Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  April
2024
May
2024
Standard error1 April to May 2024 May 2023 to May 2024 April to May 2024 May 2023 to May 2024
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,389.5 7,405.9 ... 16.4 166.4 0.2 2.3
Labour force 4,777.8 4,776.5 16.6 -1.3 85.8 -0.0 1.8
Employment 4,534.4 4,532.3 16.7 -2.1 32.9 -0.0 0.7
Full-time employment 3,675.6 3,673.5 21.2 -2.1 -5.2 -0.1 -0.1
Unemployment 243.4 244.2 12.6 0.8 52.9 0.3 27.7
Participation rate 64.7 64.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.1 0.3 0.0 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 61.2 0.2 -0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 969.5 974.2 ... 4.7 49.1 0.5 5.3
Labour force 680.0 672.3 9.1 -7.7 32.7 -1.1 5.1
Employment 615.4 610.9 8.6 -4.5 14.2 -0.7 2.4
Unemployment 64.6 61.4 6.5 -3.2 18.5 -5.0 43.1
Participation rate 70.1 69.0 1.0 -1.1 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 9.1 1.0 -0.4 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.5 62.7 0.9 -0.8 -1.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,199.6 3,206.3 ... 6.7 68.1 0.2 2.2
Labour force 2,172.4 2,173.6 9.3 1.2 32.5 0.1 1.5
Employment 2,079.4 2,074.8 9.7 -4.6 16.0 -0.2 0.8
Unemployment 93.0 98.9 8.2 5.9 16.6 6.3 20.2
Participation rate 67.9 67.8 0.3 -0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.6 0.4 0.3 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 65.0 64.7 0.3 -0.3 -0.9 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,220.4 3,225.4 ... 5.0 49.2 0.2 1.5
Labour force 1,925.4 1,930.6 9.2 5.2 20.7 0.3 1.1
Employment 1,839.6 1,846.6 9.7 7.0 2.7 0.4 0.1
Unemployment 85.9 83.9 7.1 -2.0 17.8 -2.3 26.9
Participation rate 59.8 59.9 0.3 0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.3 0.4 -0.2 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 57.3 0.3 0.2 -0.8 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 13,189.4 13,230.3 ... 40.9 480.6 0.3 3.8
Labour force 8,578.8 8,627.0 21.2 48.2 261.0 0.6 3.1
Employment 7,995.5 8,045.0 20.8 49.5 148.1 0.6 1.9
Full-time employment 6,593.3 6,594.4 27.3 1.1 105.1 0.0 1.6
Unemployment 583.3 582.0 17.2 -1.3 112.8 -0.2 24.0
Participation rate 65.0 65.2 0.2 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 6.7 0.2 -0.1 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 60.6 60.8 0.2 0.2 -1.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 2,046.9 2,060.6 ... 13.7 155.0 0.7 8.1
Labour force 1,199.0 1,232.8 12.9 33.8 29.1 2.8 2.4
Employment 1,018.0 1,045.9 11.9 27.9 -0.6 2.7 -0.1
Unemployment 181.0 186.9 10.4 5.9 29.7 3.3 18.9
Participation rate 58.6 59.8 0.7 1.2 -3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.1 15.2 0.8 0.1 2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 49.7 50.8 0.6 1.1 -4.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,449.5 5,464.4 ... 14.9 176.9 0.3 3.3
Labour force 3,896.5 3,920.2 11.1 23.7 154.5 0.6 4.1
Employment 3,669.8 3,703.7 11.1 33.9 90.1 0.9 2.5
Unemployment 226.8 216.5 9.6 -10.3 64.4 -4.5 42.3
Participation rate 71.5 71.7 0.2 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.5 0.2 -0.3 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 67.3 67.8 0.2 0.5 -0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,692.9 5,705.2 ... 12.3 148.6 0.2 2.7
Labour force 3,483.2 3,473.9 11.8 -9.3 77.2 -0.3 2.3
Employment 3,307.7 3,295.3 11.5 -12.4 58.5 -0.4 1.8
Unemployment 175.5 178.6 9.7 3.1 18.7 1.8 11.7
Participation rate 61.2 60.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.1 0.3 0.1 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 57.8 0.2 -0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,118.2 1,121.9 ... 3.7 37.7 0.3 3.5
Labour force 740.9 747.9 3.3 7.0 16.1 0.9 2.2
Employment 703.3 711.1 3.2 7.8 15.3 1.1 2.2
Full-time employment 584.4 576.8 4.4 -7.6 4.0 -1.3 0.7
