Balance of international payments

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  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201501014292
    Description:

    This article describes the revisions to the balance of payments data and related statistical products introduced as part of the 2015 Comprehensive Revision of the Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (CSMA). This exercise is conducted to strengthen the overall quality of the international accounts program and to introduce new concepts and classifications as recommended by updated international standards. The revisions are also harmonized with those of the corresponding accounts in the CSMA.

    Release date: 2015-11-30

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201524512661
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2015-09-02

  • Table: 36-10-0194-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 380-0559)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Historical: Current transactions with non-residents, reconciliation with the Canadian Balance of International Payments, based on the 1968 System of National Accounts international standards, 1926 to 1986.
    Release date: 2015-06-30

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201516712383
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2015-06-16

  • Notices and consultations: 13-605-X201400414107
    Description:

    Beginning in November 2014, International Trade in goods data will be provided on a Balance of Payments (BOP) basis for additional country detail. In publishing this data, BOP-based exports to and imports from 27 countries, referred to as Canada’s Principal Trading Partners (PTPs), will be highlighted for the first time. BOP-based trade in goods data will be available for countries such as China and Mexico, Brazil and India, South Korea, and our largest European Union trading partners, in response to substantial demand for information on these countries in recent years. Until now, Canada’s geographical trading patterns have been examined almost exclusively through analysis of Customs-based trade data. Moreover, BOP trade in goods data for these countries will be available alongside the now quarterly Trade in Services data as well as annual Foreign Direct Investment data for many of these Principal Trading Partners, facilitating country-level international trade and investment analysis using fully comparable data. The objective of this article is to introduce these new measures. This note will first walk users through the key BOP concepts, most importantly the concept of change in ownership. This will serve to familiarize analysts with the Balance of Payments framework for analyzing country-level data, in contrast to Customs-based trade data. Second, some preliminary analysis will be reviewed to illustrate the concepts, with provisional estimates for BOP-based trade with China serving as the principal example. Lastly, we will outline the expansion of quarterly trade in services to generate new estimates of trade for the PTPs and discuss future work in trade statistics.

    Release date: 2014-11-04

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-605-X201400214100
    Description:

    Canadian international merchandise trade data are released monthly and may be revised in subsequent releases as new information becomes available. These data are released approximately 35 days following the close of the reference period and represent one of the timeliest economic indicators produced by Statistics Canada. Given their timeliness, some of the data are not received in time and need to be estimated or modelled. This is the case for imports and exports of crude petroleum and natural gas. More specifically, at the time of release, energy trade data are based on an incomplete set of information and are revised as Statistics Canada and National Energy Board information becomes available in the subsequent months. Due to the increasing importance of energy imports and exports and the timeliness of the data, the revisions to energy prices and volumes are having an increasingly significant impact on the monthly revision to Canada’s trade balance. This note explains how the estimates in the initial release are made when data sources are not yet available, and how the original data are adjusted in subsequent releases.

    Release date: 2014-10-03

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X2014261993
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2014-09-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20122996344
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2012-10-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2012018
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article in the Economic Insights series highlights the new set of estimates for Canadian direct investment abroad and Foreign direct investment in Canada that present Canada's international investment position on a market value basis. It is one of a series of Economic Insights articles designed to emphasize key aspects of the new national accounts data and their utility for analyses of the Canadian economy. Several of these articles highlight changes to the organization of the national accounts data or draw attention to improvements in measurement.

    Release date: 2012-10-25

  • Table: 36-10-0043-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 376-0001)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Annual data on the balance of payments, current account by category, by country or region.

    Release date: 2012-10-01
Data (40)

Data (40) (0 to 10 of 40 results)

Analysis (39)

Analysis (39) (30 to 40 of 39 results)

  • Articles and reports: 67F0001M1999018
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper provides a reconciliation of the current account of the balance of payments for Canada and the United States to reflect how the estimates would appear if both countries used common definitions, methodologies and data sources.

    Release date: 1999-04-20

  • Articles and reports: 67-001-X19980034330
    Description:

    This article presents the results of the reconciliation of the bilateral current account estimates of Canada and the United States for 1996 and 1997.

    Release date: 1999-01-15

  • Articles and reports: 67F0001M1997017
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper summarizes major changes implemented in the balance of payments and international investment position.

    Release date: 1997-09-23

  • Articles and reports: 67F0001M1997002
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The document focusses on foreign holdings of Canadian bonds. It identifies the broad geographical foreign areas where the bonds are held, the Canadian sectors that issued foreign-held bonds, the currency of payment of these bonds, their term to maturity, and the interest expenses on them.

    Release date: 1997-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 67F0001M1997004
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The study provides an overall assessment of Canada's balance of payments statistics with a special focus on the statistical discrepancy over the 1970 to 1991 period.

    Release date: 1997-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 67F0001M1997005
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper explores the accounting relationship between the public debt and the foreign debt of the country as a whole. Public debt refers here to the debt of all three levels of government: federal, provincial and municipal.

