Crime and justice

Key indicators

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All (815) (50 to 60 of 815 results)

  • Table: 35-10-0079-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 254-0006)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Data on police officers (by high level ranks and gender), total number of civilian personnel, special constables and recruits (each by gender). The proportion of total police, civilians, special constables and recruits from total personnel, and also the proportion of high level ranks from total number of police officers. Data is provided for municipal police services, 2000 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-10-03

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100014
    Description:

    This Juristat article explores current conditions in Saskatchewan and the province's criminal justice system. Projections are presented to demonstrate how positive outcomes can be reached through possible education-related intervention. Educational attainment was selected for analysis as research has often explored the link between education and criminal behaviour. Projections were created using Statistics Canada's Demosim microsimulation model.

    Release date: 2019-09-19

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100004
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides an overview of the Canadian Police Performance Metrics Framework. A performance metric is a measurable value that serves as an indicator of how effectively an organization is achieving its key objectives. In policing, a broad spectrum of responsibilities exist ranging from law enforcement, emergency response and crime prevention, to providing assistance to victims and collaborating with external agencies.The information presented in this article represents the results of a review of the literature on measuring police performance, an examination of how Canadian police services are currently using data in public performance reports, and the results of a consultation of Canadian police services on data availability and information needs. The article also includes preliminary results of a pilot project of the feasibility of collecting uniform calls for service data from Canadian police services.

    Release date: 2019-09-11

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019055
    Description:

    The infographic includes trends regarding total cannabis offences at the national level and by province and territory. Statistics on offences reported under the new Cannabis Act are also presented.

    Release date: 2019-07-24

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201900100013
    Description:

    This annual Juristat article presents findings from the 2018 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. It examines trends in the volume and seriousness of police-reported crime for both violent and non-violent offences at the national, provincial/territorial and census metropolitan area levels. Specific violations, such as homicide, sexual assault, fraud, shoplifting and breaking and entering are examined, as well as trends in youth accused of crime.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20192034751
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019051
    Description:

    Key statistics about crime in Canada are presented in this infographic. Findings on changes to the Crime Severity Index at the national and provincial, territorial levels are presented. Also included are the categories of crime which were reported in 2017.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0001-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0095)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported cybercrime, by cyber-related violation (homicide, invitation to sexual touching, sexual exploitation, luring a child via a computer, voyeurism, non-consensual distribution of intimate images, extortion, criminal harassment, indecent/harassing communications, uttering threats, fraud, identity theft, identity fraud, mischief, fail to comply with order, indecent acts, child pornography, making or distribution of child pornography, public morals, breach of probation), Canada (selected police services), 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0002-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0096)
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Police-reported cybercrime, number of incidents and rate per 100,000 population, Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2014 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22

  • Table: 35-10-0026-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 252-0052)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory, Census metropolitan area, Census metropolitan area part
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    Crime severity index (violent, non-violent, youth) and weighted clearance rates (violent, non-violent), Canada, provinces, territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 1998 to 2018.

    Release date: 2019-07-22
Data (218)

Data (218) (0 to 10 of 218 results)

Analysis (553)

Analysis (553) (510 to 520 of 553 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990058300
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat profiles three populations of inmates: women, Aboriginal people and individuals serving life sentences. These data are based on a census of adult inmates on register in all adult correctional facilities as of midnight October 5th, 1996. Data were obtained through administrative records.

    While the general population in Canada was made up almost equally of men and women, women comprised only 5% of prisoners in correctional facilities on October 5, 1996. Female inmates tended to be in their early 30s, single, with grade 9 education or less, and unemployed at the time of admission. They were considered at lower risk to re-offend than men.

    Aboriginal people were over-represented in the prison system. Although they comprised only 2% of the general adult population, they accounted for 17% of the prison population. They were younger on average than non-Aboriginal inmates, had less education and were more likely to have been unemployed. They were also considered at higher risk to re-offend, and they had a higher set of needs than non-Aboriginal inmates (including, substance abuse, employment, personal needs and family/marital needs).

    The data also showed that as of midnight October 5th, 1996, inmates serving a life sentence comprised nearly one-fifth (18%) of the nearly 13,900 inmates in federal prisons. A person can be given a life sentence if they have been convicted of offences such as first degree or second-degree murder. Parole eligibility varies from minimum ten years served to minimum 25 years served.

    Individuals serving life sentences tended to be older and less educated than others in the prison population. The median age for lifers on snapshot day was 39, compared with 33 for other inmates. More than one-half (56%) of lifers had a grade 9 education or less, compared with 44% of other inmates.

    In addition, a majority (84%) of inmates serving life sentences were considered at high risk to re-offend, a much higher proportion than the 53% of other inmates. Not surprisingly, lifers also had a higher set of needs, that is, problem areas requiring intervention, such as personal and emotional issues, marital and family problems, attitude and problems functioning in the community.

    For more information or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, or to order a copy of the Juristat, contact Information and Client Services (613-951-9023 or 1-800-387-2231), Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.

