Victimization

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  • Articles and reports: 85F0033M2008015
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using data from the 2001 Census of Population and self-reported data from the 2004 General Social Survey (GSS) on victimization, this profile examines certain socio-demographic and economic characteristics of visible minorities in Canada followed by an analysis of the rates and characteristics of violent crimes involving visible minority victims. It also provides information on visible minorities perceptions of safety, discrimination and of the criminal justice system.

    Release date: 2008-02-13

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200700710357
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report is based on data from the 2005/2006 Victim Services Survey and provides a profile of victim service agencies in Canada that responded to the survey, as well as information on the clients they served. In reference to 2005/2006, the report presents data on the types of agencies in Canada, the services offered, staff and volunteers, and criminal injuries compensation applications and awards. Characteristics of clients, such as sex, age grouping and type of victimization, are based on counts of clients served on a snapshot day of April 19, 2006. The 2005/2006 Victim Services Survey was conducted by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics and was funded by Justice Canada's Policy Centre for Victim Issues. Victim service agencies surveyed include system-based, police-based and court-based agencies, sexual assault centres, other selected community-based agencies, and criminal injuries compensation and other financial benefit programs for victims of crime. The report also contains some information on transition homes and shelters for abused women and their children that was collected through Statistics Canada's 2005/2006 Transition Home Survey.

    Release date: 2007-10-16

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20070049645
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat presents a profile of all shelters in Canada that provided residential services to abused women and their children in 2005-2006. Additionally, through the use of a snapshot day survey (April 19, 2006), selected characteristics of residents (i.e., reasons for coming to the shelter, parenting responsibilities, relationship to abuser, repeat stays, etc.) are presented. Data for this Juristat come primarily from the Transition Home Survey (THS), a biennial census of all residential facilities for female victims of domestic violence conducted by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics as part of the federal government's Family Violence Initiative. Questionnaires are mailed to all shelters known to provide residential services to abused women in every province and territory. The THS collects information on the characteristics of shelter residents on a specific day, as well as the characteristics of facilities during the previous 12 months (April 1, 2005 to March 31, 2006). Comparisons using time-series data from the THS Trend File are also included. The THS Trend File contains only those facilities that participated in each cycle of the survey beginning in 1997-1998.

    Release date: 2007-06-29

  • Articles and reports: 85F0033M2007014
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    With the increasing proportion of seniors in Canada, there has been a growing concern about their risk of becoming victims of crime. Using data from self-reported victimization and police-reported surveys, this profile examines the nature and prevalence of violent and property crimes against seniors. The report also examines characteristics of offences committed against seniors, the level of reporting to the police and the proportion of incidents involving weapons and causing injuries to senior victims. Furthermore, information on seniors' fear of crime, the prevalence of spousal abuse and seniors' risk of telemarketing fraud is also presented. According to self-reported and police reported data, seniors' experience the lowest levels of violent and property crimes compared to their younger counterparts. However, seniors may be more vulnerable to telemarketing fraud. Seniors' level of satisfaction with their overall personal safety has improved over the last five years.

    Release date: 2007-03-06

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20070019575
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In 2004, as part of its General Social Survey program, Statistics Canada conducted a survey on victimization and public perceptions of crime and the justice system. For the 2004 survey, interviews were conducted by telephone with approximately 24,000 people, aged 15 and older, living in the 10 provinces. Respondents were asked about their experiences with criminal victimization. Those respondents who had been victims of a crime in the previous 12 months were asked for detailed information on each incident, including describing any physical injury sustained, financial losses incurred, emotional/psychological after-effects and/or interruption of daily activities. This Juristat explores how victims are affected by their victimization focusing on the different after-effects associated with violent and non-violent crime as well as by the sex of the victim. The report also details the impact of being a victim of crime on perceptions of personal safety and confidence in the judicial system.

    Release date: 2007-03-01

  • Articles and reports: 85F0033M2007013
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using recent police-reported and self-reported data, this new report provides a profile of the extent and nature of victimization in the Canadian workplace.

    The General Social Survey (GSS) on victimization captures information on the nature and extent of criminal victimization, including whether an incident occurred at the victim's place of work. This Profile examines these data, provides a detailed look at violent workplace incidents and identifies the risk factors that are related to these incidents. The report also examines the aftermath and consequences of violence in the workplace

    Release date: 2007-02-16

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-570-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This analytical study updates data previously released in the 2002 Statistical Profile: Assessing Violence Against Women. New content has also been added concerning the experiences of Aboriginal women and women in the North.

