Labour productivity

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  • Table: 15-003-X
    Description:

    The Canadian Productivity Accounts: Data is an electronic publication that contains a series of tables on productivity growth and related variables for the business sector and its 51 major sub-sectors based on the North American Industry Classification System. These tables allow users to have a broader perspective on Canadian economic performance. They complement the information available on CANSIM which offers more detail, particularly at the industry level.

    Canadian Productivity Accounts (CPA) are responsible for producing, analyzing and disseminating Statistics Canada's official data on productivity and for producing and integrating data on employment, hours worked and capital services consistent with the Canadian System of National Accounts. To this end, the CPA comprise three programs. The quarterly program provides current estimates on labour productivity and labour costs at the aggregate level for 15 industry groups. The annual national program provides yearly estimates on labour productivity, multifactor productivity and several indicators of sources of growth and competitiveness as they apply to the major sectors of the economy and to the industry level. Lastly, the annual provincial program, as an integral part of the Provincial Economic Accounts, provides estimates on employment, hours worked, labour productivity and labour costs at the industry level for each province and territory.

    The Canadian Productivity Accounts: Data covers four series of statistical tables:

    Table 1: Output, labour compensation, capital cost and cost of intermediate inputs in current dollars

    Table 2: Productivity and related measures

    Table 3: Productivity and related measures for the business sector, Canada and United States

    Table 4: Productivity and related measures for the manufacturing sector, Canada and United States

    Productivity measures the efficiency with which inputs (labour and capital in particular) are utilized in production. Productivity measures can be applied to a single input, such as labour productivity (output per hour worked), as well as to multifactor productivity (output per unit of combined labour and capital inputs). Statistics Canada produces these two main measures of productivity, but other productivity ratios can also be measured (e.g., output per unit of capital services).

    Release date: 2007-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007010
    Description:

    This paper examines the impact of the revisions to labour productivity estimates and related variables covering the revision cycle of the National Accounts from 2003 to 2006 for Canada and from 2004 to 2006 for the United States.

    Release date: 2007-11-27

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 15-206-X2007012
    Description:

    This paper examines the various products associated with the quarterly labour productivity program. It outlines the nature of the volatility in the very short-run estimates and examines properties of the revisions made to the estimates of Canadian labour productivity and its components (gross domestic product and hours worked) since the inception of the program in 2001.

    Release date: 2007-10-18

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007011
    Description:

    This study examines Canadian productivity performance over the period 1961 to 2005. It investigates labour productivity growth and the sources of improvements therein-multifactor productivity growth, capital intensity, and skill upgrading. It also examines the contribution that productivity growth has made to economic growth, and to improvement on living standards. Finally, this study investigates the share of income going to labour, and the real hourly compensation of workers. This publication makes use of the new KLEMS database released on June 25, 2007 (http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/13-605-x/13-605-x2007005-eng.htm).

    Release date: 2007-09-13

  • Articles and reports: 11-624-M2007016
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study examines differences in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita between Canada and the United States from 1994 to 2005. The gap in GDP per capita between the two countries has narrowed slightly over this period. The study decomposed the gap into two components: one due to labour productivity and one due to labour market conditions, and shows that the relative importance of the two changed considerably after 2000. The output gap has narrowed slightly since 2000, primarily because Canada's labour market experienced a faster rate of job growth relative to its population than did the United States.

    Release date: 2007-08-31

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007013
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper compares long-run growth in labour productivity in Canada and the United States from 1961 to 2006. Over the entire period labour productivity in both countries grew at about the same rate. But Canadian growth exceeded that of the United States up to the early 1980s. Since then, U.S. labour productivity growth has exceeded Canadian growth. The gap has widened, particularly after 2000. The paper also decomposes labour productivity growth into three components' that arising from increases in capital intensity, from increases in the skill level of the labour force (due to changes in labour composition) and a residual (multifactor productivity growth). The first two components (both arising from investment, one in machinery and structures, the other in training) were more important in Canada. The third (the residual often referred to as technological progress) was larger in the United States.

    Release date: 2007-08-28

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007008
    Description:

    This study is the third in a series related to the project launched in fall 2003 by the Canadian Productivity Accounts of Statistics Canada in order to compare productivity levels between Canada and the United States. The study's purpose is to examine the comparability of the components of the labour market of these two countries that serve as the sources of the differences in the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita between them. This study can be subdivided into three sections. The first section develops and illustrates the conceptual and methodological framework required to make Canada/United States estimates of labour and population comparable in terms of level. The second section presents revisions and an update to 2005 of the GDP per capita differences and its components, which were presented for the first time in the study by Baldwin, Maynard and Wong (2005), which covered the period from 1994 to 2002, at the time.

    Lastly, using the year 2000 as an example, this study tries to quantify the "statistical error" that arises from using inadequate statistics or statistics not designed for this type of international comparison. This exercise reveals that the comparability of data on hours worked per job is especially crucial to identifying the origin of the differences in GDP per capita between labour productivity and hours worked per capita. The worst error involves comparing hours worked estimated from an employer survey with those obtained from a household survey. This type of comparison between Canada and the United States results in assigning an estimated 72% of the difference in GDP per capita to labour productivity when, in reality, it counted for barely 36% in 2000.

    Release date: 2007-03-26

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X20070039602
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The productivity slowdown during 2006 largely originated in the mining and manufacturing industries. The drop in mining was part of a long-term trend, while for manufacturing it was mostly cyclical. Many sectors struggled with labour quality as a result of shortages, especially in western Canada.

    Release date: 2007-03-15

  • Table: 36-10-0303-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0003)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table contains 2886 series, with data for years 1961 - 2001 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and was last released on 2007-03-06. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 items: Canada ...), Labour productivity measures and related measures (13 items: Real value added; Hours worked for all jobs; Total number of jobs; Annual average number of hours worked for all jobs ...), Industries, by aggregation (222 items: Total economy; special aggregation; Business sector - goods; special aggregation; Business sector - services; special aggregation; Business sector; special aggregation

    Release date: 2007-03-06

  • Table: 36-10-0304-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0004)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: This table contains 138 series, with data for years 1961 - 2001 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and was last released on 2007-03-06. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 items: Canada ...), Employment measures (2 items: Number of employee jobs; Hours worked for employee jobs ...), Non-business sector industries, by aggregation (69 items: Non-commercial sector industries; special aggregate; Non-commercial sector - goods; special aggregate; Non-commercial sector - services; special aggregate; Agricultural and related service industries; S-level aggregation ...).
    Release date: 2007-03-06
Data (20)

Data (20) (0 to 10 of 20 results)

  • Table: 36-10-0206-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0008)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Quarterly
    Description:

    Quarterly labour productivity and related measures, for the aggregate business sector, indexes.

    Release date: 2019-12-04

  • Table: 36-10-0207-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0012)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Quarterly
    Description:

    Quarterly labour productivity and related measures, by major industrial sectors for the business sector (15 two-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) industries) and two sectors (goods-producing businesses and service-producing businesses), as well as for the total economy and the non-business sector, indexes.

    Release date: 2019-12-04

  • Table: 36-10-0480-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0033)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Labour productivity and related measures by business sector industry and by non-commercial activity consistent with the industry accounts, provinces and territories, annual.

    Release date: 2019-07-24

  • Table: 36-10-0489-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0031)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annual.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-02
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-03
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-04
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-05
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-06
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0306-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0009)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: This table contains 11685 series, with data for years 1997 - 2011 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and was last released on 2013-05-15. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (15 items: Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island ...), Sector (3 items: Total economy; Non-business sector; Business sector ...), Labour productivity measures and related measures (15 items: Total number of jobs; Number of employee jobs; Number of self-employed jobs; Hours worked for all jobs ...), North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (19 items: All industries; Agriculture; forestry; fishing and hunting ...).
    Release date: 2017-04-18
Analysis (50)

Analysis (50) (40 to 50 of 50 results)

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X20030086616
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper examines the influence of the expansion of the unincorporated self-employed on growth in labour productivity in the business sector and compares Canadian and U.S. experiences over the 1987 to 1998 reference period.

    Release date: 2003-08-28

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2003016
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper examines the influence of the dramatic expansion of self-employment on the Canadian business sector's growth in labour productivity. It compares Canadian and American experiences in this area from 1987 to 1998.

    Release date: 2003-08-28

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003193
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper outlines the size of the turnover in plants that have entered and exited the Canadian manufacturing sector during the three periods: 1973-1979, 1979-1988 and 1988-1997. It also examines the contribution of plant turnover to labour productivity growth in the manufacturing sector over the three periods. Plant turnover makes a significant contribution to productivity growth as more productive entrants replace exiting plants that are less productive. A disproportionately large fraction of the contribution of plant turnover to productivity growth is due to multi-plant or foreign-controlled firms closing down and opening up new plants. The plants opened up by multi-plant or foreign-controlled firms are typically much more productive than those opened by single-plant or domestic-controlled.

    Release date: 2003-04-02

  • Articles and reports: 11-522-X20010016271
    Description:

    This paper discusses in detail issues dealing with the technical aspects of designing and conducting surveys. It is intended for an audience of survey methodologists.

    This paper proposes a method for short-term estimation of labour input indicators using administrative data from the Social Security Database (SSD). The rationale for developing this methodology originated from the need for national statistical offices to meet the standard quality criteria in the Regulation no. 1165/98 of the European Community concerning short-term business statistics. Information requested in the Regulation involves such a detailed disaggregation that it would be impossible to meet all the requirements through direct data collection. Administrative data, because of their timeliness and detailed coverage, represent a valuable source for obtaining estimates of business population aggregates that meet such quality requirements.

