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All (18)

All (18) (0 to 10 of 18 results)

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2008022
    Description:

    Many historical comparisons of international productivity use measures of labour productivity (output per worker). Differences in labour productivity can be caused by differences in technical efficiency or differences in capital intensity. Moving to measures of total factor productivity allows international comparisons to ascertain whether differences in labour productivity arise from differences in efficiency or differences in factors utilized in the production process.

    This paper examines differences in output per worker in the manufacturing sectors of Canada and the United States in 1929 and the extent to which it arises from efficiency differences. It makes corrections for differences in capital and materials intensity per worker in order to derive a measure of total factor efficiency of Canada relative to the United States, using detailed industry data. It finds that while output per worker in Canada was only about 75% of the United States productivity level, the total factor productivity measure of Canada was about the same as the United States level - that is, there was very little difference in technical efficiency in the two countries. Canada's lower output per worker was the result of the use of less capital and materials per worker than the United States.

    Release date: 2008-12-23

  • Table: 26-202-X
    Description:

    This publication presents early estimates of mineral production by class and by province, quantities and values.

    Release date: 2008-12-19

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200800210741
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Innovation commercialization, the process of introducing a new or significantly improved product to market, is an important innovation activity for a plant and is the final stage in new product development. Without successful commercialization, innovations may not return any benefits for a plant's innovation efforts. The Survey of Innovation 2005 asked innovative manufacturing plants questions related to commercialization activities and provides information on the type of these activities being undertaken. Market success is measured in terms of the share of revenues in 2004 from product innovations introduced during the years 2002 to 2004.

    Release date: 2008-11-21

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200800210742
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In its recently released science and technology (S&T) strategy, Mobilizing Science and Technology to Canada's Advantage (Government of Canada 2007), the federal government stated its commitment to improving its ability to measure and report on the impact of federal S&T expenditures. In response to this challenge, the Policy Research Initiative (PRI) collaborated with departments and agencies that conduct and fund S&T to explore these issues. This article provides a summary from one of the PRI reports, The Transmission of Technology and Knowledge to Innovative Manufacturing Firms by Publicly Funded Research Organizations.

    Release date: 2008-11-21

  • Table: 26-201-X
    Description:

    The review presents detailed and recent statistics of the mining industry, including the production and the value of minerals by kind and by province. It also presents historical tables of values by main groups, the average prices of leading minerals and principal statistics by main group and by province, and diamond drilling of deposits other than fuels. It includes explanatory notes and a bibliography.

    Release date: 2008-10-23

  • 6. Metal Ore Mining Archived
    Table: 26-223-X
    Description:

    This annual publication presents data on establishments, employment, payroll, materials, supplies and contract services. It also shows the production, shipments and drillings completed. It includes lists of establishments showing employment size ranges, terms and definitions and a bibliography.

    Release date: 2008-10-16

  • Table: 26-226-X
    Description:

    This publication presents data on establishments, employment, payroll, material and supplies used, fuel and electricity, as well as on production and shipments. Data are presented by province. It includes a list of establishments, definitions and a bibliography.

    This publication covers NAICS 2123: Stone Mining and Quarrying; Sand, Gravel, Clay, and Ceramic and Refractory Minerals Mining and Quarrying; Other Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying.

    Release date: 2008-10-10

  • Articles and reports: 96-325-X200700010646
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Food is as much a necessity as the air we breathe and the water we drink. But do we know where our food comes from, and what it takes to get it into our kitchens? The question of where our food is grown or processed is coming under increased scrutiny, not just in Canada but in other countries, including our trading partners. Concerns underlying this increased focus include discussions of energy consumption required for food transport, environmental concerns, product safety, food security and food costs. The article, Fork in the Road, takes a look at the trade in food and shows how Canadians can find out what foods are being produced in their local area.

    Release date: 2008-07-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X200800610626
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Canada stands to profit from the surge in food prices. Producers already have seen food exports hit a record high early in 2008. While consumers pay more for bread and cereals, this has been offset by stable or lower prices for other foodstuffs.