    Release date: 2006-10-02

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20060039199
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using data from victimization, police and corrections surveys, this report provides a statistical portrait of the extent and nature of victimization and offending among Aboriginal people in Canada during the past few years.

    The report finds that Aboriginal people are much more likely than non-Aboriginal people to be victims of violent crime and spousal violence. Aboriginal people are also highly overrepresented as offenders charged in police-reported homicide incidents and those admitted into the correctional system. Furthermore, crime rates are notably higher on-reserve compared to crime rates in the rest of Canada.

    The report also examines particular factors which could be related to the high levels of representation in the criminal justice system. These factors include: Aboriginal people are younger on average; their unemployment rates are higher and incomes lower; they have lower levels of educational attainment; they are more likely to live in crowded conditions; they have higher residential mobility; and Aboriginal children are more likely to be members of a lone-parent family.

    Information on Aboriginal peoples fear of crime and their perceptions of the justice system as well as their experiences with discrimination are presented, along with a description of some of the programs and services that have been developed as a response to the specialized needs of Aboriginal people in the criminal justice system.

    Release date: 2006-06-06

  • Articles and reports: 85-224-X20050008644
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Recently, through the General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization, questions related to spousal violence against women and men were repeated. Results of this survey permit the analysis of how spousal violence has changed in nature and extent over the two cycles of the survey from and, for the first time, provide trends on male spousal violence. As will be highlighted in this chapter, the GSS illustrates that overall spousal violence rates have remained stable, but violence in previous relationships has decreased for both women and men and continues to be more common than in current relationships. In addition, the data continue to show that violence is more prevalent in common-law relationships than in marital unions, and although relatively equal proportions of women and men report some type of spousal violence, women continue to suffer more serious and repeated spousal violence than do men and incur more serious consequences as a result of this violence.

    Release date: 2005-07-14

  • Articles and reports: 85-224-X20050008648
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This chapter will focus on the physical and sexual assaults against children and youth (under the age of 18) that were reported to police services. In addition, other forms of child maltreatment and child abuse are presented including the extent to which children and youth witness violence in the home. System responses to the issue of child maltreatment and violence will be examined, using information from the Transition Home and Victim Services Surveys. As well, recent policy developments to address and improve the situation of family violence against children and youth in Canada will be highlighted.

    Release date: 2005-07-14
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  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201100111439
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents information on violent victimization as reported by Aboriginal women living in the ten provinces during 2009. It analyses the characteristics associated with such incidents, including the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, offender characteristics, reporting incidents to police, consequences of victimization, and perceptions of personal safety and the criminal justice system.

    Release date: 2011-05-17

  • Articles and reports: 89-503-X201000111416
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The chapter entitled Women and the criminal justice system explores the prevalence and nature of female victimization, female criminality, as well as the processing of female offenders through the criminal justice system in Canada. Specifically, the types of offences perpetrated against females and by females are examined, as are trends over time in police-reported incidents, completed court cases and admissions to provincial and federal correctional services. Trends involving female youth and female adult offenders are explored separately.

    Release date: 2011-04-01

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201000211242
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In 2008, among incidents perpetrated by intimate partners, one quarter of all violent incidents reported to police and one third of homicides involved individuals in dating relationships. Illustrating the importance of exploring violence in all types of intimate relationships, this report examines the prevalence and characteristics of incidents of police-reported dating violence in Canada. For comparison purposes, the population of interest includes individuals aged 15 and older, consistent with previous analyses of police-reported spousal violence in Canada. Results suggest that the characteristics of police-reported dating violence have largely mirrored those of spousal violence, with some notable exceptions. Incidents of dating violence in same-sex relationships and those involving younger victims between the ages of 12 and 14 are also explored in this report.