    Release date: 2002-09-12

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2001180
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This study examines provincial differences in productivity (GDP per job) using decomposition and regression analysis. In the first stage of the study, the relative size of productivity differences across provinces is examined. Then, these differences are decomposed into two components - the first is the portion of the difference that arises from industry-mix, and the second is due to "real" productivity differences at the industry level. The paper also examines the contributions of the "new" and "old" economy sectors to differences in provincial productivity. Finally, regression analysis is performed in order to determine the statistical significance of interprovincial productivity differences. The paper finds that British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario and Quebec do not differ significantly from another in terms of GDP per job after differences in industry mix are considered. Manitoba and the Atlantic Provinces lag behind the others. Most of the difference in the latter two cases stems from "real" differences at the industry level rather than from the effect of differences in industry mix. The Natural Resources sector plays an important role in bolstering the performance of Alberta and Saskatchewan.

    Release date: 2001-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 15-204-X19990005492
    Description:

    This chapter explores whether the Canadian economy is restructuring toward higher productivity industries, and whether, at the industry level, productivity growth is passed on to consumers in the form of lower prices or to workers in the form of higher wages.

    Release date: 2001-02-14

  • Articles and reports: 15-204-X19990005495
    Description:

    This chapter examines productivity growth in manufacturing by size of establishment and by whether it is Canadian- or foreign-owned.

    Release date: 2001-02-14

  • Articles and reports: 15-204-X19990005497
    Description:

    This chapter investigates changes in the way labour productivity moves over the course of the business cycle, and how short-run changes in labour productivity play out across industries.

    Release date: 2001-02-14

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2000118
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study uses data to study differences in labour productivity gains across domestic and foreign-controlled establishments in the manufacturing sector for the period 1973 to 1993. In doing so, it also examines the extent to which labour productivity differences exist between small and large establishments and across industry sectors and how they have been changing over time.

    The analysis consists of three parts. In the first section, the connection between labour usage and output is examined. This analysis investigates differences in marginal labour propensities for the different subgroups in the short and long-run. Here volatility is seen to be lower for foreign-controlled establishments. The second section examines the difference between the growth in average labour productivity for the same groups. Here foreign-controlled establishments are seen to have the highest growth rates. The third section investigates whether any trend can be found in the rates of growth for large and small, domestic and foreign establishments and finds that these differences have been increasing over time.

    Release date: 2000-03-01

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19970012992
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Jobs have been declining in the clothing industry since the late 1980s while production has grown. This article examines this trend, profiles those employed in the industry since 1981, and discusses factors most likely to affect future employment trends. National, provincial and

    international data are also presented.

    Release date: 1997-03-14
Reference (8)

Reference (8) ((8 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-605-X201200311728
    Description:

    This report highlights the revisions to the quarterly estimates of labour productivity and associated variables in the business sector resulting from the historical revision of the national gross domestic product by income and by expenditure accounts (NIEA) released on October 1st, 2012.

    Release date: 2012-10-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 15-206-X2007012
    Description:

    This paper examines the various products associated with the quarterly labour productivity program. It outlines the nature of the volatility in the very short-run estimates and examines properties of the revisions made to the estimates of Canadian labour productivity and its components (gross domestic product and hours worked) since the inception of the program in 2001.

    Release date: 2007-10-18

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 15-206-X2006004
    Description:

    This paper provides a brief description of the methodology currently used to produce the annual volume of hours worked consistent with the System of National Accounts (SNA). These data are used for labour input in the annual and quarterly measures of labour productivity, as well as in the annual measures of multifactor productivity. For this purpose, hours worked are broken down by educational level and age group, so that changes in the composition of the labour force can be taken into account. They are also used to calculate hourly compensation and the unit labour cost and for simulations of the SNA Input-Output Model; as such, they are integrated as labour force inputs into most SNA satellite accounts (i.e., environment, tourism).

    Release date: 2006-10-27

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 15-206-X2006003
    Description:

    This paper examines the revision cycle for labour productivity estimates over the period 2001 to 2004.

    Release date: 2006-10-11

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 11F0026M2005003
    Description:

    This paper examines the revision cycle for labour productivity estimates over the period 2000-2003.

    Release date: 2005-03-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 1402
    Description: Productivity measures the efficiency with which resources are employed in economic activity. Annual productivities series are widely watched by analysts, government policymakers and researchers to quantify the extent to which productivity contributes to economic growth and the standards of living over the long-run.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5042
    Description: The quarterly program of the Canadian Productivity Accounts (CPA) produces, on a timely basis, data on labour productivity and related variables such as output, employment, hours worked, labour compensation and unit labour cost.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5103
    Description: The annual provincial program of Canadian Productivity Accounts (CPA) produces annual data on jobs, hours worked, labour compensation and a variety of related variables, such as labour productivity and unit labour cost by province and territory.
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