Table 6 
Real gross domestic product by expenditure account, year-over-year change – Seasonally adjusted at annual rates, chained (2017) dollars 

Real gross domestic product by expenditure account, year-over-year change – Seasonally adjusted at annual rates, chained (2017) dollars
  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2022 2023
  year-over-year % changeyear-over-year % changeyear-over-year % changeyear-over-year % changeyear-over-year % changeyear-over-year % change millions of dollarsmillions of dollars
Final consumption expenditure 2.8 1.5 -4.2 5.2 4.5 1.7 1,849,390 1,880,584
Household final consumption expenditure 2.6 1.5 -6.4 5.2 5.1 1.7 1,304,163 1,326,983
Non-profit institutions serving households' final consumption expenditure 2.7 3.2 0.4 1.0 4.3 1.4 35,736 36,235
General governments final consumption expenditure 3.1 1.1 1.3 5.4 3.2 1.6 508,777 516,665
Gross fixed capital formation 2.4 0.8 -3.8 9.3 -2.4 -3.2 514,778 498,349
Business gross fixed capital formation 2.3 1.6 -5.0 11.2 -3.5 -4.8 424,413 403,874
Residential structures -1.2 -0.8 2.9 14.6 -12.1 -10.3 168,110 150,818
Non-residential structures, machinery and equipment 3.3 3.2 -12.3 8.7 4.0 -0.8 205,883 204,271
Intellectual property products 12.5 3.7 -0.4 10.8 6.0 0.3 54,464 54,628
General governments gross fixed capital formation 2.6 -3.0 2.2 0.1 4.2 5.4 88,138 92,870
Investment in inventories (millions of dollars) 3,413 -4,104 -27,796 14,628 50,865 -16,390 55,290 38,900
Exports of goods and services 3.6 2.3 -9.0 2.7 3.2 5.4 688,344 725,657
Less: imports of goods and services 3.5 -0.1 -9.4 8.1 7.6 0.9 785,120 791,921
Statistical discrepancy (millions of dollars) 891 55 70 189 162 -185 555 370
Gross domestic product at market prices 2.7 1.9 -5.0 5.3 3.8 1.2 2,326,537 2,355,593
Final domestic demand 2.7 1.3 -4.1 6.1 2.8 0.5 2,361,278 2,373,622
Source(s):
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