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  • Articles and reports: 63F0002X2003046
    Description:

    Services constitute the single most important industry in Canada's economy, with 68% of total gross domestic product, 75% of employment and 53% of consumer spending. However, this industry is not widely perceived as being Canada's spearhead of research and development (R&D), a role more traditionally assigned to the manufacturing sector. Still, services are becoming an increasingly important force in R&D, and this is why we should reconsider the true role played by R&D in the service sector. This article, in fact, sets out to quantify R&D activities within the service sector.

    Here are some highlights of this exploratory study:

    - In 2002, the commercial service sector was responsible for 28.5% of all R&D expenditures for the economy as a whole.

    - In 2000, 36.6% of all personnel assigned full time to R&D worked in the commercial service sector.

    - Quantification of the amounts spent on R&D from within the service sector does not necessarily correspond to traditional industrial classifications. For example, R&D is primarily performed in such sectors as biotechnology, software, telecommunications, the environment and logistics, which are not included in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) classification scheme.

    - Several service sector activities are very labour intensive and require highly skilled R&D workers. For example, of all employees performing R&D in the field of biotechnology, 23% hold doctorates or master's degrees.

    Release date: 2003-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2003013
    Description:

    This paper used data from the 2001 Biotechnology Use and Development Survey (BUDS) to look into bioproduct development using biotechnologies. Results show that the development of bioproducts has become an intrinsic part of the activities of Canadian biotechnology firms.

    Release date: 2003-12-08

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2003010
    Description:

    Canadian health research is conducted in universities, teaching hospitals, business enterprises, government laboratories and private non-profit organizations. This research is funded from a variety of sources including public, private, domestic and foreign.

    This paper provides more detailed information than was previously released in Science Statistics (Catalogue no. 88-001, vol. 27, no. 6). This is the fourth time the Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division (SIEID) of Statistics Canada has published an estimate of health research and development spending in Canada.

    Release date: 2003-11-07

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2003011
    Description:

    Canada's economic growth and competitiveness depends on scientific and technological development, as well as the people responsible for this development, especially those engaged in research and development (R&D). The number of R&D personnel is a supplementary measure to the statistics on intramural expenditures on R&D.

    In this report, we present some statistical estimates and definitions concerning R&D personnel. Data on R&D personnel are derived from surveys and from estimates based on various data sources.

    Release date: 2003-11-07

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036650
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The trend towards the globalization of factor, product and financial markets is drawing an increasing amount of attention. Work is underway to develop methodologies and to harmonize among countries data on the economic activities of globally operating corporations. An understanding of their business models, corporate strategies and organizational structures is also needed to gather and, more importantly, interpret information about their innovation activities. This note identifies four main models of globally operating corporations according to their impact on technology transfer and innovation in their host countries.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036654
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Many people in the federal and provincial governments, in universities, hospitals and other organizations are asking the same questions about the commercialization of university research: Is it increasing? What are the benefits? How do universities and regions compare? Statistics Canada's 2001 Survey of Intellectual Property Commercialization in the Higher Education Sector shows that commercialization activities took a giant leap from 1999 to 2001. This article includes the results for universities only.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036655
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Although there were over 8,000 companies in Canada reporting research and development (R&D) expenditures in 2000, only 30 of these accounted for over half of all business R&D spending. The result is that only a small number of companies in key industries have a significant impact on Canada's total $11.4 billion business R&D spending. The highest levels of concentration of R&D spending were found in the communications equipment manufacturing sector, while computer systems design and related services showed the lowest.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036656
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Statistics Canada's Survey of Innovation 1999 collected information on the innovation activities of firms in Canadian manufacturing and selected natural resource industries. The results provide insight into why a firm chooses to take the path of innovation or opts to be a non-innovator. For most non-innovators, the perception is that innovation is not required or is irrelevant to their industry. Non-innovative firms analysed here are those that did not introduce a new or significantly improved product or process in the previous three years and that did not carry out any innovative activities during the survey period.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036659
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    One of the most commonly used measures of research and development (R&D) performance is the GERD/GDP ratio or total R&D expenditures (Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development) as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). How does Canada compare with the other members of the G-7 and the OECD in terms of its GERD/GDP ratio? From 1989 to 1999, Canada reported the highest level of growth among G-7 countries.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036660
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The federal science and technology (S&T) community is made up of numerous government departments and agencies with distinct mandates and specializations, all united by their need for skilled, committed, innovative S&T professionals. The new website at www.sciencetech.gc.ca offers a comprehensive view of what they do. Here's where you can learn more about some of the remarkable achievements of Canada's S&T community, and about the exciting scope of its continuing work.

    Release date: 2003-10-20
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Analysis (36)

Analysis (36) (0 to 10 of 36 results)

  • Articles and reports: 63F0002X2003046
    Description:

    Services constitute the single most important industry in Canada's economy, with 68% of total gross domestic product, 75% of employment and 53% of consumer spending. However, this industry is not widely perceived as being Canada's spearhead of research and development (R&D), a role more traditionally assigned to the manufacturing sector. Still, services are becoming an increasingly important force in R&D, and this is why we should reconsider the true role played by R&D in the service sector. This article, in fact, sets out to quantify R&D activities within the service sector.

    Here are some highlights of this exploratory study:

    - In 2002, the commercial service sector was responsible for 28.5% of all R&D expenditures for the economy as a whole.

    - In 2000, 36.6% of all personnel assigned full time to R&D worked in the commercial service sector.

    - Quantification of the amounts spent on R&D from within the service sector does not necessarily correspond to traditional industrial classifications. For example, R&D is primarily performed in such sectors as biotechnology, software, telecommunications, the environment and logistics, which are not included in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) classification scheme.

    - Several service sector activities are very labour intensive and require highly skilled R&D workers. For example, of all employees performing R&D in the field of biotechnology, 23% hold doctorates or master's degrees.

    Release date: 2003-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2003013
    Description:

    This paper used data from the 2001 Biotechnology Use and Development Survey (BUDS) to look into bioproduct development using biotechnologies. Results show that the development of bioproducts has become an intrinsic part of the activities of Canadian biotechnology firms.

    Release date: 2003-12-08

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2003010
    Description:

    Canadian health research is conducted in universities, teaching hospitals, business enterprises, government laboratories and private non-profit organizations. This research is funded from a variety of sources including public, private, domestic and foreign.

    This paper provides more detailed information than was previously released in Science Statistics (Catalogue no. 88-001, vol. 27, no. 6). This is the fourth time the Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division (SIEID) of Statistics Canada has published an estimate of health research and development spending in Canada.

    Release date: 2003-11-07

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2003011
    Description:

    Canada's economic growth and competitiveness depends on scientific and technological development, as well as the people responsible for this development, especially those engaged in research and development (R&D). The number of R&D personnel is a supplementary measure to the statistics on intramural expenditures on R&D.

    In this report, we present some statistical estimates and definitions concerning R&D personnel. Data on R&D personnel are derived from surveys and from estimates based on various data sources.

    Release date: 2003-11-07

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036650
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The trend towards the globalization of factor, product and financial markets is drawing an increasing amount of attention. Work is underway to develop methodologies and to harmonize among countries data on the economic activities of globally operating corporations. An understanding of their business models, corporate strategies and organizational structures is also needed to gather and, more importantly, interpret information about their innovation activities. This note identifies four main models of globally operating corporations according to their impact on technology transfer and innovation in their host countries.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036654
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Many people in the federal and provincial governments, in universities, hospitals and other organizations are asking the same questions about the commercialization of university research: Is it increasing? What are the benefits? How do universities and regions compare? Statistics Canada's 2001 Survey of Intellectual Property Commercialization in the Higher Education Sector shows that commercialization activities took a giant leap from 1999 to 2001. This article includes the results for universities only.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036655
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Although there were over 8,000 companies in Canada reporting research and development (R&D) expenditures in 2000, only 30 of these accounted for over half of all business R&D spending. The result is that only a small number of companies in key industries have a significant impact on Canada's total $11.4 billion business R&D spending. The highest levels of concentration of R&D spending were found in the communications equipment manufacturing sector, while computer systems design and related services showed the lowest.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036656
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Statistics Canada's Survey of Innovation 1999 collected information on the innovation activities of firms in Canadian manufacturing and selected natural resource industries. The results provide insight into why a firm chooses to take the path of innovation or opts to be a non-innovator. For most non-innovators, the perception is that innovation is not required or is irrelevant to their industry. Non-innovative firms analysed here are those that did not introduce a new or significantly improved product or process in the previous three years and that did not carry out any innovative activities during the survey period.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036659
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    One of the most commonly used measures of research and development (R&D) performance is the GERD/GDP ratio or total R&D expenditures (Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development) as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). How does Canada compare with the other members of the G-7 and the OECD in terms of its GERD/GDP ratio? From 1989 to 1999, Canada reported the highest level of growth among G-7 countries.

    Release date: 2003-10-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20030036660
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The federal science and technology (S&T) community is made up of numerous government departments and agencies with distinct mandates and specializations, all united by their need for skilled, committed, innovative S&T professionals. The new website at www.sciencetech.gc.ca offers a comprehensive view of what they do. Here's where you can learn more about some of the remarkable achievements of Canada's S&T community, and about the exciting scope of its continuing work.

    Release date: 2003-10-20
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