes. Results are presented for First Nations, Métis and Inuit children.

    Release date: 2017-10-25

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201721414425
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2017-08-02

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2017024
    Description:

    Based on 2016 Census data, the following infographic provides a portrait of Canadian households, including those consisting of couple families and of young adults living with their parents.

    Release date: 2017-08-02

  • Stats in brief: 11-629-X2017006
    Description:

    This video presents an overview of Canadian families in the past and today.

    Release date: 2017-08-02

  • Stats in brief: 98-200-X2016006
    Description:

    This article in the Census in Brief series describes the family situations of children living in a lone-parent family, in a stepfamily or without their biological or adoptive parents. This document also highlights a few differences by the age of the children and by province and territory.

    Release date: 2017-08-02

  • Stats in brief: 98-200-X2016007
    Description:

    This article in the Census in Brief series paints a demographic picture of same-sex couples in Canada in 2016. It includes the number of same-sex couples, the sex distribution, the place of residence (urban or rural), the conjugal status (married or common-law) and the presence of children.

    Release date: 2017-08-02
Reference (25)

Reference (25) (0 to 10 of 25 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 98-509-X
    Description:

    This product presents 2016 Census highlights on core housing need. Tables and a figure feature distributions, rates and multiple dimensions of core housing need from current and previous censuses for various levels of geography. A short explanation of the indicator and references to other resources as well as downloadable materials are also provided.

    Release date: 2017-11-15

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 98-500-X2016002
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topic: Family variables. Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2016 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, talks about changes made to the 2016 Census, data quality and historical comparability, as well as comparison with other data sources. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2017-08-02

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 98-501-X2016004
    Description:

    The Families, households and marital status Release and concepts overview provides an overview of the concepts, definitions and key measures used in the 2016 Census of Population Families, households and marital status release, as well as the products which will be available on release day and later.

    Release date: 2017-06-16

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 99-014-X2011007
    Description:

    This reference guide provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). This guide contains definitions and explanations of concepts, classifications, data quality and comparability to other sources. Additional information is included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the NHS.

    Release date: 2013-09-11

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 99-000-X2011001
    Description:

    The National Household Survey (NHS) Dictionary is a reference document which contains detailed definitions of concepts, universes, variables, and geographic terms used in the NHS. By referring to the NHS Dictionary, both beginner and intermediate data users will gain a better understanding of the data.

    Release date: 2013-05-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 99-000-X
    Description:

    The National Household Survey (NHS) Dictionary is a reference document which contains detailed definitions of concepts, universes, variables, and geographic terms used in the NHS. By referring to the NHS Dictionary, both beginner and intermediate data users will gain a better understanding of the data.

    Release date: 2013-05-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 98-312-X2011005
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topic: Family variables. Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2011 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, talks about changes made to the 2011 Census, data quality and historical comparability, as well as comparison with other data sources. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2012-09-19

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 89-631-X
    Description:

    This report highlights the latest developments and rationale behind recent cycles of the General Social Survey (GSS). Starting with an overview of the GSS mandate and historic cycle topics, we then focus on two recent cycles related to families in Canada: Family Transitions (2006) and Family, Social Support and Retirement (2007). Finally, we give a summary of what is to come in the 2008 GSS on Social Networks, and describe a special project to mark 'Twenty Years of GSS'.

    The survey collects data over a twelve month period from the population living in private households in the 10 provinces. For all cycles except Cycles 16 and 21, the population aged 15 and older has been sampled. Cycles 16 and 21 sampled persons aged 45 and older.

    Cycle 20 (GSS 2006) is the fourth cycle of the GSS to collect data on families (the first three cycles on the family were in 1990, 1995 and 2001). Cycle 20 covers much the same content as previous cycles on families with some sections revised and expanded. The data enable analysts to measure conjugal and fertility history (chronology of marriages, common-law unions, and children), family origins, children's home leaving, fertility intentions, child custody as well as work history and other socioeconomic characteristics. Questions on financial support agreements or arrangements (for children and the ex-spouse or ex-partner) for separated and divorced families have been modified. Also, sections on social networks, well-being and housing characteristics have been added.

    Release date: 2008-05-27

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-554-G2006003
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following variable: Housing and dwelling characteristics.

    Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, data quality and historical comparability. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-05-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-554-G
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following demographic variable: Housing and dwelling characteristics.

    Release date: 2008-05-01

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