Adult correctional services

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All (60) (20 to 30 of 60 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201500114163
    Description:

    This Juristat Bulletin provides a statistical overview of adults admitted to and released from custody and community supervision in Canada in 2013/2014. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Average counts and the incarceration rates are presented. Admissions and the characteristics of adults in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are also discussed.

    Release date: 2015-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201400114007
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This Juristat bulletin provides a statistical overview of the average counts of adults and youth under correctional supervision in Canada in 2012/2013. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Trends by type of supervision, as well as international comparisons of the incarceration rates are also presented.

    Release date: 2014-05-12

  • Table: 35-10-0128-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0002)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: This table contains 426 series, with data for years 1978/1979 - 2010/2011 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and is no longer being released. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (15 items: Provinces and territories;Newfoundland and Labrador;Prince Edward Island;Nova Scotia; ...); Custodial and community admissions (29 items: Total custodial admissions;Sentenced, custodial admissions;Remand, custodial admissions;Other statuses, custodial admissions; ...).
    Release date: 2014-03-20

  • Table: 35-10-0129-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0003)
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: This table contains 47 series, with data for years 1978/1979 - 2008/2009 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and is no longer being released. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (6 items: Federal jurisdiction;Atlantic Region;Quebec Region;Ontario Region; ...); Custodial and community admissions (22 items: Total custodial admissions;Warrant of committal, custodial admissions;Revocation of conditional release, custodial admissions;Other statuses, custodial admissions; ...).
    Release date: 2014-03-20

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201400111918
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This Juristat bulletin provides a statistical overview of adults admitted to and released from custody and community supervision in Canada in 2011/2012. Analysis is presented at the national as well as the provincial and territorial levels. Admissions, and the characteristics of adults in the correctional system (such as age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are discussed.

    Release date: 2014-03-20

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201200111715
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This Juristat article presents information on adults in custody and under community supervision in Canada. Short- and long-term trends are explored at both the national and provincial/territorial levels. As well, the characteristics of adults in the correctional system (such as their age, sex and Aboriginal identity) are discussed.

    Release date: 2012-10-11

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201100111440
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article presents information on the short and long-term trends in the use of remand at the national and provincial/territorial levels for adults and youth. Remand is the temporary detention of a person while awaiting trial, sentencing or the commencement of a custodial disposition. The analysis looks at the number of adults and youth on remand, the number of admissions of adults and youth to remand and the length of time spent on remand. The characteristics of those on remand, including age, gender and Aboriginal identity, are also analysed.

    Release date: 2011-05-17

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X201000311353
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This Juristat article provides and overview of the caseload and characteristics of adults admitted to and released from correctional services in 2008/2009, and shows trends in these data from 2004/2005. The article uses data from the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) Survey and the Integrated Correctional Services Survey (ICSS), and includes analysis of the number of admissions to provincial and territorial, and federal custody (sentenced custody, remand and other temporary detention) and to community supervision (probation, conditional sentences, statutory release and parole supervision). These data are examined based on key characteristics such as age, sex, Aboriginal identity, most serious offence and length of time served. An analysis of other characteristics, such as marital status, employment and education levels, is provided for adults in custody in the jurisdictions that provided detailed data (i.e., Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Correctional Service of Canada). Furthermore, a ten-year trend in the cost of correctional services is provided along with the number of correctional institutions operating in Canada.

    Release date: 2010-10-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X200900310903
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This Juristat article examines the influence of age, education and employment status on the incarceration rates for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal adults in custody in selected jurisdictions on Census day, meaning May 16 2006. Information on the types of rehabilitative treatments needs of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders for two jurisdictions, Saskatchewan and the Correctional Service of Canada, is also provided. In addition, this article highlights the changes in the number of adults admitted to custody and community supervision from 2006/2007 to 2007/2008 and the characteristics of these admissions, including age, sex and Aboriginal identity.

    Release date: 2009-07-21

  • Articles and reports: 85-561-M2009016
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report provides an overview of issues on mental health and the criminal justice system, as well as the feasibility of collecting data on individuals with mental illness in the criminal justice system. While there have been pockets of studies and data collection activities trying to quantify the issue at the police, courts and corrections levels, there is presently a lack of data to understand the extent of the problem to inform decision-making regarding policy and action, and to measure outcomes of current initiatives and processes.

    The first part of the report describes issues with regard to mental illness and the criminal justice system, including definitional challenges, criminal justice system processes, previous studies on the prevalence of individuals with mental illness in the criminal justice system, and the relationship between individuals with mental illness and criminal justice involvement.

    The second part presents the results from consultations with over 100 stakeholders, including law enforcement, courts, Review Boards, correctional services, mental health organizations, academics and researchers and non-governmental organizations. It also proposes options for collecting data on persons with mental health issues in the criminal justice system.

    Release date: 2009-03-17
Data (21)

Data (21) (0 to 10 of 21 results)

  • Table: 35-10-0013-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0018)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, operating expenditures for provincial, territorial and federal programs, provinces, territories and federal jurisdiction, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0014-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0020)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial and community admissions to provincial and territorial programs, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0015-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0021)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial admissions to provincial and territorial programs by sex, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0016-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0022)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial admissions to provincial and territorial programs by aboriginal identity, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0017-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0023)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial admissions to provincial and territorial programs by age group, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0018-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0024)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, sentenced custody admissions to provincial and territorial programs by sex and sentence length ordered, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0019-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0025)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, community admissions to provincial and territorial programs by sex, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0020-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0026)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, community admissions to provincial and territorial programs by aboriginal identity, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0021-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0027)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, community admissions to provincial and territorial programs by age group, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09

  • Table: 35-10-0022-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 251-0028)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description: Adult correctional services, custodial and community admissions to federal programs, federal jurisdiction, five years of data.
    Release date: 2019-05-09
Analysis (35)

Analysis (35) (20 to 30 of 35 results)

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20030118426
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat analyses data from the Adult Correctional Services Survey for the 2001/02 fiscal year, and shows trends as far back as 1993/94. It examines average daily counts of adults who have been incarcerated, and average counts of those on probation, serving a conditional sentence or on conditional release (parole and statutory release). It also looks at the number of admissions to these programs, the offences leading to the admission, the duration of the incarceration or probation, as well as some offender characteristics, such as age, sex and Aboriginal status.

    Also examined is the cost of correctional services in 2001/02, broken down by type of activity and level of government. Included are the average daily inmate costs from 1999/00 to 2001/02, as well as the number of correctional institutions in Canada in 2001/02.

    Release date: 2003-12-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-559-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The policy and processes involving mentally disordered accused can be complex. Persons found unfit to stand trial, or not criminally responsible for their actions on account of a mental disorder, come into contact with both the health and justice systems. With the increasing availability over the past two to three decades of psychotropic medication for mentally disordered persons, the health system is now able to treat this group in a non-institutionalized setting. Similarly, dispositions made by the court, when the accused has been found either unfit to stand trial or else not criminally responsible for their actions, have shifted from indeterminate incarceration to minimal detention and community-based treatment. This document reviews the processes undertaken by persons identified as mentally disordered in court and identifies potential data-collection opportunities.

    Release date: 2003-01-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20020108429
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Adult Correctional Services Survey (ACSS) collects annual aggregate data from all jurisdictions on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial, territorial and federal correctional systems. Key themes include the average daily counts of adults in custodial facilities, including remand, as well as monthly counts of probationers; and new admissions (commencements) to correctional programs of sentenced custody, probation, conditional sentences and other community-based programs. The survey also captures information on conditional releases to the community, including parole and statutory release. In addition, the survey collects information on the financial and human resources involved in the delivery of adult correctional services. While trends are presented for the key units of count, the reference period for this release is 2000-2001.

    Release date: 2002-10-30

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20010058391
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey collects annual aggregate data from all jurisdictions on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial /territorial and federal correctional systems. Key themes include: the average daily counts of adults in custodial facilities, including remand, as well as monthly counts of probationers; and new admissions (commencements) to correctional programs of sentenced custody, probation, conditional sentences and other community-based programs. The survey also captures information on conditional releases to the community including parole and statutory release. In addition, the survey collects information on the financial and human resources involved in the delivery of adult correctional services. While trends are presented for the key units of count, the reference period for this release is 1999-00.

    Release date: 2001-06-26

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000068379
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The purpose of this Juristat is to provide information on the administration of alternative measures in Canada, and its relative success in diverting individuals out of the court system. The report focuses on alternative measures for youth, but also includes a short section presenting data on adult alternative measures.

    Release date: 2000-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X20000038376
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat summarizes data and trends related to correctional services in Canada, collected from the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) Survey, for the 1998-99 fiscal year. Information is presented on the composition of the correctional system, the number and characteristics of offenders admitted to supervision in custody or the community, and the costs associated with the administration of the correctional system. More detailed data are available in the data table product Adult Correctional Services in Canada, Data Tables, 1998-99 (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 2000).

