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  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X20020009227
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The first assesses how the fertility of immigrant women evolved between 1976-1981 and 1996-2001. It examines whether the fertility behaviour of immigrant women is tending to converge with that of Canadian-born women, and if so, how rapidly this is occurring for different immigrant groups. It also estimates the fertility of immigrants' children, the second-generation of Canadians.

    Release date: 2003-12-22

  • Table: 97F0020X2001076
    Description:

    This table is part of the topic "Income of Individuals, Families and Households," which shows 2001 Census data on the income of Canadian individuals, families and households in the year 2000. The data include the composition of income that serves to measure low income, known as the low-income cut-off (LICO). The composition of income consists of earnings, income from government sources and investments. The data also include the household incomes of Canadians by family type, age and geography, as well as the household incomes of certain population groups, such as immigrants.

    It is possible to subscribe to all the day-of-release bundles. For more information, refer to Catalogue No. 97F0023XCB.

    This table is available FREE on Internet, Catalogue No. 97F0020XIE2001076.

    Release date: 2003-12-16

  • Profile of a community or region: 94F0046X
    Description:

    This profile provides a statistical overview at the provincial and territorial geographic level, presenting most of the census variables. It contains fewer details about the breakdown of variables than the electronic cumulative profiles and the print profiles.

    The profiles are part of the census standard data products, which are data tables extracted from the 2001 Census database. They contain statistical information about all population, household, dwelling and family characteristics.

    Release date: 2003-12-09

  • Table: 97F0020X2001084
    Description:

    This table is part of the topic "Income of Individuals, Families and Households," which shows 2001 Census data on the income of Canadian individuals, families and households in the year 2000. The data include the composition of income that serves to measure low income, known as the low-income cut-off (LICO). The composition of income consists of earnings, income from government sources and investments. The data also include the household incomes of Canadians by family type, age and geography, as well as the household incomes of certain population groups, such as immigrants.

    It is possible to subscribe to all the day-of-release bundles. For more information, refer to Catalogue No. 97F0023XCB.

    This table is available FREE on Internet, Catalogue No. 97F0020XIE2001084.

    Release date: 2003-12-05

  • Table: 97F0007X2001042
    Description:

    This table is part of the topic "Language Composition of Canada," which presents 2001 Census data on the language composition of Canada, by mother tongue and other variables, as well as on languages spoken at home and knowledge of English,

    Release date: 2003-11-19

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003197
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The economic assimilation of immigrants is a key concern for economists and policy makers. The topic has been widely explored in terms of earnings assimilation of immigrants. Using the 1999 Survey of Financial Security, this study attempts to look at the issue from the wealth perspective.

    Among married families, immigrants have higher wealth than their native-born counterparts from the 40th to 90th percentiles of the distribution, with the wealth gap ranging between $20,000 and $78,000. Among single families, immigrants have higher wealth from the 55th to 95th percentiles, with the wealth gap ranging between $14,000 and $145,000. At the bottom of the distribution, however, evidence suggests that immigrants have lower wealth, although the gap is generally below $10,000. Various decomposition results indicate that the age of the major income recipient (and of the spouse for married families) as well as factors affecting permanent income explain a significant portion of the wealth gap in cases where immigrant families have higher wealth than the native-born. At the bottom of the wealth distribution, however, the wealth gap cannot be explained by the age of the major income recipient, permanent income factors, or family size (or lone-parent status), suggesting that low-wealth immigrant families may behave differently than low-wealth Canadian-born families in their wealth accumulation process.

    The wealth gap is also studied from a cohort perspective. Not surprisingly, recent immigrants have lower wealth than comparable Canadian-born families, and immigrants who arrived before 1976 have higher wealth. While immigrants who arrived in Canada between 1976 and 1985 are widely believed to initially have had more of an earnings disadvantage than their predecessors with respect to the Canadian-born, this study finds that, over the upper segment of the distribution, the wealth of this cohort is not significantly different from that of comparable Canadian-born families. But over the lower portion of the distribution, the cohort has lower wealth.

