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  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008006
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study examines the recent changes in the number and types of manufacturing firms in rural and small town areas; identifies the number and change in manufacturing firms that are part of the value chain of a resource sector; and examines the number and change in manufacturing firms located in rural resource-reliant communities.

    Release date: 2011-06-10

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008005
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Employment in manufacturing in Canada has fluctuated over recent decades. The level reached a historically high in 2004 and has been declining since that time.

    In 2008, over one-half (54%) of all Canadian manufacturing workers were employed in the value chain of a resource sector.

    In 2008, resource sector manufacturing employment was relatively more important in rural and small town areas (69% of manufacturing employment and 9% of total employment) compared to larger urban centres (50% of manufacturing employment and 6% of total employment).

    In the 2001 to 2008 period, resource manufacturing employment became a larger share of total manufacturing employment (up from 51% to 54%) because resource manufacturing employment declined less (-6%) compared to the decline of all 'other' manufacturing employment (-18%).

    Also, in the 2001 to 2008 period, resource manufacturing employment become relatively more important in rural and small town areas as the decline (-3%) was smaller in rural and small town areas compared to the decline in larger urban centres (-7%).

    Within rural and small town areas at the Canada level, 9% of total employment in 2008 was resource sector manufacturing employment. This ranged from 14% within the rural and small town areas of Quebec to 2% within the rural and small town areas of Saskatchewan.

    Within rural and small town areas in 2008, employment in wood processing accounted for the largest share of resource sector manufacturing employment (43%).

    Release date: 2010-08-31

  • Articles and reports: 11-622-M2010020
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using 2001 Census data, this paper investigates the extent to which the urban-rural gap in the earnings of employed workers is associated with human capital composition and agglomeration economies. Both factors have been theoretically and empirically linked to urban-rural earnings differences. Agglomeration economies-the productivity enhancing effects of the geographic concentration of workers and firms-may underlie these differences as they may be stronger in larger urban centres. But human capital composition may also drive the urban-rural earnings gap if workers with higher levels of education and/or experience are more prevalent in cities. The analysis finds that up to one-half of urban-rural earnings differences are related to human capital composition. It also demonstrates that agglomeration economies related to city size are associated with earnings levels, but their influence is significantly reduced by the inclusion of controls for human capital.

    Release date: 2010-01-25

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008003
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using Statistics Canada's Business Register, this paper investigates the pattern of business establishments in each of the different census metropolitan and census agglomeration influenced zones across rural Canada.

    Release date: 2010-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008002
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using 2006 Census of Population data, this bulletin profiles rural immigrants by five themes: immigrants as a percent of the total population, immigrant period of arrival, immigrant region of birth, migration of recent immigrants and finally a ranking of rural regions in terms of the number of immigrants as a percent of the total population in each rural region.

    Release date: 2009-06-29

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008001
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin is a summary of a larger working paper which contains more details on the theoretical framework, data and variable selection, estimation procedure, probability estimates and some mapping and simulation analysis (Alasia et Al. 2007).

    Release date: 2009-03-09

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007005
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin's analysis focuses on the effect of "rurality" in determining: 1) water consumption flows at the municipal level; and 2) water quality perception of a household, as proxied by the water treatment choice of a household.

    Release date: 2009-01-23

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007008
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In this bulletin, we document the rural-urban differences in population age structure in terms of: the share of the total population that is senior; the rate of aging of the population in terms of two measures: the growth in the share of the population that is senior and the growth in the number of seniors; the number of communities that are aging by each of these measures; and selected characteristics of the aging communities as compared to communities that are not aging.

    Release date: 2008-12-05

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007007
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin updates and summarizes information on the structure and trends for the rural population of Canada, using three major definitions of rural Canada: the "census rural" definition, the "rural and small town" definition and the OECD "predominantly rural region" definition. Each definition illustrates a specific aspect of rural Canada. This analysis is entirely based on data from the Census of Population from 1981 to 2006 (Statistics Canada, 2007).

    Release date: 2008-11-04

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007006
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin presents baseline data on the pattern and size of rural commuting flows in 2001 and provides a better understanding of how rural communities are affected by both urban-bound commuters and rural-bound commuters. It also shows that Canada's Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations (larger urban centres), which are delineated on the basis of commuting flows, essentially constitute self-contained labour markets.

    Release date: 2008-09-17
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  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008006
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study examines the recent changes in the number and types of manufacturing firms in rural and small town areas; identifies the number and change in manufacturing firms that are part of the value chain of a resource sector; and examines the number and change in manufacturing firms located in rural resource-reliant communities.

    Release date: 2011-06-10

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008005
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Employment in manufacturing in Canada has fluctuated over recent decades. The level reached a historically high in 2004 and has been declining since that time.

    In 2008, over one-half (54%) of all Canadian manufacturing workers were employed in the value chain of a resource sector.

    In 2008, resource sector manufacturing employment was relatively more important in rural and small town areas (69% of manufacturing employment and 9% of total employment) compared to larger urban centres (50% of manufacturing employment and 6% of total employment).

    In the 2001 to 2008 period, resource manufacturing employment became a larger share of total manufacturing employment (up from 51% to 54%) because resource manufacturing employment declined less (-6%) compared to the decline of all 'other' manufacturing employment (-18%).

    Also, in the 2001 to 2008 period, resource manufacturing employment become relatively more important in rural and small town areas as the decline (-3%) was smaller in rural and small town areas compared to the decline in larger urban centres (-7%).

    Within rural and small town areas at the Canada level, 9% of total employment in 2008 was resource sector manufacturing employment. This ranged from 14% within the rural and small town areas of Quebec to 2% within the rural and small town areas of Saskatchewan.

    Within rural and small town areas in 2008, employment in wood processing accounted for the largest share of resource sector manufacturing employment (43%).

    Release date: 2010-08-31

  • Articles and reports: 11-622-M2010020
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using 2001 Census data, this paper investigates the extent to which the urban-rural gap in the earnings of employed workers is associated with human capital composition and agglomeration economies. Both factors have been theoretically and empirically linked to urban-rural earnings differences. Agglomeration economies-the productivity enhancing effects of the geographic concentration of workers and firms-may underlie these differences as they may be stronger in larger urban centres. But human capital composition may also drive the urban-rural earnings gap if workers with higher levels of education and/or experience are more prevalent in cities. The analysis finds that up to one-half of urban-rural earnings differences are related to human capital composition. It also demonstrates that agglomeration economies related to city size are associated with earnings levels, but their influence is significantly reduced by the inclusion of controls for human capital.

    Release date: 2010-01-25

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008003
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using Statistics Canada's Business Register, this paper investigates the pattern of business establishments in each of the different census metropolitan and census agglomeration influenced zones across rural Canada.

    Release date: 2010-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008002
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using 2006 Census of Population data, this bulletin profiles rural immigrants by five themes: immigrants as a percent of the total population, immigrant period of arrival, immigrant region of birth, migration of recent immigrants and finally a ranking of rural regions in terms of the number of immigrants as a percent of the total population in each rural region.

    Release date: 2009-06-29

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2008001
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin is a summary of a larger working paper which contains more details on the theoretical framework, data and variable selection, estimation procedure, probability estimates and some mapping and simulation analysis (Alasia et Al. 2007).

    Release date: 2009-03-09

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007005
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin's analysis focuses on the effect of "rurality" in determining: 1) water consumption flows at the municipal level; and 2) water quality perception of a household, as proxied by the water treatment choice of a household.

    Release date: 2009-01-23

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007008
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In this bulletin, we document the rural-urban differences in population age structure in terms of: the share of the total population that is senior; the rate of aging of the population in terms of two measures: the growth in the share of the population that is senior and the growth in the number of seniors; the number of communities that are aging by each of these measures; and selected characteristics of the aging communities as compared to communities that are not aging.

    Release date: 2008-12-05

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007007
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin updates and summarizes information on the structure and trends for the rural population of Canada, using three major definitions of rural Canada: the "census rural" definition, the "rural and small town" definition and the OECD "predominantly rural region" definition. Each definition illustrates a specific aspect of rural Canada. This analysis is entirely based on data from the Census of Population from 1981 to 2006 (Statistics Canada, 2007).

    Release date: 2008-11-04

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007006
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin presents baseline data on the pattern and size of rural commuting flows in 2001 and provides a better understanding of how rural communities are affected by both urban-bound commuters and rural-bound commuters. It also shows that Canada's Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations (larger urban centres), which are delineated on the basis of commuting flows, essentially constitute self-contained labour markets.

    Release date: 2008-09-17
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