Unemployment 37.6 36.9 2.7 -0.7 0.9 -1.9 2.5
Participation rate 66.3 66.7 0.3 0.4 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 4.9 0.4 -0.2 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 62.9 63.4 0.3 0.5 -0.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 182.1 183.2 ... 1.1 12.1 0.6 7.1
Labour force 120.3 124.3 1.9 4.0 4.8 3.3 4.0
Employment 108.3 113.2 1.8 4.9 5.9 4.5 5.5
Unemployment 12.0 11.1 1.6 -0.9 -1.1 -7.5 -9.0
Participation rate 66.1 67.8 1.1 1.7 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.0 8.9 1.3 -1.1 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 61.8 1.1 2.3 -0.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 462.6 464.0 ... 1.4 14.2 0.3 3.2
Labour force 329.5 331.5 1.7 2.0 7.4 0.6 2.3
Employment 314.7 316.1 1.8 1.4 3.5 0.4 1.1
Unemployment 14.9 15.4 1.5 0.5 3.9 3.4 33.9
Participation rate 71.2 71.4 0.4 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.6 0.5 0.1 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 68.0 68.1 0.4 0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 473.5 474.7 ... 1.2 11.5 0.3 2.5
Labour force 291.1 292.2 1.9 1.1 4.0 0.4 1.4
Employment 280.4 281.8 1.9 1.4 5.9 0.5 2.1
Unemployment 10.7 10.4 1.4 -0.3 -1.9 -2.8 -15.4
Participation rate 61.5 61.6 0.4 0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.7 3.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 59.4 0.4 0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 945.3 947.6 ... 2.3 26.9 0.2 2.9
Labour force 634.1 639.7 3.1 5.6 26.2 0.9 4.3
Employment 598.2 603.6 3.0 5.4 17.0 0.9 2.9
Full-time employment 493.6 497.1 4.0 3.5 14.2 0.7 2.9
Unemployment 35.9 36.1 2.2 0.2 9.2 0.6 34.2
Participation rate 67.1 67.5 0.3 0.4 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.6 0.4 -0.1 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 63.3 63.7 0.3 0.4 0.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 146.4 147.1 ... 0.7 7.3 0.5 5.2
Labour force 92.1 94.3 1.9 2.2 5.6 2.4 6.3
Employment 79.3 83.1 1.8 3.8 1.9 4.8 2.3
Unemployment 12.8 11.2 1.3 -1.6 3.7 -12.5 49.3
Participation rate 62.9 64.1 1.3 1.2 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.9 11.9 1.4 -2.0 3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 54.2 56.5 1.3 2.3 -1.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 400.5 401.3 ... 0.8 10.3 0.2 2.6
Labour force 293.6 296.2 1.6 2.6 14.8 0.9 5.3
Employment 281.3 282.8 1.7 1.5 12.8 0.5 4.7
Unemployment 12.3 13.5 1.3 1.2 2.1 9.8 18.4
Participation rate 73.3 73.8 0.4 0.5 1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 70.2 70.5 0.4 0.3 1.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 398.5 399.2 ... 0.7 9.3 0.2 2.4
Labour force 248.4 249.1 1.7 0.7 5.7 0.3 2.3
Employment 237.6 237.7 1.6 0.1 2.2 0.0 0.9
Unemployment 10.8 11.4 1.2 0.6 3.4 5.6 42.5
Participation rate 62.3 62.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.6 0.5 0.3 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.6 59.5 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,893.3 3,908.6 ... 15.3 175.9 0.4 4.7
Labour force 2,728.0 2,712.7 11.9 -15.3 112.8 -0.6 4.3
Employment 2,537.5 2,517.1 11.8 -20.4 65.8 -0.8 2.7
Full-time employment 2,067.7 2,034.5 15.8 -33.2 33.0 -1.6 1.6
Unemployment 190.4 195.6 9.4 5.2 47.0 2.7 31.6
Participation rate 70.1 69.4 0.3 -0.7 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.2 0.4 0.2 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 64.4 0.3 -0.8 -1.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 592.7 596.3 ... 3.6 39.6 0.6 7.1
Labour force 390.5 382.2 6.6 -8.3 28.8 -2.1 8.1
Employment 325.5 327.9 6.0 2.4 14.7 0.7 4.7
Unemployment 65.0 54.2 5.2 -10.8 13.9 -16.6 34.5
Participation rate 65.9 64.1 1.2 -1.8 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 16.6 14.2 1.4 -2.4 2.8 ... ...
