Crime and justice

Key indicators

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All (803)

All (803) (50 to 60 of 803 results)

  • Table: 35-10-0069-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0002)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number of homicide victims, by method used to commit the homicide (total methods used; shooting; stabbing; beating; strangulation; fire (burns or suffocation); other methods used; methods used unknown), Canada, 1974 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0071-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0004)
    Geography: Canada, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and rate (per 100,000 population) of homicide victims, Canada and Census Metropolitan Areas, 1981 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0072-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0005)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and percentage of homicide victims, by type of firearm used to commit the homicide (total firearms; handgun; rifle or shotgun; fully automatic firearm; sawed-off rifle or shotgun; firearm-like weapons; other firearms, type unknown), Canada, 1974 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0073-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0006)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number of victims of solved homicides, by type of accused-victim relationship, Canada, 1974 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0074-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0007)
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number of victims of spousal homicide, Canada and regions, 1997 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0075-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0008)
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Victims of gang-related homicides (total number of homicide victims; number of homicide victims - unknown gang-relation; number of homicide victims - known gang relation; number of gang-related homicide victims; percentage of gang-related homicide victims; rate (per 100,000 population) of gang-related homicide victims), Canada and regions, 1999 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0119-01
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and rate (per 100,000 population) of victims of solved homicides, by sex (both sexes; male; female; sex unknown), Aboriginal identity (total, homicide victims by Aboriginal identity; Aboriginal identity; non-Aboriginal identity; unknown Aboriginal identity) and type of accused-victim relationship, Canada, 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0156-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0009)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number, percentage and rate (per 100,000 population) of homicide victims, by sex (both sexes; male; female; sex unknown) and Aboriginal identity (total; Aboriginal identity; non-Aboriginal identity; unknown aboriginal identity), Canada, provinces and territories, 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0157-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0010)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number, percentage and rate (per 100,000 population) of persons accused of homicide, by sex (both sexes; male; female; sex unknown) and Aboriginal identity (total; Aboriginal identity; non-Aboriginal identity; unknown aboriginal identity), Canada, provinces and territories, 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0177-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0051)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Incident-based crime statistics (actual incidents, rate per 100,000 population, percentage change in rate, unfounded incidents, percent unfounded, total cleared, cleared by charge, cleared otherwise, persons charged, adults charged, youth charged / not charged), by detailed violations (violent, property, traffic, drugs, other Federal Statutes), Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22
Data (215)

Data (215) (0 to 10 of 215 results)

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2019018
    Description:

    This interactive data visualization dashboard provides an overview of correctional services programs in Canada. The dashboard features statistics on average daily counts, community and custodial admissions and the characteristics of adults and youth in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity). A map is available for users to view data by province, territory or federal programs.

    Release date: 2019-11-19

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2019020
    Description:

    This interactive data visualization dashboard provides an overview of the courts program in Canada. The dashboard features statistics on charges and cases in youth courts and adult criminal courts, civil court cases, maintenance enforcement case enrollments, as well as compliance with support payments.

    Release date: 2019-11-19

  • Table: 35-10-0027-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0053)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult criminal courts, charges and cases by offence, age and sex of accused and type of decision, Canada, provinces, territories, ten jurisdictions and eight jurisdictions, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-10-30

  • Table: 35-10-0028-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0054)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult criminal courts, type of case by offence, age and sex of accused and length of elapsed time, Canada, provinces, territories, ten jurisdictions and eight jurisdictions, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-10-30

  • Table: 35-10-0029-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0055)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult criminal courts, type of case by offence, age and sex of accused and median elapsed time in days, Canada, provinces, territories, ten jurisdictions and eight jurisdictions, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-10-30

  • Table: 35-10-0030-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0056)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult criminal courts, type of guilty finding by offence, age and sex of accused and type of sentence, Canada, provinces, territories, ten jurisdictions and eight jurisdictions, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-10-30

  • Table: 35-10-0031-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0057)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult criminal courts, type of guilty finding by offence, age and sex of accused and most serious sentence, Canada, provinces, territories, ten jurisdictions and eight jurisdictions, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-10-30

  • Table: 35-10-0032-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0058)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult criminal courts, type of guilty finding by offence, age and sex of accused and length of custody, Canada, provinces, territories, ten jurisdictions and eight jurisdictions, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-10-30

