Labour productivity

Key indicators

Changing any selection will automatically update the page content.

Selected geographical area: Canada

Filter results by

Search Help
Currently selected filters that can be removed

Keyword(s)

Geography

2 facets displayed. 0 facets selected.

Content

1 facets displayed. 0 facets selected.
Sort Help
entries

Results

All (78)

All (78) (40 to 50 of 78 results)

  • Table: 15-003-X
    Description:

    The Canadian Productivity Accounts: Data is an electronic publication that contains a series of tables on productivity growth and related variables for the business sector and its 51 major sub-sectors based on the North American Industry Classification System. These tables allow users to have a broader perspective on Canadian economic performance. They complement the information available on CANSIM which offers more detail, particularly at the industry level.

    Canadian Productivity Accounts (CPA) are responsible for producing, analyzing and disseminating Statistics Canada's official data on productivity and for producing and integrating data on employment, hours worked and capital services consistent with the Canadian System of National Accounts. To this end, the CPA comprise three programs. The quarterly program provides current estimates on labour productivity and labour costs at the aggregate level for 15 industry groups. The annual national program provides yearly estimates on labour productivity, multifactor productivity and several indicators of sources of growth and competitiveness as they apply to the major sectors of the economy and to the industry level. Lastly, the annual provincial program, as an integral part of the Provincial Economic Accounts, provides estimates on employment, hours worked, labour productivity and labour costs at the industry level for each province and territory.

    The Canadian Productivity Accounts: Data covers four series of statistical tables:

    Table 1: Output, labour compensation, capital cost and cost of intermediate inputs in current dollars

    Table 2: Productivity and related measures

    Table 3: Productivity and related measures for the business sector, Canada and United States

    Table 4: Productivity and related measures for the manufacturing sector, Canada and United States

    Productivity measures the efficiency with which inputs (labour and capital in particular) are utilized in production. Productivity measures can be applied to a single input, such as labour productivity (output per hour worked), as well as to multifactor productivity (output per unit of combined labour and capital inputs). Statistics Canada produces these two main measures of productivity, but other productivity ratios can also be measured (e.g., output per unit of capital services).

    Release date: 2007-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007010
    Description:

    This paper examines the impact of the revisions to labour productivity estimates and related variables covering the revision cycle of the National Accounts from 2003 to 2006 for Canada and from 2004 to 2006 for the United States.

    Release date: 2007-11-27

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 15-206-X2007012
    Description:

    This paper examines the various products associated with the quarterly labour productivity program. It outlines the nature of the volatility in the very short-run estimates and examines properties of the revisions made to the estimates of Canadian labour productivity and its components (gross domestic product and hours worked) since the inception of the program in 2001.

    Release date: 2007-10-18

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007011
    Description:

    This study examines Canadian productivity performance over the period 1961 to 2005. It investigates labour productivity growth and the sources of improvements therein-multifactor productivity growth, capital intensity, and skill upgrading. It also examines the contribution that productivity growth has made to economic growth, and to improvement on living standards. Finally, this study investigates the share of income going to labour, and the real hourly compensation of workers. This publication makes use of the new KLEMS database released on June 25, 2007 (http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/13-605-x/13-605-x2007005-eng.htm).

    Release date: 2007-09-13

  • Articles and reports: 11-624-M2007016
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study examines differences in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita between Canada and the United States from 1994 to 2005. The gap in GDP per capita between the two countries has narrowed slightly over this period. The study decomposed the gap into two components: one due to labour productivity and one due to labour market conditions, and shows that the relative importance of the two changed considerably after 2000. The output gap has narrowed slightly since 2000, primarily because Canada's labour market experienced a faster rate of job growth relative to its population than did the United States.

    Release date: 2007-08-31

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007013
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper compares long-run growth in labour productivity in Canada and the United States from 1961 to 2006. Over the entire period labour productivity in both countries grew at about the same rate. But Canadian growth exceeded that of the United States up to the early 1980s. Since then, U.S. labour productivity growth has exceeded Canadian growth. The gap has widened, particularly after 2000. The paper also decomposes labour productivity growth into three components' that arising from increases in capital intensity, from increases in the skill level of the labour force (due to changes in labour composition) and a residual (multifactor productivity growth). The first two components (both arising from investment, one in machinery and structures, the other in training) were more important in Canada. The third (the residual often referred to as technological progress) was larger in the United States.

    Release date: 2007-08-28

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007008
    Description:

    This study is the third in a series related to the project launched in fall 2003 by the Canadian Productivity Accounts of Statistics Canada in order to compare productivity levels between Canada and the United States. The study's purpose is to examine the comparability of the components of the labour market of these two countries that serve as the sources of the differences in the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita between them. This study can be subdivided into three sections. The first section develops and illustrates the conceptual and methodological framework required to make Canada/United States estimates of labour and population comparable in terms of level. The second section presents revisions and an update to 2005 of the GDP per capita differences and its components, which were presented for the first time in the study by Baldwin, Maynard and Wong (2005), which covered the period from 1994 to 2002, at the time.

