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Version française

Wednesday, November 8, 1995
For release at 8:30 a.m.





University tuition fees


Canadian university students faced significant increases in tuition for the 1995/96 academic year in every province except Quebec, where fees remained unchanged.

The sharpest increases occurred in Alberta and Ontario, where most universities raised tuition about 10%. Fees increased around 5% in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and British Columbia; while in Atlantic Canada, tuition rose 5% to 10%.

Average tuition fees for undergraduate arts students ranged from a low of $1,700 in Quebec to a high of $3,200 in Nova Scotia. Most universities charged a similar amount for other programs; the exceptions were medicine, dentistry, engineering and architecture, for which fees were considerably higher. For example, the tuition for medicine at the Universities of Manitoba and Saskatchewan was 75% higher than for arts.

Table: Undergraduate arts tuition for Canadian students
                                 1995/96(1)       1994/95(1)    1994/95 to    
                                 average          average          1995/96    

                                         $                        % change    
                           ______________________________    _____________    
Canada                             2,333            2,179              7.1    
Newfoundland                       2,312            2,150              7.5    
Prince Edward Island               2,820            2,620              7.6    
Nova Scotia                        3,172            2,946              7.7    
New Brunswick                      2,496            2,353              6.1    
Quebec                             1,694            1,694              0.0    
Ontario                            2,458            2,252              9.1    
Manitoba                           2,338            2,227              5.0    
Saskatchewan                       2,591            2,458              5.4    
Alberta                            2,708            2,450             10.5    
British Columbia                   2,366            2,249              5.2    


(1)  Using the most current enrolment data available, average tuition fees
     have been weighted by the number of students.

Foreign students paid much higher tuition fees in 1995/96 than their Canadian counterparts. In 1995/96, the provincial average for foreign undergraduate students enrolled in arts programs ranged between $3,600 and $9,100. The University of Saskatchewan was the only large institution that did not charge a differential fee for foreign students.

Tuition fees have soared over the past decade

Tuition fees have soared in every province since 1986, far outstripping the rate of inflation as determined by the consumer price index (1985/86=100). From 1985/86 to 1994/95, the inflation rate went up 34%, whereas the university tuition fee price index more than doubled (+119%).

According to the tuition fee index, the biggest jump occurred in Quebec, where fees have more than tripled there since 1990 after having been frozen at 1969 levels. In Alberta, fees more than doubled. By comparison, tuition fees in British Columbia rose only 75% over the past decade-the lowest rate of increase in Canada-followed by New Brunswick (+83%).

Universities in Quebec have been charging lower tuition fees than those in the rest of the country for more than a decade. In recent years, the gap between the fees of Quebec universities and the fees of universities in the rest of the country had been narrowing. This year, however, that gap began to widen once again.

Fees cover only a fifth of general operating income

Universities have had to cope with a combined decline in federal and provincial funding (-2.3%) between 1992/93 and 1993/94. The combination of rising tuition fees and reduced governmental funding has increased the importance of student fees as a source of university income. Nationally, tuition fees covered only about a fifth (22.7%) of general operating income for universities in 1993/94 (the latest year for which figures are available). By comparison, they represented only 15.3% of income a decade earlier.

In Nova Scotia, tuition fees accounted for 29.8% of general operating income in 1993/94-the highest in Canada. This compares with a low of 16.6% in Quebec. In Ontario, tuition represented 26.2% of general operating income.

Data on tuition fees and living accommodation costs at Canadian universities are now available for the 1995/96 academic year. Tuition fees are shown by institution at the undergraduate (12 faculties) and graduate levels for both Canadian and foreign students. Information is also provided about additional fees for athletics, health services, student associations and other compulsory fees. Accommodation costs for room and board in university residences are shown for single and married students.

To obtain tables or make general inquiries, contact Sheeba Mirza (613-951-1503).

For further information on this release, contact Mariem Martinson (613-951-1526) or Mongi Mouelhi (613-951-1537), Education, Culture and Tourism Division.

