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- 61. The Importance of Entry to Canadian Manufacturing with an Appendix on Measurement Issues ArchivedArticles and reports: 11F0019M2002189Geography: CanadaDescription:
Understanding the importance of the dynamic entry process in the Canadian economy involves measuring size of entry. The main purpose of this paper is to summarize the information we have on the amount of entry in Canada.
The paper also fulfils another purpose. Some studies have focused on cross-country comparisons (Geroski and Schwalbach 1991; OECD 2001). Interpretation of the results of these studies is difficult unless methodological issues regarding how entry is measured are addressed. Without an understanding of the extent to which different databases produce different results, international comparisons are difficult to evaluate. Cross-country comparisons that are derived from extremely different data sources may be misleading because of the lack of comparability.
Since there is more than one reliable database that can be used to estimate entry in Canada, this paper asks how measured entry rates vary across different Canadian databases. By examining the difference in entry rates produced by these databases, we provide an estimate of the range or confidence interval that should be used in evaluating whether there are real differences in measured entry rates across countries. We also offer guidance as to the questions that should be asked about the databases used by researchers who conduct international studies. Finally, we make suggestions as to areas of comparison on which international studies should focus.Release date: 2002-05-29
- Articles and reports: 88-003-X20020016149Geography: CanadaDescription:
According to the report Profile of Spin-off Firms in the Biotechnology Sector, three out of every 10 companies in Canada's rapidly expanding biotechnology sector in 1999 were spin-offs. These firms, which range from corporate spin-offs to biotechnology companies created by universities and research hospitals, accounted for more than one-quarter of total revenues in 1999.Release date: 2002-02-15
- Articles and reports: 63-016-X20010025947Geography: CanadaDescription:
This article examines evidence of consolidation in the Canadian P&C insurance industry since 1988.Release date: 2001-10-16
- 64. Innovation and Training in New Firms ArchivedArticles and reports: 11F0019M2000123Geography: CanadaDescription:
Recent studies have demonstrated the quantitative importance of entry, exit, growth and decline in the industrial population. It is this turnover that rewards innovative activity and contributes to productivity growth.
While the size of the entry population is impressive - especially when cumulated over time - the importance of entry is ultimately due to its impact on innovation in the economy. Experimentation is important in a dynamic, market-based economy. A key part of the experimentation comes from entrants. New entrepreneurs constantly offer consumers new products both in terms of the basic good and the level of service that accompanies it.
This experimentation is associated with significant costs since many entrants fail. Young firms are most at risk of failure; data drawn from a longitudinal file of Canadian entrants in both the goods and service sectors show that over half the new firms that fail do so in the first two years of life. Life is short for the majority of entrants. Only 1 in 5 new firms survive to their tenth birthday.
Since so many entrants fall by the wayside, it is of inherent interest to understand the conditions that are associated with success, the conditions that allow the potential in new entrepreneurs to come to fruition. The success of an entrant is due to its choosing the correct combination of strategies and activities. To understand how these capabilities contribute to growth, it is necessary to study how the performance of entrants relates to differences in strategies and pursued activities.
This paper describes the environment and the characteristics of entrants that manage to survive and grow. In doing so, it focuses on two issues. The first is the innovativeness of entrants and the extent to which their growth depends on their innovativeness. The second is to outline how the stress on worker skills, which is partially related to training, complements innovation and contributes to growth.Release date: 2000-12-08
- 65. Sub-provincial Employment Dynamics ArchivedTable: 61F0027XDescription:
Sub-provincial employment dynamics uses longitudinal data to produce year-to-year changes in the number of employer businesses, employment and payrolls in Canada. Changes are shown by size of business and by business life status, which includes entry, exit, growth and decline.Release date: 2000-06-02
- 66. Food services competition in the 1990's ArchivedArticles and reports: 63-016-X19990044946Geography: CanadaDescription:
This article will examine how food service providers and food stores have competed for Canadians' food dollars in the 1990s, and then look at how this intense competition has affected both industries. Each industry has evolved with the objective of improving efficiency and gaining additional market share.Release date: 2000-04-14
- Journals and periodicals: 61-526-XGeography: CanadaDescription:
This study investigates the determinants of failure for new Canadian firms. It explores the role that certain factors play in conditioning the likelihood of survival - factors related to industry structure, firm demographics and macroeconomic cycles. It asks whether the determinants of failure are different for new start-ups than for firms that have reached adolescence, and if the magnitude of these differences is economically significant. It examines whether, after controlling for certain influences, failure rates differ across industries and provinces.