    Lastly, using the year 2000 as an example, this study tries to quantify the "statistical error" that arises from using inadequate statistics or statistics not designed for this type of international comparison. This exercise reveals that the comparability of data on hours worked per job is especially crucial to identifying the origin of the differences in GDP per capita between labour productivity and hours worked per capita. The worst error involves comparing hours worked estimated from an employer survey with those obtained from a household survey. This type of comparison between Canada and the United States results in assigning an estimated 72% of the difference in GDP per capita to labour productivity when, in reality, it counted for barely 36% in 2000.

    Release date: 2007-03-26

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X20070039602
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The productivity slowdown during 2006 largely originated in the mining and manufacturing industries. The drop in mining was part of a long-term trend, while for manufacturing it was mostly cyclical. Many sectors struggled with labour quality as a result of shortages, especially in western Canada.

    Release date: 2007-03-15

  • Table: 36-10-0303-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0003)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table contains 2886 series, with data for years 1961 - 2001 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and was last released on 2007-03-06. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 items: Canada ...), Labour productivity measures and related measures (13 items: Real value added; Hours worked for all jobs; Total number of jobs; Annual average number of hours worked for all jobs ...), Industries, by aggregation (222 items: Total economy; special aggregation; Business sector - goods; special aggregation; Business sector - services; special aggregation; Business sector; special aggregation

    Release date: 2007-03-06

  • Table: 36-10-0304-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0004)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: This table contains 138 series, with data for years 1961 - 2001 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and was last released on 2007-03-06. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 items: Canada ...), Employment measures (2 items: Number of employee jobs; Hours worked for employee jobs ...), Non-business sector industries, by aggregation (69 items: Non-commercial sector industries; special aggregate; Non-commercial sector - goods; special aggregate; Non-commercial sector - services; special aggregate; Agricultural and related service industries; S-level aggregation ...).
    Release date: 2007-03-06
Data (20)

Data (20) (0 to 10 of 20 results)

  • Table: 36-10-0206-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0008)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Quarterly
    Description:

    Quarterly labour productivity and related measures, for the aggregate business sector, indexes.

    Release date: 2019-12-04

  • Table: 36-10-0207-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0012)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Quarterly
    Description:

    Quarterly labour productivity and related measures, by major industrial sectors for the business sector (15 two-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) industries) and two sectors (goods-producing businesses and service-producing businesses), as well as for the total economy and the non-business sector, indexes.

    Release date: 2019-12-04

  • Table: 36-10-0480-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0033)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Labour productivity and related measures by business sector industry and by non-commercial activity consistent with the industry accounts, provinces and territories, annual.

    Release date: 2019-07-24

  • Table: 36-10-0489-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0031)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annual.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-02
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-03
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-04
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-05
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0489-06
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table presents data for the current year and previous 4 years on labour statistics by job category, for Canada, the provinces and territories, annually, by total number of jobs.

    Release date: 2019-05-22

  • Table: 36-10-0306-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 383-0009)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: This table contains 11685 series, with data for years 1997 - 2011 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and was last released on 2013-05-15. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (15 items: Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island ...), Sector (3 items: Total economy; Non-business sector; Business sector ...), Labour productivity measures and related measures (15 items: Total number of jobs; Number of employee jobs; Number of self-employed jobs; Hours worked for all jobs ...), North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (19 items: All industries; Agriculture; forestry; fishing and hunting ...).
    Release date: 2017-04-18
Analysis (50)

Analysis (50) (30 to 40 of 50 results)

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2007007
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    Productivity statistics garner much attention because they are key indicators of economic progress. This paper reports on the average growth in provincial labour productivity from 1997 to 2005. It examines how medium-term differences in productivity growth have affected the relative levels of labour productivity in different provinces. The data show that the relative position of most provinces has remained fairly stable over the 1997-to-2005 period when benchmarked against changes in the national average. The notable exception is Newfoundland and Labrador, which experienced much stronger average productivity growth during this period than other provinces. This growth substantially improved its relative labour productivity when evaluated in real terms.

    The paper also examines the effect that a second factor - changes in the prices received for products - has had on nominal productivity differences between provinces. The data show that the resource-rich provinces of Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador have benefited substantially from higher relative prices.

    Release date: 2007-01-15

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2006042
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper investigates the extent to which productivity growth is the result of firm turnover as output is shifted from one firm to another, driven by the competitive process. Turnover occurs as some firms gain market share and others lose it. Some of the resulting turnover is due to entry and exit. Another part arises from growth and decline in incumbent continuing firms. This paper proposes a method for measuring the impact of firm turnover on productivity growth and shows that it is far more important than many previous empirical studies have concluded. It argues that firm turnover associated with competition is the main source of aggregate labour productivity growth in Canadian manufacturing industries.

