Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  March
2024
April
2024
Standard error1 March to April 2024 April 2023 to April 2024 March to April 2024 April 2023 to April 2024
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,370.1 7,389.5 ... 19.4 160.6 0.3 2.2
Labour force 4,751.1 4,777.8 16.6 26.7 72.9 0.6 1.5
Employment 4,515.2 4,534.4 16.7 19.2 28.9 0.4 0.6
Full-time employment 3,676.1 3,675.6 21.2 -0.5 -7.3 -0.0 -0.2
Unemployment 235.9 243.4 12.6 7.5 44.0 3.2 22.1
Participation rate 64.5 64.7 0.2 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.1 0.3 0.1 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 61.4 0.2 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 963.9 969.5 ... 5.6 47.1 0.6 5.1
Labour force 662.8 680.0 9.1 17.2 24.5 2.6 3.7
Employment 605.7 615.4 8.6 9.7 2.2 1.6 0.4
Unemployment 57.1 64.6 6.5 7.5 22.3 13.1 52.7
Participation rate 68.8 70.1 1.0 1.3 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 9.5 1.0 0.9 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 62.8 63.5 0.9 0.7 -3.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,191.6 3,199.6 ... 8.0 65.9 0.3 2.1
Labour force 2,178.0 2,172.4 9.3 -5.6 28.4 -0.3 1.3
Employment 2,070.8 2,079.4 9.7 8.6 21.8 0.4 1.1
Unemployment 107.3 93.0 8.2 -14.3 6.5 -13.3 7.5
Participation rate 68.2 67.9 0.3 -0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.3 0.4 -0.6 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 64.9 65.0 0.3 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,214.6 3,220.4 ... 5.8 47.7 0.2 1.5
Labour force 1,910.4 1,925.4 9.2 15.0 20.0 0.8 1.0
Employment 1,838.8 1,839.6 9.7 0.8 4.9 0.0 0.3
Unemployment 71.6 85.9 7.1 14.3 15.2 20.0 21.5
Participation rate 59.4 59.8 0.3 0.4 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.7 4.5 0.4 0.8 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 57.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 13,140.1 13,189.4 ... 49.3 472.7 0.4 3.7
Labour force 8,546.3 8,578.8 21.2 32.5 250.0 0.4 3.0
Employment 7,970.5 7,995.5 20.8 25.0 90.8 0.3 1.1
Full-time employment 6,553.1 6,593.3 27.3 40.2 74.8 0.6 1.1
Unemployment 575.8 583.3 17.2 7.5 159.1 1.3 37.5
Participation rate 65.0 65.0 0.2 0.0 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 6.8 0.2 0.1 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 60.7 60.6 0.2 -0.1 -1.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 2,029.8 2,046.9 ... 17.1 150.3 0.8 7.9
Labour force 1,192.5 1,199.0 12.9 6.5 1.1 0.5 0.1
Employment 1,005.2 1,018.0 11.9 12.8 -47.2 1.3 -4.4
Unemployment 187.2 181.0 10.4 -6.2 48.3 -3.3 36.4
Participation rate 58.7 58.6 0.7 -0.1 -4.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.7 15.1 0.8 -0.6 4.0 ... ...
