Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  September
2023
October
2023
Standard error1 September to October 2023 October 2022 to October 2023 September to October 2023 October 2022 to October 2023
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,287.3 7,303.2 ... 15.9 121.6 0.2 1.7
Labour force 4,753.2 4,752.2 16.0 -1.0 129.7 -0.0 2.8
Employment 4,543.2 4,521.1 16.2 -22.1 86.0 -0.5 1.9
Full-time employment 3,685.0 3,650.5 20.4 -34.5 24.0 -0.9 0.7
Unemployment 210.0 231.1 12.2 21.1 43.7 10.0 23.3
Participation rate 65.2 65.1 0.2 -0.1 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.9 0.3 0.5 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 61.9 0.2 -0.4 0.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 938.2 942.9 ... 4.7 31.4 0.5 3.4
Labour force 664.8 669.4 9.0 4.6 34.7 0.7 5.5
Employment 621.5 610.1 8.8 -11.4 21.6 -1.8 3.7
Unemployment 43.3 59.3 6.6 16.0 13.1 37.0 28.4
Participation rate 70.9 71.0 1.0 0.1 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 8.9 1.0 2.4 1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 66.2 64.7 1.0 -1.5 0.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,158.0 3,164.5 ... 6.5 51.0 0.2 1.6
Labour force 2,174.5 2,171.2 9.0 -3.3 59.4 -0.2 2.8
Employment 2,067.6 2,058.7 9.6 -8.9 27.0 -0.4 1.3
Unemployment 106.9 112.5 7.6 5.6 32.4 5.2 40.4
Participation rate 68.9 68.6 0.3 -0.3 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.2 0.4 0.3 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 65.5 65.1 0.3 -0.4 -0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,191.0 3,195.9 ... 4.9 39.4 0.2 1.2
Labour force 1,913.9 1,911.6 9.0 -2.3 35.6 -0.1 1.9
Employment 1,854.1 1,852.3 9.3 -1.8 37.4 -0.1 2.1
Unemployment 59.8 59.2 6.8 -0.6 -1.9 -1.0 -3.1
Participation rate 60.0 59.8 0.3 -0.2 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.1 3.1 0.4 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 58.0 0.3 -0.1 0.5 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,899.7 12,936.5 ... 36.8 366.8 0.3 2.9
Labour force 8,465.1 8,470.3 20.8 5.2 258.3 0.1 3.1
Employment 7,960.2 7,945.9 20.0 -14.3 200.6 -0.2 2.6
Full-time employment 6,595.4 6,568.5 26.7 -26.9 213.0 -0.4 3.4
Unemployment 504.9 524.5 16.6 19.6 57.8 3.9 12.4
Participation rate 65.6 65.5 0.2 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 61.4 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,949.4 1,964.3 ... 14.9 102.9 0.8 5.5
Labour force 1,183.9 1,192.8 12.3 8.9 14.4 0.8 1.2
Employment 1,044.9 1,026.0 11.6 -18.9 -3.4 -1.8 -0.3
Unemployment 139.0 166.8 9.6 27.8 17.8 20.0 11.9
Participation rate 60.7 60.7 0.7 0.0 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.7 14.0 0.8 2.3 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 53.6 52.2 0.6 -1.4 -3.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,344.7 5,357.1 ... 12.4 141.9 0.2 2.7
Labour force 3,828.2 3,834.4 10.5 6.2 142.0 0.2 3.8
Employment 3,641.3 3,644.2 10.6 2.9 108.8 0.1 3.1
Unemployment 186.9 190.2 9.3 3.3 33.3 1.8 21.2
Participation rate 71.6 71.6 0.2 0.0 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.2 0.1 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 68.1 68.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,605.6 5,615.1 ... 9.5 122.0 0.2 2.2
Labour force 3,453.0 3,443.1 11.5 -9.9 101.8 -0.3 3.0
Employment 3,274.1 3,275.7 11.5 1.6 95.2 0.0 3.0
Unemployment 179.0 167.4 9.4 -11.6 6.7 -6.5 4.2
Participation rate 61.6 61.3 0.2 -0.3 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 4.9 0.3 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 58.3 0.2 -0.1 0.4 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,095.7 1,098.3 ... 2.6 29.2 0.2 2.7
Labour force 737.2 739.6 3.2 2.4 22.7 0.3 3.2
Employment 700.1 701.3 3.2 1.2 18.3 0.2 2.7
Full-time employment 574.5 573.6 4.3 -0.9 13.3 -0.2 2.4
Unemployment 37.1 38.3 2.6 1.2 4.4 3.2 13.0
Participation rate 67.3 67.3 0.3 0.0 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.2 0.4 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 63.9 63.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 174.7 176.0 ... 1.3 8.2 0.7 4.9
Labour force 120.1 121.2 1.9 1.1 6.2 0.9 5.4
Employment 108.3 107.2 1.8 -1.1 3.2 -1.0 3.1
Unemployment 11.8 14.0 1.6 2.2 3.0 18.6 27.3
Participation rate 68.7 68.9 1.2 0.2 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.8 11.6 1.3 1.8 2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 60.9 1.1 -1.1 -1.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 454.2 455.0 ... 0.8 11.6 0.2 2.6
Labour force 327.2 326.2 1.6 -1.0 9.3 -0.3 2.9
Employment 311.0 313.1 1.7 2.1 7.6 0.7 2.5
Unemployment 16.2 13.1 1.4 -3.1 1.7 -19.1 14.9
Participation rate 72.0 71.7 0.4 -0.3 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.0 0.4 -1.0 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 68.5 68.8 0.4 0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 466.9 467.4 ... 0.5 9.6 0.1 2.1
Labour force 289.9 292.2 1.9 2.3 7.2 0.8 2.5
Employment 280.8 281.0 1.8 0.2 7.5 0.1 2.7
Unemployment 9.1 11.2 1.5 2.1 -0.3 23.1 -2.6
Participation rate 62.1 62.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.1 3.8 0.5 0.7 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.1 60.1 0.4 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 930.3 932.4 ... 2.1 26.0 0.2 2.9
Labour force 623.2 629.3 3.0 6.1 16.0 1.0 2.6
Employment 592.6 601.7 3.0 9.1 18.7 1.5 3.2
Full-time employment 492.4 496.2 3.9 3.8 17.6 0.8 3.7
Unemployment 30.6 27.6 2.2 -3.0 -2.7 -9.8 -8.9
Participation rate 67.0 67.5 0.3 0.5 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.4 0.4 -0.5 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 63.7 64.5 0.3 0.8 0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 142.1 142.9 ... 0.8 6.2 0.6 4.5
Labour force 88.7 92.7 1.8 4.0 6.0 4.5 6.9
Employment 80.2 84.3 1.7 4.1 7.2 5.1 9.3
Unemployment 8.4 8.4 1.2 0.0 -1.2 0.0 -12.5
Participation rate 62.4 64.9 1.3 2.5 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 9.1 1.3 -0.4 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.4 59.0 1.2 2.6 2.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 394.8 395.4 ... 0.6 10.3 0.2 2.7
Labour force 287.8 289.2 1.6 1.4 7.9 0.5 2.8
Employment 275.2 278.1 1.7 2.9 8.8 1.1 3.3
Unemployment 12.6 11.1 1.4 -1.5 -1.0 -11.9 -8.3
Participation rate 72.9 73.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 3.8 0.5 -0.6 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 69.7 70.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 393.4 394.0 ... 0.6 9.3 0.2 2.4
Labour force 246.8 247.4 1.7 0.6 2.1 0.2 0.9
Employment 237.2 239.3 1.6 2.1 2.7 0.9 1.1
Unemployment 9.6 8.1 1.2 -1.5 -0.5 -15.6 -5.8
Participation rate 62.7 62.8 0.4 0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.3 0.5 -0.6 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.3 60.7 0.4 0.4 -0.8 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,794.5 3,808.2 ... 13.7 159.4 0.4 4.4
Labour force 2,596.2 2,639.1 11.5 42.9 108.4 1.7 4.3
Employment 2,449.3 2,487.0 11.4 37.7 92.0 1.5 3.8
Full-time employment 2,007.5 2,039.0 15.5 31.5 81.7 1.6 4.2
Unemployment 147.0 152.1 9.4 5.1 16.4 3.5 12.1
Participation rate 68.4 69.3 0.3 0.9 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.8 0.4 0.1 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 64.5 65.3 0.3 0.8 -0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 570.3 573.5 ... 3.2 33.0 0.6 6.1
Labour force 343.4 351.5 6.2 8.1 19.3 2.4 5.8
Employment 296.9 310.3 6.2 13.4 14.0 4.5 4.7
Unemployment 46.5 41.2 5.0 -5.3 5.4 -11.4 15.1
Participation rate 60.2 61.3 1.1 1.1 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.5 11.7 1.4 -1.8 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 52.1 54.1 1.1 2.0 -0.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,603.6 1,609.0 ... 5.4 63.9 0.3 4.1
Labour force 1,211.8 1,240.4 5.9 28.6 66.2 2.4 5.6
Employment 1,166.7 1,181.6 6.6 14.9 54.6 1.3 4.8
Unemployment 45.1 58.9 5.6 13.8 11.8 30.6 25.1
Participation rate 75.6 77.1 0.4 1.5 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.7 4.7 0.5 1.0 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 72.8 73.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,620.6 1,625.6 ... 5.0 62.4 0.3 4.0
Labour force 1,041.1 1,047.2 6.8 6.1 22.8 0.6 2.2
Employment 985.7 995.2 6.7 9.5 23.5 1.0 2.4
Unemployment 55.4 52.0 5.6 -3.4 -0.7 -6.1 -1.3
Participation rate 64.2 64.4 0.4 0.2 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.0 0.5 -0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 61.2 0.4 0.4 -1.0 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,548.0 4,557.3 ... 9.3 114.5 0.2 2.6
Labour force 2,975.7 2,970.4 11.0 -5.3 78.8 -0.2 2.7
Employment 2,814.3 2,810.3 10.6 -4.0 50.5 -0.1 1.8
Full-time employment 2,225.9 2,249.3 14.6 23.4 71.0 1.1 3.3
Unemployment 161.4 160.1 8.4 -1.3 28.3 -0.8 21.5
Participation rate 65.4 65.2 0.2 -0.2 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.4 0.3 0.0 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 61.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 628.5 633.0 ... 4.5 30.9 0.7 5.1
Labour force 423.3 419.7 6.3 -3.6 18.8 -0.9 4.7
Employment 381.7 385.3 5.8 3.6 25.7 0.9 7.1
Unemployment 41.7 34.4 5.0 -7.3 -6.9 -17.5 -16.7
Participation rate 67.4 66.3 1.0 -1.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.9 8.2 1.2 -1.7 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 60.7 60.9 1.0 0.2 1.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,909.9 1,912.6 ... 2.7 42.5 0.1 2.3
Labour force 1,338.2 1,328.3 5.8 -9.9 34.5 -0.7 2.7
Employment 1,269.6 1,270.4 6.1 0.8 24.6 0.1 2.0
Unemployment 68.6 58.0 4.7 -10.6 10.0 -15.5 20.8
Participation rate 70.1 69.4 0.3 -0.7 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 4.4 0.4 -0.7 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 66.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 2,009.5 2,011.7 ... 2.2 41.1 0.1 2.1
Labour force 1,214.1 1,222.3 6.4 8.2 25.3 0.7 2.1
Employment 1,163.0 1,154.6 6.2 -8.4 0.1 -0.7 0.0
Unemployment 51.1 67.8 4.7 16.7 25.3 32.7 59.5
Participation rate 60.4 60.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 5.5 0.4 1.3 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 57.4 0.3 -0.5 -1.2 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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