Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in October 2022 and October 2023, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in October 2022 and October 2023, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2022 31,878.1 20,907.4 19,833.0 1,074.4 65.6 5.1 62.2
2023 32,717.1 21,533.4 20,330.2 1,203.2 65.8 5.6 62.1
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2022 449.5 265.6 240.7 24.9 59.1 9.4 53.5
2023 456.9 266.5 244.1 22.4 58.3 8.4 53.4
Avalon Peninsula              
2022 240.6 153.2 142.2 11.0 63.7 7.2 59.1
2023 246.8 156.3 144.8 11.5 63.3 7.4 58.7
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2022 121.2 59.2 52.0 7.2 48.8 12.2 42.9
2023 121.6 59.3 53.7 5.6 48.8 9.4 44.2
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2022 87.7 53.3 46.5 6.7 60.8 12.6 53.0
2023 88.5 50.9 45.6 5.3 57.5 10.4 51.5
Prince Edward Island              
2022 140.4 92.5 87.1 5.4 65.9 5.8 62.0
2023 146.0 99.7 94.3 5.4 68.3 5.4 64.6
Nova Scotia              
2022 846.1 524.5 489.5 35.0 62.0 6.7 57.9
2023 869.6 536.1 500.3 35.8 61.6 6.7 57.5
Cape Breton              
2022 110.5 58.3 52.3 6.0 52.8 10.3 47.3
2023 112.6 58.3 51.0 7.3 51.8 12.5 45.3
North Shore              
2022 129.6 74.2 66.8 7.4 57.3 10.0 51.5
2023 131.1 73.8 69.3 4.4 56.3 6.0 52.9
Annapolis Valley              
2022 109.0 66.1 63.5 2.6 60.6 3.9 58.3
2023 111.2 66.3 62.9 3.4 59.6 5.1 56.6
Southern              
2022 99.8 55.5 50.9 4.5 55.6 8.1 51.0
2023 100.7 56.3 52.0 4.3 55.9 7.6 51.6
Halifax              
2022 397.2 270.3 255.9 14.4 68.1 5.3 64.4
2023 414.1 281.4 265.1 16.4 68.0 5.8 64.0
New Brunswick              
2022 668.4 411.1 385.1 26.0 61.5 6.3 57.6
2023 688.3 422.2 394.6 27.6 61.3 6.5 57.3
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2022 132.5 74.3 66.5 7.8 56.1 10.5 50.2
2023 134.1 73.3 65.3 8.0 54.7 10.9 48.7
Moncton–Richibucto              
2022 197.1 124.8 118.6 6.2 63.3 5.0 60.2
2023 205.3 133.8 126.6 7.2 65.2 5.4 61.7
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2022 150.5 93.9 88.2 5.7 62.4 6.1 58.6
2023 154.4 94.6 89.2 5.4 61.3 5.7 57.8
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2022 122.8 79.9 75.2 4.6 65.1 5.8 61.2
2023 127.7 80.2 74.8 5.3 62.8 6.6 58.6
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2022 65.5 38.3 36.7 1.6 58.5 4.2 56.0
2023 66.7 40.3 38.5 1.7 60.4 4.2 57.7
Quebec              
2022 7,173.6 4,640.4 4,445.8 194.5 64.7 4.2 62.0
2023 7,288.0 4,759.5 4,544.2 215.3 65.3 4.5 62.4
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2022 76.5 37.3 34.1 3.2 48.8 8.6 44.6
2023 76.7 37.6 34.3 3.3 49.0 8.8 44.7
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2022 165.7 96.9 93.2 3.6 58.5 3.7 56.2
2023 166.2 102.4 98.7 3.6 61.6 3.5 59.4
Capitale-Nationale              
2022 630.0 406.7 393.8 13.0 64.6 3.2 62.5
2023 636.9 419.1 408.3 10.8 65.8 2.6 64.1
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2022 359.8 246.8 242.3 4.4 68.6 1.8 67.3
2023 363.0 244.1 237.9 6.1 67.2 2.5 65.5
Estrie              
2022 282.3 173.1 166.7 6.4 61.3 3.7 59.1
2023 286.7 171.5 163.9 7.6 59.8 4.4 57.2
Centre-du-Québec              
