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Internal Trade in Canada: Value of interprovincial trade in manufactured goods, 2022

Released: 2024-07-09

In 2022, the value of interprovincial trade in manufactured goods was $170.5 billion, according to new information published today by the Annual Survey of Manufacturing and Logging Industries—a 16.5% increase over 2021.

The new information sheds additional light on the subject of interprovincial trade in Canada by providing detailed statistics on the origin and destination of the sales of manufactured goods from Canadian factories. Data are available by industry from 2020 to 2022 and can now be accessed via the Canadian Internal Trade Data and Information Hub.

From 2021 to 2022, all provinces and territories except Nunavut reported an increase in sales of manufactured goods to other provinces and territories. Quebec factories saw the biggest increase in the value of interprovincial sales, up $7.2 billion (+17.7%) in 2022, followed by Ontario (+13.6%) and Alberta (+13.9%).

Manufactured goods crossed the Ontario-Quebec border more than any other interprovincial border in Canada in 2022. Ontario manufacturers sold $24.7 billion in goods to Quebec customers, while Quebec factories sold $33.6 billion to Ontario—for a total of $58.3 billion in two-way manufacturing trade between the two provinces. The food, petroleum and coal product, and primary metals industries contributed the most to interprovincial trade between these provinces.

In 2022, Ontario and Alberta had the second largest flow of two-way trade at $15.5 billion, driven by sales of food, chemicals and petroleum and coal products. The third largest trading partnership for manufactured goods was between Alberta and British Columbia at $14.5 billion, largely in food products.

For most provinces, a neighbouring province was the largest interprovincial trading partner, which suggests that geography plays a strong role in the level of interprovincial trade. There were a few exceptions to this general rule: In Newfoundland and Labrador the largest trading partner was New Brunswick, while the largest partner for Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia was Ontario.

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  Note to readers

All values in this Daily release and the associated tables are in current dollars.

Data on the origin and destination of manufactured goods are being released as part of the development of the Canadian Internal Trade Data and Information Hub. The origin and destination data can be accessed using either the hub's interactive data platform or Table 36-10-0698-01.


Data for this article comes from the Annual Survey of Manufacturing and Logging Industries.

Contact information

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