    Release date: 1999-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990048299
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1999-04-06

  • 513. Sex offenders Archived
    Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990038298
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Over the past twenty years, there has been growing public awareness and concern about the occurrence of sexual offending and the personal and societal costs associated with these acts. There has been a gradual reduction in the stigma associated with being a victim of these crimes and, as supports for victims have developed, there has been an apparent increased willingness of victims to report these crimes to police, often long after the abuse has occurred. In many cases, the perpetrators of these crimes are in trusted positions of authority and the victims are dependent children. This Juristat presents statistical data on the prevalence of sexual offences reported to the police and the characteristics of the offenders and victims involved. It also highlights some of the salient issues associated with the response of the justice system and the public to offenders and their victims. Data sources include statistics collected by the police, courts and correctional institutions. These official sources probably represent only a small portion of all sexual offences and offenders, since results from victimization surveys suggest that as many as 90% of all sexual offences are not reported to the police. Data concerning victims of sexual offences, including information available from victimization surveys, are presented in the final section of this report.

    Release date: 1999-03-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990028297
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Providing effective treatment and rehabilitation of young offenders, and ensuring the safety of Canadian communities are primary objectives of the youth justice system. The Young Offenders Act, proclaimed in 1984, introduced rights for adolescents previously guaranteed for adults only; recognized the special needs of youths due to varying levels of maturity; the necessity for youths to accept responsibility for unlawful action; and the right of society to protection from illegal behaviour. In response to concerns about the effectiveness of the law, the current Young Offenders Act will soon be replaced by new legislation. The Youth Court Survey, through the collection and dissemination of youth court information, continues to assist policy-makers and program managers as they redefine the nature of Canada’s youth justice system. The Youth Court Survey captures the court process and response to youth crime rather the prevalence of criminal activity.

    Release date: 1999-03-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-601-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study describes people who were incarcerated in federal and provincial/territorial adult facilities at midnight on October 5, 1996. A census was used to gather data on facilities, inmates and security issues.

    Release date: 1999-03-17

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990018296
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This issue of Juristat focuses principally on criminal drug offences reported by Canadian police services. It sketches a statistical profile of drug crimes and drug offenders, while examining the various types of offences and drugs involved. The report also examines national trends as well as provincial/territorial comparisons. Other information sources are used to describe the attitudes of Canadians toward the drug problem and the reaction of the courts to those appearing on drug charges.

    Release date: 1999-03-09

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19990014411
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Both police officers and private security personnel play a key role in society; however, the line between the two professions is becoming less clearly defined as the use of private security increases. This article discusses the differences between public and private security. It includes information on roles and responsibilities, as well as minimum requirements and training. (Adapted from an article in Juristat published in November 1998.)

    Release date: 1999-03-03

  • Journals and periodicals: 85F0019X
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    This report has two components. The first is an analytical component which examines trends in police personnel and expenditures at the national, provincial and census metropolitan area (CMA) levels, including data by rank and gender. Appropriate context is also included in terms of recent developments in the police community such as community policing and private security.

    The second component is a tabular component which summarizes crime, personnel and expenditure statistics for all municipal police departments in Canada. Key ratios such as per officer strengths, per capita costs, clearance rates, and violent and property crime rates are included for each force.

    Justice issues addressed: Policing accounts for approximately 60% of all justice expenditures. While crime remains high on the list of public concerns, governments have been forced to make cuts to most public sector areas, including policing. The analysis of trends in key ratios such as per capita costs, population per officer, police to civilian ratios, and the number of offences per officer can help shed some light on how the police community has responded to this changing environment.

    Release date: 1999-02-09

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19980148295
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    During 1997-98, adult criminal courts in the nine participating jurisdictions disposed of 411,576 cases, involving 864,837 charges.

    Release date: 1998-12-17

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-544-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This publication presents information on youth crime and young offenders, including rates of crime, characteristics of young offenders and their victims, youth court cases, youth corrections, and repeat offenders.

    Release date: 1998-12-15
Reference (41)

Reference (41) (10 to 20 of 41 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3308
    Description: The survey provides the justice community, academics and the public with information on revenues, expenditures, personnel, and caseload statistics associated with the delivery and administration of legal aid in Canada.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3309
    Description: The objective of the Youth Court Survey (YCS) is to develop and maintain a database of statistical information on appearances, charges, and cases in youth courts.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3310
    Description: The objective of this survey is to provide information on the human resources and costs associated with the operation of Canadian courts.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3312
    Description: The objective of the Integrated Criminal Court Survey (ICCS) is to develop and maintain a national database of statistical information on appearances, charges, and cases in youth courts and adult criminal courts. The survey is intended to be a census of pending and completed federal statute charges heard in provincial-territorial and superior courts in Canada. Appeal courts, federal courts (e.g., Tax Court of Canada) and the Supreme Court of Canada are not covered by the survey.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3313
    Description: The Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth monitors trends in correctional populations and provides a basis for calculating incarceration rates based on the Canadian population. This survey describes average counts of adults and youth under custody and under community supervision, who are under the responsibility of provincial/territorial correctional services.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3315
    Description: This survey collects detailed data on homicide in Canada. The survey has collected police-reported data on the characteristics of all murder incidents, victims and accused persons since 1961 and all homicides (including murder, manslaughter and infanticide) since 1974.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3322
    Description: The primary objective of this survey is to provide information on the human resources and costs associated with the delivery of criminal prosecutions services in Canada.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3323
    Description: The purpose of the Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) survey is to provide important indicators as to the nature and case characteristics of youth in correctional services and are of use to agencies responsible for the delivery of these services, the media and the public. The survey collects annual data on the delivery of youth correctional services from the provinces and territories.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3324
    Description: This survey collects statistical and descriptive information on child and spousal support payments from provincial and territorial maintenance enforcement programs.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3325
    Description: The purpose of this survey is to provide information on the nature and characteristics of Alternative Measures cases in youth corrections, which are of use to justice agencies, the media and the public.

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