Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in May 2023 and May 2024, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in May 2023 and May 2024, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2023 32,286.8 21,153.3 20,041.6 1,111.7 65.5 5.3 62.1
2024 33,359.5 21,807.0 20,428.9 1,378.1 65.4 6.3 61.2
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2023 453.6 260.1 230.7 29.3 57.3 11.3 50.9
2024 460.2 268.2 239.3 28.9 58.3 10.8 52.0
Avalon Peninsula              
2023 244.0 146.7 136.1 10.6 60.1 7.2 55.8
2024 249.9 154.2 140.6 13.6 61.7 8.8 56.3
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2023 121.5 61.4 49.9 11.4 50.5 18.6 41.1
2024 121.5 63.1 53.2 9.9 51.9 15.7 43.8
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2023 88.2 52.0 44.7 7.3 59.0 14.0 50.7
2024 88.7 50.8 45.5 5.4 57.3 10.6 51.3
Prince Edward Island              
2023 143.3 94.2 87.0 7.3 65.7 7.7 60.7
2024 149.4 98.6 90.5 8.1 66.0 8.2 60.6
Nova Scotia              
2023 857.7 525.1 493.0 32.1 61.2 6.1 57.5
2024 884.6 549.5 513.4 36.1 62.1 6.6 58.0
Cape Breton              
2023 111.3 54.7 48.4 6.3 49.1 11.5 43.5
2024 114.3 57.7 51.7 6.0 50.5 10.4 45.2
North Shore              
2023 130.3 72.6 68.0 4.7 55.7 6.5 52.2
2024 131.7 71.6 67.1 4.5 54.4 6.3 50.9
Annapolis Valley              
2023 110.1 67.2 63.8 3.3 61.0 4.9 57.9
2024 112.3 67.8 64.4 3.5 60.4 5.2 57.3
Southern              
2023 100.2 56.2 52.4 3.7 56.1 6.6 52.3
2024 100.9 56.5 51.7 4.8 56.0 8.5 51.2
Halifax              
2023 405.8 274.5 260.4 14.1 67.6 5.1 64.2
2024 425.3 295.9 278.6 17.3 69.6 5.8 65.5
New Brunswick              
2023 678.6 408.3 381.5 26.9 60.2 6.6 56.2
2024 700.9 427.9 394.0 33.9 61.1 7.9 56.2
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2023 133.3 72.0 64.3 7.7 54.0 10.7 48.2
2024 135.0 68.8 59.5 9.3 51.0 13.5 44.1
Moncton–Richibucto              
2023 201.4 129.0 120.6 8.4 64.1 6.5 59.9
2024 210.9 133.7 126.0 7.8 63.4 5.8 59.7
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2023 152.5 90.4 85.6 4.8 59.3 5.3 56.1
2024 156.9 102.6 94.9 7.6 65.4 7.4 60.5
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2023 125.4 79.3 75.6 3.7 63.2 4.7 60.3
2024 130.7 81.7 76.1 5.6 62.5 6.9 58.2
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2023 66.1 37.8 35.4 2.3 57.2 6.1 53.6
2024 67.4 41.0 37.5 3.5 60.8 8.5 55.6
Quebec              
2023 7,229.9 4,673.2 4,475.0 198.2 64.6 4.2 61.9
2024 7,388.5 4,750.1 4,507.9 242.2 64.3 5.1 61.0
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2023 76.6 42.5 39.3 3.3 55.5 7.8 51.3
2024 76.8 38.8 35.2 3.7 50.5 9.5 45.8
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2023 165.9 92.0 86.8 5.2 55.5 5.7 52.3
2024 166.6 101.1 95.7 5.4 60.7 5.3 57.4
Capitale-Nationale              
2023 633.4 411.6 398.9 12.7 65.0 3.1 63.0
2024 642.9 426.9 409.0 17.9 66.4 4.2 63.6
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2023 361.6 221.9 216.0 5.9 61.4 2.7 59.7
2024 364.9 238.0 231.6 6.5 65.2 2.7 63.5
Estrie              
2023 284.6 163.3 155.9 7.5 57.4 4.6 54.8
2024 289.9 173.4 165.0 8.4 59.8 4.8 56.9
Centre-du-Québec              
