Balance of international payments

Key indicators

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  • Table: 36-10-0057-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 376-0017)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Quarterly
    Description: This table contains 28 series, with data for years 1970 - 2012 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years). This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 items: Canada ...), Type of direct investment (2 items: Canadian direct investment abroad; Foreign direct investment in Canada ...), Direct investment, type of flows and industry (14 items: Net flows; Flows; outflows; Reinvested earnings; outflows; Outflows ...).
    Release date: 2012-10-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-605-X201200211722

    This article has been prepared to help users understand the changes introduced as a result of the historical revision of the international accounts of the Canadian System of National Accounts (CSNA), due to the implementation of the new international standards published in System of National Accounts 2008 and in Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition.

    Release date: 2012-10-01

  • Journals and periodicals: 67-001-X

    This publication presents Canada's transactions with non-residents on a quarterly basis. These transactions are grouped under two main accounts: the current account which includes goods, services, investment income and current transfers; and the capital and financial account which includes information on a country's investing and financing activities. The transactions are further broken down by major geographical region: United States, United Kingdom, other countries of the European Union, Japan, other countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and all other countries. The data are presented quarterly and annually for the six most recent years.

    Each publication includes several pages of data analysis accompanied by graphics, definitions, CANSIM data bank numbers, data quality measures and a list of occasional articles and research papers. The first quarter issue includes revisions to quarterly and annual data for the most recent four years. Statistics are derived from surveys, administrative data and other sources.

    Release date: 2012-09-04

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2012005
    Geography: Canada

    This Economic Insights article reports on long-run changes in the value of Canada's external financial assets and liabilities. It summarizes results from the research paper, Canada's International Investment Position: Recent Trends and Implications for Aggregate Measures of Income and Wealth, and is part of an ongoing research program at Statistics Canada that investigates the international dimensions of the Canadian economy.

    Release date: 2012-02-29

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-605-X201100211471

    This paper presents the background, methodological change and implementation of the revised real import and export adjustments that account for exchange rate fluctuations.

    Release date: 2011-05-30

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X201000911343
    Geography: Canada

    A review of how the unfolding of the global financial crisis was reflected in securities transactions and investment flows into and out of Canada.

    Release date: 2010-09-16

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-604-M2009062

    Statistics Canada produces monthly import and export merchandise trade price indexes. For the majority of these prices, Statistics Canada uses a variety of proxy measures to derive the price index in lieu of collecting observed import and export prices. The ability of these proxy measures to reflect international trade price movements during times of exchange rate volatility is limited. For this reason, the constant dollar trade estimates derived using these proxy price indexes have been refined with constant dollar adjustments following the appreciation of the Canadian exchange rate beginning at the end of 2002. This paper explains the rational and methodology behind these adjustments, as well as the impact on published trade and GDP estimates.

    Release date: 2009-12-04

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2007048
    Geography: Canada

    Evaluations of an economy's economic performance are often made using a measure of real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, which represents the average remuneration (labour income plus capital services) that an economy generates through domestic production.

    Because real GDP is a constant dollar measure of the remuneration to capital and labour in an economy, it does not account for who owns the capital, how much of it is used up through production or how relative price shifts affect the volume of goods and services that can be purchased.

    Modifications can be made to traditional estimates of GDP to account for these factors. This paper examines the performance of the Canadian economy using alternate measures' gross domestic income, gross national income and net national income. The paper also examines the relative performance of the Canadian and U.S. economies using standard GDP measures and these alternate measures.

    The comparison spans the period from 1980 to 2006, but focuses on the 2002-to-2006 period. During these latter years, changes in commodity prices, manufactured goods prices, the exchange rate, international investment income and capital consumption have all contributed importantly to real income growth in Canada.

    As a result, a very different picture of relative performance of the Canadian and U.S. economies emerges when an aggregate income measure is used that accounts for relative price changes, international income flows and capital consumption than when real GDP is used. From 2002 to 2006, U.S. real GDP per capita grew 9.3% while Canadian GDP per capita rose 7.0%, making it appear that the U.S. economy was outperforming the Canadian economy. However, once changes in resource prices and the exchange rate, international investment income and capital consumption are taken into account, real income per capita in the United States increased by 8.6%, which is similar to its GDP per capita growth. However, the Canadian adjusted measure of real income per capita growth rose 15.6%, more than twice the per capita real GDP growth in Canada and nearly double the U.S. rate.