    Release date: 2003-11-18

  • Profile of a community or region: 95F0495X2001010
    Description:

    This 2001 Census cumulative profile provides variables for dissolved census subdivisions.

    The profiles are part of the census standard data products, which are data tables extracted from the 2001 Census database. They contain statistical information about all population, household, dwelling and family characteristics.

    Release date: 2003-11-06

  • Table: 97F0009X2001042
    Description:

    This table is part of the 'Immigration and Citizenship' topic, which shows 2001 Census data on immigration trends in Canada. Information is provided on Canada's immigrant or foreign-born population, including its size, origins, geographic distribution and demographic characteristics. Similar information is available for the Canadian-born population and non-permanent residents. Citizenship information from the census shows, for example, the number of immigrants who have acquired Canadian citizenship and the number of Canadians who hold dual citizenship.

    Data on the socio-economic characteristics of these populations are also available.

    The following concepts related to immigration and citizenship are available from the 2001 Census: (1) birthplace of respondent (including province or territory of birth) (2) country of citizenship (3) immigrant status (4) period or year of immigration and (5) age at immigration.

    In addition, for the first time since the 1971 Census, the 2001 Census asked a question on the birthplace of parents. Responses to this question can be used to assess the socio-economic conditions of second-generation Canadians (that is, the Canadian-born children of foreign-born parents).

    It is possible to subscribe to all the day-of-release bundles. Refer to Catalogue No. 97F0023XCB for more information.

    This table is available FREE on the Internet, Catalogue No. 97F0009XIE2001042.

    Release date: 2003-11-06

  • Table: 97F0009X2001043
    Description:

    This table is part of the 'Immigration and Citizenship' topic, which shows 2001 Census data on immigration trends in Canada. Information is provided on Canada's immigrant or foreign-born population, including its size, origins, geographic distribution and demographic characteristics. Similar information is available for the Canadian-born population and non-permanent residents. Citizenship information from the census shows, for example, the number of immigrants who have acquired Canadian citizenship and the number of Canadians who hold dual citizenship.

    Data on the socio-economic characteristics of these populations are also available.

    The following concepts related to immigration and citizenship are available from the 2001 Census: (1) birthplace of respondent (including province or territory of birth) (2) country of citizenship (3) immigrant status (4) period or year of immigration and (5) age at immigration.

    In addition, for the first time since the 1971 Census, the 2001 Census asked a question on the birthplace of parents. Responses to this question can be used to assess the socio-economic conditions of second-generation Canadians (that is, the Canadian-born children of foreign-born parents).

    It is possible to subscribe to all the day-of-release bundles. Refer to Catalogue No. 97F0023XCB for more information.

    This table is available FREE on the Internet, Catalogue No. 97F0009XIE2001043.

    Release date: 2003-11-06

  • Table: 97F0010X2001042
    Description:

    This table is part of the 'Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada' topic, which shows 2001 Census data on ethnic groups in Canada, including information on their size, geographic location and demographic characteristics. Similar information is available for Canada's visible minority population.

    Data on the socio-economic characteristics of these populations will be available at a later date. As well, data on religions in Canada will be available in May 2003.

    Additional information on ethnocultural diversity will be available from the Ethnic Diversity Survey in the summer of 2003.

    It is also possible to subscribe to all the day-of-release bundles. Refer to Catalogue No. 97F0023XCB for more information.

    This table is available FREE on the Internet , Catalogue No. 97F0010XIE2001042.

    Release date: 2003-11-06
Data (96)

Data (96) (0 to 10 of 96 results)

Analysis (14)

Analysis (14) (0 to 10 of 14 results)

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X20020009227
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The first assesses how the fertility of immigrant women evolved between 1976-1981 and 1996-2001. It examines whether the fertility behaviour of immigrant women is tending to converge with that of Canadian-born women, and if so, how rapidly this is occurring for different immigrant groups. It also estimates the fertility of immigrants' children, the second-generation of Canadians.