Table: Expenses for full-time students, by largest university in each province
Institution                     Tuition,       Additional(1)     Residence(2) 
                           undergraduat-             fees         room and    
                                  e arts                             board    

Memorial University    
  (Newfoundland)                   2,312              210      3,400-4,000    
University of Prince   
  Edward Island                    2,820              404      4,211-5,467    
Dalhousie University   
  (Nova Scotia)                    3,095          197-257      4,575-4,925    
University of New      
  Brunswick                        2,610              222      4,000-4,900    
University of Quebec               1,665               40      1,528-2,640    
University of Toronto  
  (Ontario)                        2,451        117-1,183      5,424-5,929    
University of Manitoba             2,377           83-569      4,429-5,112    
University of          
  Saskatchewan                     2,550              109      3,660-3,972    
University of Alberta              2,529              338      3,896-4,296    
University of British  
  Columbia                         2,295              212      4,264-4,587    


Institution                        Total    

Memorial University        
  (Newfoundland)             5,922-6,522    
University of Prince       
  Edward Island              7,435-8,691    
Dalhousie University       
  (Nova Scotia)              7,867-8,277    
University of New          
  Brunswick                  6,832-7,732    
University of Quebec         3,233-4,345    
University of Toronto      
  (Ontario)                  7,992-9,563    
University of Manitoba       6,889-8,058    
University of              
  Saskatchewan               6,319-6,631    
University of Alberta        6,763-7,163    
University of British      
  Columbia                   6,771-7,094    


(1)  Largely for athletics, health services, and student societies and
(2)  For single students only; excludes board in Quebec.


Pulpwood and wood residue

September 1995

Pulpwood receipts in September totalled 3 898 679 cubic metres, up 19.4% from 3 263 918 cubic metres in September 1994. Wood residue receipts totalled 6 684 041 cubic metres, up 1.0% from 6 614 775 cubic metres in September 1994. Consumption of pulpwood and wood residue totalled 8 904 461 cubic metres, up 9.4% from 8 142 470 cubic metres in September 1994. The closing inventory of pulpwood and wood residue increased 29.3% to 13 512 453 cubic metres, up from 10 449 749 cubic metres in September 1994. All September 1994 figures have been revised, except those for wood residue receipts.

At the end of September 1995, year-to-date pulpwood receipts totalled 29 015 834 cubic metres, up 12.4% from 25 813 213 cubic metres a year earlier. Year-to-date wood residue receipts increased 7.7% to 58 828 349 cubic metres, up from 54 614 049 cubic metres a year earlier. Year-to-date consumption of pulpwood and wood residue (84 251 913 cubic metres) rose 5.6% from 79 788 907 cubic metres a year earlier. All year-to-date figures have been revised, except the 1994 figures for wood residue receipts.

Available on CANSIM: matrix 54.

The September 1995 issue of Pulpwood and wood residue statistics (25-001, $7/$70) will be available shortly. See "How to order publications".

For further information on this release, contact Bruno Pépin (613-951-3516), Industry Division.

Steel wire and specified wire products

September 1995

Shipments of steel wire and specified wire products totalled 65 128 tonnes in September, down 11.7% from 73 793 tonnes (revised) in September 1994. Production and export market data for selected commodities are also now available.

Available on CANSIM: matrix 122 (series 19).

The September 1995 issue of Steel wire and specified wire products (41-006, $6/$60) will be available shortly. See "How to order publications".

For further information on this release, contact Doug Higgins (613-951-9837), Industry Division.

Passenger bus and urban transit

First quarter 1995

Data for the first quarter of 1995 are now available from the Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Survey.

Available on CANSIM: matrix 351.

The vol. 11, no. 8 Surface and marine transport service bulletin (50-002, $11/$80) will be available shortly. See "How to order publications".

For further information on this release, contact Dave Wallace (613-951-2519), Transportation Division.


Gross domestic product by industry, August 1995
Catalogue number 15-001
(Canada: $14/$140; United States: US$17/US$168; other countries: US$20/US$196).

Department store sales and stocks, August 1995
Catalogue number 63-002
(Canada: $16/$160; United States: US$20/US$192; other countries: US$23/US$224).