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  • Public use microdata: 95M0008X
    Description: Microdata files are unique among census products in that they give users access to unaggregated data. This makes the public use microdata files (PUMFs) powerful research tools. Each file contains anonymous individual responses on a large number of variables. The PUMF user can group and manipulate these variables to suit his/her own data and research requirements. Tabulations not included in other census products can be created or relationships between variables can be analysed by using different statistical tests. PUMFs provide quick access to a comprehensive social and economic database about Canada and its people. All subject-matter covered by the census is included in the microdata files. However, to ensure the anonymity of the respondents, geographic identifiers have been restricted to the provinces/territories and large metropolitan areas. Microdata files have traditionally been disseminated on magnetic tape, which required access to a mainframe computer. For the first time, the 1991 PUMFs will also be available on CD-ROM for microcomputer applications. This file contains data based on a 3% of the population enumerated in the 1991 Census. It provides information on the demographic, social and economic characteristics of the Canadian population. The Households and Housing File allows users to return to the base unit of the census, enabling them to group and manipulate the data to suit their own data and research requirements.

    This product provides two basic tools to assist users in accessing and using the 1991 Census Public Use Microdata File - Households and Housing CD-ROM.

    Release date: 2023-09-12

  • Articles and reports: 41-20-00022023001
    Description: This article uses data from the 2018 Canadian Housing Survey (CHS) to examine health, life satisfaction, and financial hardship among First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit across housing tenure (owners, renters, or renters in social and affordable housing), housing conditions, and core housing need. Where possible, estimates are presented by Indigenous identity group, gender, and age with those for the non-Indigenous population provided for context.
    Release date: 2023-04-04

  • Public use microdata: 46-25-0001
    Description:

    The Public-Use Microdata File (PUMF) for the Canadian Housing Survey (CHS) provides information on core housing need, dwelling characteristics and housing tenure, perceptions on economic hardship from housing costs, dwelling and neighbourhood satisfaction, housing moves and intentions to move, community engagement, life and community satisfaction and socio-demographic characteristics.

    The production of this file includes many safeguards to prevent the identification of any one person or household.

    Release date: 2023-01-31

  • Public use microdata: 62M0004X
    Description:

    The Public-Use Microdata File (PUMF) for the Survey of Household Spending (SHS) provides information on household expenditures as well as selected information on dwelling characteristics and household equipment. The production of this file includes many safeguards to prevent the identification of any one person or household.

    PUMFs were produced on an annual basis for SHS 1997 to 2009, before a redesigned survey was introduced with the 2010 reference year. The SHS 2017 PUMF is the first SHS PUMF based on data collected after the 2010 survey redesign.

    Due to changes to data collection, processing and estimation methods introduced with the 2010 redesign, users are advised not to compare data from SHS 1997 to 2009 with data from any subsequent years, unless otherwise noted.

    Release date: 2022-07-22

  • 46-23-0001
    Description:

    This service provides custom tabulations from the Canadian Housing Survey database. Topics include: core housing need, dwelling characteristics and housing tenure, perceptions on economic hardship from housing costs, dwelling and neighbourhood satisfaction, housing moves and intentions to move, community engagement, life and community satisfaction, experience with homelessness and socio-demographic characteristics.

    Release date: 2020-10-08

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2020024
    Description:

    This infographic presents a portrait of renter households living in social and affordable housing based on the results of the 2018 Canadian Housing Survey.

    Release date: 2020-10-02

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2019011
    Description:

    This article examines the dwelling satisfaction of Canadian households using data from the 2018 Canadian Housing Survey (CHS). In order to provide a high-level overview, the results are presented using geographic area of residence, housing tenure, and dwelling type as an organizing framework.

    Release date: 2019-11-22

  • Table: 94F0009X1996116
    Description:

    Series Description - The Dimensions Series (1996 Census of Population) provides an in-depth analysis of census data. More than 150 tables represent a variety of special interest subjects linking a number of Census variables. Statistical information is presented on themes of considerable public interest with some tables examining historical trends and other tables detailing significant sub-populations. Data for geographical levels of Canada, Provinces and Territories are most widely represented with some data tables produced at the Census Metropolitan Area level. The Portrait of Official Language Communities in Canada and the Portrait of Aboriginal Population of Canada contain some information at the community level.

    The data tables are grouped by common theme and are available on 7 different CD-ROMs:

    94F0004XCB96000 - Ethnocultural and Social Characteristics of the Canadian Population94F0005XCB96000 - Canadian Income and Earnings for 1990 and 199594F0006XCB96000 - Labour Force and Unpaid Work of Canadians94F0007XCB96000 - Place of Work of the Canadian Population94F0008XCB96000 - Canadian Demographic Characteristics (including language and mobility)94F0010XCB96000 - Portrait of Official Language Communities in Canada94F0011XCB96000 - Portrait of Aboriginal Population in Canada

    A detailed list of tables is included on each CD-ROM. Some tables show comparisons with data from earlier censuses to provide an historical perspective. It should be noted that the Dimension Series was not produced for the 1991 Census.

    Release date: 2019-01-26

  • Table: 98-400-X2016220
    Geography: Province or territory, Census division, Census subdivision
    Description:

    This table presents structural type of dwelling, tenure, household size and number of bedrooms for private households of Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions.

    Release date: 2018-03-28

  • Table: 98-400-X2016222
    Geography: Province or territory, Census division, Census subdivision
    Description:

    This table presents dwelling condition, tenure, period of construction and structural type of dwelling for private households of Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions.

    Release date: 2018-03-28
Data (81)

Data (81) (0 to 10 of 81 results)

Analysis (6)

Analysis (6) ((6 results))

  • Articles and reports: 41-20-00022023001
    Description: This article uses data from the 2018 Canadian Housing Survey (CHS) to examine health, life satisfaction, and financial hardship among First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit across housing tenure (owners, renters, or renters in social and affordable housing), housing conditions, and core housing need. Where possible, estimates are presented by Indigenous identity group, gender, and age with those for the non-Indigenous population provided for context.
    Release date: 2023-04-04

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2020024
    Description:

    This infographic presents a portrait of renter households living in social and affordable housing based on the results of the 2018 Canadian Housing Survey.

    Release date: 2020-10-02

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2019011
    Description:

    This article examines the dwelling satisfaction of Canadian households using data from the 2018 Canadian Housing Survey (CHS). In order to provide a high-level overview, the results are presented using geographic area of residence, housing tenure, and dwelling type as an organizing framework.

    Release date: 2019-11-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2005252
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    Numerous studies equate immigrant homeownership with assimilation into the residential mainstream, though only rarely is this claim verified by studying the ethnic character of neighbourhoods where immigrants actually buy homes. In this paper, the 1996 and 2001 Census of Canada master files and bivariate probit models with sample selection corrections (a.k.a. Heckman probit models) are used to assess the neighbourhood-level ethnic determinants of homeownership in Toronto, Canada. By determining whether low levels of ethnic concentration accompany a home purchase, it can be assessed whether immigrants exit their enclaves in search of a home in the 'promised land', as traditional assimilation theory suggests, or if some now seek homes in the 'ethnic communities' that Logan, Alba and Zhang (2002) recently introduced in the American Sociological Review. Assessing the role of concentration under equilibrium conditions, evidence emerges that same-group concentration affects the propensity of several group members to buy homes.

    Release date: 2005-05-26

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2005253
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    This article summarizes findings from the research paper entitled Are immigrants buying to get in? The role of ethnic clustering on the homeownership propensities of 12 Toronto immigrant groups, 1996-2001. Spatial assimilation theory is a model of status attainment that links the spatial and social positions of minority group members (Massey and Denton 1985). If applied to immigrants, the model would suggest that immigrants would first cluster in typically poor neighbourhoods with high concentrations of co-ethnics, but that ethnic concentration should be temporary and of declining utility. Once an immigrant family's socioeconomic status improves, they should merge into the residential 'mainstream' by moving to a better, and typically less segregated, neighbourhood (Massey and Denton 1985). Further, although housing tenure is not an explicit dimension of spatial assimilation theory, given the well-established relationship between income, human capital and homeownership (Balakrishnan and Wu 1992; Laryea 1999), and the importance of homeownership as an indicator of well-being and residential assimilation (Myers and Lee 1998), part of an immigrant family's socioeconomic ascent should be a shift from tenant to homeowner (Alba and Logan 1992). Spatial assimilation theory would further predict that same-group concentration should be inversely related to homeownership since ethnic enclaves are typically conceived of as poor rental zones (Fong and Gulia 1999; Myles and Hou 2004).

    Recent research (Alba and Nee 2003; Logan, Alba, and Zhang 2002), however, finds that some immigrant groups may be choosing against spatial assimilation to form more durable 'ethnic communities' (Logan, Alba, and Zhang 2002), giving rise to a positive and growing 'enclave effect' on homeownership (Borjas 2002). In this paper, an enclave effect is evaluated as an explanation for the 1996-2001 homeownership patterns of Toronto's 12 largest recent immigrant groups. Using longitudinally-consistent and temporally-antecedent 1996 neighbourhood ethnic composition data this paper aims to determine if immigrants buy homes outside their enclaves or prefer an owner-occupied neighbourhood of same-group members. To this end, the paper discusses the potential benefits of living and buying in an enclave; it develops a predictive framework for determining which groups might benefit from owner-occupied ethnic communities; it also examines the issue of 'neighbourhood disequilibrium' and evaluates the enclave effect on homeownership using a sample of recent (1996-2001) movers, their 1996 neighbourhood ethnic characteristics, and bivariate probit models with sample selection corrections (Van de Ven and Van Praag 1981).

    Release date: 2005-05-26

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200411013129
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    As a large number of people near the traditional retirement age, what are the social and economic consequences of a mass exit from the labour force? Would older workers remain on the job if mandatory retirement policies were eliminated or if, for example, incentives such as part-time work or more vacation leave were offered?

    Release date: 2004-10-26
Reference (2)

Reference (2) ((2 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 62F0026M2005001
    Description:

    This paper provides some guidance to users on the use of medians and also gives some examples of situations when it can be a more appropriate measure than the average.

    Release date: 2005-05-17

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 92-400-X
    Description:

    The new product entitled "2001 Census Standard Products Stubsets" provides detailed information about all census variables, by category. It is released on the Internet only.

    This series includes six general reference products: Preview of Products and Services, Census Dictionary, Catalogue, Standard Products Stubsets, Census Handbook and Technical Reports.

    Release date: 2002-06-27
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