    Release date: 2010-06-29

  • Articles and reports: 85-561-M2010021
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    While trafficking in persons has become a worldwide concern, current data collection activities reveal that data are limited in scope, incomparable and insufficient to ascertain the true extent of the problem in Canada. This study was conducted by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics and funded by Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada to examine the feasibility of developing a national data collection framework to measure trafficking in persons in Canada. Consultations were undertaken with key stakeholders from provincial and federal government departments, the police community, non-government organizations and academics. This report identifies a number of data collection and research strategies that could contribute to a better understanding of the nature and scope of human trafficking in Canada.

    Release date: 2010-06-10

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X201000111123
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article uses the 2004 General Social Survey on criminal victimization to explore how men and women of the core working age population (25 to 54 years) living in Census Metropolitan Areas differ in the precautions taken to avoid victimization. The results indicate that though men and women do not differ substantially in the amount of crime they perceive around them - they do differ in the precautions taken to avoid victimization. This difference remains unchanged even when other factors like fear of crime, income, age, and victimization experiences are taken into account.

    Release date: 2010-03-08

  • Articles and reports: 85F0033M2010022
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    A large proportion of all victimization incidents are experienced by a relatively small number of victims who experienced multiple incidents. According to the 2004 General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization, a little more than 10% of the population aged 15 and over were the victims of more than one crime during the 12 months preceding the survey, representing 60% of all criminal incidents. If one considers only violent crimes, 2% of the population accounted for 60% of all violent victimization reported to the GSS.

    Given that a small proportion of individuals and households face a significant proportion of crimes, as a result determining which characteristics increases a person's risk of being victimized will help to improve the effectiveness of crime prevention measures, and perhaps help prevent further incidents of victimization.

    Release date: 2010-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900410932
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report is based on data from the 2007/2008 Victim Services Survey and provides a profile of victim service agencies in Canada that responded to the survey, as well as information on the clients they served. In reference to 2007/2008, the report presents data on the types of agencies in Canada, the services offered, staff and volunteers, and criminal injuries compensation applications and awards. Characteristics of clients, such as sex, age grouping and type of victimization, are based on counts of clients served on a snapshot day of May 28, 2008. The 2007/2008 Victim Services Survey was conducted by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics and was funded by Justice Canada's Policy Centre for Victim Issues. Victim service agencies surveyed include system-based, police-based and court-based agencies, sexual assault centres, other selected community-based agencies, and criminal injuries compensation and other financial benefit programs for victims of crime.

    Release date: 2009-10-28

  • Articles and reports: 85F0033M2009021
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    According to the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS), over 4.4 million Canadians, 14% of the population, reported at least one physical or mental condition limiting them in their daily activities. Moreover, with an ageing population, that number is expected to grow in the coming years. It is now all the more important to get an accurate picture of criminal victimization of persons with disabilities in Canada.

    Based essentially on 2004 General Social Survey (GSS) data, this profile presents an analysis of the links between criminal victimization and activity limitations, and certain other health factors. In particular, it analyzes characteristics of incidents, victims and their perpetrators. Finally, the perceptions of persons with activity limitations of crime and the justice system are discussed.

    Release date: 2009-05-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900210845
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents a profile of abused women in all shelters in Canada that provided residential services in 2007-2008. Selected characteristics of residents are presented including reasons for coming to the shelter, parenting responsibilities, relationship to abuser, repeat stays as well as departures. The data represent a snapshot day, April 16, 2008. Data for this Juristat article come primarily from the Transition Home Survey (THS). The THS, which consists of a biennial census of all residential facilities for female victims of domestic violence, is conducted by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics as part of the federal government's Family Violence Initiative. Questionnaires are mailed to all shelters known to provide residential services to abused women in every province and territory. The THS collects information on the characteristics of shelter residents on a specific day, as well as the characteristics of facilities during the previous 12 months (April 1, 2007 to March 31, 2008). Comparisons using time-series data from the THS Trend File are also included. The THS Trend File contains only those facilities that participated in each cycle of the survey beginning in 1999-2000.

    Release date: 2009-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 85F0033M2009020
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The risk of becoming the victim of violent crime or household property crime can vary according to the mix of social, economic and demographic factors that characterize an individual's circumstances. Income is one such factor. Using data primarily from the 2004 General Social Survey (GSS), this report profiles violent and household victimization among Canadians from low-income households (i.e., under $15,000). The report also provides information on who victims turn to for help, perceptions of neighbourhood safety as well as fear of crime among Canadians from low-income households.

    Release date: 2009-04-16
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