    Release date: 2000-06-01

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-550-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics has prepared a report on the use of remand in Canada. Remand refers to persons who have been charged with an offence and ordered by the court to custody while awaiting a further court appearance. This report uses data from the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey to assess the trends in remand admissions, sentence lengths, and average daily counts of remand inmates in provincial/territorial correctional facilities between 1988-89 and 1997-98. Characteristics of remand inmates (e.g., age, gender, marital status, level of education, employment), offences and criminal history were studied using data from the One-Day Snapshot report (a census of inmates on-register in adult correctional facilities on midnight Saturday October 5th 1996). Characteristics and offences of youth on remand in 1997-98 were also examined using data from the Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) survey. Trends in the average counts of youth on remand between 1988-89 and 1997-98 are presented using data from the Corrections Key Indicator Report. Appendices include graphs of admissions and average daily counts for each province and territory.

    Release date: 1999-11-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-545-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The report, which represents the first phase of a special study commissioned by the National Justice Statistics Initiative, is intended as a reference document on administrative and operational policies with respect to alternative measures for both youth and adults in Canada. The study focussed on the collection of national descriptive information on the organization and delivery of youth and adult alternative measures established pursuant to the Young Offenders Act (Canada) (1984) and the Sentencing Reform Act (1996).

    Topics covered include the philosophy of the alternative measures, responsibility for program delivery, referral agent, the role of the police, the Crown, and the victim, the right to legal counsel. Eligibility criteria, a flowchart outlining the alternative measures process, a description of the alternative measures agreement, the range of alternative measures, the supervision of and completion of the agreement, and information regarding record keeping requirements. Where available, appendices have been attached that provide samples of forms currently in use in the jurisdiction as well as any currently available alternative measures data. It is important to note that data contained in the jurisdictional appendices are provided as a sample only. No analysis has been performed on the data nor have any inter-jurisdictional comparisons been made as there has been no attempt to ensure standard definition or time frames for the data.

    Release date: 1999-04-27

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990058300
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This Juristat profiles three populations of inmates: women, Aboriginal people and individuals serving life sentences. These data are based on a census of adult inmates on register in all adult correctional facilities as of midnight October 5th, 1996. Data were obtained through administrative records.

    While the general population in Canada was made up almost equally of men and women, women comprised only 5% of prisoners in correctional facilities on October 5, 1996. Female inmates tended to be in their early 30s, single, with grade 9 education or less, and unemployed at the time of admission. They were considered at lower risk to re-offend than men.

    Aboriginal people were over-represented in the prison system. Although they comprised only 2% of the general adult population, they accounted for 17% of the prison population. They were younger on average than non-Aboriginal inmates, had less education and were more likely to have been unemployed. They were also considered at higher risk to re-offend, and they had a higher set of needs than non-Aboriginal inmates (including, substance abuse, employment, personal needs and family/marital needs).

    The data also showed that as of midnight October 5th, 1996, inmates serving a life sentence comprised nearly one-fifth (18%) of the nearly 13,900 inmates in federal prisons. A person can be given a life sentence if they have been convicted of offences such as first degree or second-degree murder. Parole eligibility varies from minimum ten years served to minimum 25 years served.

    Individuals serving life sentences tended to be older and less educated than others in the prison population. The median age for lifers on snapshot day was 39, compared with 33 for other inmates. More than one-half (56%) of lifers had a grade 9 education or less, compared with 44% of other inmates.

    In addition, a majority (84%) of inmates serving life sentences were considered at high risk to re-offend, a much higher proportion than the 53% of other inmates. Not surprisingly, lifers also had a higher set of needs, that is, problem areas requiring intervention, such as personal and emotional issues, marital and family problems, attitude and problems functioning in the community.

    For more information or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, or to order a copy of the Juristat, contact Information and Client Services (613-951-9023 or 1-800-387-2231), Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.

    Release date: 1999-04-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990048299
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This series of reports provides detailed statistics and analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning Canada's justice system. Annual Juristats are produced on areas such as: crime, homicide, youth and adult courts, and corrections. Additional Juristats are also produced each year on current topics of interest to the justice community. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.

    Release date: 1999-04-06
Reference (4)

Reference (4) ((4 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3306
    Description: The purpose of the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey is to provide important indicators as to the nature and characteristics in correctional case-flow that are of use to agencies responsible for the delivery of these services, the media and the public. The survey collects annual data on the delivery of adult correctional services from both the provincial/territorial and federal correctional systems.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3313
    Description: The Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth monitors trends in correctional populations and provides a basis for calculating incarceration rates based on the Canadian population. This survey describes average counts of adults and youth under custody and under community supervision, who are under the responsibility of provincial/territorial correctional services.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3322
    Description: The primary objective of this survey is to provide information on the human resources and costs associated with the delivery of criminal prosecutions services in Canada.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3327
    Description: The purpose of this pilot study of court-based recidivism is to explore the possibility for ongoing and improved measures.
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