    Release date: 1997-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 67F0001M1997010
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report examines the data model for balance of payments accounting.

    Release date: 1997-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 67F0001M1997011
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper provides a reconciliation of the current account of the balance of payments for Canada and the United States to reflect how the estimates would appear if both countries used common definitions, methodologies and data sources.

    Release date: 1997-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 67F0001M1997013
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper looks at Statistics Canada's implementation of new definitions for services trade as a key step to producing data that are more internationally comparable.

    Release date: 1997-05-13
Reference (14)

Reference (14) (0 to 10 of 14 results)

  • Notices and consultations: 13-605-X201900100007
    Description:

    This article describes the upcoming revisions (November 2019) in the Canadian Macroeconomic Accounts resulting from the inclusion of illegal cannabis production, consumption and distribution as well as statistical revisions of the international travel services. The paper highlights the impact of these revisions on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the balance of international payments (BOP).

    Release date: 2019-05-30

  • Notices and consultations: 13-605-X201400414107
    Description:

    Beginning in November 2014, International Trade in goods data will be provided on a Balance of Payments (BOP) basis for additional country detail. In publishing this data, BOP-based exports to and imports from 27 countries, referred to as Canada’s Principal Trading Partners (PTPs), will be highlighted for the first time. BOP-based trade in goods data will be available for countries such as China and Mexico, Brazil and India, South Korea, and our largest European Union trading partners, in response to substantial demand for information on these countries in recent years. Until now, Canada’s geographical trading patterns have been examined almost exclusively through analysis of Customs-based trade data. Moreover, BOP trade in goods data for these countries will be available alongside the now quarterly Trade in Services data as well as annual Foreign Direct Investment data for many of these Principal Trading Partners, facilitating country-level international trade and investment analysis using fully comparable data. The objective of this article is to introduce these new measures. This note will first walk users through the key BOP concepts, most importantly the concept of change in ownership. This will serve to familiarize analysts with the Balance of Payments framework for analyzing country-level data, in contrast to Customs-based trade data. Second, some preliminary analysis will be reviewed to illustrate the concepts, with provisional estimates for BOP-based trade with China serving as the principal example. Lastly, we will outline the expansion of quarterly trade in services to generate new estimates of trade for the PTPs and discuss future work in trade statistics.

    Release date: 2014-11-04

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-605-X201400214100
    Description:

    Canadian international merchandise trade data are released monthly and may be revised in subsequent releases as new information becomes available. These data are released approximately 35 days following the close of the reference period and represent one of the timeliest economic indicators produced by Statistics Canada. Given their timeliness, some of the data are not received in time and need to be estimated or modelled. This is the case for imports and exports of crude petroleum and natural gas. More specifically, at the time of release, energy trade data are based on an incomplete set of information and are revised as Statistics Canada and National Energy Board information becomes available in the subsequent months. Due to the increasing importance of energy imports and exports and the timeliness of the data, the revisions to energy prices and volumes are having an increasingly significant impact on the monthly revision to Canada’s trade balance. This note explains how the estimates in the initial release are made when data sources are not yet available, and how the original data are adjusted in subsequent releases.

    Release date: 2014-10-03

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-605-X201200211722
    Description:

    This article has been prepared to help users understand the changes introduced as a result of the historical revision of the international accounts of the Canadian System of National Accounts (CSNA), due to the implementation of the new international standards published in System of National Accounts 2008 and in Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition.

    Release date: 2012-10-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-605-X201100211471
    Description:

    This paper presents the background, methodological change and implementation of the revised real import and export adjustments that account for exchange rate fluctuations.

    Release date: 2011-05-30

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 13-604-M2009062
    Description:

    Statistics Canada produces monthly import and export merchandise trade price indexes. For the majority of these prices, Statistics Canada uses a variety of proxy measures to derive the price index in lieu of collecting observed import and export prices. The ability of these proxy measures to reflect international trade price movements during times of exchange rate volatility is limited. For this reason, the constant dollar trade estimates derived using these proxy price indexes have been refined with constant dollar adjustments following the appreciation of the Canadian exchange rate beginning at the end of 2002. This paper explains the rational and methodology behind these adjustments, as well as the impact on published trade and GDP estimates.

    Release date: 2009-12-04

  • Notices and consultations: 13-605-X20040028505
    Description:

    Key financial instruments in the International Investment Position are now measured at market value.

    Release date: 2004-06-16

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 1530
    Description: This statistical program is amalgamated in record number 1537. The data reported in the Balance of Payments and Financial Flows surveys are used to produce statistics on Canada's balance of international payments and investment position.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 1534
    Description: The balance of international payments covers all economic transactions between Canadian residents and non-residents in three accounts: the current account, the capital account and the financial account.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 1539
    Description: This survey measures the sales of goods and services, employment levels, and the assets and liabilities of Canadian majority-owned foreign affiliates abroad.
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