Employment rate 54.9 55.0 1.1 0.1 -1.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,642.6 1,648.6 ... 6.0 69.5 0.4 4.4
Labour force 1,265.1 1,265.1 5.8 0.0 62.5 0.0 5.2
Employment 1,198.4 1,187.1 6.7 -11.3 46.7 -0.9 4.1
Unemployment 66.7 78.0 5.5 11.3 15.8 16.9 25.4
Participation rate 77.0 76.7 0.4 -0.3 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 6.2 0.4 0.9 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 73.0 72.0 0.4 -1.0 -0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,657.9 1,663.8 ... 5.9 66.8 0.4 4.2
Labour force 1,072.3 1,065.4 7.0 -6.9 21.6 -0.6 2.1
Employment 1,013.6 1,002.0 7.0 -11.6 4.3 -1.1 0.4
Unemployment 58.8 63.4 5.6 4.6 17.3 7.8 37.5
Participation rate 64.7 64.0 0.4 -0.7 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 6.0 0.5 0.5 1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 60.2 0.4 -0.9 -2.3 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,633.6 4,646.6 ... 13.0 146.5 0.3 3.3
Labour force 3,023.0 3,032.5 11.0 9.5 95.9 0.3 3.3
Employment 2,871.2 2,863.3 11.1 -7.9 79.2 -0.3 2.8
Full-time employment 2,286.5 2,288.6 15.4 2.1 67.4 0.1 3.0
Unemployment 151.7 169.2 8.9 17.5 16.6 11.5 10.9
Participation rate 65.2 65.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.6 0.2 -0.4 -0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 657.5 661.6 ... 4.1 47.1 0.6 7.7
Labour force 430.7 432.9 6.3 2.2 32.6 0.5 8.1
Employment 392.1 388.5 6.1 -3.6 28.6 -0.9 7.9
Unemployment 38.6 44.4 5.1 5.8 4.0 15.0 9.9
Participation rate 65.5 65.4 1.0 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.0 10.3 1.2 1.3 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 59.6 58.7 1.0 -0.9 0.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,939.0 1,943.5 ... 4.5 50.8 0.2 2.7
Labour force 1,358.2 1,362.9 6.0 4.7 46.9 0.3 3.6
Employment 1,301.8 1,299.1 6.4 -2.7 35.8 -0.2 2.8
Unemployment 56.4 63.8 5.0 7.4 11.1 13.1 21.1
Participation rate 70.0 70.1 0.3 0.1 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.7 0.4 0.5 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 67.1 66.8 0.3 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 2,037.1 2,041.4 ... 4.3 48.5 0.2 2.4
Labour force 1,234.0 1,236.7 6.7 2.7 16.4 0.2 1.3
Employment 1,177.3 1,175.7 6.5 -1.6 14.8 -0.1 1.3
Unemployment 56.7 61.0 5.3 4.3 1.5 7.6 2.5
Participation rate 60.6 60.6 0.3 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.9 0.4 0.3 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 57.6 0.3 -0.2 -0.7 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Date modified: