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  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2013100
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Past research has revealed that young women are more likely to enter postsecondary programs that have lower returns in the labour market, such as the arts, humanities and social sciences. Young men, conversely, tend to enrol in and graduate from programs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), which generally have greater labour market returns. Factors such as academic interests, achievement test scores, and high-school marks can affect later university program choice. Using the linked Youth in Transition Survey (YITS) - Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) data, the current paper examines the relationship between mathematics and science test scores at age 15 and first program choice in university, with a focus on differences in ability in mathematics and science by gender. Generally speaking, the results reveal that the intersection of gender and ability does matter; even young women of high mathematical ability are less likely to enter STEM fields than young men of similar or even lesser mathematical ability. This implies that something other than pure ability is affecting young women's likelihood of entering STEM programs in university.

    Release date: 2013-12-18

  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2012098
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This report provides a profile of doctoral graduates from Ontario universities in the class of 2005 two years after graduation by examining their demographics and program characteristics. It also analyses their mobility patterns, with a particular focus on graduates who moved to the United States. Finally it examines the graduates' labour market outcomes, including employment rates, income, industry and the prevalence of over-qualification. The report compares the Ontario results with the aggregate results for doctoral graduates from universities in the rest of Canada as well as results from 2 previous cohorts of graduates; i.e. the classes of 2000 and 1995.

    The key data sources are the National Graduates Surveys (NGS) of 1995, 2000 and 2005. Supplementary information is also provided by the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED) and the 2006 Census.

    Release date: 2012-07-09

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X201000611405
    Description:

    This article uses data from the Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS) to draw a portrait of the changing make-up of international students enrolled in Canadian universities on either a part-time or full-time basis over the 1992 to 2008 period. This portrait shows how different international students are today compared to their counterparts in the early 1990s by examining changes that are evident in their university program levels and fields of study, age and gender composition, source countries and destinations within Canada.

    Release date: 2011-02-24

  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2011089
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report examines the expectations and labour force outcomes of a recent doctoral graduating class by drawing from two different data sources that surveyed the same individuals at two different points in time. The first is the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED), which interviewed the doctoral graduates at the time of their graduation in 2005. The second source is the National Graduates Survey (NGS), which interviewed them again in 2007.

    The study provides a profile of doctoral holders two years after graduation by examining their demographics and program characteristics as well as their expectations at the time of graduation. It also analyses their mobility patterns, with a particular focus on graduates who moved to the United States. Finally it examines the graduates' labour market outcomes, including employment rates, income, industry and the prevalence of over-qualification as compared to the graduates' expectations.

    Release date: 2011-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X200900511049
    Description:

    This article highlights a few of the findings of a recent report published by Statistics Canada that analyzed trends in the age of education infrastructure in Canada over the period between 1961 and 2008, using data from the Capital and Repair Expenditures Survey. The article explains how changes in the age of education infrastructure are measured and provides an overview of trends in the average age of education infrastructure, by education level, at both the national and provincial levels.

    Release date: 2009-12-16

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X200900511050
    Description:

    This article draws on information contained in the Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS), which includes annual data from 1992 to 2007, to provide an overview of trends in university graduations in Canada and the provinces. That overview provides an overall view of the characteristics of university graduates over the period, from trends in the gender and age composition of graduates and in the share of graduates accounted for by international students to changes in the fields of study chosen by graduates.

    Release date: 2009-12-16

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2009320
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Do students know the education required to achieve their career objectives? Is this information related to their education pathways? To address these questions, the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS), Cohort A is used to compare high school students' perceptions of the level of education they will require for the job they intend to hold at age 30, with the level required according to professional job analysts at Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC). The focus is on students intending to work in a job which requires a university degree, and examine the correlation between the knowledge of educational requirements and subsequent university enrolment. The results suggest that about three out of four students intending to work in a job requiring a university degree are aware of the education they will require. Evidence suggests that knowledge of educational requirements is related to academic performance and socio-economic background. Differences by intended occupation are quite small. Moreover, students who know that a university degree is required are more likely to attend university, even after accounting for differences in academic performance, sex, and socioeconomic background. In fact, the knowledge of educational requirements is as strongly related to university attendance as other well-documented correlates such as sex, academic performance and parental education. Finally, higher university attendance rates are observed when students learn earlier (rather than later), that a university degree is required for their intended job.

    Release date: 2009-10-29

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X200900310922
    Description:

    Tens of thousands of students, from kindergarten to college and university, have gone back to school. In honour of this annual ritual, this issue of Education Matters presents a few facts and figures relating to education, from enrolment trends to mobility of apprenticeship completers and barriers to training access, and more.

    Release date: 2009-09-08

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2009081
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study provides a first look at recent trends in the average age of education buildings in Canada and the provinces. It compares the average age with the useful life of education buildings at the elementary-secondary, college and university levels.

    Release date: 2009-09-03

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X200900210896
    Description:

    Previous analysis of data from the Youth in Transition Survey showed for the first time that reading proficiency at age 15 plays a significant role in both high school graduation and participation in postsecondary education by age 19. However, age 19 is still relatively early to have conclusive information on the educational outcomes of youth. This article takes advantage of more recent data from the Youth in Transition Survey to examine high school and postsecondary education outcomes for that same group of youth two years later, when they were 21 years old.

    Release date: 2009-06-17
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Analysis (66)

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  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2013100
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Past research has revealed that young women are more likely to enter postsecondary programs that have lower returns in the labour market, such as the arts, humanities and social sciences. Young men, conversely, tend to enrol in and graduate from programs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), which generally have greater labour market returns. Factors such as academic interests, achievement test scores, and high-school marks can affect later university program choice. Using the linked Youth in Transition Survey (YITS) - Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) data, the current paper examines the relationship between mathematics and science test scores at age 15 and first program choice in university, with a focus on differences in ability in mathematics and science by gender. Generally speaking, the results reveal that the intersection of gender and ability does matter; even young women of high mathematical ability are less likely to enter STEM fields than young men of similar or even lesser mathematical ability. This implies that something other than pure ability is affecting young women's likelihood of entering STEM programs in university.

    Release date: 2013-12-18

  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2012098
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    This report provides a profile of doctoral graduates from Ontario universities in the class of 2005 two years after graduation by examining their demographics and program characteristics. It also analyses their mobility patterns, with a particular focus on graduates who moved to the United States. Finally it examines the graduates' labour market outcomes, including employment rates, income, industry and the prevalence of over-qualification. The report compares the Ontario results with the aggregate results for doctoral graduates from universities in the rest of Canada as well as results from 2 previous cohorts of graduates; i.e. the classes of 2000 and 1995.

    The key data sources are the National Graduates Surveys (NGS) of 1995, 2000 and 2005. Supplementary information is also provided by the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED) and the 2006 Census.

    Release date: 2012-07-09

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X201000611405
    Description:

    This article uses data from the Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS) to draw a portrait of the changing make-up of international students enrolled in Canadian universities on either a part-time or full-time basis over the 1992 to 2008 period. This portrait shows how different international students are today compared to their counterparts in the early 1990s by examining changes that are evident in their university program levels and fields of study, age and gender composition, source countries and destinations within Canada.

    Release date: 2011-02-24

  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2011089
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report examines the expectations and labour force outcomes of a recent doctoral graduating class by drawing from two different data sources that surveyed the same individuals at two different points in time. The first is the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED), which interviewed the doctoral graduates at the time of their graduation in 2005. The second source is the National Graduates Survey (NGS), which interviewed them again in 2007.

    The study provides a profile of doctoral holders two years after graduation by examining their demographics and program characteristics as well as their expectations at the time of graduation. It also analyses their mobility patterns, with a particular focus on graduates who moved to the United States. Finally it examines the graduates' labour market outcomes, including employment rates, income, industry and the prevalence of over-qualification as compared to the graduates' expectations.

    Release date: 2011-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X200900511049
    Description:

    This article highlights a few of the findings of a recent report published by Statistics Canada that analyzed trends in the age of education infrastructure in Canada over the period between 1961 and 2008, using data from the Capital and Repair Expenditures Survey. The article explains how changes in the age of education infrastructure are measured and provides an overview of trends in the average age of education infrastructure, by education level, at both the national and provincial levels.

    Release date: 2009-12-16

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X200900511050
    Description:

    This article draws on information contained in the Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS), which includes annual data from 1992 to 2007, to provide an overview of trends in university graduations in Canada and the provinces. That overview provides an overall view of the characteristics of university graduates over the period, from trends in the gender and age composition of graduates and in the share of graduates accounted for by international students to changes in the fields of study chosen by graduates.

    Release date: 2009-12-16

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2009320
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Do students know the education required to achieve their career objectives? Is this information related to their education pathways? To address these questions, the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS), Cohort A is used to compare high school students' perceptions of the level of education they will require for the job they intend to hold at age 30, with the level required according to professional job analysts at Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC). The focus is on students intending to work in a job which requires a university degree, and examine the correlation between the knowledge of educational requirements and subsequent university enrolment. The results suggest that about three out of four students intending to work in a job requiring a university degree are aware of the education they will require. Evidence suggests that knowledge of educational requirements is related to academic performance and socio-economic background. Differences by intended occupation are quite small. Moreover, students who know that a university degree is required are more likely to attend university, even after accounting for differences in academic performance, sex, and socioeconomic background. In fact, the knowledge of educational requirements is as strongly related to university attendance as other well-documented correlates such as sex, academic performance and parental education. Finally, higher university attendance rates are observed when students learn earlier (rather than later), that a university degree is required for their intended job.

    Release date: 2009-10-29

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X200900310922
    Description:

    Tens of thousands of students, from kindergarten to college and university, have gone back to school. In honour of this annual ritual, this issue of Education Matters presents a few facts and figures relating to education, from enrolment trends to mobility of apprenticeship completers and barriers to training access, and more.

    Release date: 2009-09-08

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2009081
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study provides a first look at recent trends in the average age of education buildings in Canada and the provinces. It compares the average age with the useful life of education buildings at the elementary-secondary, college and university levels.

    Release date: 2009-09-03

  • Articles and reports: 81-004-X200900210896
    Description:

    Previous analysis of data from the Youth in Transition Survey showed for the first time that reading proficiency at age 15 plays a significant role in both high school graduation and participation in postsecondary education by age 19. However, age 19 is still relatively early to have conclusive information on the educational outcomes of youth. This article takes advantage of more recent data from the Youth in Transition Survey to examine high school and postsecondary education outcomes for that same group of youth two years later, when they were 21 years old.

    Release date: 2009-06-17
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