Employment rate 49.5 49.7 0.6 0.2 -6.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,431.9 5,449.5 ... 17.6 175.0 0.3 3.3
Labour force 3,879.6 3,896.5 11.1 16.9 133.9 0.4 3.6
Employment 3,661.8 3,669.8 11.1 8.0 60.5 0.2 1.7
Unemployment 217.9 226.8 9.6 8.9 73.5 4.1 47.9
Participation rate 71.4 71.5 0.2 0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.8 0.2 0.2 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.3 0.2 -0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,678.4 5,692.9 ... 14.5 147.2 0.3 2.7
Labour force 3,474.2 3,483.2 11.8 9.0 114.9 0.3 3.4
Employment 3,303.5 3,307.7 11.5 4.2 77.6 0.1 2.4
Unemployment 170.7 175.5 9.7 4.8 37.3 2.8 27.0
Participation rate 61.2 61.2 0.2 0.0 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.3 0.1 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 58.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,114.3 1,118.2 ... 3.9 36.4 0.3 3.4
Labour force 737.0 740.9 3.3 3.9 17.5 0.5 2.4
Employment 700.4 703.3 3.2 2.9 15.0 0.4 2.2
Full-time employment 581.6 584.4 4.4 2.8 19.0 0.5 3.4
Unemployment 36.7 37.6 2.7 0.9 2.5 2.5 7.1
Participation rate 66.1 66.3 0.3 0.2 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.9 62.9 0.3 0.0 -0.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 180.9 182.1 ... 1.2 11.7 0.7 6.9
Labour force 121.6 120.3 1.9 -1.3 3.4 -1.1 2.9
Employment 109.2 108.3 1.8 -0.9 2.8 -0.8 2.7
Unemployment 12.5 12.0 1.6 -0.5 0.6 -4.0 5.3
Participation rate 67.2 66.1 1.1 -1.1 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.3 10.0 1.3 -0.3 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.4 59.5 1.1 -0.9 -2.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 461.1 462.6 ... 1.5 13.7 0.3 3.1
Labour force 325.1 329.5 1.7 4.4 7.2 1.4 2.2
Employment 311.5 314.7 1.8 3.2 3.8 1.0 1.2
Unemployment 13.6 14.9 1.5 1.3 3.6 9.6 31.9
Participation rate 70.5 71.2 0.4 0.7 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.5 0.5 0.3 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 67.6 68.0 0.4 0.4 -1.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 472.2 473.5 ... 1.3 11.0 0.3 2.4
Labour force 290.3 291.1 1.9 0.8 6.9 0.3 2.4
Employment 279.7 280.4 1.9 0.7 8.6 0.3 3.2
Unemployment 10.5 10.7 1.4 0.2 -1.7 1.9 -13.7
Participation rate 61.5 61.5 0.4 0.0 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.6 3.7 0.5 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 59.2 0.4 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 942.8 945.3 ... 2.5 26.8 0.3 2.9
Labour force 631.0 634.1 3.1 3.1 17.9 0.5 2.9
Employment 597.1 598.2 3.0 1.1 11.0 0.2 1.9
Full-time employment 493.6 493.6 4.0 0.0 7.2 0.0 1.5
Unemployment 33.9 35.9 2.2 2.0 6.9 5.9 23.8
Participation rate 66.9 67.1 0.3 0.2 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.7 0.4 0.3 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 63.3 63.3 0.3 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 145.7 146.4 ... 0.7 7.2 0.5 5.2
Labour force 89.4 92.1 1.9 2.7 3.8 3.0 4.3
Employment 79.0 79.3 1.8 0.3 -1.6 0.4 -2.0
Unemployment 10.4 12.8 1.3 2.4 5.4 23.1 73.0
Participation rate 61.4 62.9 1.3 1.5 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.6 13.9 1.4 2.3 5.5 ... ...
