Adult correctional services

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  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200801010732
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat article describes changes in the characteristics of adults admitted to custody between 2001/2002 and 2006/2007. These characteristics include median age of adults, gender, Aboriginal identity and type of offence. This report also details the short-term and long-term changes in the number of adults admitted to custody, as well as the treatment requirements of adults admitted to custody in 2006/2007.

    Release date: 2008-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200800910706
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat article discusses changes in sentencing patterns which have occurred while the numbers of adults held in remand (pre-trial detention) and the length of remand stays have increased. The analysis discusses data from the adult criminal court system for the period of 1996/1997 to 2006/2007 and the adult correctional system for the period of 1996/1997 to 2005/2006.

    Release date: 2008-10-23

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200800610593
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The federal government and the provincial and territorial governments share the administration of correctional services in Canada, which include custody (sentenced custody, remand and other temporary detention) and community-based sentences (probation, conditional sentences) as well as statutory release and parole supervision. Correctional services agencies at both levels work toward the same goal, that is, the protection of society as well as the rehabilitation of offenders and their safe reintegration into communities as productive members.

    This Juristat reports on data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey and the Resources, Expenditures and Personnel (REP) Survey for the 2005/2006 fiscal year, and shows trends in these data from 1996/1997. It examines the number of admissions of adults to custody and community supervision, such as probation, conditional sentence and conditional release (parole and statutory release). The offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity are also described. Furthermore, the cost of correctional services in 2005/2006, broken down by type of activity and level of government is examined. The average daily inmate costs from 1996/1997 to 2005/2006, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2005/2006 are reported.

    Release date: 2008-06-06

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20060059295
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The federal government and the provincial and territorial governments share the administration of correctional services in Canada, which include custody (sentenced custody, remand and other temporary detention) and community-based sentences (probation, conditional sentences) as well as statutory release and parole supervision. Correctional services agencies at both levels work toward the same goal, that is, the protection of society as well as the rehabilitation of offenders and their safe reintegration into communities as productive members.This Juristat reports on data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey for the 2004/2005 fiscal year, and shows trends in these data from 1995/1996. It examines average counts of adults who have been incarcerated, who were under community supervision on probation, serving a conditional sentence or on conditional release (parole and statutory release). The number of admissions to these programs, the offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity are also described. Furthermore, the cost of correctional services in 2004/2005, broken down by type of activity and level of government is examined. The average daily inmate costs from 1995/1996 to 2004/2005, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2004/2005 are reported.

    Release date: 2006-10-11

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20050088970
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The federal government and the provincial and territorial governments share the administration of correctional services in Canada, which include custody (sentenced custody, remand and other temporary detention) and community-based sentences (probation, conditional sentences) as well as statutory release and parole supervision. Correctional services agencies at both levels work toward the same goal, that is, the protection of society as well as the rehabilitation of offenders and their safe reintegration into communities as productive members.

    This Juristat reports on data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey for the 2003/04 fiscal year, and shows trends in these data from 1994/95. It examines average counts of adults who have been incarcerated, who were under community supervision on probation, serving a conditional sentence or on conditional release (parole and statutory release). The number of admissions to these programs, the offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity are also described. Furthermore, the cost of correctional services in 2003/04, broken down by type of activity and level of government is examined. The average daily inmate costs from 1994/95 to 2003/04, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2003/04 are reported.

    Release date: 2005-12-16

  • Table: 85-211-X
    Description:

    These on-line data tables provide information pertaining to services provided by governmental agencies responsible for adult corrections in each of the provincial, territorial and federal sectors. Statistical data are presented on caseload characteristics (e.g. number of admissions to correctional facilities and community supervision, age and sex of offenders, offences for which the offender is admitted to a correctional facility and probation, sentence length, time served, etc.), average counts of offenders in correctional facilities and community supervision, and resources and expenditures relating to both custodial and community supervision services. Data presented in this report cover the three most recent fiscal years.

    Release date: 2005-12-16

  • Table: 85-567-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    Provincial and territorial governments are responsible for the administration of community-based correctional services in Canada for adults and youth, which include, but are not limited to probation, conditional sentences, and temporary absence programs. Although the Criminal Code of Canada, the Young Offenders Act and the Youth Criminal Justice Act set out guidelines, jurisdictions are not obliged to follow them directly. Jurisdictions will differ, sometimes substantially, in their administration.

    This publication provides a descriptive overview of sentences and the delivery of community correctional services across all jurisdictions in Canada for both adult and youth. In addition, this publication reports on community corrections data collected from the special study, as well as data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey, the Key Indicator Report, the Youth Custody and Community Services Survey, and the Alternative Measures Survey. It examines admissions and average counts of adults and youth who were under community supervision, showing trends as far back as 1993/94. Furthermore, data on offender characteristics, such as sex and Aboriginal status are also presented.

    Release date: 2005-09-07

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20050028411
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This Juristat examines the case histories and correctional outcomes of adults under provincial correctional supervision in Saskatchewan during the years 1999/00 through 2003/04. This is the first report analyzing data from the newly implemented Integrated Correctional Services Survey (ICSS). It provides an analysis of characteristics of persons supervised in correctional services, and a description of their involvement, any re-involvements, as well as a comparative analysis of these characteristics between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal persons. Several cohorts of persons released from supervised correctional activity in Saskatchewan are analyzed regarding their return to correctional services as well as the relationship between these re-involvements and various demographic, case history and criminal justice factors.

    Release date: 2005-06-03

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20040108409
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The federal government and the provincial and territorial governments share the administration of correctional services in Canada, which include custody (sentenced custody, remand and other temporary detention) and community-based sentences (probation, conditional sentences) as well as statutory release and parole supervision. Correctional services agencies at both levels work toward the same goal, that is, the protection of society as well as the rehabilitation of offenders and their safe reintegration into communities as productive members.

    This Juristat reports on data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey for the 2002/03 fiscal year, and shows trends as far back as 1993/94. It examines average counts of adults who have been incarcerated, who were under community supervision on probation, serving a conditional sentence or on conditional release (parole and statutory release). The number of admissions to these programs, the offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity are also described. Furthermore, the cost of correctional services in 2002/03, broken down by type of activity and level of government is examined. The average daily inmate costs and daily offender costs of those in community supervision from 1993/94 to 2002/03, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2002/03 are reported.

    Release date: 2004-10-27

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030118426
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat analyses data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey for the 2001/02 fiscal year, and shows trends as far back as 1993/94. It examines average daily counts of adults who have been incarcerated, and average counts of those on probation, serving a conditional sentence or on conditional release (parole and statutory release). It also looks at the number of admissions to these programs, the offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal status.

    Also examined is the cost of correctional services in 2001/02, broken down by type of activity and level of government. Included are the average daily inmate costs from 1999/00 to 2001/02, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2001/02.

    Release date: 2003-12-08
Data (21)

Data (21) (0 to 10 of 21 results)

  • Table: 35-10-0013-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0018)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, operating expenditures for provincial, territorial and federal programs, provinces, territories and federal jurisdiction, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0014-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0020)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial and community admissions to provincial and territorial programs, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0015-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0021)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial admissions to provincial and territorial programs by sex, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0016-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0022)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial admissions to provincial and territorial programs by aboriginal identity, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0017-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0023)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial admissions to provincial and territorial programs by age group, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0018-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0024)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, sentenced custody admissions to provincial and territorial programs by sex and sentence length ordered, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0019-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0025)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, community admissions to provincial and territorial programs by sex, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0020-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0026)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, community admissions to provincial and territorial programs by aboriginal identity, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0021-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0027)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, community admissions to provincial and territorial programs by age group, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0022-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0028)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial and community admissions to federal programs, federal jurisdiction, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09
Analysis (35)

Analysis (35) (20 to 30 of 35 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030118426
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat analyses data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey for the 2001/02 fiscal year, and shows trends as far back as 1993/94. It examines average daily counts of adults who have been incarcerated, and average counts of those on probation, serving a conditional sentence or on conditional release (parole and statutory release). It also looks at the number of admissions to these programs, the offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal status.

    Also examined is the cost of correctional services in 2001/02, broken down by type of activity and level of government. Included are the average daily inmate costs from 1999/00 to 2001/02, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2001/02.

    Release date: 2003-12-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-559-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The policy and processes involving mentally disordered accused can be complex. Persons found unfit to stand trial, or not criminally responsible for their actions on account of a mental disorder, come into contact with both the health and justice systems. With the increasing availability over the past two to three decades of psychotropic medication for mentally disordered persons, the health system is now able to treat this group in a non-institutionalized setting. Similarly, dispositions made by the court, when the accused has been found either unfit to stand trial or else not criminally responsible for their actions, have shifted from indeterminate incarceration to minimal detention and community-based treatment. This document reviews the processes undertaken by persons identified as mentally disordered in court and identifies potential data-collection opportunities.

    Release date: 2003-01-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20020108429
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Adult Correctional Services Survey (ACSS) collects annual aggregate data from all jurisdictions on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial, territorial and federal correctional systems. Key themes include the average daily counts of adults in custodial facilities, including remand, as well as monthly counts of probationers; and new admissions (commencements) to correctional programs of sentenced custody, probation, conditional sentences and other community-based programs. The survey also captures information on conditional releases to the community, including parole and statutory release. In addition, the survey collects information on the financial and human resources involved in the delivery of adult correctional services. While trends are presented for the key units of count, the reference period for this release is 2000-2001.

    Release date: 2002-10-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20010058391
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey collects annual aggregate data from all jurisdictions on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial /territorial and federal correctional systems. Key themes include: the average daily counts of adults in custodial facilities, including remand, as well as monthly counts of probationers; and new admissions (commencements) to correctional programs of sentenced custody, probation, conditional sentences and other community-based programs. The survey also captures information on conditional releases to the community including parole and statutory release. In addition, the survey collects information on the financial and human resources involved in the delivery of adult correctional services. While trends are presented for the key units of count, the reference period for this release is 1999-00.

    Release date: 2001-06-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000068379
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The purpose of this Juristat is to provide information on the administration of alternative measures in Canada, and its relative success in diverting individuals out of the court system. The report focuses on alternative measures for youth, but also includes a short section presenting data on adult alternative measures.

