Crime and justice

Key indicators

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All (815)

All (815) (0 to 10 of 815 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100018
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines family violence in Canada. It includes sections dedicated to police-reported data on intimate partner violence, family violence against children and youth, and family violence against seniors.

    Release date: 2019-12-12

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20193463080
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-12-12

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-002-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication provides in-depth analysis and detailed statistics on a variety of topics and issues related to justice and public safety. Topics include crime, victimization, homicide, civil, family and criminal courts, and correctional services. Issues related to community safety, and perceptions of safety are also covered. The publication is intended for those with an interest in Canada's justice and public safety systems as well as those who plan, establish, administer and evaluate programs and projects related to justice and public safety.

    Release date: 2019-12-12

  • Stats in brief: 85-005-X201900100001
    Description:

    This Juristat Bulletin-Quick Fact examines Canadian's perceptions of and attitudes towards gender-based violence, gender equality, and gender expression.

    Release date: 2019-12-09

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019084
    Description:

    This infographic examines Canadians' perceptions related to gender-based violence and gender equality, using data from the Survey of Safety in Public and Private Spaces.

    Release date: 2019-12-09

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-005-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication features short, informative articles focusing on specific justice-related issues. For more in-depth articles on justice in Canada, see also Juristat, Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

    Release date: 2019-12-09

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100017
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides an in-depth analysis on the experiences of inappropriate behaviours in public, online and at work, as well as information on experiences and characteristics of violent victimization. Using data from the 2018 Survey of Safety in Public and Private Spaces, this gender-based analysis fills a critical gap by measuring behaviours that have not previously been a focus of other surveys.

    Release date: 2019-12-05

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201933920307
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-12-05

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019083
    Description:

    This infographic presents results from the Survey of Safety in Public and Private Spaces, focusing on Canadians' experiences of unwanted sexual behaviours in public and online.

    Release date: 2019-12-05

  • Articles and reports: 89-28-0001201800100015
    Description:

    This Just the Facts article highlights statistics on cybercrime and cybersecurity from a police (Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, 2018), business (Canadian Survey of Cyber Security and Cybercrime, 2017), and individual (Canadian Internet Use Survey, 2018) perspective.

    Release date: 2019-12-02
Data (218)

Data (218) (40 to 50 of 218 results)

  • Table: 35-10-0064-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0090)
    Geography: Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Crime severity index (violent, non-violent, youth) and weighted clearance rates (violent, non-violent), police services in the Territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0066-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0092)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported hate crime, by type of motivation (race or ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, language, disability, sex, age), Canada (selected police services), 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0067-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0093)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported hate crime, by most serious violation (homicide, assault, robbery, criminal harassment, indecent/harassing communications, uttering threats, mischief, public incitement of hatred), Canada (selected police services), 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0068-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0001)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number, rate (per 100,000 population) and percentage changes in rates of homicide victims, Canada, provinces and territories, 1961 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0069-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0002)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number of homicide victims, by method used to commit the homicide (total methods used; shooting; stabbing; beating; strangulation; fire (burns or suffocation); other methods used; methods used unknown), Canada, 1974 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0071-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0004)
    Geography: Canada, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and rate (per 100,000 population) of homicide victims, Canada and Census Metropolitan Areas, 1981 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0072-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0005)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number and percentage of homicide victims, by type of firearm used to commit the homicide (total firearms; handgun; rifle or shotgun; fully automatic firearm; sawed-off rifle or shotgun; firearm-like weapons; other firearms, type unknown), Canada, 1974 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0073-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0006)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number of victims of solved homicides, by type of accused-victim relationship, Canada, 1974 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0074-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0007)
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number of victims of spousal homicide, Canada and regions, 1997 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0075-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 253-0008)
    Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Victims of gang-related homicides (total number of homicide victims; number of homicide victims - unknown gang-relation; number of homicide victims - known gang relation; number of gang-related homicide victims; percentage of gang-related homicide victims; rate (per 100,000 population) of gang-related homicide victims), Canada and regions, 1999 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22
Analysis (553)

Analysis (553) (540 to 550 of 553 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970118230
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The abuse of children and youth in the family is a serious concern for Canadians. Child abuse and neglect often result in physical, emotional and developmental problems which can affect the victims throughout their lives. There are currently no national estimates of child abuse in Canada. Only those incidents that come to the attention of officials, such as the police and child welfare agencies, are known. Efforts to understand the nature and the scope of child abuse should therefore take into account the fact that available data reflect only a portion of the total. This Juristat uses statistical databases of police reported incidents across Canada to describe what is currently known from a criminal justice perspective about violence against children and youth in the family. Although these police reported incidents account for only a portion of all abuse that occurs, they nonetheless provide an important tool for profiling the more serious cases. For the purposes of this analysis, "children" include all young persons under 18 years of age, and "family members" include persons related to the victim by kniship, either through blood, marriage, common-law or adoption, as well as legal guardians such as foster parents.

    Release date: 1997-11-06

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970108167
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Providing effective treatment and rehabilitation of young offenders and ensuring the safety of Canadian communities are primary objectives of the youth justice system. Increasingly, this system has felt the pressure of public and media scrutiny. The recent parliamentary review and the media have focused on the most serious criminal events involving youths. The Youth Court Survey, through the collection and dissemination of youth court information, assists policy-makers and program managers as they struggle to redefine the nature of Canada's youth justice system. The Youth Court Survey provides data to monitor the current practice of the courts to deal with youths, aged 12 to 17 at the time of the offence, in the criminal justice system. This Juristat provides information on the nature and volume of cases processed by the youth courts of Canada, on accused characteristics, and on case outcomes during the 1995-96 fiscal year (April to March). National caseload trends are also included.

    Release date: 1997-10-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970088229
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory, Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    This report is an examination of crime data reported to the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) survey during 1996. The data are presented within the context of both short and long term trends. Every year since 1962, Canada's police agencies have reported incidents that come to their attention to the UCR survey. Analyses in this report focus on trends in violent crime, property crime, impaired driving offences, drug offences and yotuth crime. Crime rates are examined at the national, provincial/territorial and major metropolitan levels. The trend in Canada's crime rate is put into perspective by comparing it with trends in police-reported crime form the United States and England and Wales. Also, comparisons between Canadian crime statistics and results from a recent victimization survey are drawn. Specific types of violent crime such as "home- invasions", wife assault and violent incidents involving weapons continue to be a concern to Canadians. Due to limits in the way crime statistics are collected from Canada's police agencies, it has traditionally been difficults to measure these areas. While national statistics are still unavailable, this Juristat will, for the first time, present trends for these crimes as reported by a sample of police agencies from 1993 to 1996.

    Release date: 1997-07-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970098284
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    Homicide tends to receive more media attention and consequently closer public scrutiny than any other criminal act. The act itself, especially if cruel in nature or targeting defenceless members of society, promotes fear in the general public. Despite a growing concern among Canadians about threats of attack or violence, the homicide rate has gradually been declining since the mid 1970s.

    Release date: 1997-07-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970078166
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat examines the extent to which weapons, such as guns, knives and blunt objects, are used in violent crimes. In order to understand the prevalence of violent crime in general, the first section provides a brief explanation of the trends over time in Canada, while the second section of this Juristat provides a snapshot of the use of weapons in violent crime in 1995. The final section more specifically examines the national trends in weapon use in the crimes of homicide and robbery since 1975, with a particular focus upon the use of firearms.

    Release date: 1997-06-23

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-542-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The purpose of this report is to reduce the level of confusion arising from the use of crime data originating from two very different sources (i.e., the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey - UCR and the General Social Survey - GSS) and to inform discussions about which is the better measure of crime. It explains why the findings based on these data sources diverge and summarizes the major differences between the two surveys.

    Release date: 1997-05-14

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970048257
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat examines data from the Adult Corrections Survey (ACS) and provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the adult prison population, operating costs, charge and offence information, sentencing data, and community supervision services. The findings reported here are provided in greater detail in the annual report Adult Correctional Services in Canada, 1995-96(Catalogue 85-211-XPB).

    Release date: 1997-03-04

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970038227
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This juristat answers questions about the relative cost of justice services within the context of total government spending, and examines changes in spending patterns over time. In addition, financial profiles are provided for six major justice services: policing, courts, adult corrections, youth corrections, legal aid, and prosecutions. Some of the initiatives underway to give taxpayers more efficient and effective services are also discussed.

    Release date: 1997-02-14

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970028226
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat deals with prostitution-related crime in Canada, that is, communicating, procuring and bawdy-house offences (see Prostitution in the Criminal Code). Incidents reported during the 1977-1995 period are examined, with a focus on recent years. A wide variety of data and other information sources dealing with street prostitution have been consulted to provide a multi-faceted look at these activities.

    Release date: 1997-02-13

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19970018225
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The purpose of this document is to provide a picture of the most recent sentencing trends in Canadian adult provincial courts. Several issues can be explored using the aggregate statistics found in this data base. First, what percentage of all convictions result in a sentence of imprisonment? Many commissions of inquiry as well as the federal government have noted the need to develop more alternatives to imprisonment, in order to reduce Canada's reliance on incarceration as a sanction. Second, what kinds of sanctions are associated with various offences? Third, are sentences proportional in their severity to the seriousness of the crimes for which they are imposed? The principle of proportionality in the use of punishment lies at the heart of the sentencing system in Canada. The recently enacted sentencing reform Bill, declared that "A sentence must be proportionate to the gravity of the offence and the degree of responsibility of the offender". Fourth, what kinds of offences attract non-custodial sanctions such as probation and fines?

    Release date: 1997-02-11
Reference (41)

Reference (41) (0 to 10 of 41 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 45-20-00012019002
    Description:

    The User Guide for the Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation (CIMD) outlines uses for the index, as well as it provides a brief description of the methodology behind the development of the index. This User Guide also provides instructions on how to use the index, and lists considerations when using the CIMD data.

    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 45-20-0001
    Description:

    The Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation (CIMD) is an area-based index which used 2016 Census of Population microdata to measure four key dimensions of deprivation at the dissemination area (DA)-level: residential instability, economic dependency, situational vulnerability and ethno-cultural composition.

    The CIMD allows for an understanding of inequalities in various measures of health and social well-being. While it is a geographically-based index of deprivation and marginalization, it can also be used as a proxy for an individual. The CIMD has the potential to be widely used by researchers on a variety of topics related to socio-economic research. Other uses for the index may include: policy planning and evaluation, or resource allocation.

    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-564-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This objective of this report is to present the status of national data on Aboriginal people who come into contact with the criminal justice system as offenders and victims. The report examines the current and potential collection of an individual's Aboriginal identity through various justice-related surveys at Statistics Canada, the challenges within these surveys to collect these data and provides some insight into the quality of these data. The data and sources are examined within the context of information needs for the justice and social policy sectors, and in relation to the preferred method of measuring Aboriginal Identity at Statistics Canada. Data sources examined include the Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, the Homicide Survey, the Integrated Criminal Courts Survey, the Adult Corrections Survey, the Youth Custody and Community Services Survey, the Youth Alternative Measures Survey, the Transition Home Survey, the Victim Services Survey and the General Social Survey on Victimization. Finally, the report briefly describes efforts by other countries to improve justice-related information on their indigenous populations.

    Release date: 2005-05-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-552-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This report presents a description of the organization and operation of provincial and territorial maintenance enforcement programs. It describes the relevant provincial legislation, highlights latest developments, provides a general description of each program, describes how each manages cases, intake/withdrawal procedures, tracing, monitoring, payment processing and enforcement practices. As such, the reader will be able to identify the variations and similarities between the various programs. All of the maintenance enforcement programs rely upon several federal acts to collect, trace and enforce support payments. Therefore, a review of the relevant federal legislation is presented first, followed by a description of each provincial and territorial maintenance enforcement program.

    Release date: 2002-08-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-217-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication describes the structure and administration of provincial/territorial legal aid services in Canada. It also includes information on legislation, organization, coverage, eligibility, duty counsel and tariffs.

    Release date: 2002-05-24

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-510-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication includes a list of federal and provincial courts across the country. The purpose of this directory is to identify all courts (permanent and most frequently visited circuit points) in Canada by type, level, and location.

    Release date: 2000-09-26

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3141
    Description: The purpose of this survey is to collect education related financial data on all reform and correctional institutions in Canada. These data are used to supplement data collected from the Provincial Public Accounts on provincial expenditures on education.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3301
    Description: The purpose of the Police Administration Survey (PAS) is to collect statistics on public policing personnel and expenditures from municipal, provincial and federal police services in Canada. The information collected is used by federal and provincial policy makers, individual police services as well as officials responsible for police budgets. The data are also used by the media for the purpose of providing information to the general public.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3302
    Description: The Uniform Crime Reporting Survey was designed to measure the incidence of crime in Canadian society and its characteristics. The information is used by federal and provincial policy makers as well as public and private researchers.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3306
    Description: The purpose of the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey is to provide important indicators as to the nature and characteristics in correctional case-flow that are of use to agencies responsible for the delivery of these services, the media and the public. The survey collects annual data on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial/territorial and federal correctional systems.

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