2023 211.2 135.9 132.6 3.3 64.3 2.4 62.8
2024 213.7 138.4 133.5 4.9 64.8 3.5 62.5
Montérégie              
2023 1,347.1 872.3 838.1 34.1 64.8 3.9 62.2
2024 1,368.0 907.3 870.0 37.4 66.3 4.1 63.6
Montréal              
2023 1,798.1 1,212.8 1,148.6 64.3 67.4 5.3 63.9
2024 1,885.1 1,206.6 1,117.8 88.8 64.0 7.4 59.3
Laval              
2023 373.2 248.1 234.4 13.7 66.5 5.5 62.8
2024 378.9 243.4 228.8 14.6 64.2 6.0 60.4
Lanaudière              
2023 435.9 294.7 279.8 14.9 67.6 5.1 64.2
2024 441.3 294.2 278.1 16.1 66.7 5.5 63.0
Laurentides              
2023 542.0 366.4 355.5 10.9 67.6 3.0 65.6
2024 551.4 366.6 353.9 12.7 66.5 3.5 64.2
Outaouais              
2023 336.8 218.4 210.0 8.4 64.8 3.8 62.4
2024 341.9 226.3 214.5 11.8 66.2 5.2 62.7
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2023 118.7 73.6 71.1 2.6 62.0 3.5 59.9
2024 119.0 79.7 77.9 1.8 67.0 2.3 65.5
Mauricie              
2023 229.0 127.2 122.9 4.3 55.5 3.4 53.7
2024 231.0 128.0 122.3 5.6 55.4 4.4 52.9
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2023 229.5 138.4 133.2 5.2 60.3 3.8 58.0
2024 231.2 129.3 125.5 3.8 55.9 2.9 54.3
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2023 86.3 54.0 52.2 1.8 62.6 3.3 60.5
2024 86.0 52.0 49.0 3.0 60.5 5.8 57.0
Ontario              
2023 12,717.8 8,332.3 7,882.6 449.7 65.5 5.4 62.0
2024 13,186.6 8,592.9 7,999.8 593.1 65.2 6.9 60.7
Ottawa              
2023 1,240.2 821.9 784.9 36.9 66.3 4.5 63.3
2024 1,279.8 852.4 802.7 49.7 66.6 5.8 62.7
Kingston–Pembroke              
2023 406.2 238.3 227.3 11.0 58.7 4.6 56.0
2024 415.7 235.6 223.8 11.8 56.7 5.0 53.8
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2023 356.9 205.4 197.7 7.7 57.6 3.7 55.4
2024 364.2 192.2 184.1 8.1 52.8 4.2 50.5
Toronto              
2023 6,027.6 4,051.1 3,814.2 236.9 67.2 5.8 63.3
2024 6,300.5 4,213.7 3,881.1 332.6 66.9 7.9 61.6
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2023 1,262.8 894.8 845.7 49.1 70.9 5.5 67.0
2024 1,309.1 912.6 857.7 54.9 69.7 6.0 65.5
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2023 1,309.9 817.2 778.9 38.2 62.4 4.7 59.5
2024 1,347.4 845.3 786.4 58.9 62.7 7.0 58.4
London              
2023 632.2 403.6 383.6 20.0 63.8 5.0 60.7
2024 656.1 429.5 404.8 24.8 65.5 5.8 61.7
Windsor–Sarnia              
2023 571.9 357.8 336.7 21.1 62.6 5.9 58.9
2024 591.6 374.7 347.3 27.5 63.3 7.3 58.7
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2023 271.5 167.0 157.1 9.9 61.5 5.9 57.9
2024 275.9 165.0 160.0 5.0 59.8 3.0 58.0
Northeast              
2023 463.7 265.9 252.4 13.5 57.3 5.1 54.4
2024 468.8 265.8 250.6 15.2 56.7 5.7 53.5
Northwest              
2023 175.1 109.3 104.0 5.3 62.4 4.8 59.4
2024 177.5 106.0 101.5 4.4 59.7 4.2 57.2
Manitoba              
2023 1,081.6 727.7 692.1 35.6 67.3 4.9 64.0
2024 1,118.1 744.3 705.3 39.0 66.6 5.2 63.1
Southeast              
2023 103.0 71.1 68.4 2.7 69.0 3.8 66.4
2024 105.6 74.4 71.6 2.8 70.5 3.8 67.8
South Central and North Central              
2023 94.0 63.8 61.7 2.2 67.9 3.4 65.6
2024 96.2 62.5 59.0 3.5 65.0 5.6 61.3
Southwest              
2023 92.0 59.7 56.8 2.9 64.9 4.9 61.7
2024 94.1 61.8 58.7 3.2 65.7 5.2 62.4
Winnipeg              
2023 659.5 452.0 427.7 24.3 68.5 5.4 64.9
2024 688.1 463.6 438.0 25.5 67.4 5.5 63.7
Interlake              
2023 78.3 46.8 44.5 2.3 59.8 4.9 56.8
2024 79.5 48.6 46.1 2.4 61.1 4.9 58.0
Parklands and North              
2023 54.9 34.2 32.9 1.3 62.3 3.8 59.9
2024 54.6 33.5 31.8 1.7 61.4 5.1 58.2
Saskatchewan              
2023 918.5 616.0 585.5 30.5 67.1 5.0 63.7
2024 945.3 636.3 598.3 38.0 67.3 6.0 63.3
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2023 286.6 194.2 183.8 10.4 67.8 5.4 64.1
2024 297.2 206.5 192.5 14.0 69.5 6.8 64.8
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2023 83.7 53.4 51.7 1.8 63.8 3.4 61.8
2024 85.0 52.7 49.3 3.4 62.0 6.5 58.0
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2023 327.3 226.4 215.5 10.9 69.2 4.8 65.8
2024 340.0 237.2 224.1 13.1 69.8 5.5 65.9
Yorkton–Melville              
2023 61.8 38.9 36.8 2.1 62.9 5.4 59.5
2024 62.3 37.5 35.7 1.8 60.2 4.8 57.3
Prince Albert and Northern              
2023 159.1 103.0 97.7 5.3 64.7 5.1 61.4
2024 160.7 102.5 96.7 5.8 63.8 5.7 60.2
Alberta              
2023 3,717.5 2,595.9 2,440.8 155.1 69.8 6.0 65.7
2024 3,893.0 2,717.2 2,524.3 192.8 69.8 7.1 64.8
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2023 247.8 157.2 148.2 9.0 63.4 5.7 59.8
2024 257.0 174.1 164.3 9.7 67.7 5.6 63.9
Camrose–Drumheller              
2023 165.1 112.3 106.0 6.3 68.0 5.6 64.2
2024 169.1 107.3 102.0 5.3 63.5 4.9 60.3
Calgary              
2023 1,428.6 1,007.0 946.9 60.1 70.5 6.0 66.3
2024 1,501.9 1,077.4 990.8 86.6 71.7 8.0 66.0
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2023 283.5 199.2 188.6 10.5 70.3 5.3 66.5
2024 292.3 215.5 203.6 11.9 73.7 5.5 69.7
Red Deer              
2023 183.7 115.6 108.8 6.7 62.9 5.8 59.2
2024 190.2 125.6 116.1 9.5 66.0 7.6 61.0
Edmonton              
2023 1,301.4 924.5 865.6 58.8 71.0 6.4 66.5
2024 1,371.9 936.9 871.7 65.2 68.3 7.0 63.5
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2023 107.4 80.2 76.6 3.6 74.7 4.5 71.3
2024 110.5 80.4 75.8 4.6 72.8 5.7 68.6
British Columbia              
2023 4,488.2 2,920.4 2,773.3 147.0 65.1 5.0 61.8
2024 4,632.9 3,022.1 2,856.1 166.0 65.2 5.5 61.6
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2023 773.7 451.0 432.4 18.7 58.3 4.1 55.9
2024 793.3 490.8 467.9 22.9 61.9 4.7 59.0
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2023 2,778.8 1,879.8 1,783.6 96.2 67.6 5.1 64.2
2024 2,884.7 1,949.8 1,837.7 112.1 67.6 5.7 63.7
Thompson–Okanagan              
2023 523.7 329.1 313.2 15.9 62.8 4.8 59.8
2024 536.9 312.6 296.7 15.9 58.2 5.1 55.3
Kootenay              
2023 142.0 87.4 82.6 4.8 61.5 5.5 58.2
2024 144.4 88.6 83.4 5.2 61.4 5.9 57.8
Cariboo              
2023 144.3 90.5 83.3 7.2 62.7 8.0 57.7
2024 147.0 91.2 86.9 4.3 62.0 4.7 59.1
North Coast and Nechako              
2023 69.7 45.5 43.2 2.3 65.3 5.1 62.0
2024 70.0 48.4 45.6 2.9 69.1 6.0 65.1
Northeast              
2023 55.9 37.1 35.1 2.1 66.4 5.7 62.8
2024 56.6 40.7 38.1 2.6 71.9 6.4 67.3
Source(s):
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