  • Table: 35-10-0033-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0059)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult criminal courts, type of guilty finding by offence and mean and median length of custody, Canada, provinces, territories, ten jurisdictions and eight jurisdictions, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-10-30

  • Table: 35-10-0034-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0060)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult criminal courts, type of guilty finding by offence, age and sex of accused and length of probation, Canada, provinces, territories, ten jurisdictions and eight jurisdictions, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-10-30
Analysis (544)

Analysis (544) (80 to 90 of 544 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2017031
    Description:

    In 2016, the volume and severity of crime in Canada, measured by the Crime Severity Index (CSI), increased 1%. Key statistics about crime in Canada are presented in this infographic, entitled Police-reported crime in Canada, 2016. Findings on changes to the CSI at the national, provincial, territorial and Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) levels are presented. Also included are the categories of crime which were reported in 2016.

    Release date: 2017-11-09

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201729916863
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2017-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154870
    Description:

    While conviction rates and severity of sentencing outcomes are often used as measures of criminal justice, neither take into account the potentially large volume of cases that never made it to court. For the first time, this Juristat measures the 'fall-out' of sexual assault cases in the Canadian criminal justice system in order to provide vital context for how sexual assaults are handled in the justice system. Using linked data from police services and criminal courts, this study presents new findings on the attrition rate of sexual assaults as well as court outcomes for those that make it to court. Attrition and conviction outcomes are also analyzed by characteristics of the sexual assault incident (e.g., location, weapon use, delay in reporting to police), the accused, the victim (e.g., age, sex, physical injury), and the relationship between them in order to provide more detail on how certain factors may be related to a higher likelihood of dropping out of the justice system. Findings are compared with physical assault outcomes where appropriate in order to provide an analytical reference point.

    Release date: 2017-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154866
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents a statistical profile of sexual assaults reported by police in Canada between 2009 and 2014. A comprehensive analysis of incident, victim and accused characteristics over a six-year period is undertaken to offer a deeper understanding of those who commit sexual assault and those who are victims of it. Factors explored include location of the sexual assault, weapon(s) used, level of physical injury to the victim, as well as the age and sex profiles of accused and victims and the relationship between them. For the first time, new analysis on the delay in reporting to police is presented. Findings are compared with physical assault where appropriate in order to provide an analytical reference point. This Juristat article serves as the baseline profile for a forthcoming study that traces the outcomes of sexual assault cases in the justice system.

    Release date: 2017-10-03

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201726817082
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2017-09-25

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X201700154869
    Description:

    This study uses self-reported data from the 2014 General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization to examine trends in and characteristics of childhood physical abuse over time. Respondents are grouped into one of three birth cohorts: (1) 1940 to 1959; (2) 1960 to 1979; or (3) 1980 to 1999. For each cohort, this article also explores the relationship to the person responsible for the most serious incident of abuse during childhood as well as the probability that it was disclosed to someone. This article also examines the association between childhood physical abuse and various indicators of social integration and trust, health and victimization during young adulthood.

    Release date: 2017-09-20

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201700114840
    Description:

    Statistics Canada is presently preparing the statistical system to be able to gauge the impact of the transition from illegal to legal non-medical cannabis use and to shed light on the social and economic activities related to the use of cannabis thereafter. While the system of social statistics captures some information on the use of cannabis, updates will be required to more accurately measure health effects and the impact on the judicial system. Current statistical infrastructure used to more comprehensively measure the use and impacts of substances such as tobacco and alcohol could be adapted to do the same for cannabis. However, available economic statistics are largely silent on the role illegal drugs play in the economy. Both social and economic statistics will need to be updated to reflect the legalization of cannabis and the challenge is especially great for economic statistics This paper provides a summary of the work that is now under way toward these ends.

    Release date: 2017-09-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154844
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the characteristics and outcomes of cases in adult criminal courts for selected offences that were subject to changes in mandatory minimum penalties legislation enacted from 2005 to 2012. Specifically, the analysis looks at sentencing for offences occurring before and after the introduction or amendment of mandatory minimum penalties, using data from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey. In particular, the report focusses on cases where the most serious offence involved selected sexual violations against children, child pornography, or selected firearms-related offences.

    Release date: 2017-08-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700154842
    Description:

    This annual Juristat article presents findings from the 2016 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. It examines trends in the volume and seriousness of police-reported crime for both violent and non-violent offences at the national, provincial/territorial and census metropolitan area levels. Specific violations, such as homicide, sexual assault, and breaking and entering are examined, as well as trends in youth accused of crime.

    Release date: 2017-07-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201700114842
    Description:

    This Juristat article uses self-reported data from the 2014 General Social Survey on Canadians' Safety (Victimization) to present information on sexual assault in Canada, including sexual attacks, unwanted sexual touching and sexual activity where the victim was unable to consent. This article examines the characteristics of sexual assault victims and their perceptions of safety, and the characteristics of sexual assault offenders and incidents. The emotional and physical consequences of sexual assault, in addition to reporting sexual assault to the police and the reasons for not reporting, are also discussed.

    Release date: 2017-07-11
Reference (41)

Reference (41) (0 to 10 of 41 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 45-20-00012019002
    Description:

    The User Guide for the Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation (CIMD) outlines uses for the index, as well as it provides a brief description of the methodology behind the development of the index. This User Guide also provides instructions on how to use the index, and lists considerations when using the CIMD data.

    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 45-20-0001
    Description:

    The Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation (CIMD) is an area-based index which used 2016 Census of Population microdata to measure four key dimensions of deprivation at the dissemination area (DA)-level: residential instability, economic dependency, situational vulnerability and ethno-cultural composition.

    The CIMD allows for an understanding of inequalities in various measures of health and social well-being. While it is a geographically-based index of deprivation and marginalization, it can also be used as a proxy for an individual. The CIMD has the potential to be widely used by researchers on a variety of topics related to socio-economic research. Other uses for the index may include: policy planning and evaluation, or resource allocation.

    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-564-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This objective of this report is to present the status of national data on Aboriginal people who come into contact with the criminal justice system as offenders and victims. The report examines the current and potential collection of an individual's Aboriginal identity through various justice-related surveys at Statistics Canada, the challenges within these surveys to collect these data and provides some insight into the quality of these data. The data and sources are examined within the context of information needs for the justice and social policy sectors, and in relation to the preferred method of measuring Aboriginal Identity at Statistics Canada. Data sources examined include the Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, the Homicide Survey, the Integrated Criminal Courts Survey, the Adult Corrections Survey, the Youth Custody and Community Services Survey, the Youth Alternative Measures Survey, the Transition Home Survey, the Victim Services Survey and the General Social Survey on Victimization. Finally, the report briefly describes efforts by other countries to improve justice-related information on their indigenous populations.

    Release date: 2005-05-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-552-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This report presents a description of the organization and operation of provincial and territorial maintenance enforcement programs. It describes the relevant provincial legislation, highlights latest developments, provides a general description of each program, describes how each manages cases, intake/withdrawal procedures, tracing, monitoring, payment processing and enforcement practices. As such, the reader will be able to identify the variations and similarities between the various programs. All of the maintenance enforcement programs rely upon several federal acts to collect, trace and enforce support payments. Therefore, a review of the relevant federal legislation is presented first, followed by a description of each provincial and territorial maintenance enforcement program.

    Release date: 2002-08-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-217-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication describes the structure and administration of provincial/territorial legal aid services in Canada. It also includes information on legislation, organization, coverage, eligibility, duty counsel and tariffs.

    Release date: 2002-05-24

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-510-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication includes a list of federal and provincial courts across the country. The purpose of this directory is to identify all courts (permanent and most frequently visited circuit points) in Canada by type, level, and location.

    Release date: 2000-09-26

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3141
    Description: The purpose of this survey is to collect education related financial data on all reform and correctional institutions in Canada. These data are used to supplement data collected from the Provincial Public Accounts on provincial expenditures on education.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3301
    Description: The purpose of the Police Administration Survey (PAS) is to collect statistics on public policing personnel and expenditures from municipal, provincial and federal police services in Canada. The information collected is used by federal and provincial policy makers, individual police services as well as officials responsible for police budgets. The data are also used by the media for the purpose of providing information to the general public.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3302
    Description: The Uniform Crime Reporting Survey was designed to measure the incidence of crime in Canadian society and its characteristics. The information is used by federal and provincial policy makers as well as public and private researchers.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3306
    Description: The purpose of the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey is to provide important indicators as to the nature and characteristics in correctional case-flow that are of use to agencies responsible for the delivery of these services, the media and the public. The survey collects annual data on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial/territorial and federal correctional systems.

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