2022 210.0 125.7 124.0 1.7 59.9 1.4 59.0
2023 212.2 128.9 126.0 2.9 60.7 2.2 59.4
Montérégie              
2022 1,336.1 889.8 861.6 28.1 66.6 3.2 64.5
2023 1,355.8 895.1 862.5 32.6 66.0 3.6 63.6
Montréal              
2022 1,776.6 1,194.7 1,122.5 72.2 67.2 6.0 63.2
2023 1,827.1 1,238.3 1,159.0 79.3 67.8 6.4 63.4
Laval              
2022 370.6 232.7 220.9 11.8 62.8 5.1 59.6
2023 375.5 252.5 236.6 15.9 67.2 6.3 63.0
Lanaudière              
2022 432.9 295.3 280.6 14.7 68.2 5.0 64.8
2023 438.2 283.4 273.7 9.7 64.7 3.4 62.5
Laurentides              
2022 536.8 336.1 326.0 10.1 62.6 3.0 60.7
2023 545.9 374.4 354.5 19.9 68.6 5.3 64.9
Outaouais              
2022 334.2 220.6 212.2 8.4 66.0 3.8 63.5
2023 338.9 224.3 215.6 8.8 66.2 3.9 63.6
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2022 118.6 75.8 73.0 2.8 63.9 3.7 61.6
2023 118.8 74.0 71.9 2.1 62.3 2.8 60.5
Mauricie              
2022 228.2 127.2 119.9 7.4 55.7 5.8 52.5
2023 229.7 132.1 124.5 7.6 57.5 5.8 54.2
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2022 229.1 136.1 131.4 4.6 59.4 3.4 57.4
2023 230.1 131.3 127.7 3.6 57.1 2.7 55.5
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2022 86.1 45.6 43.5 2.1 53.0 4.6 50.5
2023 86.2 50.4 49.1 x 58.5 x 57.0
Ontario              
2022 12,551.5 8,207.8 7,743.5 464.3 65.4 5.7 61.7
2023 12,899.9 8,474.7 7,947.2 527.5 65.7 6.2 61.6
Ottawa              
2022 1,224.5 807.7 774.5 33.2 66.0 4.1 63.3
2023 1,255.7 858.7 814.1 44.6 68.4 5.2 64.8
Kingston–Pembroke              
2022 402.8 242.7 232.0 10.7 60.3 4.4 57.6
2023 410.3 240.2 228.7 11.6 58.5 4.8 55.7
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2022 354.0 199.9 193.6 6.3 56.5 3.2 54.7
2023 359.9 204.7 197.9 6.8 56.9 3.3 55.0
Toronto              
2022 5,933.9 3,963.8 3,706.7 257.2 66.8 6.5 62.5
2023 6,132.1 4,126.4 3,837.2 289.2 67.3 7.0 62.6
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2022 1,244.5 875.3 827.8 47.5 70.3 5.4 66.5
2023 1,281.2 884.5 833.0 51.4 69.0 5.8 65.0
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2022 1,296.7 831.6 789.4 42.3 64.1 5.1 60.9
2023 1,324.7 847.8 800.0 47.7 64.0 5.6 60.4
London              
2022 623.3 411.0 387.2 23.8 65.9 5.8 62.1
2023 641.5 424.1 399.6 24.5 66.1 5.8 62.3
Windsor–Sarnia              
2022 565.7 335.8 313.1 22.7 59.4 6.8 55.3
2023 579.4 354.4 328.6 25.8 61.2 7.3 56.7
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2022 269.4 170.8 166.7 4.1 63.4 2.4 61.9
2023 273.4 160.2 154.4 5.8 58.6 3.6 56.5
Northeast              
2022 462.4 264.3 252.9 11.4 57.2 4.3 54.7
2023 465.7 266.4 251.1 15.3 57.2 5.7 53.9
Northwest              
2022 174.3 105.0 99.8 5.2 60.2 5.0 57.3
2023 176.0 107.4 102.7 4.7 61.0 4.4 58.4
Manitoba              
2022 1,067.4 714.7 679.2 35.5 67.0 5.0 63.6
2023 1,095.8 739.3 699.5 39.9 67.5 5.4 63.8
Southeast              
2022 101.5 68.4 65.6 2.8 67.4 4.1 64.6
2023 104.0 73.3 70.2 3.1 70.5 4.2 67.5
South Central and North Central              
2022 92.8 61.5 58.4 3.2 66.3 5.2 62.9
2023 94.8 63.2 60.1 3.1 66.7 4.9 63.4
Southwest              
2022 91.2 58.0 55.9 2.1 63.6 3.6 61.3
2023 92.8 62.4 58.6 3.8 67.2 6.1 63.1
Winnipeg              
2022 649.7 445.0 421.4 23.6 68.5 5.3 64.9
2023 670.5 456.9 432.4 24.6 68.1 5.4 64.5
Interlake              
2022 77.5 47.8 45.1 2.7 61.7 5.6 58.2
2023 78.8 48.5 45.8 2.7 61.5 5.6 58.1
Parklands and North              
2022 54.6 34.0 32.9 1.1 62.3 3.2 60.3
2023 54.8 35.1 32.5 2.6 64.1 7.4 59.3
Saskatchewan              
2022 904.5 612.8 586.1 26.7 67.8 4.4 64.8
2023 930.4 628.2 598.6 29.6 67.5 4.7 64.3
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2022 281.5 187.5 178.6 8.8 66.6 4.7 63.4
2023 291.1 199.8 189.5 10.4 68.6 5.2 65.1
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2022 83.1 54.5 52.3 2.2 65.6 4.0 62.9
2023 84.4 49.9 47.8 2.1 59.1 4.2 56.6
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2022 320.9 227.3 218.0 9.3 70.8 4.1 67.9
2023 332.8 237.4 225.6 11.8 71.3 5.0 67.8
Yorkton–Melville              
2022 61.6 39.7 38.5 1.2 64.4 3.0 62.5
2023 62.1 43.0 41.8 1.2 69.2 2.8 67.3
Prince Albert and Northern              
2022 157.5 103.8 98.7 5.1 65.9 4.9 62.7
2023 159.9 98.1 94.0 4.1 61.4 4.2 58.8
Alberta              
2022 3,638.0 2,537.8 2,404.7 133.1 69.8 5.2 66.1
2023 3,794.7 2,634.1 2,489.8 144.3 69.4 5.5 65.6
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2022 243.6 152.0 146.8 5.2 62.4 3.4 60.3
2023 251.9 169.2 160.9 8.3 67.2 4.9 63.9
Camrose–Drumheller              
2022 163.3 110.0 104.0 6.0 67.4 5.5 63.7
2023 167.1 101.5 98.1 3.4 60.7 3.3 58.7
Calgary              
2022 1,395.5 1,012.3 955.1 57.2 72.5 5.7 68.4
2023 1,460.6 1,032.1 975.6 56.6 70.7 5.5 66.8
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2022 279.1 193.0 183.2 9.7 69.2 5.0 65.6
2023 287.6 202.5 192.1 10.3 70.4 5.1 66.8
Red Deer              
2022 180.4 117.7 111.1 6.6 65.2 5.6 61.6
2023 186.7 121.0 112.0 8.9 64.8 7.4 60.0
Edmonton              
2022 1,270.2 877.4 833.1 44.2 69.1 5.0 65.6
2023 1,331.9 925.6 873.4 52.2 69.5 5.6 65.6
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2022 105.9 75.4 71.4 4.1 71.2 5.4 67.4
2023 108.9 82.4 77.7 4.7 75.7 5.7 71.3
British Columbia              
2022 4,438.7 2,900.3 2,771.2 129.0 65.3 4.4 62.4
2023 4,547.6 2,973.0 2,817.5 155.5 65.4 5.2 62.0
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2022 765.6 457.3 438.5 18.8 59.7 4.1 57.3
2023 782.2 467.3 447.3 20.0 59.7 4.3 57.2
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2022 2,744.8 1,858.3 1,775.6 82.7 67.7 4.5 64.7
2023 2,821.4 1,936.8 1,826.3 110.6 68.6 5.7 64.7
Thompson–Okanagan              
2022 518.5 324.2 308.2 16.0 62.5 4.9 59.4
2023 529.4 307.1 297.4 9.7 58.0 3.2 56.2
Kootenay              
2022 141.1 81.5 77.1 4.4 57.8 5.4 54.6
2023 143.1 82.7 78.0 4.7 57.8 5.7 54.5
Cariboo              
2022 143.3 92.6 88.4 4.2 64.6 4.5 61.7
2023 145.5 93.1 87.8 5.3 64.0 5.7 60.3
North Coast and Nechako              
2022 69.7 46.8 44.7 2.0 67.1 4.3 64.1
2023 69.9 46.8 43.6 3.2 67.0 6.8 62.4
Northeast              
2022 55.6 39.5 38.5 x 71.0 x 69.2
2023 56.2 39.1 37.1 2.0 69.6 5.1 66.0
x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
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