Estimates of Canadian Research and Development Expenditures (GERD), Canada, 1989 to 2000, and by Province 1989 to 1998 - ARCHIVED

Articles and reports: 88F0006X2001001


This publication presents the national estimates of research and development expenditures (GERD) from 1989 to 2000 as well as the provincial GERD from 1989 to 1998. Up until 1985, GERD included research and development (R&D expenditures in the natural sciences and engineering (NSE) only. Beginning in 1985, social sciences and humanities (SSH) activities are also included in GERD. An additional series of tables showing R&D expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1988, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1988, may be obtained from the Science and Innovation Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

Issue Number: 2001001
Author(s): Plaus, Bert; Thompson, Janet
FormatRelease dateMore information
PDFFebruary 26, 2001

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