    In contrast, the difference between the two economies was exactly the opposite in the period from 1980 to 2000 when commodity prices were falling, when the exchange rate was not appreciating and when outward flows of income to foreigners were increasing relative to the income paid to Canadians. During this period, when consideration is given to these factors, real income measures in Canada were falling relative to those in the United States.

    Release date: 2007-11-22

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2005021
    Geography: Canada

    This article analyses Canadian direct investment abroad in 'Offshore Financial Centers' between 1990 and 2003. It provides an analysis of the distribution of Canadian direct investment assets in these countries and elsewhere in the world by industry. Lastly, it measures and analyses these countries' contribution to the growth of assets held abroad by Canadian companies during the period.

    Release date: 2005-03-14

  • Articles and reports: 87-003-X20050017825
    Geography: Canada

    This article presents a trend analysis of the tourism trade balance between Canada and the United States using data from the International Travel Survey. Specifically, the article is an attempt to identify the factors or travel characteristics that had the greatest effect on the tourism trade balance since 1991. Pre-1991 data are not considered. The study focuses exclusively on travel between Canada and the United States because the U.S. contributes more than any other country to Canada's international travel receipts and is the country where Canadian travellers spend the most outside Canada.

    Release date: 2005-01-26
Data (40)

Data (40) (0 to 10 of 40 results)

Analysis (37)

Analysis (37) (0 to 10 of 37 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201913420267
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-05-14

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201902319723
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-01-23

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201700154883

    The Broad Economic Categories (BEC) classification provides users with a new perspective on Canada’s imports and exports. A key feature of the BEC classification is an end-use aggregating structure that is consistent with the three basic classes of goods in the System of National Accounts (SNA), namely, capital goods, intermediate goods, consumption goods. This aggregating structure facilitates the analysis of external trade statistics with other economic data such as industry statistics and national economic account aggregates such as gross domestic product. Imports and exports classified by Broad Economic Categories provide insight into the role of imports and exports as inputs into production, as a source of capital and as a source of goods for final consumption. The focus of this paper will be an analysis of Canada’s external trade according to these national account classes of goods.

    Release date: 2018-01-31

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201700154890

    Canada exports over $500 billion worth of merchandise trade annually. This reliance on foreign markets contributes undeniably to Canadian economic activity. However, there are a number of ways of analyzing Canada’s international trade, beyond simply measuring dollar values. One way, that often receives little attention, is to look at the degree of export diversification. Simply put, does an economy have one large customer or multiple customers, or does a country export one product or multiple products?

    Release date: 2018-01-31

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201608413801
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2016-03-24

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201501014292

    This article describes the revisions to the balance of payments data and related statistical products introduced as part of the 2015 Comprehensive Revision of the Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (CSMA). This exercise is conducted to strengthen the overall quality of the international accounts program and to introduce new concepts and classifications as recommended by updated international standards. The revisions are also harmonized with those of the corresponding accounts in the CSMA.

    Release date: 2015-11-30

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201524512661
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2015-09-02

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201516712383
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2015-06-16

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X2014261993
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2014-09-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20122996344
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2012-10-25
Reference (13)

Reference (13) (10 to 20 of 13 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2202
    Description: To provide statistical information on the value of Canada's merchandise exports and imports by commodity and by partner country, on a balance of payments basis.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2203
    Description: To provide trade prices and volume measurement (including constant dollars) for integration to the Canadian Macroeconomic Accounts framework, forecasting, deflation processes and price measurement.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5230
    Description: The Activities of Foreign Majority-Owned Affiliates in Canada describes the characteristics, activity, financial position and performance of Foreign Majority-Owned Canadian Affiliates (FMOCAs) of foreign multinational enterprises. Inward Foreign Affiliate Statistics (FATS) are an extension of statistics on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Canada.
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