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  • Articles and reports: 88F0017M1999006
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report describes the basic characteristics of the firms using biotechnologies, the type of use of biotechnologies, the stage of use and future use, the obstacles to acquisition and implementation of biotechnologies, the advantages obtained, and internal and external sources of information leading to biotechnology use.

    Release date: 1999-11-19

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990067969
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The estimate for research and development in the higher education sector has been revised.

    Release date: 1999-11-16

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990057970
    Description:

    This Bulletin provides recent information on the performance and funding of Federal Government Expenditures on Scientific Activities, 1999-2000.

    Release date: 1999-10-29

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999004
    Description:

    For the first time, estimates of expenditures on research and development in the health field. As part of on-going efforts to improve science and technology statistics in Canada, today's estimates result from consultations and work done for many organizations with an interest in health research and development statistics. Initial findings indicate health is a major area for research and development with almost $1 out of every $6 research dollars in Canada being spent in the health field. In 1998, an estimated $2.3 billion dollars was spent on health R&D done in universities, teaching hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, government laboratories and private non-profit organizations. Health R&D accounted for 16% of total R&D expenditures.

    Release date: 1999-09-01

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999007
    Description:

    The information in this document is intended primarily to be used by scientific and technological (S&T) policy makers, both federal and provincial, largely as a basis for interprovincial and intersectoral comparisons.The statistics are aggregates of the provincial government science surveys conducted by Statistics Canada under contract with the provinces, and cover the period 1990-1991 to 1998-1999e. The surveys have covered as many as nine provinces, the exception being Prince Edward Island.

    Release date: 1999-09-01

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999005
    Description:

    The study of the adoption and dissemination of technologies is one of the key components of innovation and technological development. Indeed, it is through the adoption of newer, more advanced, technologies that industries can increase their production capabilities, improve their productivity, and expand their lines of new products and services. Surveys on the adoption of new technologies complement other information collected about R&D and innovation, allow the measurement of and how quickly and in what way industries adapt to technological change.

    This is the fifth Survey of Advanced Technology in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector. Three surveys of advanced manufacturing technologies were conducted in 1987, 1989 and 1993 (which was part of the Survey of Advanced Technology in Canadian Manufacturing), followed by a survey of the use of biotechnology by Canadian industries, conducted in 1997.

    Increasingly, manufacturing industries rely on information technology and telecommunications, computerizing and linking all functions of their production process. This survey puts the emphasis on issues such as the use of communication networks, whether internal (e. g. Local Area Networks) or external (e.g. the Internet).

    Release date: 1999-08-23

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990047980
    Description:

    This is the first time Statistics Canada has published an estimate of health research and development spending in Canada.

    Release date: 1999-07-30

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X19990014623
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    A new framework developed by Statistics Canada's, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division classifies the science and technology (S&T) process into activities - the generation, transmission and use of knowledge - as well as linkages and outcomes. By asking some essential questions, the framework can help us better understand the relationship between science and technology and other activities and, ultimately, its impact on society.

    Release date: 1999-07-23

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X19990014625
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    To gauge the scope of Canadian contributions to global scientific knowledge, researchers turned to bibliometrics - the science of measuring published material. They found interesting patters at work in Canada, both in terms of subject matter and the nature of our collaborations.

    Release date: 1999-07-23

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X19990014627
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Twenty years ago, it was rare for a university to patent an invention, create a spin-off company or license a technology - the priority was to "publish or perish." But according to the results of a new pilot survey, the catch phrase might well become "patent or publish". In 1997-98, Canada's universities registered 143 new patents and licensed 243 technologies, bringing in almost $16 million in royalties.

    Release date: 1999-07-23
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  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999010
    Description:

    This second edition of R&D tax treatment in Canada: a provincial comparison, uses a method developed by the Conference Board of Canada to compare the tax incentives to do research and development (R&D) in each of the provinces. The results contribute to the analysis of regional differences in science and technology activity in Canada, as part of the work of the Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division of Statistics Canada.

    An example of a regional difference is the tax incentive to do R&D in a province. There is the federal Scientific Research and Experimental Development tax programme, which has regional variations. Six out of ten provinces have their own incentive programmes and tax rates which differ from province to province. The B-Index analysis of the Conference Board provides a means of comparing tax incentives and of providing an indicator.

    Release date: 1999-12-30

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999008
    Description:

    This publication presents the national gross domestic expenditures on research and development (GERD) from 1988 to 1999 as well as the provincial GERD from 1988 to 1997. An additional series of tables showing research and development (R&D) expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1987, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1987, may be obtained from the Science and Innovation Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

    Release date: 1999-12-24

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999009
    Description:

    This working paper presents the estimation procedures used to calculate the research and development (R&D) expenditures in the higher education sector for the year 1979-80 to 1997-98.

    Release date: 1999-12-24

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990107930
    Description:

    This service bulletin presents the geographic distribution of federal government science and technologyexpenditures. Data on federal government expenditures on science and technology are found in Volume 23,No. 5 of this publication, released in October, 1999. In both this and the earlier bulletin, science and technology (S&T) expenditure is the sum of expenditures on research and development (R&D) and on related scientific activities (RSA).

    Release date: 1999-12-23

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990097966
    Description:

    The statistics presented in this bulletin are derived from our latest survey of industrial research and development activities in Canada. The survey reports on the research and development spending intentions for 1999, the estimates for 1998 and the actual expenditures for 1997 of corporations performing research and development activities in Canada. In 1997, a decision was made to eliminate the short survey forms in favour of administrative data, in order to reduce the response burden.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 88F0017M1999007
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper looks at the impediments to innovations perceived by Canadian firms. It focuses on communication, financial services and technical business services.

    Release date: 1999-12-02

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1999137
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper describes the evidence that several Statistics Canada studies have developed on the importance of innovation to growth and the need for highly skilled workers in the innovation process. Rather than focusing on broad industry aggregates as is often done, we concentrate our attention on firms and their behaviour. This allows us to investigate the connection between the success of businesses and the strategies that they pursue.

    We find that the more successful firms attribute their success to having developed competencies in a wide range of areas-but that the common factor that most frequently distinguishes faster from slower growing firms is innovation. Innovators in turn place greater emphasis on training and acquiring skilled workers.

    The studies also show that the emphasis on highly skilled workers varies across industries. In goods industries, a training strategy complements an innovation strategy that focuses on R&D, the adoption of new advanced technologies, or the development of new processes. Small firms that are innovative train their workers when they introduce new machinery and equipment. In the service sector, the innovation strategy relies less on new capital and more on new skills embodied in the workforce. Here there is evidence that a training strategy, by itself, has more impact on the success of a firm-probably because it is more likely to be the innovation strategy of the firm.

    Release date: 1999-11-30

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990087967
    Description:

    This release provides data on the research and development activities of the private non-profit sector.

    Release date: 1999-11-26

  • 9. Science Statistics Archived
    Articles and reports: 88-001-X1999008
    Description:

    This release provides data on the research and development activities of the private non-profit sector. Although the contribution of this sector to the national research and development effort is small in dollar terms, its impact, particularly in the university sector, is significant.Questionnaires were mailed to 95 private non-profit organizations thought to be supporting research and development activities.Twenty-two organizations reported performing research and development.

    Release date: 1999-11-26

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990077968
    Description:

    The Higher Education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status.

    Release date: 1999-11-24
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