    Release date: 2003-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003197
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The economic assimilation of immigrants is a key concern for economists and policy makers. The topic has been widely explored in terms of earnings assimilation of immigrants. Using the 1999 Survey of Financial Security, this study attempts to look at the issue from the wealth perspective.

    Among married families, immigrants have higher wealth than their native-born counterparts from the 40th to 90th percentiles of the distribution, with the wealth gap ranging between $20,000 and $78,000. Among single families, immigrants have higher wealth from the 55th to 95th percentiles, with the wealth gap ranging between $14,000 and $145,000. At the bottom of the distribution, however, evidence suggests that immigrants have lower wealth, although the gap is generally below $10,000. Various decomposition results indicate that the age of the major income recipient (and of the spouse for married families) as well as factors affecting permanent income explain a significant portion of the wealth gap in cases where immigrant families have higher wealth than the native-born. At the bottom of the wealth distribution, however, the wealth gap cannot be explained by the age of the major income recipient, permanent income factors, or family size (or lone-parent status), suggesting that low-wealth immigrant families may behave differently than low-wealth Canadian-born families in their wealth accumulation process.

    The wealth gap is also studied from a cohort perspective. Not surprisingly, recent immigrants have lower wealth than comparable Canadian-born families, and immigrants who arrived before 1976 have higher wealth. While immigrants who arrived in Canada between 1976 and 1985 are widely believed to initially have had more of an earnings disadvantage than their predecessors with respect to the Canadian-born, this study finds that, over the upper segment of the distribution, the wealth of this cohort is not significantly different from that of comparable Canadian-born families. But over the lower portion of the distribution, the cohort has lower wealth.

    Release date: 2003-11-18

  • Articles and reports: 81-003-X20020036672
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report examines incidence and duration of training for immigrants and compares their circumstances with Canadians in general. It uses data from the Adult Education and Training Survey.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003215
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using census data covering the 1980 to 2000 period, we examine what outcomes would be necessary for cohorts of recent immigrants to achieve earnings parity with Canadian-born workers. Our results show that today's recent immigrants would have to experience a drastic rise of their relative age-earnings profile in the near future for their earnings to converge with their Canadian-born counterparts. The reason is simple: the greater relative earnings growth experienced by cohorts of recent immigrants has only partially offset the drastic deterioration in their relative earnings at entry.

    Release date: 2003-10-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-593-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The Ethnic Diversity Survey (EDS) was developed by Statistics Canada in partnership with the Department of Canadian Heritage in order to provide new and important information on the ethnic and cultural background of people in Canada and how it relates to their lives in Canada today.

    The survey followed the 2001 Census with the census providing the frame for the sample. The target population for the survey was persons aged 15 years or older living in private households in the 10 provinces. The population did not include persons living in collective dwellings, persons living on Indian reserves, persons of Aboriginal origins living off-reserve, or persons living in Northern and remote areas. There was a separate post-censal survey designed for Aboriginal peoples, the Aboriginal Peoples Survey, which was conducted in 2001 and 2002.

    Using the EDS data, this article examines Canada's ethno-cultural mosaic in 2002, providing a portrait of the different generations of Canadians who today make up this country. It also analyses the level of attachment that people in the different generations and ethnic groups have to their own ethno-cultural backgrounds and to the broader Canadian society.

    Release date: 2003-09-29

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20030026623
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Canada has become increasingly multiethnic and multicultural. Immigration over the past 100 years has shaped the country, and each new wave of immigrants has added to the nation's ethnic and cultural diversity. At the time of the 2001 Census, immigrants represented the highest proportion of the population in 70 years, and immigration accounted for more than two-thirds of the population growth in that year. This article explores the changing composition of Canada's immigrants and visible minority groups over the past number of decades.

    Release date: 2003-09-09

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20030026633
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article looks at the early employment experiences of three groups of working age immigrants: those who arrived in 1981, in 1991 and in 1996.

    Release date: 2003-09-09

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003203
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study addresses the effects of macroeconomic conditions on the labour market outcomes of immigrants. It simultaneously identifies both the effects of macroeconomic conditions at the time of entry into the labour market and at the time of the survey was taken, while allowing for cohort effects. Also, for the first time in the literature, the impacts on labour force participation along with employment outcomes are explored. The study uses 19 annual cross-sections of the Survey of Consumer Finances, covering the period from 1979 to 1997. The results suggest that the deterioration in the assimilation of recent immigrants is partly due to the adverse economic conditions they face in the year they enter the labour market and the subsequent years following. Macroeconomic conditions at the time of labour market entry have adverse impacts on both labour force participation (LFP) and employment. With the inclusion of controls for macroeconomic conditions, the significance and magnitude of the assimilation-measuring co-efficient increases. Therefore, not only are the estimated cohort effects sensitive to the inclusion of controls for business cycles, but so too are the assimilation profiles.

    Release date: 2003-07-31

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003206
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    Since the 1960s, the social complexion of Toronto's urban landscape has been irreversibly altered as new waves of migrants from Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, and Central and South America have replaced traditional white European migrant flows. This product examines the very different residential settlement patterns of Toronto's three largest racial minorities - Blacks, Chinese and South Asians.

    Unlike previous studies based on aggregate level data and 'ecological' correlations, this product assesses the capacity of conventional spatial assimilation theory to account for these differences, using 'locational attainment' models estimated with micro-data from the 1996 Census of Canada. Conclusions show that the residential settlement patterns of South Asians and, strikingly, Blacks fit the expectations of the conventional spatial assimilation model rather well. Initial settlement is in disadvantaged immigrant enclaves from which longer-term, more successful migrants subsequently exit as they purchase homes in more affluent neighbourhoods. Although Toronto's 'Black neighbourhoods' are decidedly poorer than other minority neighbourhoods, most Blacks do not live in these neighbourhoods. In contrast, Chinese immigrants move quickly to purchase homes in somewhat more affluent and enduring ethnic communities. This product shows that, rather than being historically novel, however, the Chinese are replicating the settlement pattern of earlier southern European (particularly Italian) immigrants and for much the same reasons (i.e., relative advantage in the housing market and low levels of language assimilation).

    Release date: 2003-07-30

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003204
    Geography: Canada, Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    Using Census data from 1981, 1986, 1991 and 1996, this study examined the association between living in a visible minority enclave and immigrants' labour market outcomes in Canada's three largest cities. The results showed that the number of such enclaves, defined as census tracts with at least 30% of the population from a single visible minority group (Chinese, South Asian or Black), increased from 6 in 1981 to 142 in 1996, mostly in Toronto and Vancouver. The association between exposure to own-group neighbours and employment was at times negative, but generally not significant. Exposure to own-group neighbours and working in a segregated occupation was positively, but not significantly, associated. Little association existed between exposure and employment earnings. However, there were some important group differences. The associations between exposure to own-group neighbours and labour market outcomes were usually very weak among Chinese immigrants, but often negative and strong among Black immigrants.

    Release date: 2003-07-09
Reference (1)

Reference (1) ((1 result))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 89-611-X
    Description:

    The Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC), conducted jointly by Statistics Canada and Citizenship and Immigration Canada under the Policy Research Initiative, is a comprehensive survey designed to study the process by which new immigrants adapt to Canadian society. About 12,000 immigrants aged 15 and older who arrived in Canada from abroad between October 2000 and September 2001 were interviewed. By late 2005, when all three waves of interviews will have been completed, the survey will provide a better understanding of how the settlement process unfolds for new immigrants.

    The results of this survey will provide valuable information on how immigrants are meeting various challenges associated with integration and what resources are most helpful to their settlement in Canada. The main topics being investigated include housing, education, foreign credentials recognition, employment, income, the development and use of social networks, language skills, health, values and attitudes, and satisfaction with the settlement experience.

    Release date: 2003-09-04
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