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Securities statistics, first quarter 2024

Released: 2024-06-07

Net borrowings by Canadian corporations and governments in the form of debt securities totalled $106.3 billion in the first quarter of 2024, the largest amount since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in the second quarter of 2020. Contributions to the financing activity from both the government and corporate sectors were almost even in the first quarter of 2024.

Over the first quarter, $76.1 billion of these net borrowings were issued on the domestic market and $30.3 billion were on the international market. On a currency basis, the bulk of the net issuances were denominated in Canadian dollars ($95.1 billion).

The total outstanding value of Canadian debt securities, in book value terms, reached $5,859.6 billion at the end of the first quarter, up $142.8 billion from the previous quarter. In addition to new issuance activities, the upward revaluation of the stock resulting from the depreciation of the Canadian dollar against major foreign currencies contributed to the increase. At the end of the first quarter, instruments denominated in foreign currencies accounted for 25.9% of all outstanding debt securities.

Chart 1  Chart 1: Debt securities issues by sector, stocks at book value
Debt securities issues by sector, stocks at book value

Net issuances led by the federal government

In the first quarter, net issuances of debt securities by the government sector amounted to $54.9 billion; this was the fourth consecutive quarter in which issuances exceeded retirements. The federal government led the activity, as it raised a net $41.7 billion of funds, mainly in the form of bonds. Meanwhile, provincial and territorial governments issued a net $12.5 billion of debt securities.

Canadian non-financial corporations were also net borrowers of funds in the first quarter, raising $22.9 billion in the credit market. On an industry basis, firms from utilities, as well as information and cultural industries, contributed the most to the net issuance activity.

At the same time, Canadian financial corporations borrowed a net $28.5 billion in debt securities in the first quarter, led by non-bank issuers. Activity by chartered banks resulted in net retirements of $13.4 billion; this was the first time since the second quarter of 2021 that their retirements exceeded new issues.

Chart 2  Chart 2: Canadian debt securities issues by sector, net issuances
Canadian debt securities issues by sector, net issuances

Retirements of Canadian shares exceed new issuances

Retirements of Canadian equity securities exceeded new issuances by $2.8 billion in the first quarter; the activity was driven by companies buying back their shares. Nevertheless, the market value of outstanding Canadian equity securities reached $4,254.7 billion at the end of the first quarter, up $257.4 billion from the previous quarter. Canadian equity prices, as measured by Standard and Poor's/Toronto Stock Exchange composite index, increased by 5.8% in the first quarter.

Chart 3  Chart 3: Canadian equity securities issues by sector, net issuances
Canadian equity securities issues by sector, net issuances

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  Note to readers

This quarterly release, available about 70 days after the reference period, includes information on debt securities issues by sector, currency, maturity, type of interest rate and market of issuance, as well as by the economic sectors issuing debt securities in relation with the sectors investing in these instruments. It also includes information on Canadian equity securities by sector and industry. Statistics on Canadian portfolio investment abroad, previously released with Canada's international investment position, are now available with this release. Canadian holdings of foreign securities by type of securities, by currency of denomination, by country of issuer of these securities, and by sector of non-resident issuer are available.

Definitions and concepts used are consistent with the recommendations of the Handbook on Securities Statistics, an internationally agreed-upon framework for classifying securities instruments. Data are accessible through an easy-to-use and flexible visualization tool. The tool includes dynamic cross-tables that allow users to look at the dataset from a variety of dimensions, as well as other visualization layers that illustrate different characteristics of the data in the form of interactive tables and charts.


Securities statistics cover issuances and holdings of negotiable financial instruments. Securities include debt instruments designed to be traded in financial markets, such as treasury bills, commercial paper and bonds, as well as equity instruments, such as listed shares.

The book value of a debt instrument reflects the value of the debt at creation, and any subsequent economic flows, such as transactions (e.g., repayment of principal), valuation changes (independent of changes in its market price) and other changes. The book value is composed of the outstanding principal amount plus any accrued interest. The market value reflects the value at which securities are acquired or disposed of in transactions between willing parties, excluding commissions, fees and taxes.

Currency valuation

The value of securities denominated in foreign currency is converted to Canadian dollars at the end of each period. When the Canadian dollar appreciates in value, the restatement of the value of these instruments in Canadian dollars lowers the recorded value. The opposite is true when the Canadian dollar depreciates.


The data visualization product "Securities statistics," part of the series Statistics Canada – Data Visualization Products (Catalogue number71-607-X), is available online.

The document "Enhancing Canada's statistics on securities," part of Latest Developments in the Canadian Economic Accounts (Catalogue number13-605-X), is also available.

The Economic accounts statistics portal, accessible from the Subjects module of the Statistics Canada website, features an up-to-date portrait of national and provincial economies and their structure.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (

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