1 Data, statistical information and statistics
1.2 Examples of statistical information

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As you will see, statistical information can be presented in a variety of ways such as texts, tables, visualizations, or infographics.

Quarterly retail sales

An example of statistical information that can be used for decision-making is given below. At Statistics Canada, release of new statistical information on key economic indicators is often done through a short-written communication in The Daily.

In the second quarter of 2019, retail sales in Canada reached $163.3 billion, up 1.4% from the same quarter of 2018. Sales were up in 13 of 19 commodity groupings for the second quarter of 2019.

The largest increase in dollar terms came from food, which posted a year-over-year growth of 3.5%. The majority of this gain was attributable to higher sales of fresh food (+3.4%), led by growth in sales of fresh fruit and vegetables (+5.4%). Sales of packaged food dry goods increased 4.4%, while sales of frozen food grew 1.1%. Sales of soft drinks and alcoholic beverages rose 2.3% from the previous year, largely because of higher sales of alcoholic beverages (+2.6%).

Sales of motor vehicle parts, accessories and supplies grew 5.0% in the second quarter, largely on higher sales of motor vehicle parts and accessories (+6.0%) and new motor vehicle tires (+3.6%).

Meanwhile, sales of motor vehicles also rose 0.6% in the same period as a result of higher sales of used motor vehicles (+6.7%). Receipts for new motor vehicles declined 2.5%, led by lower sales of new passenger automobiles (-14.9%).

Hardware, tools, renovation and lawn and garden product sales were up 1.9% in the second quarter. The largest contributor to the increase was home lawn and garden equipment and supplies (+8.2%).

Sales of automotive and household fuels were down 2.7% compared with the second quarter of 2018. This decline was largely attributable to lower sales of automotive fuels (-2.6%).

Sales of cannabis products in the second quarter of 2019 totalled $251.8 million. Sales of dried cannabis flowering tops were $222.4 million, while sales of cannabis oils were $29.0 million.

Source: Statistics Canada, The Daily, 15/10/2019 

1911 Census occupations

This is a table of statistical information about the types of occupations available in Canada in the last century. It shows the number of Canadians who had particular occupations at the time of the 1911 Census. Note how some occupations were referred to at that time!

Table 1.2.1
Selected occupations from the 1911 Canada Census
Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected occupations from the 1911 Canada Census. The information is grouped by Occupation (appearing as row headers), Males and Females (appearing as column headers).
Occupation Males Females
Bridge and gate tenders 436 2
Char-workers 12 4,700
Launderers and laundresses 588 282
Hotel keepers 3,102 848
Undertakers 43 0
Gardeners 469 18
Coachmen and grooms 418 0
Sailors and seamen 16,347 0
Match makers 72 178
Nurses 124 5,476
Stenographers and typists 1,603 9,754
Actors and theatrical employees 2,410 432
Musicians and teachers of music 2,001 3,574
Hucksters and peddlers 3,135 113
Total 30,760 25,377

Population pyramids

Figure 1.2.1 is an example of a dynamic age—sex pyramid of Canadian population projections for 2025, based on an assumption of medium growth. It consists of two horizontal histograms, placed side by side, indicating the number of persons in each single year of age. Men are shown on the left histogram and women are shown on the right, as stated by convention.

View the product Historical Age Pyramid for other years and other projection scenarios.

Age–sex pyramids are commonly used to present statistical information on the age and sex composition of a population. This chart clearly shows the aging "Baby Boomers.”

Figure 1.2.1 Population pyramid

Description for Figure 1.2.1

This figure is a clip from the information product Historical Age Pyramid. The product includes the complete accessible version of the figure.


Infographics combine statistics, visualizations (such as graphs or pictographs) and text to communicate a large amount of statistical information in a compact, visually appealing way. Figure 1.2.2 below is a clip from an infographic entitled “150 years of Canadian agriculture.” It consists of a chart showing the time series for the total number of farms and the average acres by farm as well as a table of the total farm sales in 1900 and 2015.

Figure 1.2.2 Inforgraphic example

Description for Figure 1.2.2

This figure is a clip from the infography “150 years of Canadian agriculture” that includes the complete accessible version.

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