Employment rate 54.2 54.2 1.3 0.0 -3.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 399.5 400.5 ... 1.0 10.4 0.3 2.7
Labour force 293.9 293.6 1.6 -0.3 9.8 -0.1 3.5
Employment 280.7 281.3 1.7 0.6 10.2 0.2 3.8
Unemployment 13.2 12.3 1.3 -0.9 -0.4 -6.8 -3.1
Participation rate 73.6 73.3 0.4 -0.3 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.2 0.5 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 70.3 70.2 0.4 -0.1 0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 397.6 398.5 ... 0.9 9.3 0.2 2.4
Labour force 247.6 248.4 1.7 0.8 4.3 0.3 1.8
Employment 237.4 237.6 1.6 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.1
Unemployment 10.3 10.8 1.2 0.5 1.8 4.9 20.0
Participation rate 62.3 62.3 0.4 0.0 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.3 0.5 0.1 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 59.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,877.0 3,893.3 ... 16.3 176.7 0.4 4.8
Labour force 2,696.0 2,728.0 11.9 32.0 129.9 1.2 5.0
Employment 2,526.9 2,537.5 11.8 10.6 92.1 0.4 3.8
Full-time employment 2,071.1 2,067.7 15.8 -3.4 63.8 -0.2 3.2
Unemployment 169.1 190.4 9.4 21.3 37.7 12.6 24.7
Participation rate 69.5 70.1 0.3 0.6 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 7.0 0.4 0.7 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 65.2 0.3 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 588.9 592.7 ... 3.8 39.4 0.6 7.1
Labour force 372.0 390.5 6.6 18.5 31.5 5.0 8.8
Employment 321.0 325.5 6.0 4.5 7.9 1.4 2.5
Unemployment 51.0 65.0 5.2 14.0 23.6 27.5 57.0
Participation rate 63.2 65.9 1.2 2.7 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.7 16.6 1.4 2.9 5.1 ... ...
Employment rate 54.5 54.9 1.1 0.4 -2.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,636.3 1,642.6 ... 6.3 70.0 0.4 4.5
Labour force 1,257.0 1,265.1 5.8 8.1 68.7 0.6 5.7
Employment 1,191.5 1,198.4 6.7 6.9 64.3 0.6 5.7
Unemployment 65.5 66.7 5.5 1.2 4.4 1.8 7.1
Participation rate 76.8 77.0 0.4 0.2 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 72.8 73.0 0.4 0.2 0.9 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,651.8 1,657.9 ... 6.1 67.3 0.4 4.2
Labour force 1,067.1 1,072.3 7.0 5.2 29.6 0.5 2.8
Employment 1,014.4 1,013.6 7.0 -0.8 19.9 -0.1 2.0
Unemployment 52.7 58.8 5.6 6.1 9.8 11.6 20.0
Participation rate 64.6 64.7 0.4 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 61.1 0.4 -0.3 -1.4 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,618.7 4,633.6 ... 14.9 145.5 0.3 3.2
Labour force 3,014.9 3,023.0 11.0 8.1 96.6 0.3 3.3
Employment 2,847.8 2,871.2 11.1 23.4 93.0 0.8 3.3
Full-time employment 2,293.2 2,286.5 15.4 -6.7 73.3 -0.3 3.3
Unemployment 167.2 151.7 8.9 -15.5 3.5 -9.3 2.4
Participation rate 65.3 65.2 0.2 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.0 0.3 -0.5 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 62.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 652.5 657.5 ... 5.0 46.0 0.8 7.5
Labour force 425.2 430.7 6.3 5.5 24.2 1.3 6.0
Employment 381.8 392.1 6.1 10.3 26.7 2.7 7.3
Unemployment 43.5 38.6 5.1 -4.9 -2.4 -11.3 -5.9
Participation rate 65.2 65.5 1.0 0.3 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.2 9.0 1.2 -1.2 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.5 59.6 1.0 1.1 -0.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,933.9 1,939.0 ... 5.1 50.9 0.3 2.7
Labour force 1,353.2 1,358.2 6.0 5.0 52.9 0.4 4.1
Employment 1,291.5 1,301.8 6.4 10.3 55.4 0.8 4.4
Unemployment 61.7 56.4 5.0 -5.3 -2.6 -8.6 -4.4
Participation rate 70.0 70.0 0.3 0.0 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.2 0.4 -0.4 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 66.8 67.1 0.3 0.3 1.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 2,032.3 2,037.1 ... 4.8 48.6 0.2 2.4
Labour force 1,236.6 1,234.0 6.7 -2.6 19.4 -0.2 1.6
Employment 1,174.5 1,177.3 6.5 2.8 10.9 0.2 0.9
Unemployment 62.1 56.7 5.3 -5.4 8.5 -8.7 17.6
Participation rate 60.8 60.6 0.3 -0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.6 0.4 -0.4 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 57.8 0.3 0.0 -0.9 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Date modified: