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- Articles and reports: 63-016-X20010025947Geography: CanadaDescription:
This article examines evidence of consolidation in the Canadian P&C insurance industry since 1988.Release date: 2001-10-16
- 62. Innovation and Training in New FirmsArchivedArticles and reports: 11F0019M2000123Geography: CanadaDescription:
Recent studies have demonstrated the quantitative importance of entry, exit, growth and decline in the industrial population. It is this turnover that rewards innovative activity and contributes to productivity growth.
While the size of the entry population is impressive - especially when cumulated over time - the importance of entry is ultimately due to its impact on innovation in the economy. Experimentation is important in a dynamic, market-based economy. A key part of the experimentation comes from entrants. New entrepreneurs constantly offer consumers new products both in terms of the basic good and the level of service that accompanies it.
This experimentation is associated with significant costs since many entrants fail. Young firms are most at risk of failure; data drawn from a longitudinal file of Canadian entrants in both the goods and service sectors show that over half the new firms that fail do so in the first two years of life. Life is short for the majority of entrants. Only 1 in 5 new firms survive to their tenth birthday.
Since so many entrants fall by the wayside, it is of inherent interest to understand the conditions that are associated with success, the conditions that allow the potential in new entrepreneurs to come to fruition. The success of an entrant is due to its choosing the correct combination of strategies and activities. To understand how these capabilities contribute to growth, it is necessary to study how the performance of entrants relates to differences in strategies and pursued activities.
This paper describes the environment and the characteristics of entrants that manage to survive and grow. In doing so, it focuses on two issues. The first is the innovativeness of entrants and the extent to which their growth depends on their innovativeness. The second is to outline how the stress on worker skills, which is partially related to training, complements innovation and contributes to growth.Release date: 2000-12-08
- 63. Sub-provincial Employment DynamicsArchivedTable: 61F0027XDescription:
Sub-provincial employment dynamics uses longitudinal data to produce year-to-year changes in the number of employer businesses, employment and payrolls in Canada. Changes are shown by size of business and by business life status, which includes entry, exit, growth and decline.Release date: 2000-06-02
- 64. Food services competition in the 1990'sArchivedArticles and reports: 63-016-X19990044946Geography: CanadaDescription:
This article will examine how food service providers and food stores have competed for Canadians' food dollars in the 1990s, and then look at how this intense competition has affected both industries. Each industry has evolved with the objective of improving efficiency and gaining additional market share.Release date: 2000-04-14
- Journals and periodicals: 61-526-XGeography: CanadaDescription:
This study investigates the determinants of failure for new Canadian firms. It explores the role that certain factors play in conditioning the likelihood of survival - factors related to industry structure, firm demographics and macroeconomic cycles. It asks whether the determinants of failure are different for new start-ups than for firms that have reached adolescence, and if the magnitude of these differences is economically significant. It examines whether, after controlling for certain influences, failure rates differ across industries and provinces.
Two themes figure prominently in this analysis. The first is the impact that certain industry characteristics - such as average firm size and concentration - have on the entry/exit process, either through their influence on failure costs or on the intensity of competition. The second centres on how the dimensions of failure evolve over time as new firms gain market experience.Release date: 2000-02-16
- Articles and reports: 88-003-X19990025344Geography: CanadaDescription:
A Statistics Canada study uses business demographics to learn about innovation and technological change and uncovers interesting patterns. Contrary to expectations, the author uncovered considerable volatility (start-ups and closures) in the service sector. The volatility rate for this sector was 31% compared with 23% for the manufacturing sector. Firms that do not innovate frequently are replaced by new ones that have new or improved products to offer or by those that employ more efficient methods of production and delivery.Release date: 2000-01-17
- 67. Specialized big-box storesArchivedArticles and reports: 63-016-X19990024720Geography: CanadaDescription:
This study has two goals. The first is to determine what share of the total chain-store market big-box stores have carved out for themselves in recent years - in terms of numbers and locations, sales and floor space. This information is useful for those concerned with changing market structures, as well as for the general public. Secondly, the "effectiveness" of big-box stores is then compared with that of other stores.Release date: 1999-10-13
- Journals and periodicals: 88-517-XGeography: CanadaDescription:
New firms are seen to play a key role in the innovation process, especially in certain key sectors of the economy. This study therefore examines the differences in the profiles of successful new firms in science-based industries and other industries. The firms that are examined are entrants who survey into their early teen years. The study examines numerous factors that are seen to influence the success of new businesses. These include the competitive environment, business strategies and the financial structure of the businesses.
Successful new firms in science-based industries are found to differ in a number of dimensions from new firms in other industries. They are more likely to be exporters. They face greater technological change and intense competition with regards to the rate at which new products are being introduced. They tend to put more emphasis on quality, the frequent introduction of new products and the customization of products. They make greater use of information technology. They place more stress on new technology development, research and development facilities and the use of intellectual property. They are much more likely to innovate and they place more importance on recruiting skilled labour and on training. Finally, they are more likely to use non-traditional financial measures to evaluate performance and they are less likely to rely on secured credit for financing both their research and development activity and their machinery and equipment that are firms in other sectors.Release date: 1999-03-31
- 69. A Portrait of Entrants and ExitsArchivedArticles and reports: 11F0019M1999121Geography: CanadaDescription:
Entry and exit are important phenomena. This paper reviews the evidence on the size of this process and its contribution to productivity and innovation. It then develops a detailed portrait of the characteristics of new firms that survive and those that fail. In doing so, it examines the type of competencies that are developed in both groups of firms. It asks which competencies are developed by new firms. In particular, it focuses on the innovative capabilities of new firms. It shows that small firms in general and entrants in particular are heterogeneous when it comes to their innovative activity. The types of innovative activity in which they are engaged vary widely. Some focus on research and development (R&D) and new products. Others focus on new technologies. Still others stress the development of human capital. In addition, this paper examines the competitive environment that new firms face and the connection between growth and innovation. It also examines the complementary skills that are employed by innovators. Finally, the paper focuses on the causes of failure in the firm population. It extends earlier work that finds that failing firms differ from surviving firms in terms of basic competencies-management, financial management and marketing capabilities.Release date: 1999-02-25
- 70. Failing Concerns: Business Bankruptcy in CanadaArchivedJournals and periodicals: 61-525-XGeography: CanadaDescription:
Bankruptcy rates have been increasing in Canada. Almost half of the firms in Canada that go bankrupt do so primarily because of their own deficiencies rather than externally generated problems. They do not develop the basic internal strengths to survive. Overall weakness in management, combined with a lack of market for their product, cause these firms to fail.
This study suggests that the underlying factor contributing to financial difficulties is management failure rather than external factors associated with imperfect capital markets. Many bankrupt firms face problems in attaining financing in capital markets; but, it is the internal lack of managerial expertise in many of these firms that prevents exploration of different financing options.Release date: 1998-04-01
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Data (15) (0 to 10 of 15 results)
- Table: 33-10-0165-01(formerly: CANSIM 527-0013)Geography: CanadaFrequency: QuarterlyDescription:
This table contains 170 series, with data for years 2000 - 2017 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years). This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 item: Canada) Business dynamics measure (10 items: Number of active employer businesses in the private sector; Number of entrants; Number of exits; Entry rate; ...) North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (17 items: Private sector; Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; Utilities; ...).Release date: 2019-01-11
- Table: 33-10-0087-01(formerly: CANSIM 527-0007)Geography: Geographical region of Canada, Province or territoryFrequency: AnnualDescription: Counts of Entrants, Incumbents, and Exits by North American Industry Classification System, for each province and territory from the Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program.Release date: 2018-11-21
- Table: 33-10-0088-01(formerly: CANSIM 527-0008)Geography: Geographical region of Canada, Province or territoryFrequency: AnnualDescription: Entrants, Incumbents, and Exits by firm size, for each province and territory from the Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program.Release date: 2018-11-21
- Table: 33-10-0164-01(formerly: CANSIM 527-0001)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription:
This table contains 2736 series, with data starting from 2001 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years). This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 item: Canada) Business dynamics measure (16 items: Number of active employer businesses in the private sector; Number of entrants; Number of incumbents; Number of exits; ...) North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (19 items: Private sector; Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; Utilities; ...) Firm size (9 items: Private sector; From 0 to less than 100 employees; From 0 to less than 50 employees; Less than 5 employees; ...).Release date: 2018-06-11
- Table: 33-10-0136-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0001)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Active enterprises with one or more employees, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0137-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0002)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Employer enterprise births, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0138-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0003)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Employer enterprise deaths, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0139-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0004)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Number of employer enterprises newly born having survived one year, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0140-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0005)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Number of employer enterprises newly born having survived two years, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
- Table: 33-10-0141-01(formerly: CANSIM 529-0006)Geography: CanadaFrequency: AnnualDescription: Number of persons employed in employer enterprises newly born, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and enterprise size.Release date: 2015-12-07
Analysis (63) (0 to 10 of 63 results)
- Articles and reports: 11F0019M2018407Description:
Entrepreneurial activity has long been argued as an important driver of innovation, job creation, and productivity growth. However, measuring entrepreneurial activity is not easy. Using a newly developed administrative database of firms and workers, the Canadian Employer–Employee Dynamics Database (CEEDD), over the period from 2001 to 2013, this paper distinguishes incorporated self-employment from unincorporated self-employment, and compares the entry and exit dynamics of the two types of self-employment by age, gender and province. The large number of observations in CEEDD and its longitudinal nature make this detailed analysis possible.Release date: 2018-07-09
- Articles and reports: 18-001-X2018001Description:
This paper seeks to investigate enterprise dynamics in terms of employment in Canada. The tracking of changes in enterprise size over time can provide a useful overview of the trend in the performance of both the enterprises and the economy as a whole.
Using the Entrepreneurship Indicators Database for the years 2008 and 2014, this study divides enterprises into nine class sizes based on the number of employees. Then, enterprises that were active in 2008 with one or more employees were tracked to see in which size class they were in 2014. The analysis is based on an approach that consists of building transition matrices using enterprise size classes.Release date: 2018-03-15
- Stats in brief: 11-001-X201631515422Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletinRelease date: 2016-11-10
- Articles and reports: 11-626-X2016057Description:
This Economic Insights article addresses the extent to which immigrants contribute to economic growth. For the first time, the business ownership and job-creation activities of immigrants are addressed. A longer, more detailed study is also available.Release date: 2016-03-21
- 5. Quarterly Business and Employment Dynamics: Experimental Estimates, First Quarter 2001 to Third Quarter 2014Articles and reports: 11-626-X2015045Description:
This Economic Insights article presents quarterly estimates of employer business entry and exit, and the associated job creation and destruction from the first quarter of 2001 to the third quarter of 2014. These quarterly estimates supplement the annual data provided by Statistics Canada’s Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program (LEAP) by providing more timely, infra-annual data on business and employment dynamics.Release date: 2015-03-31
- Articles and reports: 11-626-X2014038Description:
This article in the Economic Insights series describes the results of a data linkage project that created experimental long-term estimates of firm entry and exit rates for the Canadian business sector. It is part of a series of papers that examines firm dynamics using micro-economic data.Release date: 2014-08-25
- 7. The Distribution of Employment Growth Rates in Canada: The Role of High-Growth and Rapidly Shrinking FirmsArticles and reports: 11F0027M2014091Geography: CanadaDescription:
This paper uses data from Statistics Canada's Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program database to study the distribution of annual employment growth rates in Canada over the 2000-to-2009 period, with a special emphasis on firms in the tails of the distribution, referred to here as High-Growth Firms (HGFs) and Rapidly Shrinking Firms (RSFs).
The study has three objectives. First, it describes the distributions of employment growth rates in Canada to see whether they are consistent with observations in other countries. Second, it quantifies the contribution of HGFs and RSFs to aggregate job creation and destruction. The third objective is to examine, using quantile regression techniques, the role of firm size and firm age in the performance of HGFs and RSFs.Release date: 2014-05-15
- Stats in brief: 11-001-X20133449141Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletinRelease date: 2013-12-10
- Articles and reports: 11-622-M2013030Geography: Canada, Geographical region of Canada, Province or territoryDescription:
This paper describes the patterns of firm entry and exit across provinces in Canada, the relationship of these patterns to differences in industrial structure and the response of firm entry and exit to changes in the economic environment.
Firm entry and exit play an important role in shaping industrial structure and dynamics. Although entry and exit are ubiquitous, new firms are often associated with new ideas and the provision of innovative goods and services that enhance competition and force incumbents to become more innovative and efficient. Studies have shown the considerable role played by entry and exit in resource reallocation and productivity improvement.Release date: 2013-12-10
- 10. Firm Dynamics: The Death of New Canadian Firms: A Survival Analysis of the 2002 Cohort of Entrants to the Business SectorArchivedArticles and reports: 11-622-M2012028Geography: CanadaDescription:
This paper examines the survival characteristics of firms, using microdata from the Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program (LEAP) of Statistics Canada. Entry rates and survival functions for the 2002 cohort are analyzed. The business sector is disaggregated along industry and size dimensions.Release date: 2012-11-07
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Reference (2) ((2 results))
- Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5056Description: Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division is engaged in a joint project with the National Research Council's Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP) to investigate the characteristics of growth firms.
- Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5157Description: The objective of the Entrepreneurship Indicators Database is to provide comprehensive business demography statistics and performance indicators for enterprises in Canada.