    Release date: 2008-06-12

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200800110584
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using data from the Survey of Innovation 2005, this article will examine the use of patents by Canadian manufacturing plants. Survey findings establish that plants use strategic methods more than patents for intellectual property protection. Patent use varies both by how big the plant is and whether it is innovative or non-innovative. In addition, the use of patents by Canadian manufacturing plants varies by the subsector in which they are classified.

    Release date: 2008-05-22
Data (4)

Data (4) ((4 results))

  • Table: 26-202-X
    Description:

    This publication presents early estimates of mineral production by class and by province, quantities and values.

    Release date: 2008-12-19

  • Table: 26-201-X
    Description:

    The review presents detailed and recent statistics of the mining industry, including the production and the value of minerals by kind and by province. It also presents historical tables of values by main groups, the average prices of leading minerals and principal statistics by main group and by province, and diamond drilling of deposits other than fuels. It includes explanatory notes and a bibliography.

    Release date: 2008-10-23

  • 3. Metal Ore Mining Archived
    Table: 26-223-X
    Description:

    This annual publication presents data on establishments, employment, payroll, materials, supplies and contract services. It also shows the production, shipments and drillings completed. It includes lists of establishments showing employment size ranges, terms and definitions and a bibliography.

    Release date: 2008-10-16

  • Table: 26-226-X
    Description:

    This publication presents data on establishments, employment, payroll, material and supplies used, fuel and electricity, as well as on production and shipments. Data are presented by province. It includes a list of establishments, definitions and a bibliography.

    This publication covers NAICS 2123: Stone Mining and Quarrying; Sand, Gravel, Clay, and Ceramic and Refractory Minerals Mining and Quarrying; Other Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying.

    Release date: 2008-10-10
Analysis (14)

Analysis (14) (0 to 10 of 14 results)

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2008022
    Description:

    Many historical comparisons of international productivity use measures of labour productivity (output per worker). Differences in labour productivity can be caused by differences in technical efficiency or differences in capital intensity. Moving to measures of total factor productivity allows international comparisons to ascertain whether differences in labour productivity arise from differences in efficiency or differences in factors utilized in the production process.

    This paper examines differences in output per worker in the manufacturing sectors of Canada and the United States in 1929 and the extent to which it arises from efficiency differences. It makes corrections for differences in capital and materials intensity per worker in order to derive a measure of total factor efficiency of Canada relative to the United States, using detailed industry data. It finds that while output per worker in Canada was only about 75% of the United States productivity level, the total factor productivity measure of Canada was about the same as the United States level - that is, there was very little difference in technical efficiency in the two countries. Canada's lower output per worker was the result of the use of less capital and materials per worker than the United States.

    Release date: 2008-12-23

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200800210741
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Innovation commercialization, the process of introducing a new or significantly improved product to market, is an important innovation activity for a plant and is the final stage in new product development. Without successful commercialization, innovations may not return any benefits for a plant's innovation efforts. The Survey of Innovation 2005 asked innovative manufacturing plants questions related to commercialization activities and provides information on the type of these activities being undertaken. Market success is measured in terms of the share of revenues in 2004 from product innovations introduced during the years 2002 to 2004.

    Release date: 2008-11-21

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200800210742
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In its recently released science and technology (S&T) strategy, Mobilizing Science and Technology to Canada's Advantage (Government of Canada 2007), the federal government stated its commitment to improving its ability to measure and report on the impact of federal S&T expenditures. In response to this challenge, the Policy Research Initiative (PRI) collaborated with departments and agencies that conduct and fund S&T to explore these issues. This article provides a summary from one of the PRI reports, The Transmission of Technology and Knowledge to Innovative Manufacturing Firms by Publicly Funded Research Organizations.

    Release date: 2008-11-21

  • Articles and reports: 96-325-X200700010646
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Food is as much a necessity as the air we breathe and the water we drink. But do we know where our food comes from, and what it takes to get it into our kitchens? The question of where our food is grown or processed is coming under increased scrutiny, not just in Canada but in other countries, including our trading partners. Concerns underlying this increased focus include discussions of energy consumption required for food transport, environmental concerns, product safety, food security and food costs. The article, Fork in the Road, takes a look at the trade in food and shows how Canadians can find out what foods are being produced in their local area.

    Release date: 2008-07-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X200800610626
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Canada stands to profit from the surge in food prices. Producers already have seen food exports hit a record high early in 2008. While consumers pay more for bread and cereals, this has been offset by stable or lower prices for other foodstuffs.

    Release date: 2008-06-12

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200800110584
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using data from the Survey of Innovation 2005, this article will examine the use of patents by Canadian manufacturing plants. Survey findings establish that plants use strategic methods more than patents for intellectual property protection. Patent use varies both by how big the plant is and whether it is innovative or non-innovative. In addition, the use of patents by Canadian manufacturing plants varies by the subsector in which they are classified.

    Release date: 2008-05-22

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200800110595
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The 2005 Survey of Innovation asked non-innovative manufacturing plants why they did not innovate; that is, why they did not introduce a new or significantly improved product or process to the market during the three-year reference period 2002 to 2004. Lack of market demand was the main response. An examination of repondents' other specified reasons shows that some non-innovators may actually be innovative although they do not perceive themselves to be. Innovative and non-innovative plants perceive success factors, such as developing and seeking new markets, in significantly different ways. Non-innovative plants are not expected to be innovative in the near future.

    Release date: 2008-05-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2008054
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The paper investigates how Canadian manufacturing plants adjust to an increase in low-wage import competition by changing their commodity portfolios. At the commodity level, we distinguish between 'core' versus 'peripheral' and differentiated versus homogeneous commodities. We also account for cost and technological complementarities using input-output linkages between commodities produced by a plant. We document large commodity turnover within plants over the period from 1988 to 1996. The largest changes happened in multi-commodity plants and involved peripheral commodities. The commodities that were affected the most were those commodities that are potentially used as inputs in production of the 'core' commodity; homogeneous (rather than differentiated) commodities; and, commodities with relatively weak input complementarities with the core product. Plants experiencing large import competition shifted their output toward production of their core commodity and away from production of unrelated peripheral commodities.

    Release date: 2008-05-16

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2008052
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Over the past three decades, tariff barriers have fallen significantly, leading to an increasing integration of Canadian manufactures into world markets and especially the U.S. market. Much attention has been paid to the effects of this shift at the national scale, while little attention has been given to whether these effects vary across regions. In a country that spans a continent, there is ample reason to believe that the effects of trade will vary across regions. In particular, location has a significant effect on the size of markets available to firms, and this may impact the extent to which firms reorganize their production in response to falling trade barriers. Utilizing a longitudinal microdata file of manufacturing plants (1974 to 1999), this study tests the effect of higher levels of trade across regions on the organization of production within plants. The study finds that higher levels of export intensity (exports as a share of output) across regions are positively associated with longer production runs, larger plants and product specialization within plants. These effects are strongest in Ontario and Quebec, provinces that are best situated with respect to the U.S. market.

    Release date: 2008-05-09

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2008051
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper investigates the productivity effects of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement (FTA) on Canadian manufacturing. It finds that Canadian tariff cuts increased exit rates among moderately productive non-exporting plants. This led to the reallocation of market share toward highly productive plants, which helps explain why aggregate productivity gains were observed when Canadian tariffs were reduced. The paper also finds that all of the within-plant productivity gains resulting from the U.S. tariff cuts involved exporters and, especially, new entrants into the export market. It demonstrates that any lack of output responses and labour-shedding as a consequence of the FTA were experienced by Canadian plants who were non-exporters, while exporters captured the gains from the FTA.

    Release date: 2008-05-07
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