    Release date: 2000-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000038376
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat summarizes data and trends related to correctional services in Canada, collected from the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) Survey, for the 1998-99 fiscal year. Information is presented on the composition of the correctional system, the number and characteristics of offenders admitted to supervision in custody or the community, and the costs associated with the administration of the correctional system. More detailed data are available in the data table product Adult Correctional Services in Canada, Data Tables, 1998-99 (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 2000).

    Release date: 2000-06-01

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-550-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics has prepared a report on the use of remand in Canada. Remand refers to persons who have been charged with an offence and ordered by the court to custody while awaiting a further court appearance. This report uses data from the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey to assess the trends in remand admissions, sentence lengths, and average daily counts of remand inmates in provincial/territorial correctional facilities between 1988-89 and 1997-98. Characteristics of remand inmates (e.g., age, gender, marital status, level of education, employment), offences and criminal history were studied using data from the One-Day Snapshot report (a census of inmates on-register in adult correctional facilities on midnight Saturday October 5th 1996). Characteristics and offences of youth on remand in 1997-98 were also examined using data from the Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) survey. Trends in the average counts of youth on remand between 1988-89 and 1997-98 are presented using data from the Corrections Key Indicator Report. Appendices include graphs of admissions and average daily counts for each province and territory.

    Release date: 1999-11-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-545-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The report, which represents the first phase of a special study commissioned by the National Justice Statistics Initiative, is intended as a reference document on administrative and operational policies with respect to alternative measures for both youth and adults in Canada. The study focussed on the collection of national descriptive information on the organization and delivery of youth and adult alternative measures established pursuant to the Young Offenders Act (Canada) (1984) and the Sentencing Reform Act (1996).

    Topics covered include the philosophy of the alternative measures, responsibility for program delivery, referral agent, the role of the police, the Crown, and the victim, the right to legal counsel. Eligibility criteria, a flowchart outlining the alternative measures process, a description of the alternative measures agreement, the range of alternative measures, the supervision of and completion of the agreement, and information regarding record keeping requirements. Where available, appendices have been attached that provide samples of forms currently in use in the jurisdiction as well as any currently available alternative measures data. It is important to note that data contained in the jurisdictional appendices are provided as a sample only. No analysis has been performed on the data nor have any inter-jurisdictional comparisons been made as there has been no attempt to ensure standard definition or time frames for the data.

    Release date: 1999-04-27

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990058300
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat profiles three populations of inmates: women, Aboriginal people and individuals serving life sentences. These data are based on a census of adult inmates on register in all adult correctional facilities as of midnight October 5th, 1996. Data were obtained through administrative records.

    While the general population in Canada was made up almost equally of men and women, women comprised only 5% of prisoners in correctional facilities on October 5, 1996. Female inmates tended to be in their early 30s, single, with grade 9 education or less, and unemployed at the time of admission. They were considered at lower risk to re-offend than men.

    Aboriginal people were over-represented in the prison system. Although they comprised only 2% of the general adult population, they accounted for 17% of the prison population. They were younger on average than non-Aboriginal inmates, had less education and were more likely to have been unemployed. They were also considered at higher risk to re-offend, and they had a higher set of needs than non-Aboriginal inmates (including, substance abuse, employment, personal needs and family/marital needs).

    The data also showed that as of midnight October 5th, 1996, inmates serving a life sentence comprised nearly one-fifth (18%) of the nearly 13,900 inmates in federal prisons. A person can be given a life sentence if they have been convicted of offences such as first degree or second-degree murder. Parole eligibility varies from minimum ten years served to minimum 25 years served.

    Individuals serving life sentences tended to be older and less educated than others in the prison population. The median age for lifers on snapshot day was 39, compared with 33 for other inmates. More than one-half (56%) of lifers had a grade 9 education or less, compared with 44% of other inmates.

    In addition, a majority (84%) of inmates serving life sentences were considered at high risk to re-offend, a much higher proportion than the 53% of other inmates. Not surprisingly, lifers also had a higher set of needs, that is, problem areas requiring intervention, such as personal and emotional issues, marital and family problems, attitude and problems functioning in the community.

    For more information or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, or to order a copy of the Juristat, contact Information and Client Services (613-951-9023 or 1-800-387-2231), Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.

    Release date: 1999-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990048299
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1999-04-06
Reference (4)

Reference (4) ((4 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3306
    Description: The purpose of the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey is to provide important indicators as to the nature and characteristics in correctional case-flow that are of use to agencies responsible for the delivery of these services, the media and the public. The survey collects annual data on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial/territorial and federal correctional systems.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3313
    Description: The Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth monitors trends in correctional populations and provides a basis for calculating incarceration rates based on the Canadian population. This survey describes average counts of adults and youth under custody and under community supervision, who are under the responsibility of provincial/territorial correctional services.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3322
    Description: The primary objective of this survey is to provide information on the human resources and costs associated with the delivery of criminal prosecutions services in Canada.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3327
    Description: The purpose of this pilot study of court-based recidivism is to explore the possibility for ongoing and improved measures.
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