Two themes figure prominently in this analysis. The first is the impact that certain industry characteristics - such as average firm size and concentration - have on the entry/exit process, either through their influence on failure costs or on the intensity of competition. The second centres on how the dimensions of failure evolve over time as new firms gain market experience.Release date: 2000-02-16
- Articles and reports: 88-003-X19990025344Geography: CanadaDescription:
A Statistics Canada study uses business demographics to learn about innovation and technological change and uncovers interesting patterns. Contrary to expectations, the author uncovered considerable volatility (start-ups and closures) in the service sector. The volatility rate for this sector was 31% compared with 23% for the manufacturing sector. Firms that do not innovate frequently are replaced by new ones that have new or improved products to offer or by those that employ more efficient methods of production and delivery.Release date: 2000-01-17
- 69. Specialized big-box stores ArchivedArticles and reports: 63-016-X19990024720Geography: CanadaDescription:
This study has two goals. The first is to determine what share of the total chain-store market big-box stores have carved out for themselves in recent years - in terms of numbers and locations, sales and floor space. This information is useful for those concerned with changing market structures, as well as for the general public. Secondly, the "effectiveness" of big-box stores is then compared with that of other stores.Release date: 1999-10-13
- Journals and periodicals: 88-517-XGeography: CanadaDescription:
New firms are seen to play a key role in the innovation process, especially in certain key sectors of the economy. This study therefore examines the differences in the profiles of successful new firms in science-based industries and other industries. The firms that are examined are entrants who survey into their early teen years. The study examines numerous factors that are seen to influence the success of new businesses. These include the competitive environment, business strategies and the financial structure of the businesses.
Successful new firms in science-based industries are found to differ in a number of dimensions from new firms in other industries. They are more likely to be exporters. They face greater technological change and intense competition with regards to the rate at which new products are being introduced. They tend to put more emphasis on quality, the frequent introduction of new products and the customization of products. They make greater use of information technology. They place more stress on new technology development, research and development facilities and the use of intellectual property. They are much more likely to innovate and they place more importance on recruiting skilled labour and on training. Finally, they are more likely to use non-traditional financial measures to evaluate performance and they are less likely to rely on secured credit for financing both their research and development activity and their machinery and equipment that are firms in other sectors.Release date: 1999-03-31
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Data (16) (0 to 10 of 16 results)
- Table: 33-10-0165-01(formerly: CANSIM 527-0013)Geography: CanadaFrequency: QuarterlyDescription:
This table contains 170 series, with data for years 2000 - 2017 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years). This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 item: Canada) Business dynamics measure (10 items: Number of active employer businesses in the private sector; Number of entrants; Number of exits; Entry rate; ...) North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (17 items: Private sector; Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; Utilities; ...).Release date: 2020-01-13
- Table: 33-10-0087-01(formerly: CANSIM 527-0007)Geography: Geographical region of Canada, Province or territoryFrequency: AnnualDescription: Counts of Entrants, Incumbents, and Exits by North American Industry Classification System, for each province and territory from the Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program.Release date: 2019-11-22
- Table: 33-10-0088-01(formerly: CANSIM 527-0008)Geography: Geographical region of Canada, Province or territoryFrequency: AnnualDescription: Entrants, Incumbents, and Exits by firm size, for each province and territory from the Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program.Release date: 2019-11-22
- Table: 33-10-0164-01(formerly: CANSIM 527-0001)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription:
This table contains 2736 series, with data starting from 2001 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years). This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 item: Canada) Business dynamics measure (16 items: Number of active employer businesses in the private sector; Number of entrants; Number of incumbents; Number of exits; ...) North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (19 items: Private sector; Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; Utilities; ...) Firm size (9 items: Private sector; From 0 to less than 100 employees; From 0 to less than 50 employees; Less than 5 employees; ...).Release date: 2019-06-10
- Table: 33-10-0176-01Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territoryFrequency: OccasionalDescription:
Percentage of enterprises for which specific events occurred in the main geographical market, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code and enterprise size, based on a one-year observation period. Specific events include entry of new competitor(s), exit of competitor(s), increase in competitive behaviour from existing competitors, and decrease in competitive behaviour from existing competitors.Release date: 2019-03-13
- Table: 33-10-0136-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0001)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Active enterprises with one or more employees, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0137-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0002)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Employer enterprise births, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0138-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0003)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Employer enterprise deaths, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0139-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0004)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Number of employer enterprises newly born having survived one year, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0140-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0005)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Number of employer enterprises newly born having survived two years, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
Analysis (64) (60 to 70 of 64 results)
- Articles and reports: 11F0019M1994072Geography: CanadaDescription:
This paper examines the maturation process of firms that enter an industry by constructing new plant and investigates the extent to which improvements in the performance of an entry cohort are the result of a selection process that culls out the most inefficient entrants or of a learning process that allows survivors to improve their performance relative to incumbent firms. Both selection and evolutionary learning are related to post-entry performance. Despite the difference in the effect of selection and learning on the amount of post-entry growth, selection per se is a more important contributor to overall growth of a cohort.Release date: 1995-04-30
- Articles and reports: 11F0019M1995073Geography: CanadaDescription:
This study investigates differences in the policies being pursued by innovative and non-innovative firms. It focuses on a broad group of strategies -- in marketing, finance, production, management and human resources and asks whether there are key areas in which the strategies being followed by innovative and non-innovative firms differ. It also asks how the activities of firms in each of these areas differs. Finally, it compares the performance of innovative and non-innovative firms. The study finds that innovative firms place a greater emphasis on management, human resources, marketing, financing, government programs and services, and production efficiencies. In most of these areas, innovative firms pursue activities more intensively. Finally, innovative firms are more successful than non-innovative firms.Release date: 1995-02-28
- Articles and reports: 11F0019M1994070Geography: CanadaDescription:
This paper uses job turnover data to compare how job creation, job destruction and net job change differ for small and large establishments in the Canadian manufacturing sector. It uses several different techniques to correct for the regression-to-the-mean problem that, it has been suggested, might incorrectly lead to the conclusion that small establishments create a disproportionate number of new jobs. It finds that net job creation for smaller establishments is greater than that of large establishments after such changes are made. The paper also compares the importance of small and large establishments in the manufacturing sectors of Canada and the United States. The Canadian manufacturing sector is shown to have both a larger proportion of employment in smaller establishments but also to have a small establishment sector that is growing in importance relative to that of the United States.Release date: 1994-11-16
- 64. Have Small Firms Created a Disproportionate Share of New Jobs in Canada? A Reassessment of the Facts ArchivedArticles and reports: 11F0019M1994071Geography: CanadaDescription:
The statistical observation that small firms have created the majority of new jobs during the 1980s has had a tremendous influence on public policy. Governmentshave looked to the small firm sector for employment growth, and have promoted policies to augment this expansion. However, recent research in the US suggeststhat net job creation in the small firm sector may have been overestimated, relative to that in large firms. This paper addresses various measurement issues raised inthe recent research, and uses a very unique Canadian longitudinal data set that encompasses all companies in the Canadian economy to reassess the issue of jobcreation by firm size. We conclude that over the 1978-92 period, for both the entire Canadian economy and the manufacturing sector, the growth rate of (net)employment decreases monotonically as the size of firm increases, no matter which method of sizing firms is used. The small firm sector has accounted for adisproportionate share of both gross job gains and job losses, and in that aggregate, accounted for a disproportionate share of the employment increase over theperiod. Measurement does matter, however, as the magnitude of the difference in the growth rates of small and large firms is very sensitive to the measurementapproaches used. The paper also produces results for various industrial sectors, asks whether the more rapid growth in industries with a high proportion of smallfirms is responsible for the findings at the all-economy level, and examines employment growth in existing small and large firms (ie excluding births). It is found thatemployment growth in the population of existing small and large firms is very similar.Release date: 1994-11-16
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Reference (2) ((2 results))
- Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5056Description: Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division is engaged in a joint project with the National Research Council's Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP) to investigate the characteristics of growth firms.
- Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5157Description: The objective of the Entrepreneurship Indicators Database is to provide comprehensive business demography statistics and performance indicators for enterprises in Canada.