    Release date: 2006-09-25

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2005001
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study examines Canadian productivity performance over the period 1961-2004. It investigates labour productivity growth and the sources of improvements therein-multifactor productivity growth, capital intensity, and skill upgrading. It also examines the contribution that productivity growth has made to economic growth, and to improvement on living standards. Finally, this study investigates the share of income going to labour, and the real hourly compensation of workers.

    Release date: 2005-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 11-624-M2005011
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This paper compares output per person across Canadian provinces - using nominal or current dollar GDP per capita as the metric over the period 1990 to 2003. Differences in GDP per capita can be attributed to differences in the underlying efficiency of provincial economies. This is measured by labour productivity or GDP per hours worked. Differences also arise from the amount of human resources that are employed, as measured by work intensity or hours worked per capita. This paper examines the extent to which differences in GDP per capita can be attributed to each of these two factors.

    Release date: 2005-02-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2005028
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper examines the level of labour productivity in Canada relative to that of the United States in 1999. In doing so, it addresses two main issues. The first is the comparability of the measures of GDP and labour inputs that the statistical agency in each country produces. Second, it investigates how a price index can be constructed to reconcile estimates of Canadian and U.S. GDP per hour worked that are calculated in Canadian and U.S. dollars respectively. After doing so, and taking into account alternative assumptions about Canada/U.S. prices, the paper provides point estimates of Canada's relative labour productivity of the total economy of around 93% that of the United States. The paper points out that at least a 10 percentage point confidence interval should be applied to these estimates. The size of the range is particularly sensitive to assumptions that are made about import and export prices.

    Release date: 2005-01-20

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X20050017759
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper investigates the size of the output and productivity shortfall between Canada and the US in the late 1990s and finds that the primary reason for the difference in not lower labour productivity but fewer hours worked per capita.

    Release date: 2005-01-13

  • Articles and reports: 11-624-M2005009
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The difference in the output gap (GDP per capita) between Canada and the United States is broken down into two components - differences in productivity (GDP per hour worked) and differences in effort (hours worked per capita) for the period 1994 to 2002. The paper shows that, on average, the majority of the output gap is accounted for by differences in hours worked rather than differences in productivity. Since 1994, the output gap has narrowed slightly, primarily because of an increase in hours worked in Canada relative to the United States.

    Release date: 2005-01-13

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2004021
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper proposes a method for measuring the impact of plant turnover on productivity growth and outlines how this contribution has changed in Canada as a result of substantial trade liberalization in the 1990s.

    Release date: 2004-07-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2003018
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study compares Canada and Australia with respect to living standards; labour productivity and utilization; and underlying sources of labour productivity growth.

    Release date: 2003-12-09

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200310613093
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article describes productivity trends since 1981, the role of different industries and information technology (IT) in the recent acceleration, and the implications for Canada's prosperity.

    Release date: 2003-09-17
Reference (8)

Reference (8) ((8 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-605-X201200311728
    Description:

    This report highlights the revisions to the quarterly estimates of labour productivity and associated variables in the business sector resulting from the historical revision of the national gross domestic product by income and by expenditure accounts (NIEA) released on October 1st, 2012.

    Release date: 2012-10-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 15-206-X2007012
    Description:

    This paper examines the various products associated with the quarterly labour productivity program. It outlines the nature of the volatility in the very short-run estimates and examines properties of the revisions made to the estimates of Canadian labour productivity and its components (gross domestic product and hours worked) since the inception of the program in 2001.

    Release date: 2007-10-18

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 15-206-X2006004
    Description:

    This paper provides a brief description of the methodology currently used to produce the annual volume of hours worked consistent with the System of National Accounts (SNA). These data are used for labour input in the annual and quarterly measures of labour productivity, as well as in the annual measures of multifactor productivity. For this purpose, hours worked are broken down by educational level and age group, so that changes in the composition of the labour force can be taken into account. They are also used to calculate hourly compensation and the unit labour cost and for simulations of the SNA Input-Output Model; as such, they are integrated as labour force inputs into most SNA satellite accounts (i.e., environment, tourism).

    Release date: 2006-10-27

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 15-206-X2006003
    Description:

    This paper examines the revision cycle for labour productivity estimates over the period 2001 to 2004.

    Release date: 2006-10-11

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 11F0026M2005003
    Description:

    This paper examines the revision cycle for labour productivity estimates over the period 2000-2003.

    Release date: 2005-03-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 1402
    Description: Productivity measures the efficiency with which resources are employed in economic activity. Annual productivities series are widely watched by analysts, government policymakers and researchers to quantify the extent to which productivity contributes to economic growth and the standards of living over the long-run.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5042
    Description: The quarterly program of the Canadian Productivity Accounts (CPA) produces, on a timely basis, data on labour productivity and related variables such as output, employment, hours worked, labour compensation and unit labour cost.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5103
    Description: The annual provincial program of Canadian Productivity Accounts (CPA) produces annual data on jobs, hours worked, labour compensation and a variety of related variables, such as labour productivity and unit labour cost by province and territory.
Date modified: