Crime and justice

Key indicators

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All (795) (0 to 10 of 795 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100013
    Description:

    This annual Juristat article presents findings from the 2018 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. It examines trends in the volume and seriousness of police-reported crime for both violent and non-violent offences at the national, provincial/territorial and census metropolitan area levels. Specific violations, such as homicide, sexual assault, fraud, shoplifting and breaking and entering are examined, as well as trends in youth accused of crime.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20192034751
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019051
    Description:

    Key statistics about crime in Canada are presented in this infographic. Findings on changes to the Crime Severity Index at the national and provincial, territorial levels are presented. Also included are the categories of crime which were reported in 2017.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-002-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication provides in-depth analysis and detailed statistics on a variety of topics and issues related to justice and public safety. Topics include crime, victimization, homicide, civil, family and criminal courts, and correctional services. Issues related to community safety, and perceptions of safety are also covered. The publication is intended for those with an interest in Canada's justice and public safety systems as well as those who plan, establish, administer and evaluate programs and projects related to justice and public safety.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0001-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0095)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported cybercrime, by cyber-related violation (homicide, invitation to sexual touching, sexual exploitation, luring a child via a computer, voyeurism, non-consensual distribution of intimate images, extortion, criminal harassment, indecent/harassing communications, uttering threats, fraud, identity theft, identity fraud, mischief, fail to comply with order, indecent acts, child pornography, making or distribution of child pornography, public morals, breach of probation), Canada (selected police services), 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0002-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0096)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported cybercrime, number of incidents and rate per 100,000 population, Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0026-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0052)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Crime severity index (violent, non-violent, youth) and weighted clearance rates (violent, non-violent), Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0060-01
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number of homicide victims and persons accused of homicide, by Aboriginal identity, (total, by Aboriginal identity; Aboriginal identity; non-Aboriginal identity; unknown Aboriginal identity), age group (total all ages; 0 to 11 years; 12 to 17 years; 18 to 24 years; 25 to 29 years; 30 to 39 years; 40 to 49 years; 50 to 59 years; 60 years and over; age unknown) and sex (both sexes; male; female; sex unknown), Canada, 1974 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0061-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0087)
    Geography: Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Crime severity index (violent, non-violent, youth) and weighted clearance rates (violent, non-violent), police services in Saskatchewan, 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0062-01
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported organized crime, by most serious violation (homicide and attempted murder, assault, sexual violations, kidnapping and hostage taking, human trafficking, robbery and theft, firearm and weapons violations, extortion and criminal harassment, arson, forgery and fraud, child pornography, criminal organization involvement, probation and court violations, drug possession and trafficking, and other violations), Canada (selected police services), 2016 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22
Data (212)

Data (212) (0 to 10 of 212 results)

  • Table: 35-10-0001-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0095)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported cybercrime, by cyber-related violation (homicide, invitation to sexual touching, sexual exploitation, luring a child via a computer, voyeurism, non-consensual distribution of intimate images, extortion, criminal harassment, indecent/harassing communications, uttering threats, fraud, identity theft, identity fraud, mischief, fail to comply with order, indecent acts, child pornography, making or distribution of child pornography, public morals, breach of probation), Canada (selected police services), 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0002-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0096)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported cybercrime, number of incidents and rate per 100,000 population, Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0026-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0052)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Crime severity index (violent, non-violent, youth) and weighted clearance rates (violent, non-violent), Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0060-01
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Number of homicide victims and persons accused of homicide, by Aboriginal identity, (total, by Aboriginal identity; Aboriginal identity; non-Aboriginal identity; unknown Aboriginal identity), age group (total all ages; 0 to 11 years; 12 to 17 years; 18 to 24 years; 25 to 29 years; 30 to 39 years; 40 to 49 years; 50 to 59 years; 60 years and over; age unknown) and sex (both sexes; male; female; sex unknown), Canada, 1974 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0061-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0087)
    Geography: Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Crime severity index (violent, non-violent, youth) and weighted clearance rates (violent, non-violent), police services in Saskatchewan, 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0062-01
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported organized crime, by most serious violation (homicide and attempted murder, assault, sexual violations, kidnapping and hostage taking, human trafficking, robbery and theft, firearm and weapons violations, extortion and criminal harassment, arson, forgery and fraud, child pornography, criminal organization involvement, probation and court violations, drug possession and trafficking, and other violations), Canada (selected police services), 2016 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0063-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0089)
    Geography: Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Crime severity index (violent, non-violent, youth) and weighted clearance rates (violent, non-violent), police services in British Columbia, 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0064-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0090)
    Geography: Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Crime severity index (violent, non-violent, youth) and weighted clearance rates (violent, non-violent), police services in the Territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0066-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0092)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported hate crime, by type of motivation (race or ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, language, disability, sex, age), Canada (selected police services), 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0067-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0093)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported hate crime, by most serious violation (homicide, assault, robbery, criminal harassment, indecent/harassing communications, uttering threats, mischief, public incitement of hatred), Canada (selected police services), 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22
Analysis (538)

Analysis (538) (490 to 500 of 538 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-224-X19990005315
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Changes in legislation, policies and programs on the part of both federal and provincial/territorial governments have occurred as part of a response to the problem of family violence. This section highlights a few of the responses by provincial courts, the federal correctional system, the network of transition homes and shelters across the country, as well as recent changes in provincial/territorial legislation.

    Release date: 1999-06-11

  • 492. Youth and crime Archived
    Articles and reports: 11-008-X19990014577
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article looks at the factors that increase the chances of youth becoming involved in crime.

    Release date: 1999-06-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-546-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) Survey is a micro-data survey, conducted annually since 1992. The YCCS survey collects data from jurisdictional operational systems via electronic interfaces. Data are forwarded to the Centre, processed, and returned to jurisdictions as aggregate data tables for verification and sign-off. The survey collects a wide array of information on young offender admissions to custody and community services (e.g., custody type, crime committed, sentence length, age, gender, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal). The YCCS annual report is the primary vehicle for disseminating young offender information on prison populations and the use of community sanctions. To date, there have been four releases (Initiative only) of the YCCS annual report. Jurisdictional coverage varied from report to report since YCCS interfaces were phased-in over several years.

    Interface projects have been completed, and data are being collected from Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Alberta, British Columbia, and Yukon. In addition, the interface project for Nova Scotia is nearing completion. Together, these jurisdictions represent 47% of the national coverage of youth corrections. While the development of an electronic interface is presently not feasible in some jurisdictions, Ontario and Quebec are able to provide some of the aggregate data required to populate the tables contained in the annual report. With the addition of Ontario and Quebec in 1998-99, only data from Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories would be missing from the annual report.

    Further, in preparation for the proposed release of YCCS data, and as part of Statistics Canada's ongoing survey review process, the YCCS survey is currently undergoing a detailed methodological review, with particular attention to data quality issues and output.

    The inclusion of aggregate data from Ontario and Quebec will increase the coverage of the YCCS significantly. Also, the methodological review of the YCCS will assess the reliability of the data elements covered in the annual report. Since the survey has been in operation since 1992 and since the YCCS is the primary source of young offender information on prison populations and the use of community sanctions.

    Release date: 1999-06-07

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-548-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report studies the feasibility of collecting quantitative information on organized criminal activity in Canada, including size and composition of organized crime groups, links between various criminal organizations, and types of illegal activities.

    Release date: 1999-05-20

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-545-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The report, which represents the first phase of a special study commissioned by the National Justice Statistics Initiative, is intended as a reference document on administrative and operational policies with respect to alternative measures for both youth and adults in Canada. The study focussed on the collection of national descriptive information on the organization and delivery of youth and adult alternative measures established pursuant to the Young Offenders Act (Canada) (1984) and the Sentencing Reform Act (1996).

    Topics covered include the philosophy of the alternative measures, responsibility for program delivery, referral agent, the role of the police, the Crown, and the victim, the right to legal counsel. Eligibility criteria, a flowchart outlining the alternative measures process, a description of the alternative measures agreement, the range of alternative measures, the supervision of and completion of the agreement, and information regarding record keeping requirements. Where available, appendices have been attached that provide samples of forms currently in use in the jurisdiction as well as any currently available alternative measures data. It is important to note that data contained in the jurisdictional appendices are provided as a sample only. No analysis has been performed on the data nor have any inter-jurisdictional comparisons been made as there has been no attempt to ensure standard definition or time frames for the data.

    Release date: 1999-04-27

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990058300
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat profiles three populations of inmates: women, Aboriginal people and individuals serving life sentences. These data are based on a census of adult inmates on register in all adult correctional facilities as of midnight October 5th, 1996. Data were obtained through administrative records.

    While the general population in Canada was made up almost equally of men and women, women comprised only 5% of prisoners in correctional facilities on October 5, 1996. Female inmates tended to be in their early 30s, single, with grade 9 education or less, and unemployed at the time of admission. They were considered at lower risk to re-offend than men.

    Aboriginal people were over-represented in the prison system. Although they comprised only 2% of the general adult population, they accounted for 17% of the prison population. They were younger on average than non-Aboriginal inmates, had less education and were more likely to have been unemployed. They were also considered at higher risk to re-offend, and they had a higher set of needs than non-Aboriginal inmates (including, substance abuse, employment, personal needs and family/marital needs).

    The data also showed that as of midnight October 5th, 1996, inmates serving a life sentence comprised nearly one-fifth (18%) of the nearly 13,900 inmates in federal prisons. A person can be given a life sentence if they have been convicted of offences such as first degree or second-degree murder. Parole eligibility varies from minimum ten years served to minimum 25 years served.

    Individuals serving life sentences tended to be older and less educated than others in the prison population. The median age for lifers on snapshot day was 39, compared with 33 for other inmates. More than one-half (56%) of lifers had a grade 9 education or less, compared with 44% of other inmates.

    In addition, a majority (84%) of inmates serving life sentences were considered at high risk to re-offend, a much higher proportion than the 53% of other inmates. Not surprisingly, lifers also had a higher set of needs, that is, problem areas requiring intervention, such as personal and emotional issues, marital and family problems, attitude and problems functioning in the community.

    For more information or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, or to order a copy of the Juristat, contact Information and Client Services (613-951-9023 or 1-800-387-2231), Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.

    Release date: 1999-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990048299
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1999-04-06

  • 498. Sex offenders Archived
    Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990038298
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Over the past twenty years, there has been growing public awareness and concern about the occurrence of sexual offending and the personal and societal costs associated with these acts. There has been a gradual reduction in the stigma associated with being a victim of these crimes and, as supports for victims have developed, there has been an apparent increased willingness of victims to report these crimes to police, often long after the abuse has occurred. In many cases, the perpetrators of these crimes are in trusted positions of authority and the victims are dependent children. This Juristat presents statistical data on the prevalence of sexual offences reported to the police and the characteristics of the offenders and victims involved. It also highlights some of the salient issues associated with the response of the justice system and the public to offenders and their victims. Data sources include statistics collected by the police, courts and correctional institutions. These official sources probably represent only a small portion of all sexual offences and offenders, since results from victimization surveys suggest that as many as 90% of all sexual offences are not reported to the police. Data concerning victims of sexual offences, including information available from victimization surveys, are presented in the final section of this report.

    Release date: 1999-03-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990028297
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Providing effective treatment and rehabilitation of young offenders, and ensuring the safety of Canadian communities are primary objectives of the youth justice system. The Young Offenders Act, proclaimed in 1984, introduced rights for adolescents previously guaranteed for adults only; recognized the special needs of youths due to varying levels of maturity; the necessity for youths to accept responsibility for unlawful action; and the right of society to protection from illegal behaviour. In response to concerns about the effectiveness of the law, the current Young Offenders Act will soon be replaced by new legislation. The Youth Court Survey, through the collection and dissemination of youth court information, continues to assist policy-makers and program managers as they redefine the nature of Canada’s youth justice system. The Youth Court Survey captures the court process and response to youth crime rather the prevalence of criminal activity.

    Release date: 1999-03-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-601-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study describes people who were incarcerated in federal and provincial/territorial adult facilities at midnight on October 5, 1996. A census was used to gather data on facilities, inmates and security issues.

    Release date: 1999-03-17
Reference (41)

Reference (41) (0 to 10 of 41 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 45-20-00012019002
    Description:

    The User Guide for the Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation (CIMD) outlines uses for the index, as well as it provides a brief description of the methodology behind the development of the index. This User Guide also provides instructions on how to use the index, and lists considerations when using the CIMD data.

    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 45-20-0001
    Description:

    The Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation (CIMD) is an area-based index which used 2016 Census of Population microdata to measure four key dimensions of deprivation at the dissemination area (DA)-level: residential instability, economic dependency, situational vulnerability and ethno-cultural composition.

    The CIMD allows for an understanding of inequalities in various measures of health and social well-being. While it is a geographically-based index of deprivation and marginalization, it can also be used as a proxy for an individual. The CIMD has the potential to be widely used by researchers on a variety of topics related to socio-economic research. Other uses for the index may include: policy planning and evaluation, or resource allocation.

    Release date: 2019-06-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-564-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This objective of this report is to present the status of national data on Aboriginal people who come into contact with the criminal justice system as offenders and victims. The report examines the current and potential collection of an individual's Aboriginal identity through various justice-related surveys at Statistics Canada, the challenges within these surveys to collect these data and provides some insight into the quality of these data. The data and sources are examined within the context of information needs for the justice and social policy sectors, and in relation to the preferred method of measuring Aboriginal Identity at Statistics Canada. Data sources examined include the Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, the Homicide Survey, the Integrated Criminal Courts Survey, the Adult Corrections Survey, the Youth Custody and Community Services Survey, the Youth Alternative Measures Survey, the Transition Home Survey, the Victim Services Survey and the General Social Survey on Victimization. Finally, the report briefly describes efforts by other countries to improve justice-related information on their indigenous populations.

    Release date: 2005-05-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-552-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This report presents a description of the organization and operation of provincial and territorial maintenance enforcement programs. It describes the relevant provincial legislation, highlights latest developments, provides a general description of each program, describes how each manages cases, intake/withdrawal procedures, tracing, monitoring, payment processing and enforcement practices. As such, the reader will be able to identify the variations and similarities between the various programs. All of the maintenance enforcement programs rely upon several federal acts to collect, trace and enforce support payments. Therefore, a review of the relevant federal legislation is presented first, followed by a description of each provincial and territorial maintenance enforcement program.

    Release date: 2002-08-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-217-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication describes the structure and administration of provincial/territorial legal aid services in Canada. It also includes information on legislation, organization, coverage, eligibility, duty counsel and tariffs.

    Release date: 2002-05-24

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 85-510-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This publication includes a list of federal and provincial courts across the country. The purpose of this directory is to identify all courts (permanent and most frequently visited circuit points) in Canada by type, level, and location.

    Release date: 2000-09-26

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3141
    Description: The purpose of this survey is to collect education related financial data on all reform and correctional institutions in Canada. These data are used to supplement data collected from the Provincial Public Accounts on provincial expenditures on education.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3301
    Description: The purpose of the Police Administration Survey (PAS) is to collect statistics on public policing personnel and expenditures from municipal, provincial and federal police services in Canada. The information collected is used by federal and provincial policy makers, individual police services as well as officials responsible for police budgets. The data are also used by the media for the purpose of providing information to the general public.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3302
    Description: The Uniform Crime Reporting Survey was designed to measure the incidence of crime in Canadian society and its characteristics. The information is used by federal and provincial policy makers as well as public and private researchers.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3306
    Description: The purpose of the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey is to provide important indicators as to the nature and characteristics in correctional case-flow that are of use to agencies responsible for the delivery of these services, the media and the public. The survey collects annual data on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial/territorial and federal correctional systems.

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